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Paper Title Other Keywords Page
MPPP001 A Vertical Multi-Bunch Feedback System for ANKA kicker, storage-ring, synchrotron, injection 761
  • P. Wesolowski, I. Birkel, E. Huttel, A.-S. Müller, M. Pont, F. Pérez
    FZK, Karlsruhe
  ANKA is a synchrotron light source with a top energy of 2.5 GeV. The maximum electron current at ANKA is presently limited by multi-bunch instabilities to 200 mA. In order to overcome this barrier a transverse analog multi-bunch feedback system is presently being commissioned. A BPM is used for beam detection. The vertical position signal passes a notch filter, is amplified, and subsequently fed to a vertical beam kicker. The present paper shows the layout of ANKA feedback system and discusses the first results of its operation.  
MPPP003 FALSE BPM READINGS AFFECTING ORBIT FEEDBACK vacuum, insertion, insertion-device, synchrotron 847
  • H.-S. Kang, J. Choi, M.-H. Chun, K.M. Ha, J.Y. Huang, Y.-C. Kim, E.-H. Lee, T.-Y. Lee, W.W. Lee, J.-H. Suh
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk
  Funding: Ministry of Science and Technology, Korea.

A slow global orbit feedback (SOFB) is routinely operating in the usual user service operation at PLS. The orbit feedback uses 22 correctors in each plane which have 20-bit capability for the vertical plane and 16-bit capability for the horizontal plane, and the feedback speed is 4 seconds. The orbit stability in RMS was maintained below 1 mm in both planes for one hour and 3 mm for a 12-hour operation. The BPM chamber movement due to the change of synchrotron radiation heat load mainly limits the SOFB performance. The intensity dependence of BPM electronics is well compensated by a look-up table of BPM.

MPPP004 LHC Orbit Stablisation Tests at the SPS ground-motion, optics, quadrupole, collimation 886
  • R.J. Steinhagen, J. Andersson, L.K. Jensen, O.R. Jones, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva
  The LHC presently build at CERN is the first proton collider that requires a continuous orbit control for safe and reliable machine operation. A realistic test of the orbit feedback system has been performed in 2004 using already present LHC instrumentation and infrastructure on a 270 GeV coasting beam in the SPS. It has been demonstrated that the chosen feedback architecture can stabilise the beam better than 10 micrometre and is essentially limited by the noise of the beam position monitor and the bandwidth of the corrector magnets. The achieved orbit stability is comparable to those found at modern light sources and gives enough operational margin with respect to the requirements of the LHC Cleaning System (70 micrometre). Estimates for the long term drifts and achievable stability will be presented based on the experimental results.  
MPPP005 A New Kicker for the TLS Longitudinal Feedback System impedance, kicker, coupling, storage-ring 949
  • W.K. Lau, L.-H. Chang, C.W. Chen, H.Y. Chen, P.J. Chou, K.-T. Hsu, S.Y. Hsu, T.-T. Yang
    NSRRC, Hsinchu
  • M. Dehler
    PSI, Villigen
  A new longitudinal kicker that is modified from the Swiss Light Source (SLS) design to fit into the TLS storage ring. It will be served as the actuator in the longitudinal multi-bunch feedback control loop. Beam coupling impedance has been calculated by Gdfidl with a PC cluster. Previous to the installation of this new kicker, bench measurement has been performed in the laboratory to characterize this new kicker. The experimental setups for bandwidth and coaxial wire measurement of longitudinal coupling impedance and their corresponding test results will be reported. As a cross check, bead-pull measurement has also been done to verify the beam coupling measurement by coaxial wire method at the kicker center frequency. Longitudinal field profile of the accelerating mode along the beam path has also been mapped. High order cavity modes of the kicker have also been observed and their effects on the beam are evaluated.  
MPPP006 Performance Calculation on Orbit Feedback for NSLSII power-supply, closed-orbit, ground-motion, dipole 1036
  • L.-H. Yu
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  We discuss the preliminary calculation on the performance of closed orbit feedback system for NSLSII, its relation to the requirement on BPM, floor and girder stability, power supply stability, etc.  
MPPP007 Operating Performance of the Low Group Delay Woofer Channel in PEP-II damping, impedance, collider, controls 1069
  • D. Teytelman, J.D. Fox, D. Van Winkle
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.

In PEP-II collider a dedicated low group-delay processing channel has been developed in order to provide high damping rates necessary to control the fast-growing longitudinal eigenmodes driven by the fundamental impedances of the RF cavities. A description of the digital processing channel operating at 9.81 MHz and capable of supporting finite impulse response (FIR) controllers with up to 32 taps will be presented. A prototype system has been successfully commissioned in the High-Energy Ring (HER) in May 2004. Operating experiences with the prototype and the newly determined limits on achievable longitudinal damping will be discussed and illustrated with experimental data.

MPPP009 Linac Coherent Light Source Longitudinal Feedback Model linac, simulation, gun, electron 1156
  • J. Wu, P. Emma, L. Hendrickson
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work is supported by the US Department of Energy under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.

The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) will be the world's first x-ray free-electron laser (FEL). To ensure the vitality of FEL lasing, it is critical to preserve the high quality of the electron beam during acceleration and compression. The peak current and final energy are very sensitive to system jitter. To minimize this sensitivity, a longitudinal feedback system on the bunch length and energy is required, together with other diagnostics and feedback systems (e.g., on transverse phase space). In this paper, we describe a simulation framework, which includes a realistic jitter model for the LCLS accelerator system, the RF acceleration, structure wakefield, and second order optics. Simulation results show that to meet the tight requirements set by the FEL, such a longitudinal feedback system is mandatory.

MPPP010 Feedback to Suppress Phase Noise at Aladdin dipole, simulation, damping, synchrotron 1180
  • R.A. Bosch, K. Jacobs, K. J. Kleman
    UW-Madison/SRC, Madison, Wisconsin
  The performance of the Aladdin infrared beamline is adversely affected by a Robinson mode in which all bunches move in unison with a frequency of 3 kHz. To decrease these oscillations, feedback has been installed in the radiofrequency system to damp longitudinal motion of the bunch centroids. Simulations indicate that at frequencies around 3 kHz, the phase noise generated by Robinson modes may be reduced 20 dB by feedback with a damping time of 0.3 ms. This agrees with the measured performance of feedback circuitry. Since the feedback greatly improves operation of the infrared beamline, it is now incorporated into the standard operation of Aladdin.  
MPPP011 Fermilab Recycler Damper Requirements and Design impedance, kicker, betatron, damping 1239
  • J.L. Crisp, M. Hu, V. Tupikov
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  The design of transverse dampers for the Fermilab Recycler storage ring is described. An observed instability and analysis of subsequent measurements are used to identify the requirements. The digital approach being mplemented is presented.  
MPPP013 Stabilizing Low Frequency Beam Motion in the Tevatron optics, damping, quadrupole, resonance 1353
  • V.H. Ranjbar
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Funding: Operated by Universities Research Association Inc. under Contract No. DE-AC02-76CH03000 with the United States Department of Energy.

A feed back orbit stabilization system has been developed using a set of BPMS and existing Tevatron corrector magnets to stabilize beam motion up to 50 microns below 25 Hz. The construction of this system is described and the stability limits and magnitude of beam motion reduction is explored.

MPPP017 User Operation and Upgrades of the Fast Orbit Feedback at the SLS photon, insertion, beam-losses, damping 1538
  • M. Böge, B. Keil, A. Lüdeke, T. Schilcher
    PSI, Villigen
  A report on the performance of the fast orbit feedback (FOFB) in its 2nd year of user operation is given. Photon beam position monitors (XBPM) have been included by means of a slow feedback which changes the reference settings of the FOFB. Users are permitted to change the XBPM references within certain limits while the feedback is running. A fast synchronous readout of the XBPMs allows their integration into the FOFB loop. The FOFB will be extended by an additional beam position monitor (BPM) in order to satisfy the requirements of the upcoming FEMTO project.  
MPPP018 Correction of Insertion Device Induced Orbit Distortions at the SLS photon, undulator, insertion, insertion-device 1584
  • M. Böge, J.T.M. Chrin, G. Ingold, B. Keil, J. Krempasky, T. Schilcher, V. Schlott, T. Schmidt, A. Streun
    PSI, Villigen
  Corrections of insertion device (ID) induced orbit distortions at the SLS are performed by means of feed forward schemes down to the micron level at the corresponding photon beam position monitors (XBPMs). The remaining orbit fluctuations are suppressed by XBPM feedbacks which are an integral part of the fast orbit feedback system. As a result, sub-um RMS stability at the XBPMs is achieved while the ID settings are varied.  
MPPP024 Recent Observations on a Horizontal Instability in the DAFNE Positron Ring electron, positron, damping, impedance 1841
  • A. Drago, M. Zobov
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma)
  • D. Teytelman
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  A strong horizontal instability limits the maximum positron current storable in the DAFNE Phi-Factory. A powerful feedback system makes it possible to store and collide up to 1250 mA of positron current in 105 bunches. Nevertheless, a much higher current (> 2.4A) has been successfully stored in the twin electron ring. Measurements have been carried out to understand the positron current limit and to characterize the behavior of the horizontal instability at high current with different bunch patterns. Grow/damp turn-by-turn data obtained by turning off the horizontal feedback have been acquired and analyzed. Spectral analysis and grow rates of the instability are shown. In particular, the -1 mode has strong evidence and fast grow rate. Its grow rate behavior is analyzed at different beam currents and bunch patterns.  
MPPP034 Collective Effects in the TLS Storage Ring after the Installation of Superconducting RF Cavity storage-ring, vacuum, collective-effects, impedance 2360
  • P.J. Chou, J. Chen, K.-T. Hsu, C.-C. Kuo, C. Wang, M.-H. Wang
    NSRRC, Hsinchu
  A superconducting rf cavity designed by Cornell University was installed in the storage ring at Taiwan Light Source in December of 2004. The purpose of rf system upgrade is to achieve a stored beam current of 400 mA without collective instabilities caused by high-order-modes of rf cavities. Beam measurements related to collective effects are performed. Results are compared with those measured prior to the rf system upgrade. Theoretical studies on collective effects after the rf upgrade are also presented.  
TOAC002 Beam Loading Compensation for Super B-Factories impedance, beam-loading, synchrotron, storage-ring 154
  • D. Teytelman
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.

Super B-factory designs under consideration expect to reach luminosities in the 1035 - 1036 range. The dramatic luminosity increase relative to the existing B-factories is achieved, in part, by raising the beam currents stored in the electron and positron rings. For such machines to succeed it is necessary to consider in the RF system design not only the gap voltage and beam power, but also the beam loading effects. The main effects are the synchronous phase transients due to the uneven ring filling patterns and the longitudinal coupled-bunch instabilities driven by the fundamental impedance of the RF cavities. A systematic approach to predicting such effects and for optimizing the RF system design will be presented. Existing as well as promising new techniques for reducing the effects of heavy beam loading will be described and illustrated with examples from the existing storage rings including PEP-II, KEKB, and DAFNE.

TOAC005 Coherent Synchrotron Radiation as a Diagnostic Tool for the LCLS Longitudinal Feedback System radiation, electron, synchrotron, synchrotron-radiation 428
  • J. Wu, P. Emma, Z. Huang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work is supported by the US Department of Energy under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.

The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) will be the world's first x-ray free-electron laser (FEL). To ensure the vitality of FEL lasing, a longitudinal feedback system is required together with other diagnostics. In this paper, we study the possibility of using Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR) from the chicane as the diagnostic tool for bunch length feedback. Calculations show that CSR is a good candidate, even for the non-Gaussian, double-horn longitudinal charge distribution. We further check the feasibility for low and high charge options, and also the possibility for detecting the microbunching.

TPAP052 Possible Phase Loop for the Global Decoupling coupling, quadrupole, simulation, collider 3182
  • Y. Luo, P. Cameron, A. Della Penna, A. Marusic, S. Peggs, T. Roser, D. Trbojevic
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • O.R. Jones
    CERN, Geneva
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. DOE under contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886.

Besides two eigentunes Q1 and Q2 , two amplitude ratios r1 and r2 and two phase differences ∆ φ1 and ∆ φ2 are introduced for the global coupling observation. Simulations are carried out to check their behaviors in the process of the skew quadrupole strength scans. Some attractive features of the phase differences ∆ φ1,2 have been found, which are possibly useful for the global decoupling phase loop, or future global decoupling feedback. Analytical descriptions to these 6 quantities are described in the Twiss parameters through the linear coupling's action-angle parameterization, or in coupling coefficient through the linear coupling's Hamiltonian perturbation theory. Dedicated beam experiments are carried out at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) to check the global coupling observables from the phase lock loop (PLL) system. The six observables are measured under PLL driving oscillations during the 1-D and 2-D skew quadrupole scans. The experimental results are reported and discussions are given.

TPAP055 Fast IR orbit feedback at RHIC power-supply, coupling, luminosity, emittance 3298
  • C. Montag, A. Marusic, R.J. Michnoff, T. Roser, T. Satogata, C. Schultheiss
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  Funding: Work performed under the auspices of the US Department of Energy

Mechanical low-beta triplet vibrations lead to horizontal jitter of RHIC beams at frequencies around 10 Hz. The resulting beam offsets at the interaction points are considered detrimental to RHIC luminosity performance. To stabilize beam orbits at the interaction points, installation of a fast orbit feedback is foreseen. A prototype of this system is being developed and tested. Recent results are presented.

TPAT051 Asymmetrical Spectrum Observed at the KEKB High Energy Electron Ring electron, ion, vacuum, luminosity 3176
  • T. Ieiri, Y. Ohnishi, M. Tobiyama
    KEK, Ibaraki
  KEKB is a multi-bunch, high-current, electron/positron collider for B meson physics. The two beams collide at one interaction point (IP) with a finite horizontal crossing angle. The luminosity achieved at KEKB is the best in the world. In order to keep up the performance, the tune of a non-colliding bunch, placed just after a colliding bunch-train, is continuously monitored. It was observed that an electron bunch showed an asymmetrical distribution biased to a higher tune in the vertical tune-spectrum. We found that the asymmetrical spectrum was reinforced by the beam-beam interaction, though the electron bunch did not collide. The asymmetry was reinforced moreover, as the electron bunch approached a bunch-train further. These observations suggest that the asymmetry in the spectrum is not related to trapped-ions or fast-ions observed in an electron single beam, but related to ions produced by the beam-beam interaction, which makes the particles scattered and they might yield new ions due to the collision with residual gas. We can imagine that the ions are accumulated along a bunch-train and some ions survive after colliding bunches passed through in the electron ring. A quantitative analysis remains for future study.  
TOAB006 SPEAR 3 - The First Year of Operation injection, optics, power-supply, dynamic-aperture 505
  • R.O. Hettel
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported in part by Department of Energy Contract DE-AC03-76SF00515 and Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences.

The first electrons were accumulated in the new 3-GeV SPEAR 3 storage ring in December, 2003, five days after the beginning of commissioning. By mid-January of 2004, the phas·10-1 current of 100 mA were stored. Ring characterization and tuning continued until early March when the first photon beam line was opened for users. By the end of the first run in July, SPEAR 3 beam properties and ring performance had been extensively measured by the accelerator and beam line groups. These included micron stability using slow orbit feedback, an emittance coupling of ~0.1% and 30-h lifetimes at 100 mA. During the present 2005 user run, turn-by-turn BPMs, fast orbit feedback, a high resolution UV synchrotron light monitor, and beam scrapers are being commissioned and 500-mA operation will be established. A modified lattice that will incorporate a double vertical waist chicane has been designed that will enable future installation of two small gap insertion devices. A study of top-off injection modes will also commence this year. The performance of SPEAR 3 during its first year of commissioning and operation, together with plans to improve performance, are described.

TOPB003 Progress in Large-Scale Femtosecond Timing Distribution and RF-Synchronization laser, polarization, space-charge, electron 284
  • F.X. Kaertner, H. Byun, J. Chen, F J. Grawert, F.O. Ilday, J. Kim, A. Winter
    MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  For future advances in accelerator physics in general and seeding of free electron lasers (FELs) in particular, precise synchronization between low-level RF-system, photo-injector laser, seed radiation as well as potential probe lasers at the FEL output is required. We propose a modular system based on optical pulse trains from mode-locked lasers for timing distribution and timing information transfer in the optical domain to avoid detrimental effects due to amplitude to phase conversion in photo detectors. Synchronization of various RF- and optical sub-systems with femtosecond precision over distances of several hundred meters can be achieved. First experimental results and limitations of the proposed scheme for timing distribution are discussed.  
TPPE007 Energy Correction for High Power Proton/H Minus Linac Injectors linac, SNS, injection, space-charge 1075
  • D. Raparia, Y.Y. Lee, J. Wei
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  High-energy proton/H minus (> GeV) linear accelerators suffer from energy jitter due to RF amplitude and phase stability. For high-power operations, such energy jitter often results in beam losses at more than 1 W/m level required for hands-on maintenance. Depending upon the requirements for next accelerator in the chain, this energy jitter may or may not require correction. This paper discusses the sources of energy jitter and correction feasibility with specific examples of the Spallation Neutron Source linac and a higher-energy H minus linac.  
TPPE038 Thermal Hydraulic Design of PWT Accelerating Structures electron, linear-collider, simulation, collider 2524
  • D. Yu, A. Baxter, P. Chen, M. Lundquist, Y. Luo
    DULY Research Inc., Rancho Palos Verdes, California
  Funding: Work supported by DOE SBIR Grant No. DE-FG02-03ER83846.

Microwave power losses on the surfaces of accelerating structures will transform to heat which will deform the structures if it is not removed in time. Thermal hydraulic design of the disk and cooling rods of a Plane Wave Transformer (PWT) structure is presented. Experiments to measure the hydraulic (pressure vs flow rate) and cooling (heat removed vs flow rate) properties of the PWT disk are performed, and results compared with simulations using Mathcad models and the COSMOSM code. Both experimental and simulation results showed that the heat deposited on the structure could be removed effectively using specially designed water-cooling circuits and the temperature of the structure could be controlled within the range required.

TPPP007 Recent Progress at KEKB luminosity, vacuum, beam-losses, injection 1045
  • Y. Funakoshi, K. Akai, K. Ebihara, K. Egawa, A. Enomoto, J.W. Flanagan, H. Fukuma, K.  Furukawa, T. Furuya, J. Haba, S. Hiramatsu, T. Ieiri, N. Iida, H. Ikeda, T. Kageyama, S. Kamada, T. Kamitani, S. Kato, M. Kikuchi, E. Kikutani, H. Koiso, M. Masuzawa, T. Mimashi, A. Morita, T.T. Nakamura, H. Nakayama, Y. Ogawa, K. Ohmi, Y. Ohnishi, N. Ohuchi, K. Oide, M. Ono, M. Shimada, S. Stanic, M. Suetake, Y. Suetsugu, T. Sugimura, T. Suwada, M. Tawada, M. Tejima, M. Tobiyama, N. Tokuda, S. Uehara, S. Uno, N. Yamamoto, Y. Yamamoto, Y. Yano, K. Yokoyama, M. Yoshida, M. Yoshida, S.I. Yoshimoto
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva
  We summarize the machine operation of KEKB during past one year. Progress for this period, causes of present performance limitations and future prospects are described.  
TPPP027 Single-Bunch Tune and Beam Size Measurements Along Bunch Trains in PEP-II luminosity, single-bunch, electron, positron 2006
  • R. Holtzapple
    Alfred University, Alfred, New York
  • D.D. Dujmic, A.S. Fisher
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  By scanning a gated camera and a gated tune monitor across the bunch pattern during normal colliding-bunch operation of PEP-II, the single-bunch tunes and beam sizes were measured simultaneously in the high and low energy storage rings of PEP-II. The measurements were made with 1561 colliding bunches in PEP-II, arranged in trains of 66 bunches, with each bunch in the train separated by 4.2 ns. The tune and beam size measurements were correlated with the current, luminosity, and specific luminosity of the bunch. The results show a vertical tune shift at the start and end of the mini-trains, a luminosity droop along the mini-train, and specific luminosity drop in the first and last bunches of the train, since they experience a different parasitic crossing on either side of the IP.  
TPPT008 New Design of Crab Cavity for SuperKEKB coupling, damping, impedance, polarization 1129
  • K. Akai, Y. Morita
    KEK, Ibaraki
  Crab-crossing scheme has been adopted as a baseline design for SuperKEKB, which is planned as an upgrade of KEKB. For the design of crab cavities for SuperKEKB, a very high beam current of 10A with a short bunch length of 3mm must be taken into account. Much heavier damping of any parasitic mode as well as smaller loss factor are required, compared with those of KEKB crab cavities. We propose new design of crab cavities for SuperKEKB. It has a high kick voltage, sufficiently low coupling impedance to any parasitic modes including the fundamental mode, and a considerably low loss factor. The new crab cavity meets the requirements for SuperKEKB.  
TPPT027 53 MHz Beam Loading Compensation for Slip Stacking in the Fermilab Main Injector beam-loading, proton, cathode, radio-frequency 1958
  • J.E. Dey, I. Kourbanis
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Funding: Operated by Universities Research Association, Inc. for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC02-76CH03000.

Recently In-Phase and Quadrature (I&Q) was added to both the 53 MHz Feedback and Feedforward Beam Loading Compensation for Slip Stacking in the Fermilab Main Injector. With 53 MHz Feedback, we can now turn the 18 Radio Frequency (RF) Stations off down to below 100 V. In using I&Q on Feedforward, beam loading compensation to the beam on both the upper and lower frequencies of Slip Stacking can be applied as we slip the beam. I&Q theory will be discussed.

TPPT055 Electro-Polishing Surface Preparation for High Gradient Cavities at DESY acceleration, superconductivity, radio-frequency, linac 3304
  • A. Matheisen, h. Morales Zimmermann, B. Petersen, ms. Schmoekel, N. Steinhau-Kuehl
    DESY, Hamburg
  Improvement of acceleration gradients in super conducting accelerator structures was reached by applying electro polishing of the niobium surfaces. This technology is actually foreseen to serve as major surface preparation step for projects like the XFEL at DESY and the proposed ILC linear accelerator. At DESY an electro polishing apparatus was build up in 2003. After commissioning the apparatus operates regular for cavity surface treatment. We report on experiences with the electro-polishing set up, polishing parameters and results on the preparation of S.C. resonators for a high gradient module to be tested in the TTF2 accelerator at DESY.  
TPPT060 Design of a Multi-Cell, HOM Damped Superconducting Cavity for the Strong RF Focusing Experiment at DAFNE coupling, synchrotron, focusing, factory 3505
  • A. Gallo, D. Alesini, C. Biscari, R. Boni, F. Marcellini, M. Zobov
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma)
  • C. Pagani
    DESY, Hamburg
  A strong RF focusing experiment to be performed at the DAFNE Phi-factory has been proposed to create and observe a bunch length modulation along the ring. The very large RF gradient required to reach the strong focusing regime can only be obtained by using a multi-cell superconducting cavity. Moreover, in order to demonstrate the feasibility of a high luminosity collider based on this principle, a total multibunch current of the order of 1A has to be stored under stable conditions in this regime. A 1.3 GHz 7-cells cavity has been designed for this purpose, based on the TESLA geometry with small modifications of the basic cell to comply with the DAFNE revolution frequency. The number of cells has been changed from 9 to 7 to reduce the number of the cavity HOMs, while the beam tubes have been enlarged to let most of the HOMs propagate and be damped by room-temperature ferrite rings. The modes of the first longitudinal band, which include the accelerating TM010_pi, do not propagate in the beam tubes and have been studied with special care to prevent the overlap with the bunch revolution harmonics and to cure the effects of coupling to the synchrotron tune sidebands.  
TPPT062 High Power Test of the Prototype Cryomodule for ADS Superconducting Linac linac, target, klystron, radiation 3579
  • E. Kako, S. Noguchi, N. Ohuchi, T. Shishido, K. Tsuchiya
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • N. Akaoka, H. Kobayashi, N. Ouchi
    JAERI/LINAC, Ibaraki-ken
  • E. Chishiro, T. Hori, M. Nakata, M. Yamazaki
    JAERI, Ibaraki-ken
  A prototype cryomodule containing two 9-cell superconducting cavities of beta=0.725 and fo=972MHz had been constructed under the collaboration of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) and High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) on the development of superconducting LINAC for Accelerator Driven System (ADS). Cool-down tests to 2.0K of the cryomodule and high power tests with a 972MHz pulsed klystron have been successfully carried out. Rf power of 350kW in a pulsed operation of 3msec and 25Hz was transferred to the nine-cell cavity through an input coupler. Accelerating gradients of about 14MV/m higher than the specification (10MV/m) were achieved in both cavities. Design and performance of the prototype cryomodule and the test results with high rf power will be reported.  
TPPT072 Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields on the Performance of a Superconducting Cavity electron, vacuum, superconductivity, coupling 3874
  • G. Ciovati, P. Kneisel
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  • J.S. Sekutowicz, W. Singer
    DESY, Hamburg
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. DOE Contract No DE-AC05-84ER40150.

A special two-cell cavity was designed to obtain surface field distributions suitable for investigation of electric and magnetic field effects on cavity performance. The cavity design and preliminary results were presented in a previous contribution. The bulk niobium cavity was heat-treated in a vacuum furnace at 1250C to improve the thermal conductivity. Three seamless hydroformed NbCu cavities of the same design were fabricated to investigate the role of the electron beam welds located in high field areas.

TPPT074 Simulation Study of Electronic Damping of Microphonic Vibrations in Superconducting Cavities damping, simulation, coupling, resonance 3916
  • A.S. Hofler, J.R. Delayen
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: This work was supported by the Department of Energy under contract DE-AC05-84ER-40150.

Electronic damping of microphonic vibrations in superconducting rf cavities involves an active modulation of the cavity field amplitude in order to induce ponderomotive forces that counteract the effect of ambient vibrations on the cavity frequency. In lightly beam loaded cavities, a reduction of the microphonics-induced frequency excursions leads directly to a reduction of the rf power required for phase and amplitude stabilization. Jefferson Lab is investigating such an electronic damping scheme that could be applied to the JLab 12 GeV upgrade, the RIA driver, and possibly to energy-recovering superconducting linacs. This paper discusses a model and presents simulation results for electronic damping of microphonic vibrations.

WPAE016 Development of a Precision Amplifier for the Detector synchrotron, synchrotron-radiation, radiation, ion 1514
  • K.-H. Park, C.W. Chung, S.-M. Hong, S.-H. Jeong, Y.G. Jung, D.E. Kim, H.-S. Lee, W.W. Lee
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk
  • B.-K. Kang
    POSTECH, Pohang, Kyungbuk
  A high gain trans-resistance amplfier has been developed for measuring the intensity of synchrotron radiation at Pohang Light Source(PLS). This amplifier built with discrete elements and operational amplifiers.It had the capability of measuring range from 1pA to 1 uA with good linearity. A microprocessor was also installed to interface the amplifier with the computer, and controlled the other sub-circuits. The various characteristics of amplifier such as linearity, sensitivity,stability, etc. have been investigated, and its experimental results carried out at the beam line are presented in this paper.  
WPAE061 LC Filter for High Accuracy and Stability Digital MPS at PLS power-supply, simulation, damping, alignment 3550
  • S.-C. Kim, J. Choi, K.M. Ha, J.Y. Huang
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk
  Funding: Work supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Korea.

High accuracy and stability digital power supply for magnet is developed at PLS. This power supply has three sections. The first section is digital controller including DSP&FPGA and precision ADC, the second consists of IGBT driver and four quad IGBT switch, and the third is LC output section. AC input voltage of power supply is 3-phase 21V, output current is 0 ~ 150 A dc. Switching frequency of IGBT is 25 kHz. The output current of power supply has very high accuracy of 100 mA step resolution at full range and the stability of ± 1.5 ppm for short term and ± 5 ppm for long term. This paper describes characteristics of filter and output current performance improvement after LC output filter at four quad digital power supplies.

WPAE065 Jefferson Lab's Trim Card II power-supply, diagnostics, controls, impedance 3670
  • T.L. Allison, H. Higgins, E. Martin, W. Merz, S. Philip
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: This work was supported by DOE contract DE-AC05-84ER40150 Modification No. M175, under which the Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) operates the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility.

Jefferson Lab’s Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) uses Trim Card I power supplies to drive approximately 1900 correction magnets. These trim cards have had a long and illustrious service record. However, some of the employed technology is now obsolete, making it difficult to maintain the system and retain adequate spares. The Trim Card II is being developed to act as a transparent replacement for its aging predecessor. A modular approach has been taken in its development to facilitate the substitution of sections for future improvements and maintenance. The resulting design has been divided into a motherboard and 7 daughter cards which has also allowed for parallel development. The Trim Card II utilizes modern technologies such as a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) and a microprocessor to embed trim card controls and diagnostics. These reprogrammable devices also provide the versatility to incorporate future requirements.

WPAE066 PEP-II Large Power Supplies Rebuild Program at SLAC power-supply, controls, collider, monitoring 3685
  • A.C. de Lira, P. Bellomo, J.J. Lipari, F.S. Rafael
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contract number DE-AC02-76SF00515.

At PEP-II, seven large power supplies (LGPS) are used to power quad magnets in the electron-positron collider region. The LGPS ratings range from 72kW to 270kW, and were installed in 1997. They are unipolar off-line switch mode supplies, with a 6 pulse bridge rectifying 480VAC, 3-phase input power to yield 650VDC unregulated. This unregulated 650VDC is then input into one (or two) IGBT H-bridges, which convert the DC into PWM 16 kHz square wave AC. This high frequency AC drives the primary side of a step-down transformer followed by rectifiers and low pass filters. Over the years, these LGPS have presented many problems mainly in their control circuits, making it difficult to troubleshoot and affecting the overall accelerator availability. A redesign/rebuilding program for these power supplies was established under the coordination of the Power Conversion Department at SLAC. During the 2004 accelerator summer shutdown all the control circuits in these supplies were redesigned and replaced. A new PWM control board, programmable logic controller, and touch panel were all installed to improve LGPS reliability, and to make troubleshooting easier. In this paper we present the details of this rebuilding program and results.

WPAE069 The APS Septum Magnet Power Supplies Upgrade septum, power-supply, injection, booster 3795
  • B. Deriy, A.L. Hillman, G.S. Sprau, J. Wang
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. W-31-109-ENG-38.

The higher requirements for beam injection stability at the APS storage ring demand improvement of pulsed power supplies for the septum magnets. The upgrade will be performed in two stages. In the first stage we will implement a new power supply circuit with a new regulation timing sequence that will provide better voltage regulation performance. A common design was made for all of the septum magnet power supplies at the APS. The new regulation module has already been tested on both thin and thick septum magnet power supplies. This test showed that the new target for the current regulation stability, 1/2000 with less than 10-ns jitter, is achievable with this approach. In the second stage we will implement an embedded microprocessor system that will provide digitally controlled shot-to-shot current regulation of the power supply. The system comprises modules for communication with EPICS, data acquisition, and precise timing. A prototype has already been built and will also be discussed.

WPAE073 3 kA Power Supplies for the Duke OK-5 FEL Wigglers power-supply, wiggler, storage-ring, monitoring 3901
  • V. Popov, S.M. Hartman, S. Mikhailov, O. Oakeley, P.W. Wallace, Y.K. Wu
    DU/FEL, Durham, North Carolina
  Funding: U.S. AFOSR MFEL grant F49620-001-0370.

The next generation electromagnetic OK-5/Duke storage ring FEL wigglers require three 3kA/70V power supplies with current stability about 20 ppm and current ripples less than 20ppm in their full operating range. Duke FEL Laboratory acquired three out-of-service thyristor controllable power supplies (Transrex, 5kA/100V) which was built almost 30 years ago. The existing archaic firing circuit, lack of any output voltage filtering and outdated DCCT, would not be able to meet the above requirements.To deliver the desirable high performance with very limited funds, all three T-Rex power supplies have been completely rebuilt in house at DFELL. Modern high stability electronic components and a Danfysik DCCT with a high current stability have been used. New symmetrical firing circuit, efficient passive LC filter and reliable transformer-coupled active filter are used to reduce output current ripples to an appropriate level. At the present time, the first refurbished power supply in operation since August, 2004 with good overall performance. The power supply testing results of this unit will also be presented in this paper.

WPAE074 Trim Power Supplies for the Duke Booster and Storage Ring power-supply, storage-ring, booster, synchrotron 3919
  • V. Popov, S.M. Hartman, S. Mikhailov, O. Oakeley, P.W. Wallace, Y.K. Wu
    DU/FEL, Durham, North Carolina
  Funding: U.S. AFOSR MFEL grant F49620-001-0370 and HIGS Upgrade DOE grant number is DE-FG02-01ER41175.

The on-going Duke storage ring upgrades and the development of a new booster synchrotron injection require more than 100 units of high performance unipolar and bipolar trim power supplies in the current range of -15A to +15A. However, most of the trim power supplies on the market do not deliver two critical performance features simultaneously: a high current stability and a low current noise.An in-house trim power supply development program is then put in force to design, fabricate, and test low cost linear power supplies with current stability about 100 ppm and current ripples less than 100 ppm in a broad band. A set of unipolar power supplies (0-12A) have been designed, fabricated and successfully tested. Since August, 2004 they have been used in storage ring operation with excellent performance. The prototype of bipolar power supplies (± 15 A) has been designed and tested as well. The main design principles and their performance results of both unipolar and bipolar supplies will be presented in this paper.

WPAE075 Compact Digital High Voltage Charger impedance, power-supply, controls, synchrotron 3964
  • G. Li, Y.G. Zhou
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui
  The operation of classical resonant circuit developed for the pulse energizing is investigated. The HV pulse or generator is very compact by a soft switching circuit made up of IGBT working at over 30 kHZ. The frequencies of macro pulses andμpulses can be arbitrarily tuned below resonant frequency to digitalize the HV pulse power. Theμpulses can also be connected by filter circuit to get the HVDC power. The circuit topology is given and its novel control logic is analyzed by flowchart. The circuit is part of a system consisting of a AC or DC LV power supply, a pulse transformer, the pulse generator implemented by LV capacitor and leakage inductance of the transformer, a HV DC or pulse power supply and the charged HV capacitor of the modulators.  
WPAT006 The SPARC RF Synchronization System laser, gun, linac, klystron 1024
  • A. Gallo, D. Alesini, M. Bellaveglia, R. Boni, G. Di Pirro, F. Tazzioli
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma)
  The SPARC project consists in a 150 MeV Linac aimed at driving an ondulator for the production of 530 nm SASE FEL radiation. A bunch transverse emittance as low as 1mm mrad and a bunch peak current of about 100 A are required for this task. The RF voltages in the RF gun and in the 3 S-band accelerating sections have to be kept phase locked within 3 ps to the arrival time of the laser pulse on the photocathode to guarantee the required performances. This specification will be reduced to 0.5 ps in the phas·10-2 of the project when the rectilinear RF compression of the bunch will be tested. The general architecture of the SPARC RF control system together with some bench qualification measurements of the basic components is presented in this paper.  
WPAT007 Control Loops for the J-PARC RCS Digital Low-Level RF Control synchrotron, acceleration, controls, damping 1063
  • A. Schnase, M. Nomura, F. Tamura, M. Yamamoto
    JAERI/J-PARC, Tokai-Mura, Naka-Gun, Ibaraki-Ken
  • S. Anami, E. Ezura, K. Hara, C. Ohmori, A. Takagi, M. Yoshii
    KEK, Ibaraki
  The low-level radiofrequency control for the Rapic Cycling Syncrotron of J-PARC is based on digital signal processing. This system controls the acceleration voltages of 12 magnetic alloy loaded cavities. To achive a short overall delay, mandatory for stable loop operation, the data-processing is based on distributed arithmetics in FPGA. Due to the broadband characteristic of the acceleration cavities, no tuning loop is needed. To handle the large beam current, the RF system operates simultaneously with dual harmonics (h=2) and (h=4). The stability of the amplitude loops is limited by the delay of the FIR filters used after downconversion. The phase loop offers several operation modes to define the phase relation of (h=2) and (h=4) between the longitudinal beam signal and the vector-sum of the cavity voltages. Besides the FIR filters, we provide cascaded CIC filters with smoothly varying coefficients. Such a filter tracks the revolution frequency and has a substantially shorter delay, thereby increasing the stable operating region of the phase loops. The adaptive radial loop accumulates the orbit variation over several machine cycles to reduce the effects of measurement errors on the effective acceleration frequency program.  
WPAT011 Application of TRL Calibration in Longitudinal Coupling Impedance Measurement Platform for BEPCII impedance, coupling, vacuum, insertion 1225
  • G. Huang, W.-H. Huang, S. Zheng
    Tsinghua University, Beijing
  • D.M. Zhou
    IHEP Beijing, Beijing
  Funding: Supported by NSFC 10375035.

TRL calibration is one of the standard calibration methods for RF measurement. Applying the TRL calibration method into the longitudinal coupling impedance platform makes it possible to eliminate the error matrix of the matching section and the RF connector. By using TRL calibration in the platform, the reference pipe of each device under test no longer required. The formula of the calibration is discussed in this paper and the software based on it is introduced.

WPAT015 The Digital Feedback RF Control System of the RFQ and DTL1 for 100 MeV Proton Linac of PEFP proton, rfq, linac, resonance 1443
  • I.H. Yu, Y.J. Han, H.-S. Kang, D.T. Kim, S.-C. Kim, I.-S. Park, J.C. Yoon
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk
  • Y.-S. Cho, H.-J. Kwon, K.T. Seol
    KAERI, Daejon
  Funding: Work supported by the PEFP (Proton Engineering Frontier Project), Korea

The 100 MeV Proton linear accelerator (Linac) for the PEFP (Proton Engineering Frontier Project) will include 1 RFQ and 1 DTL1 at 350 MHz as well as 7 DTL2 cavities at 700 MHz. The low level RF system with the digital feedback RF control provides the field control to accelerate a 20mA proton beam from 50 keV to 20 MeV with a RFQ and a DTL1 at 350M Hz. The FPGA-based digital feedback RF control system has been built and is used to control cavity field amplitude within ± 1% and relative phase within ± 1°. The fast digital processing is networked to the EPICS-based control system with an embedded processor (Blackfin). In this paper, the detailed description of the digital feedback RF control system will be described with the performance test results.

WPAT016 Stable Low Noise RF Source for Main Ring storage-ring, electron, synchrotron, scattering 1494
  • G.Y. Kurkin
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk
  • P. Wang
    DU/FEL, Durham, North Carolina
  The Duke Storage ring is a 1 Gev electron ring, which is designed for driving UV-VUV FEL. It also provides variable energy high intensive gamma rays by Compton back scattering. It requires an RF master oscillator with very low phase noise. We built a Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) Oscillator. However, the long-term stability does not meet requirements for FEL ring. Previously we used a commercial signal generator HP 4400B as the master oscillator. It has excellent long-term stability, but the phase noise is not acceptable. A phase feedback loop has been added between the SAW oscillator and the HP source, which provides us an excellent RF source. The design details and the test results are presented in this paper.  
WPAT022 Low Level RF System for the Energy Recovery Linac Prototype laser, linac, gun, pick-up 1781
  • A.J. Moss
    CCLRC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire
  Funding: ASTeC Department, CCLRC Daresbury Laboratory.

The Low Level RF system is described for the Energy Recovery Linac Prototype (ERLP) being constructed at Daresbury Laboratory. An analogue based feedback system, built around low cost proprietary components, has been designed to control the 1.3GHz RF system for this project. The system is scaleable, has digital control and can be easily upgraded as greater understanding of the accelerator becomes known. The design of the system is based around the central core of a very low phase noise master oscillator, which can provide, multiple outputs and timing pulses at all the required frequencies for the RF, laser and accelerator sub-systems.

WPAT030 Upgrade of the ATLAS Positive Ion Injector Bunching System ion, pick-up, bunching, linac 2161
  • S.I. Sharamentov, M. Bogaty, E. Clifft, R.C. Pardo
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  Over the last few years, significant efforts were concentrated on improving the ATLAS Positive Ion Injector (PII) RF bunching system, consisting of a four-harmonic pre-buncher, Traveling Wave Chopper (TWC) and a single-frequency sinusoidal re-buncher. The primary goal was to improve RF field stability with a redesigned RF system and to improve buncher performance for higher current beams resulting in better bunch stability and time structure at the first PII superconducting resonator. The major parts of the system were redesigned and rebuilt, including the RF 12 – 48 MHz amplifiers for the harmonic pre-buncher and re-buncher, RF driver rack for the TWC, and the RF control chassis for both the pre-buncher and re-buncher. The four-harmonic resonant structure of the harmonic buncher itself was modified, too, mainly for better mechanical stability and better RF matching. These improvements will be described and the performance of the new system presented.  
WPAT038 Instability of the RF Control Loop in the Presence of a High-Q Passive Superconducting Cavity resonance, simulation, superconducting-RF, luminosity 2553
  • S.A. Belomestnykh, R.P.K. Kaplan, J.J.R. Reilly, V. Veshcherevich
    Cornell University, Laboratory for Elementary-Particle Physics, Ithaca, New York
  Funding: Work is supported by the National Science Foundation.

An instability of the active RF cavity field control loop was observed during experiments with beam-driven (passive) superconducting cavities in CESR when the cavity external Q factor was raised to a value above 1x107. A computer model was developed and further experiments have been performed to study this instability and find a way to cure it. The results of simulations are presented alongside the experimental results.

WPAT039 Experience with the New Digital RF Control System at the CESR Storage Ring klystron, synchrotron, storage-ring, vacuum 2592
  • M. Liepe, S.A. Belomestnykh, J. Dobbins, R.P.K. Kaplan, C.R. Strohman, B.K. Stuhl
    Cornell University, Laboratory for Elementary-Particle Physics, Ithaca, New York
  Funding: This work is supported by NSF.

A new digital control system has been developed, providing great flexibility, high computational power and low latency for a wide range of control and data acquisition applications. This system is now installed in the CESR storage ring and stabilizes the vector sum field of two of the superconducting CESR 500 MHz cavities and the output power from the driving klystron. The installed control system includes in-house developed digital and RF hardware, very fast feedback and feedforward control, a state machine for automatic start-up and trip recovery, cw and pulsed mode operation, fast quench detection, and cavity frequency control. Several months of continuous operation have proven high reliability of the system. The achieved field stability surpasses requirements.

WPAT040 Pushing the Limits: RF Field Control at High Loaded Q linac, resonance, beam-loading, klystron 2642
  • M. Liepe, S.A. Belomestnykh, J. Dobbins, R.P.K. Kaplan, C.R. Strohman, B.K. Stuhl
    Cornell University, Laboratory for Elementary-Particle Physics, Ithaca, New York
  • C. Hovater, T. Plawski
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: This work is supported by Cornell University.

The superconducting cavities in an Energy-Recovery-Linac will be operated with a high loaded Q of several 1E7, possible up to 1E8. Not only has no prior control system ever stabilized the RF field in a linac cavity with such high loaded Q, but also highest field stability in amplitude and phase is required at this high loaded Q. Because of a resulting bandwidth of the cavity of only a few Hz, this presents a significant challenge: the field in the cavity extremely sensitive to any perturbation of the cavity resonance frequency due to microphonics and Lorentz force detuning. To prove that the RF field in a high loaded Q cavity can be stabilized, and that Cornell's newly developed digital control system is able to achieve this, the system was connected to a high loaded Q cavity at the JLab IR-FEL. Excellent cw field stability – about 2·10-4 rms in relative amplitude and 0.03 deg rms in phase - was achieved at a loaded Q of 2.1·107 and 1.4E8, setting a new record in high loaded Q operation of a linac cavity. Piezo tuner based cavity frequency control proved to be very effective in keeping the cavity on resonance and allowed reliable to ramp up to high gradients in less than 1 second.

WPAT041 Klystron Linearizer for Use with 1.2 MW 476 MHz Klystrons in PEP-II RF Systems klystron, impedance, monitoring, radio-frequency 2660
  • J.D. Fox, T. Mastorides, D. Teytelman, D. Van Winkle, Y.-B. Zhou
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  • A. Gallo
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma)
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.

The direct and comb loop feedback around the RF cavities in PEP-II is critical in reducing longitudinal instabilities driven by the cavity impedance, and the non-linear 1 MW klystron is in the signal path for these feedback loops. As a result, the effective small-signal gain of the klystron at 85% saturation reduces the impedance control by factors of 5 to 20 as compared to a linear power amplifier. A klystron linearizer circuit has been developed which operates in series with the power amplifier and acts to equalize the small and large signal gains through the combination. The technique must implement a 1 MHz linear control bandwidth over roughly 15 dB of RF signal level variation. The dynamics of this system is operating point dependent, and the channel must have dynamic gain compensation to keep the linearity compensation loop stable over changes in operating point. The design of this non-linear signal processing channel (incorporating RF and DSP techniques) and measured results from full-power klystron testing are presented.

WPAT043 Overview of the RF Systems for LCLS linac, gun, undulator, klystron 2753
  • P.A. McIntosh, R. Akre, R.F. Boyce, P. Emma, S. Hill, E. Rago
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by Department of Energy contract DE-AC03-76SF00515.

The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at SLAC, when it becomes operational in 2009, will provide its user community with an X-ray source many orders of magnitude brighter than anything available in the world at that time. The electron beam acceleration will be provided by existing and new RF systems capable of maintaining the amplitude and phase stability of each bunch to extremely tight tolerances. RF feedback control of the various RF systems will be fundamental in ensuring the beam arrives at the LCLS undulator at precisely the required energy and phase. This paper details the requirements for RF stability for the various LCLS RF systems and also highlights proposals for how these injector and Linac RF systems can meet these constraints.

WPAT045 A Non-Invasive Technique for Configuring Low Level RF Feedback Loops in PEP-II impedance, klystron, extraction, collider 2863
  • D. Teytelman
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.

The RF system of the PEP-II collider uses two fast feedback loops around each klystron and set of cavities. These loops reduce the impedance of the fundamental mode of the accelerating cavities seen by the beam, and are necessary to reduce the growth rates of longitudinal modes within the RF system bandwidth. Operation of the accelerator at high beam currents is very sensitive to the configuration of the low-level RF feedback loops. There are 7 loop control parameters that strongly influence the stability of the feedback loops and the achieved level of longitudinal impedance reduction. Diagnostic techniques for the analysis of the RF feedback via closed-loop system transfer function measurements will be presented. The model is fit to the measured closed-loop transfer function data and the extracted parameters are then used to calculate optimal tuning and corrections to the loop control elements in the physical channel. These techniques allow fine-tuning of RF feedback with stored beam as well as diagnosis of mis-configured or malfunctioning elements of the system. Results from PEP-II operation will be presented to illustrate the techniques and their applications.

WPAT052 Present Status of RF System for Medical Proton Synchrotron synchrotron, proton, acceleration, impedance 3185
  • Z. Fang, K. Egawa, K. Endo, S. Yamanaka
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • Y. Cho, T. Fusato, T. Hirashima
    DKK, Kanagawa
  The 200MeV proton synchrotron of circumference of 9.54m is being developed for medical radiotherapy. The rf system has been carried out with a wide bandwidth of frequency sweeping from 2.0MHz to 17.8MHz. The rf cavity is designed of a compact dimension and a high acceleration gradient. The high power test of the rf system has been successfully performed and maximal acceleration gradient of 60kV/m has been achieved. The experiments with feedback control system are being studied by using a dummy beam signal. In this paper, the recent progress of the rf system and test results will be presented in detail.  
WPAT057 Overview of the Spallation Neutron Source Linac Low-Level RF Control System linac, SNS, Spallation-Neutron-Source, klystron 3396
  • M. Champion, M.T. Crofford, K.-U. Kasemir, H. Ma, M.F. Piller
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • L.R. Doolittle, A. Ratti
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. Department of Energy.

The design and production of the Spallation Neutron Source Linac Low-Level RF control system is complete, and installation will be finished in Spring 2005. The warm linac beam commissioning run in Fall 2004 was the most extensive test to date of the LLRF control system, with fourteen (of an eventual 96) systems operating simultaneously. In this paper we present an overview of the LLRF control system, the experience in designing, building and installing the system, and operational results.

WPAT060 SNS Low-Level RF Control System: Design and Performance SNS, linac, controls, damping 3479
  • H. Ma, M. Champion, M.T. Crofford, K.-U. Kasemir, M.F. Piller
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • L.R. Doolittle, A. Ratti
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: ORNL managed by UT-Battelle for US DOE.

A full digital Low-Level RF controller has been developed for SNS LINAC. Its design is a good example of a modern digital implementation of the classic control theory. The digital hardware for all the control and DSP functionalities, including the final vector modulation, is implemented on a single high-density FPGA. Two models for the digital hardware have been written in VHDL and Verilog respectively, based on a very low latency control algorithm, and both have been being used for supporting the testing and commissioning the LINAC to the date. During the commissioning, the flexibility and ability for precise controls that only digital design on a larger FPGA can offer has proved to be a necessity for meeting the great challenge of a high-power pulsed SCL.

WPAT064 Low Level RF Control System of J-PARC Synchrotrons synchrotron, beam-loading, proton, linac 3624
  • F. Tamura
    JAERI/LINAC, Ibaraki-ken
  • S. Anami, E. Ezura, K. Hara, C. Ohmori, A. Takagi, M. Yoshii
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • M. Nomura, A. Schnase, M. Yamamoto
    JAERI, Ibaraki-ken
  We present the concept and the design of the low level RF (LLRF) control system of the J-PARC synchrotrons. The J-PARC synchrotrons are the rapid cycling 3-GeV synchrotron (RCS) and the 50-GeV main ring (MR) which require very precise and stable LLRF control systems to accelerate the ultra-high proton beam current. The LLRF system of the synchrotron is a full-digital system based on the direct digital synthesis (DDS). The functions of the system are (1) the multi-harmonic RF generation for the acceleration and the longitudinal bunch shaping, (2) the feedbacks for stabilizing the beam, (3) the feedforward for compensating the heavy beam loading, and (4) other miscellaneous functions such as the synchronization and chopper timing. The LLRF system of the RCS is now under construction. We present the details of the system. Also, we show preliminary results of performance tests of the control modules.  
WPAT074 In Depth Diagnostics for RF System Operation in the PEP-II B Factory diagnostics, klystron, monitoring, beam-losses 3931
  • D. Van Winkle, J.D. Fox, D. Teytelman
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.

The PEP-II RF systems incorporate numerous feedback loops in the low-level processing for impedance control and operating point regulation. The interaction of the multiple loops with the beam is complicated, and the systems incorporate online diagnostic tools to configure the feedback loops as well as to record fault files in the case of an RF abort. Rapid and consistent analysis of the RF-related beam aborts and other failures is critical to the reliable operation of the B-Factory, especially at the recently achieved high beam currents. Procedures and algorithms used to extract diagnostic information from time domain fault files are presented and illustrated via example interpretations of PEP-II fault file data. Example faults presented will highlight the subtle interpretation required to determine to root cause. Some such examples are: abort kicker firing asynchronously, klystron and cavity arcs, beam loss leading to longitudinal instability, tuner read back jumps and poorly configured low-level RF feedback loop.

WPAT079 Design of a Direct Converter for High Power, RF Applications booster, target, radio-frequency, synchrotron 4033
  • D. Cook, M. Catucci, J. Clare, P. W. Wheeler
    University of Nottingham, Nottingham
  • J.S. Przybyla
    EEV, Chelmsford, Essex
  Funding: Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council.

This paper is concerned with a new type of power supply for high power RF applications for CW operation. The converter is a direct topology operating with a high frequency (resonant) link. Switching losses are minimised by switching at zero current. High operating frequency allows for minimised transformer and filter size. Advantages of this topology over conventional approaches are discussed, along with the potential problems and proposed solutions. Recently, considerable interest has been shown in direct converter topologies as an alternative topology in motor drive applications. This approach offers advantages such as reduced energy storage and higher energy density compared to conventional topologies. The work presented in this paper capitalises on these advantages in other fields, namely power conversion for RF supplies. The RF power needs to be stable and predictable such that any variation has a limited impact on the accelerated beam quality. In order to meet the required output voltage specification such designs require output filters with consequent energy storage. Management of this energy in the event of a fault is necessary if destruction of the tube is to be avoided.

WPAT082 An Improved Pneumatic Frequency Control for Superconducting Cavities vacuum, pick-up, heavy-ion, ion 4090
  • G. Zinkann, E. Clifft, S.I. Sharamentov
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  Funding: U.S. Department of Energy.

The ATLAS (Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System) superconducting cavities use a pneumatic system to maintain the cavity eigenfrequency at the master oscillator frequency. The present pneumatic slow tuner control has a limitation in the tuning slew rates. In some cases, the frequency slew rate is as low as 30 Hz/sec. The total tuning range for ATLAS cavities varies from 60 KHz to as high as 450 KHz depending on the cavity type. With the present system, if a cavity is at the extreme end of its tuning range, it may take an unacceptable length of time to reach the master oscillator frequency. We have designed a new slow tuner control system that increases the frequency slew rates by at least a factor of ten to a factor of three hundred in the more extreme cases. This improved system is directly applicable for use on the RIA (Rare Isotope Accelerator) cavities. This paper discusses the design of the system and the results of a prototype test.

WPAT094 Traveling Wave Accelerating Structure for a Superconducting Accelerator acceleration, superconductivity, linear-collider, simulation 4296
  • A. Kanareykin
    Euclid TechLabs, LLC, Solon, Ohio
  • P.A. Avrakhov
    LPI, Moscow
  • N. Solyak
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  We are presenting a superconducting traveling wave accelerating structure (STWA) concept, which may prove to be of crucial importance to the International Linear Collider. Compared to the existing design of a TESLA cavity, the traveling wave structure can provide ~20-40% higher accelerating gradient for the same aperture and the same peak surface magnetic RF field. The recently achieved SC structure gradient of 35 MV/m can be increased up to ~50 MV/m with the new STWA structure design. The STWA structure is supposed to be installed into the superconducting resonance ring and is fed by the two couplers with appropriate phase advance to excite a traveling wave inside the structure. The system requires two independent tuners to be able to adjust the cavity and feedback waveguide frequencies and hence to reduce the unwanted backward wave. In this presentation we discuss the structure design, optimization of the parameters, tuning requirements and plans for further development.  
WOAB010 BUNCH TRACING BY BUNCH BY BUNCH MEASUREMENT SYSTEM IN HLS injection, wiggler, simulation, storage-ring 719
  • K. Zheng, W. Li, J.H. Liu, L. Liu, B. Sun, J.H. Wang, Y.L. Yang
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui
  Funding: Supported by National Natural Science Project (10175063)

In this paper, we introduce a bunch tracing system which is based on a bunch-by-bunch (BxB) measurement system in Hefei Light Source (HLS), and present the analysis of the experiment results. Using an in-phase gate signal and a double balance mixer to control an external trigger of ADC, we test the reliability of the BxB system. By this system, we can trace all marked bunches in a set time slot or in manual burst mode. We can record all bunches’ data during the injection, ramping, wiggler excitation and normal operation, and provide a powerful facility for machine study.

ROAC005 Present Status of J-PARC Ring RF Systems synchrotron, extraction, injection, power-supply 475
  • M. Yoshii, S. Anami, E. Ezura, K. Hara, Y. Hashimoto, C. Ohmori, A. Takagi, M. Toda
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • M. Nomura, A. Schnase, F. Tamura, M. Yamamoto
    JAERI, Ibaraki-ken
  The accelerator of the J-PARC complex consists of the 400 MeV (initially 181 MeV) linac, the rapid cycling 3 GeV Synchrotron and the 50 GeV main Synchrotron. To accelerate an ultra-high intense proton beam, the synchrotrons require a high field gradient rf system (~25kV/m). Alleviating space charge effects is a key issue for minimizing beam losses during a cycle. Longitudinal bunch manipulation is also considered as well as acceleration. Magnetic alloy loaded cavities are the most practical choice for the J-PARC. Such system provides high field gradient, and broadband behavior. It is a stable passive system without tuning control. Multi-tone signals can be fed into the same cavity for acceleration and bunch manipulation. However, the harmonics of circulating beam current within the cavity bandwidth must be taken into account. A feed-forward scheme is used for compensating the beam induced voltages. The low level rf system is fully digital to provide precise control. The specification is based on high reliability and reproductivity. The design consideration of the whole rf system will be described and the current status presented.  
RPAE009 Design Considerations for the Stability Improvement of Klystron-Modulator for PAL XFEL linac, undulator, power-supply, emittance 1165
  • J.-S. Oh, Y.J. Han, I.S. Ko, W. Namkung, S.S. Park
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk
  Funding: Supported by the POSCO and the MOST, Korea.

The PAL linac is planed to be converted to a SASE-XFEL facility (PAL XFEL) that supplies coherent X-rays down to 0.3-nm wavelength. PAL XEL requires a 3-GeV driver linac and a 60-m long in-vacuum undulator to realize an X-ray SASE-FEL. The linac should supply highly bright beams with emittance of 1.2 mm-mrad, a peak current of 3.5 kA, and a low energy spread of 0.03%. The RF stability of 0.06% rms is required for both RF phase and amplitude for reasonably stable SASE output. This stability is mainly determined by a klystron-modulator. Therefore present stability level of the modulator has to be improved 10 times better to get the pulse stability of 0.05%. The regulation methods such as traditional de-Q’ing and precision inverter charging technology are reviewed. Design considerations for the stability improvement of klystron-modulator for PAL XFEL are presented.

RPAE035 Orbit Stability at BESSY diagnostics, electron, dipole, insertion 2366
  • R. Müller, J. Feikes, K. Holldack, P. Kuske
    BESSY GmbH, Berlin
  Funding: Funded by the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung and by the Land Berlin.

Traditionally intrinsic component stability as well as perturbation source identification and suppression (like set-up modifications or feed-forward compensations) have been the preferred methods used to guarantee beam orbit stability for user operation at BESSY. Second focus of activity is the reliability of slow drift control and the high degree of beam position reproducibility maintained under frequently changed operation conditions. Along these lines an overview of the measures taken, the available diagnostic means as well as the achievements and shortcomings of the existing slow orbit feedback is given. Diagnostic capabilities of a fast BPM read-out and data distribution system give insight into the demands on a fast orbit feedback that could provide better operation flexibility and improved performance.

RPAE040 COD Correction at the PF and PF-AR by New Orbit Feedback Scheme insertion, insertion-device, dipole, electron 2613
  • K. Harada, T. Obina
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • N. Nakamura, H. Sakai, H. Takaki
    ISSP/SRL, Chiba
  The eigen-vector method with a constraint condition is a new COD correction method that enables us to combine the local orbit correction at the insertion devices with the global COD correction by integrating the local one into the global one as the constraint condition using the Lagrange’s undetermined multiplier method. In order to achieve this method, we only use the new contrived response matrix for the global COD correction where the local correction is involved and done simultaneously. We have tested this correction scheme at the PF ring and the PF-AR. In the machine studies, the new orbit correction method is successfully demonstrated. The RMS COD of the constraint BPMs are sufficiently suppressed and, on the other hand, there is almost no large difference in the RMS COD of all the other BPMs between the new and ordinary methods.  
RPAE046 Operational Status at the PLS: Recent Improvements and Changes storage-ring, closed-orbit, injection, electron 2923
  • E.S. Park, J. Choi, H.-S. Kang, M. Kim, E.-H. Lee, T.-Y. Lee
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk
  PLS has been operated 10 years since 1994. A few improvements has been made to stabilize the reference orbit drifts caused by insertion devices and other sources: The control system has been upgraded to 20 bit capability from 12 bit. The slow global orbit feedback is employed routinely in the user run times. These improvements and the operational status changes will be presented in this report.  
RPAE085 ELETTRA Present and Future Upgrades booster, storage-ring, electron, undulator 4170
  • C.J. Bocchetta, D. Bulfone, G. D'Auria, G. De Ninno, B. Diviacco, A. Fabris, R. Fabris, M. Ferianis, A. Gambitta, F. Iazzourene, E. Karantzoulis, M. Lonza, F.M. Mazzolini, M. Svandrlik, L. Tosi, R. Visintini, D.Z. Zangrando
    ELETTRA, Basovizza, Trieste
  During the last year, the 3rd generation synchrotron light source ELETTRA has benefitted from several upgrades which have been implemented in the frame of a project to enhance the quality of the light source. The superconducting 3rd harmonic cavity, the feedbacks, the realignment of the whole ring and other improved devices have allowed to further, significantly optimize the beam stability and lifetime, as well as the operability and uptime of the facility. At the same time two large scale projects are underway that will change the perspectives of the whole laboratory, namely the full energy booster injector and the single pass X-ray FEL FERMI@Elettra, based on the existing linac. Their status will be presented here together with the overview of the existing light source.  
RPAP016 High Power Electron Accelerator Prototype electron, injection, cathode, gun 1502
  • V.O. Tkachenko, V. Auslender, V.G. Cheskidov, G.I. Korobeynikov, G.I. Kuznetsov, A.N. Lukin, I. Makarov, G. Ostreiko, A.D. Panfilov, A. Sidorov, V.V. Tarnetsky, M.A. Tiunov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk
  Funding: The work is supported by ISTC grant #2550.

In recent time the new powerful industrial electron accelerators appear on market. It caused the increased interest to radiation technologies using high energy X-rays due to their high penetration ability. However, because of low efficiency of X-ray conversion for electrons with energy below 5 MeV, the intensity of X-rays required for some industrial applications can be achieved only when the beam power exceeds 300 kW. The report describes a project of industrial electron accelerator ILU-12 for electron energy up to 5 MeV and beam power up to 300 kW specially designed for use in industrial applications. On the first stage of work we plan to use the existing generator designed for ILU-8 accelerator. It is realized on the GI-50A triode and provides the pulse power up to 1.5-2 MW and up to 20-30 kW of average power. In the report the basic concepts and a condition of the project for today are reflected.

RPAP049 Beam Diagnostics with Optical Fiber Optics optics, synchrotron, synchrotron-radiation, radiation 3040
  • Y. Yin
    Y.Y. Labs, Inc., Fremont, California
  Optical fiber has been widely used for communications. It is a waveguide with very high-frequency bandwidth. Therefore, it has broad applications for high-frequency related signals such as high-energy Accelerator beam signls. Research and developments has been done to measure charged particle beam and synchrotron radiation with optical fiber based instruments developed by the author. The paper will describe and discuss the experiments and testing of charged particle beams and synchrotron radiation that haverecently been performed.  
RPAT012 A Hardware Transverse Beam Frequency Response Simulator synchrotron, betatron, resonance 1269
  • J. Ning, C.-Y. Tan
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Funding: Fermi National Accelerator Lab.

We build an electronical instrument to get the frequency response close to the pattern of transverse beam frequency response. The method is to apply 1)a time delay circuit with ADC, FIFO RAM and DAC; 2)a phase shift circuit which is an all pass filter with adjustable phase shift in the frequency range of 25kHz to 30kHz; in a feedback loop of 3)a commutating filter which is a high Q band pass filter. We can dynamically adjust the center frequency, the side band distance during the testing. With this instrument, some beam instruments can be tested without using the real beam.

RPAT045 Beam Phase Detection for Proton Therapy Accelerators cyclotron, proton, pick-up, acceleration
  • B. A. Aminov, M. G. Getta, S. K. Kolesov, N. Pupeter
    CRE, Wuppertal
  • A. Geisler, T. Stephani, J. H. Timmer
    ACCEL, Bergisch Gladbach
  The industrial application of proton cyclotrons for medical applications has become one of the important contributions of accelerator physics during the last years. This paper describes an advanced vector demodulating technique used for non-destructive measurements of beam intensity and beam phase over 360°. A computer controlled I/Q-based phase detector with a very large dynamic range of 70 dB permits the monitoring of beam intensity, phase and eventually energy for wide range of beam currents down to –130 dBm. In order to avoid interference from the fundamental cyclotron frequency the phase detection is performed at the second harmonic frequency. A digital low pass filter with adjustable bandwidth and steepness is implemented to improve accuracy. With a sensitivity of the capacitive pickup in the beam line of 30 nV per nA of proton beam current at 250 MeV, accurate phase and intensity measurements can be performed with beam currents down to 3.3 nA.  
RPAT048 An X-Ray BPM and Accompanying Electronics diagnostics, photon, synchrotron, synchrotron-radiation 3019
  • S.R. Marques, O.R. Bagnato, Bombacini, F.O. Bombacini, M.J. Ferreira, H. J. Onisto
    LNLS, Campinas
  Recent experiments at the LNLS Ultra Violet and X-Ray beam lines are pushing on the Synchrotron Radiation beam position stability requirements. In the direction of having photon Beam Position Monitor integrated to the orbit closed loop control system, we developed a staggered blades XR BPM and a four channel current measurement electronics. The BPM mechanical design was based on the SR masks previously developed and currently in use at the beam lines front end. By this design reuse, in addition to using an already available and well-tested, low cost construction technique, we expect to have a simple replacement of the SR masks by the XR BPMs in most of the beam lines, shortening the downtimes and the number of line parts to be replaced. We describe the design and the resulting performance of the XR BPM and the accompanying electronics.  
RPAT052 Vertical Beam Size Measurement by Streak Camera under Colliding and Single Beam Conditions in KEKB luminosity, electron, beam-beam-effects, positron 3194
  • H. Ikeda, J.W. Flanagan, H. Fukuma, Y. Funakoshi, S. Hiramatsu, T. Mitsuhashi, K. Ohmi, S. Uehara
    KEK, Ibaraki
  Beam behavior of KEKB was studied by measurement of the beam size using a streak camera. Effect of the electron-cloud and the parasitic collision on the vertical beam size was examined in beam collision. We intentionally injected a test bunch of positrons after 2 rf buckets of a bunch to enhance the electron cloud effect and changed electron beam conditions to see the beam-beam effect. The beam size was also measured with a single positron beam and compared with that during collision. The result of the measurement is reported in this paper.  
RPAT061 New Electron Beam Position Monitoring and Feedback System Upgrades for the Synchrotron Radiation Source at Daresbury Laboratory monitoring, storage-ring, electron, pick-up 3538
  • R.J. Smith, M. Dufau, B.G. Martlew
    CCLRC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire
  • G. Cox
    CCLRC/DL, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire
  Funding: ASTeC Department, CCLRC Daresbury Laboratory.

The installation of a new APPLE/II undulator with user controlled polarisation has necessitated the upgrade of the Electron Beam Position Monitoring (EBPM) detector electronics and position feedback systems. The upgraded installation will utilise commercially available multiplexed detection electronics, coupled with a two phase control system interface replacement. Phase one involves the replacement of the existing G-64 based read-back system with direct analogue connections to the VME beam steering and Feedback system. This allows existing monitoring and feedback software to work with improved update rates (~ 1Hz -> ~ 8Hz). Phase two will see the installation of new high-performance control system front ends and will allow real-time monitoring at up to 100Hz and provide snapshots with resolution of 1-10 KHz.

RPAT074 PEP-II Transverse Feedback Electronics Upgrade diagnostics, pick-up, coupling, kicker 3928
  • J.M. Weber, M.J. Chin, L.R. Doolittle
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  • R. Akre
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098 (LBNL) and DE-AC03-76SF00515 (SLAC).

The PEP-II B Factory at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) requires an upgrade of the transverse feedback system electronics. The new electronics require 12-bit resolution and a minimum sampling rate of 238 Msps. A Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) is used to implement the feedback algorithm. The FPGA also contains an embedded PowerPC 405 (PPC-405) processor to run control system interface software for data retrieval, diagnostics, and system monitoring. The design of this system is based on the Xilinx® ML300 Development Platform, a circuit board set containing an FPGA with an embedded processor, a large memory bank, and other peripherals. This paper discusses the design of a digital feedback system based on an FPGA with an embedded processor. Discussion will include specifications, component selection, and integration with the ML300 design.

RPAT084 Design of the APS RF BPM Data Acquisition Upgrade storage-ring, simulation, instrumentation, shielding 4156
  • R.M. Lill, F. Lenkszus, E. Norum, A. Pietryla
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. W-31-109-ENG-38.

The Advanced Photon Source (APS) is a third-generation synchrotron light source in its tenth year of operation. The storage ring employs three different types of beam position monitor (BPM) systems to measure and control beam motion. The monopulse radio frequency (rf) BPM is a broadband (10 MHz) system, which is considered to be the backbone of orbit control. The rf BPM system was designed to measure single-turn and multi-turn beam positions. The rf BPMs are presently suffering from an aging data acquisition system. By replacing only the data acquisition we will revitalize this system for another decade and demonstrate a cost-effective approach to improved beam stability, reliability, and enhanced postmortem capabilities. In this paper we present the design of an eight-channel ADC/digitizer VXI board with a sampling rate of 88 MHz (per channel) and 14-bit resolution coupled with a field-programmable gate array and embedded central processing. We will discuss the upgrade system specifications, design, and prototype test results.

RPAT088 Energy-Spread-Feedback System for the KEKB Injector Linac linac, electron, target, positron 4212
  • M. Satoh, K.  Furukawa, T. Suwada
    KEK, Ibaraki
  New energy-spread feedback system using nondestructive energy-spread monitors have been developed in order to control and stabilize the energy spreads of single-bunch electron and positron beams in the KEKB injector linac. The well-controlled feedback systems of the injector linac are successfully working in dairy operation not only for keeping the injection rate higher along with the beam-orbit and energy feedback systems but also for reducing a background level to the high-energy B-factory experiment. The energy spreads of the injection beams are well stabilized within 0.2%, 0.5% and 0.3% for the electron beam, the positron beam, and the high-current primary electron beam for positron production, respectively, through the energy-spread feedback system under the nominal operation condition. In this paper, we will report in detail the energy-spread feedback system using the nondestructive energy-spread monitors with multi-strip-line electrodes and their performance in the KEKB operation.  
RPAT093 Libera Electron Beam Position Processor electron, instrumentation, booster, injection 4284
  • R. Ursic, A. Kosicek
    Instrumentation Technologies, Solkan
  Libera is a product family delivering unprecedented possibilities for either building powerful single station solutions or architecting complex feedback systems in the field of accelerator instrumentation and controls. This paper presents functionality and field performance of its first member, the electron beam position processor. It offers superior performance with multiple measurement channels delivering simultaneously position measurements in digital format with MHz kHz and Hz bandwidths. This all-in-one product, facilitating pulsed and CW measurements, is much more than simply a high performance beam position measuring device delivering micrometer level reproducibility with sub-micrometer resolution. Rich connectivity options and innate processing power make it a powerful feedback building block. By interconnecting multiple Libera electron beam position processors one can build a low-latency high throughput orbit feedback system without adding additional hardware. Libera electron beam position processor is ideally suited for the Third and the Fourth generation light sources.  
RPAT094 Femtosecond Synchronisation of Ultrashort Pulse Lasers to a Microwave RF Clock laser, linac, monitoring, resonance 4299
  • A. Winter
    Uni HH, Hamburg
  • N. Ignashin, A. Simonov, S. Sytov
    IHEP Protvino, Protvino, Moscow Region
  • E.-A. Knabbe, S. Simrock, B. Steffen
    DESY, Hamburg
  A precise synchronization between the laser repetition rate and the linac-RF is mandatory for electro-optic sampling or pump-probe experiments. The level of stability is usually determined by measuring of the spectral noise power density of the feedback signal when the system is locked. However, an independent measurement is needed to confirm this. In this paper, we present an approach exploiting electronic techniques to synchronize a TiSa laser to the RF of the DESY VUVFEL with sub-50 fs stability. The remaining time jitter is measured by an RF monitoring system independent of the locking PLL.  
ROPB009 Betatron Sidebands Due to Electron Clouds Under Colliding Beam Conditions luminosity, electron, betatron, positron 680
  • J.W. Flanagan, H. Fukuma, Y. Funakoshi, S. Hiramatsu, H. Ikeda, K. Ohmi, M. Tobiyama, S. Uehara, S. Uno
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • E. Perevedentsev
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk
  Recently, we have observed vertical betatron sidebands in the transverse beam spectra of positron bunches at the KEKB LER which are associated with the presence of electron clouds. When the LER is operating in single-beam mode (no colliding bunches in the HER), these sidebands are sharply peaked. When the bunches are in collision for physics running, the sidebands are still present but are found to be smeared out. The bunch-by-bunch specific luminosity is lower for bunches with sidebands than for those without sidebands. In this paper, the behavior of the sidebands in collision and the effects on luminosity are discussed.  
RPPE014 Temperature Regulation of the Accelerating Section in CANDLE Linac linac, simulation, resonance, radio-frequency 1416
  • S. Tunyan, G.A. Amatuni, B. Grigoryan
    CANDLE, Yerevan
  The temperature of the CANDLE S-Band Linac high-power RF components will be regulated by stand-alone closed loop (SACL) water system. The RF components are made of oxygen-free high conductivity copper and respond quickly to temperature changes. Temperature stabilization better than ± 0.1 C is required to achieve a good RF phase and energy stability. The temperature regulation and control philosophy along with the simulation results are discussed.  
RPPE040 Development of Copper Coated Chamber for Third Generation Light Sources vacuum, impedance, insertion, insertion-device 2633
  • H. Sakai, I. Ito, H. Kudo, N. Nakamura, S. Shibuya, K. Shinoe, H. Takaki
    ISSP/SRL, Chiba
  • K. Kobayashi
    KEK, Ibaraki
  For the 3rd generation light sources, it is essential to reduce the beam instability in order to produce the highly bright synchrotron light much stably. Especially, to avoid the coupled bunch instability, the resistive wall impedance must be reduced. The copper-coating inner surface of the chamber(especially in insertion device section)is much effective method for the reduction of the resistive wall impedance, whose method was already proposed by our group (N.Nakamura et.al., EPAC 1998 p984). We have already produced the copper coated chamber. In this paper, we describe the measurement of the outgassing from the copper coated chamber to evaluate if this chamber is valid on the ultra-low high vacuum condition.  
RPPE062 The Use of Integrated Electronic Data Capture and Analysis for Accelerator Construction and Commissioning: Pansophy from the SNS Towards the ILC SNS, linac, site, monitoring 3556
  • J.P. Ozelis, V. Bookwalter, B.D. Madre, C.E. Reece
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC05-84ER40150.

Jefferson Lab has extensively used a proprietary web-based system (Pansophy) that integrates commercial database, data analysis, document archiving and retrieval, and user interface software, as a coherent knowledge management product during the construction of the cryomodules for the SNS Superconducting Linac, providing elements of process and procedure control, data capture and review, and data mining and analysis. With near real-time and potentially global access to production data, process monitoring and performance analyses could be pursued in a timely manner, providing crucial feedback. The extensibility, portability, and accessibility of Pansophy via universally available software components provide the essential features needed in any information and project management system capable of meeting the needs of future accelerator construction efforts, requiring an unprecedented level of regional and international coordination and collaboration, to which Pansophy is well suited.

RPPP002 RF Sources of Super-Conducting Test Facility (STF) at KEK klystron, linac, proton, linear-collider 796
  • S. Fukuda, H. Hayano
    KEK, Ibaraki
  After the ITRP’s technical choice, KEK tried to seek the contribution for the international linear collider and made the plan of super-conducting test facility (STF) in KEK. The STF comprised of phase-I and phase-II; former is the plan for two years from FY2005 and aimed for the quick construction of test facility to evaluate the 4-35MV/m cavity structures and 4-45 MV/m cavity structures with a beam. Phase-II is the next plan of the test facility to extend the several 17m cryomodules. In this paper, general description of the STF is made at first, and rf source plan is shown.  
RPPP013 Tests of the FONT3 Linear Collider Intra-Train Beam Feedback System at the ATF kicker, linear-collider, collider, electron 1359
  • P. Burrows, G.B. Christian, C.C. Clarke, A.F. Hartin, H.D. Khah, S. Molloy, G.R. White
    Queen Mary University of London, London
  • J.C. Frisch, T.W. Markiewicz, D.J. McCormick, M.C. Ross, S. Smith, T.J. Smith
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  • A. Kalinin
    CCLRC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire
  • C. Perry
    OXFORDphysics, Oxford, Oxon
  We report preliminary results of beam tests of the FONT3 Linear Collider intra-train position feedback system prototype at the Accelerator Test Facility at KEK. The feedback system incorporates a novel beam position monitor (BPM) processor with a latency below 5 nanoseconds, and a kicker driver amplifier with similar low latency. The 56 nanosecond-long bunchtrain in the ATF extraction line was used to test the prototype with delay-loop feedback operation. The achieved latency represents a demonstration of intra-train feedback on timescales relevant even for the CLIC Linear Collider design.  
RPPP014 Multi-Bunch Simulations of the ILC for Luminosity Performance Studies simulation, luminosity, ground-motion, linac 1368
  • G.R. White
    Queen Mary University of London, London
  • D. Schulte
    CERN, Geneva
  • N.J. Walker
    DESY, Hamburg
  Funding: This work is supported by the Commission of the European Communities under the 6th Framework Programme "Structuring the European Research Area", contract number RIDS-011899.

To study the luminosity performance of the International Linear Collider (ILC) with different design parameters, a simulation was constructed that tracks a multi-bunch representation of the beam from the Damping Ring extraction through to the Interaction Point. The simulation code PLACET is used to simulate the LINAC, MatMerlin is used to track through the Beam Delivery System and GUINEA-PIG for the beam-beam interaction. Included in the simulation are ground motion and wakefield effects, intra-train fast feedback and luminosity-based feedback systems. To efficiently study multiple parameters/multiple seeds, the simulation is deployed on the Queen Mary High-Throughput computing cluster at Queen Mary, University of London, where 100 simultaneous simulation seeds can be run.

RPPP017 Compact Superconducting Final Focus Magnet Options for the ILC quadrupole, extraction, superconducting-magnet, septum 1569
  • B. Parker, M. Anerella, J. Escallier, M. Harrison, P. He, A.K. Jain, A. Marone, K.-C. Wu
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • T.W. Markiewicz, T.V.M. Maruyama, Y. Nosochkov, A. Seryi
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contracts DE-AC-02-98-CH10886 and DE-AC02-76SF00515.

We present a compact superconducting final focus (FF) magnet system for the ILC based on recent BNL direct wind technology developments. Direct wind gives an integrated coil prestress solution for small transverse size coils. With beam crossing angles more than 15 mr, disrupted beam from the IP passes outside the coil while incoming beam is strongly focused. A superconducting FF magnet is adjustable to accommodate collision energy changes, i.e. energy scans and low energy calibration runs. A separate extraction line permits optimization of post IP beam diagnostics. Direct wind construction allows adding separate coils of arbitrary multipolarity (such as sextupole coils for local chromaticity correction). In our simplest coil geometry extracted beam sees significant fringe field. Since the fringe field affects the extracted beam, we also study advanced configurations that give either dramatic fringe field reduction (especially critical for gamma-gamma colliders) or useful quadrupole focusing on the outgoing beam channel. We present prototype coil winding test results and discuss our progress toward an integrated FF solution that addresses important machine detector interface issues.

RPPP019 Revisiting the Cold ILC Parameters damping, linac, collider, luminosity 1661
  • H. Padamsee
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
  At the first ILC Workshop, discussions were underway to re-examine the parameters of the cold ILC. Using the TESLA parameters MathCad program developed in 1991, I examined several variations to explore consequences to the capital and operating costs of the linac (cryomodules, RF, & refrigerator). The cost coefficients were chosen to match the distribution of the above items in the TESLA TDR at 25 MV/m. One parameter varied is the gradient from 25 to 50 MV/m coupled with a realistic Q as well as an optimistic Q (1010). Other parameters varied are: number of bunches, spacing, and rep rate to decrease the damping ring size. Keeping all other TDR parameters the same, the optimal gradient for the realistic Q curve is about 35 MV/m, yielding a capital cost savings of 16% and a total cost savings of 9% over the nominal gradient of 25 MV/m. If however the Q remains at 1010, the optimum gradient moves to 50 MV/m where the total cost savings rise to 17.5%, and capital cost savings rise to 35%. Of course, gradients higher than 35 MV/m are extremely challenging, demanding major development efforts, such as control of Lorentz force detuning which increases as the square of the gradient.  
RPPP053 Simulations of Resistive-Wall Instability in the ILC Damping Rings damping, simulation, pick-up, radiation 3241
  • A. Wolski, D.A. Bates, J.M. Byrd
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy, Director, Office of Science, Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098.

Options being considered for the ILC Damping Rings include lattices with circumferences up to 17 km. The circumference, beam current and beam energy place the damping rings in a regime where resistive-wall instability is a concern, particularly as there are very demanding tolerances on the bunch-to-bunch jitter. Generally, it is possible to make good analytical estimates of the coupled-bunch growth rates in a storage ring, but particular features of the damping rings (including the fill pattern, large variations of the lattice functions and beam-pipe cross-section in different parts of the ring, and transverse beam coupling in the long straight sections) make it desirable to study the coupled-bunch instabilities using simulations. Here, we present the results of simulations of the transverse instabilities using a detailed lattice model. A bunch-by-bunch feedback system will be needed to suppress the instabilities, and a model for an appropriate feedback system is included in the simulations.

RPPT027 Considerations on Beam Quality Control in MIT X-Ray FEL linac, electron, laser, emittance 1961
  • D. Wang, W. Graves, D. Wang, T. Zwart
    MIT, Middleton, Massachusetts
  • P. Emma, J. Wu
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  • G. Huang
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: U.S. Department of Energy.

The next generation of x-ray FEL requires very high quality electron beams for producing unprecedented x-ray radiations. In proposed x-ray FEL facilities, especially those that use multi-stage high gain high harmonic (HGHG) principle to obtain coherence in both transverse and longitudinal dimensions, the arrival timing of electron bunches must be very precise to ensure the seed laser overlap the desired sections of the electron bunch. A scheme is proposed to achieve 10s fs level of arrival timing control level.

RPPT038 Phase Noise Characteristics of Fiber Lasers as Potential Ultra-Stable Master Oscillators laser, electron, booster, radio-frequency 2521
  • A. Winter, P. Schmüser
    Uni HH, Hamburg
  • J. Chen, F.O. Ilday, F.X. Kaertner, J. Kim
    MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • H. Schlarb
    DESY, Hamburg
  Fourth-generation light sources, such as the European X-Ray free electron laser facility (XFEL) require timing signals distributed over distances of the order of kilometers with a timing jitter in the order of femtoseconds. The master clock for the proposed optical distribution system must operate with exceptionally low timing jitter. A promising approach is the use of a mode-locked laser that generates ultrastable pulses which are distributed via timing stabilized fiber links. Candidates for the pulse source are mode-locked Erbium doped fiber lasers, featuring very low high frequency noise. In this paper, we present a study of the phase noise of various fiber lasers in view of their applicability as laser-based master oscillators for femtosecond timing distributions.  
RPPT039 Stabilized Optical Fiber Links for the XFEL laser, resonance, polarization, electron 2589
  • A. Winter
    Uni HH, Hamburg
  • J. Chen, F J. Grawert, F.O. Ilday, F.X. Kaertner, J. Kim
    MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt
    DESY, Hamburg
  The timing synchronization scheme for the European X-Ray free electron laser facility (XFEL) is based on the generation and distribution of sub-picosecond laser pulses with actively stabilized repetition rate which are used to synchronize local RF oscillators. An integral part of the scheme is the distribution of the optical pulse stream to parts of the facility via optical fiber links. The optical path length of the fiber has to be stabilized against short-term and long-term timing jitter due to environmental effects, such as temperature drifts and acoustic vibrations, to better than 10 fs for distances ranging from tens of meters to several kilometers. In this paper, we present first experimental results for signal transmission through a km-long fiber link with femtosecond stability.  
RPPT047 Development of Measurement and Transverse Feedback System at HLS single-bunch, storage-ring, simulation, pick-up 2974
  • J.H. Wang, H. He, W. Li, J.H. Liu, L. Liu, B. Sun, Y.L. Yang, K. Zheng, Z.R. Zhou
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui
  In order to observe and cure coupled bunch (CB) instabilities caused by the high order modes (HOMs) of the RF cavity and the resistive wall impedance of the Ring vacuum chamber, which were ineluctable during the operation of the accelerator, an observer system characterized by bunch by bunch measurement of transverse ßoscillation and longitudinal synchrotron phase oscillation has been constructed and commissioned at Hefei Light Source (HLS); meanwhile a transverse bunch-by-bunch feedback system is under construction. The design and development of the systems, as well as diagnostics results of machine instabilities will be presented in this paper.  
RPPT048 HLS Turn-By-Turn System and Its Application injection, accumulation, storage-ring, pick-up 3022
  • J.H. Wang, W. Li, J.H. Liu, L. Liu, B. Sun, Y.L. Yang, K. Zheng
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui
  Design and experimental application of the turn-by-turn system of Hefei Light Source (HLS) are presented in this paper. The front-end signal measurement adopts a log-ratio electronics circuitry. The system is designed to be capable of up to 2 seconds data acquisition. Injection kickers are used to excite beam for monitoring ß oscillation and damping rate. Some of experimental applications are also illustrated, in commission of both the upgraded injection system of HLS and the lower frequency feedback system. The results shows that in order to improve the accumulation of the injected beam, it is very necessary to investigate integral magnet fields equilibrium of injected system and proper measures to control restrain remnants ß-oscillation caused by the injected system error.  
FPAE022 Cycle-to-Cycle Extraction Synchronization of the Fermilab Booster for Multiple Batch Injection to the Main Injector booster, extraction, injection, acceleration 1802
  • R.M. Zwaska, S.E. Kopp
    The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas
  • W. Pellico
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  We report on a system to ensure cycle-to-cycle synchronization of beam extraction from the Fermilab Booster accelerator to the Main Injector. Such synchronization is necessary for multiple batch operation of the Main Injector for the Run II upgrade of anti-proton production using slip-stacking in the Main Injector, and for the NuMI (Neutrinos at the Main Injector) neutrino beam. To perform this task, a system of fast measurement and feedback is used to control the longitudinal progress of the Booster beam throughout its acceleration period by manipulation of the transverse position maintained by the low-level radio frequency system.  
FPAE063 Enhancements of Machine Reliability and Beam Quality in SPring-8 Linac for Top-Up Injection into Two Storage Rings linac, klystron, injection, synchrotron 3585
  • H. Hanaki, T. Asaka, H. Dewa, T. Kobayashi, A. Mizuno, S. Suzuki, T. Taniuchi, H. Tomizawa, K. Yanagida
    JASRI/SPring-8, Hyogo
  SPring-8 has started its top-up operation from May 2004 in order to feed constant photon fluxes to users. The SPring-8 linac has been improved to realize stable and uninterrupted top-up injection into the SPring-8 storage ring and the NewSUBARU storage ring. The beam energy instability of 0.01% rms had been achieved by the following stabilization: RF amplitude and phase stabilization, synchronization of beam timing and linac's 2856 MHz RF and introduction of an energy compensation system (ECS). Feedback controls of steering magnets compensate long-term variation of beam trajectories at ends of beam transport lines. The presentation will include also recent improvements.  
FPAP004 Simulation Analysis of Head-Tail Motion Caused by Electron Cloud electron, simulation, dipole, betatron 907
  • K. Ohmi, J.W. Flanagan, H. Fukuma, S. Hiramatsu, H. Ikeda, M. Tobiyama
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • E. Perevedentsev
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk
  Synchro-beta side band caused by electron cloud instability has been observed at KEK-B factory. The side-band appears between $νβ+νs$ and $νβ+2νs$ above the threshold of beam size blow up and disappear by applying solenoid field. The side-band is an evidence of strong head-tail instability caused by electron cloud. The side-band is characterized by positive shift, $+1-2νs$, while general strong head-tail instabilities give frequency with negative shift $νbeta-ν_s$. We study the synchro-beta spectrum using a code, PEHTS, which simulates single bunch electron cloud instability.  
FPAP005 Coupled Bunch Instability Caused by Electron Cloud electron, simulation, betatron, positron 943
  • M. Tobiyama, J.W. Flanagan, H. Fukuma, S.-I. Kurokawa, K. Ohmi, S.S. Win
    KEK, Ibaraki
  Coupled bunch instability caused by electron cloud has been observed in some positron storage ring. We discuss the mode spectrum of the coupled bunch instability due to electrons moving in drift space, weak solenoid field and strong bending field. The mode spectrum of the instability is reflected by the electron motion: that is, we understand global characteristics of elecron motion from the mode spectrum.  
FPAT022 Performance of the CERN SPS Fast Extraction for the CNGS Facility extraction, kicker, damping, betatron 1757
  • E.H.R. Gaxiola, G. Arduini, W. Höfle, F. Roncarolo, E. Vogel, E. Vossenberg
    CERN, Geneva
  The SPS LSS4 fast extraction system will serve both the anti-clockwise ring of the LHC and the long baseline neutrino (CNGS) facility. For the latter two extractions spaced by 50 ms, each affecting half of the ring, are foreseen. During the shutdown 2003-2004 the performance of the fast extraction kickers was improved in order to match more closely the specifications for the kicker pulse shape required for the CNGS and LHC extractions. The rise and fall times were significantly reduced, as well as the post-pulse kick ripple. However, the latter remains outside specifications and oscillations are induced in the leading bunches of the batch remaining in the machine at the moment of the first extraction. While further improving the characteristics of the kicker pulse shape, the possibility of damping the beam oscillations using the transverse feedback system has been explored. We report on the recent pulse form improvements and results of beam tests.  
FPAT046 RF Control System for the DESY VUV-FEL Linac diagnostics, electron, linac, klystron 2899
  • V. Ayvazyan, G.M. Petrosyan, K. Rehlich, S. Simrock, P. Vetrov
    DESY, Hamburg
  In the RF system for the Vacuum Ultraviolet Free Electron Laser (VUV-FEL) Linac each klystron supplies RF power to up to 32 cavities. The superconducting cavities are operated in pulsed mode and high accelerating gradients close to the performance limit. The RF control of the cavity fields to the level of 1·10-4 for amplitude and 0.1 degree for phase however presents a significant technical challenge due to the narrow bandwidth of the cavities which results in high sensitivity to perturbations of the resonance frequency by mechanical vibrations (microphonics) and Lorentz force detuning. A digital RF control system has been developed for the VUV-FEL which will demonstrate the required control performance. Presently the Linac is being commissioned, and this effort provides the first full integrated test in the accelerator, including cryogenics, RF, beam transport, and beam diagnostics. The RF control system design and objectives are discussed and compared to the measured performance during the first stage of the VUV-FEL Linac - TESLA Test Facility. Hardware/software design and operational challenges experienced for RF control are presented.  
FPAT050 Improvement RF Control System for the 20 Mev Proton Linac of PEFP rfq, proton, radio-frequency, linac 3100
  • J.C. Yoon, J. Choi, H.-S. Kang, J.-W. Lee
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk
  Funding: EPICS, Control, LLRF.

This paper presents the RF control system for Korea Multi-purpose Accelerator Complex (KOMAC). KAERI (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) has been performing the project named KOMAC. As the 3nd phase of the project, 20MeV proton accelerating structure is under development. The new design is based on the use of VME based Multi-function modules connected to the specific low level RF Controllers(LLRF) via distributed I/O modules and Serial communication modules. The control system was based on EPICS (Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System) from the end of 2004. Installation and commissioning of the RF module is scheduled on 2005. Control system to integrated the RF System to the KOMAC control system is implemented. Hardware, software and various applications are upgrade to support the operation of RF Control system. In this paper, We describe control structure and scheme of the current RF Control System and upgraded one.

FPAT066 The SNS Ring LLRF Control System SNS, extraction, proton, accumulation 3697
  • S. Peng
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • L.T. Hoff, K. Smith
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  Funding: SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. Department of Energy. SNS is a collaboration of six U.S. National Laboratories: ANL, BNL, JLab, LANL, LBNL, and ORNL.

The low-level RF control system for the SNS Ring differs considerably from that for the Linac. To accommodate requirements for higher data throughput and improved performance the system is based on a PCI Digital Signal Processor (DSP). In accordance with SNS standards, a VME-based PowerPC© is used, but advantage is taken of the on-board PMC slot which houses a Bittware© Hammerhead© PMC card with four AD-21162 DSPs.The EPICS system handles system configuration and data traffic while the DSP performs the low-level RF controls. Protocol and software to support both the PowerPC and the DSP have been developed. This paper presents the system design and initial testing experience.

FPAT068 Spallation Neutron Source Drift Tube Linac Resonance Control Cooling System Modeling resonance, linac, SNS, Spallation-Neutron-Source 3754
  • J.Y. Tang, A.V. Aleksandrov, M.M. Champion, P.E. Gibson, J.P. Schubert
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • A. Feschenko, Y. Kiselev, A.S. Kovalishin, L.V. Kravchuk, A.I. Kvasha
    RAS/INR, Moscow
  Funding: SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. Department of Energy.

The Resonance Control Cooling System (RCCS) for the warm linac of the Spallation Neutron Source was designed by Los Alamos National Laboratory. The primary design focus was on water cooling of individual component contributions. The sizing the RCCS water skid was accomplished by means of a specially created SINDA/FLUINT model tailored to these system requirements. A new model was developed in Matlab Simulink and incorporates actual operational values and control valve interactions. Included is the dependence of RF input power on system operation, cavity detuning values during transients, time delays that result from water flows through the heat exchanger, the dynamic process of water warm-up in the cooling system due to dissipated RF power on the cavity surface, differing contributions on the cavity detuning due to drift tube and wall heating, and a dynamic model of the heat exchanger with characteristics in close agreement to the real unit. Because of the Matlab Simulink model, investigation of a wide range of operating issues during both transient and steady state operation is now possible. Results of the DTL RCCS modeling are presented

FPAT072 The Status of HLS Control System photon, power-supply, storage-ring, linac 3862
  • G. Liu, X. Bao, C. Li, W. Li, J. Wang, Xie. Xie, K. Xuan
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui
  • J. Li
    DU/FEL, Durham, North Carolina
  HLS (Hefei Light Source) at NSRL (National Synchrotron Radiation Lab) consists of three parts: 200Mev Linac, transport line and 800Mev storage ring. The control system was upgraded based on EPICS (Experimental Physics and Industrial Control system) from 1999 to 2004. This paper will cover the experience of using PC-based hardware under EPICS, data archiving, and some high level tools for physics and operation use.  
FPAT077 An Accelerator Control Middle Layer Using Matlab simulation, lattice, alignment, photon 4009
  • G.J. Portmann
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  • W.J. Corbett, A. Terebilo
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DEAC03-76SF00098.

Matlab is a matrix manipulation language originally developed to be a convenient language for using the LINPACK and EISPACK libraries. What makes Matlab so appealing for accelerator physics is the combination of a matrix oriented programming language, an active workspace for system variables, powerful graphics capability, built-in math libraries, and platform independence. A number of software toolboxes for accelerators have been written in Matlab – the Accelerator Toolbox (AT) for machine simulations, LOCO for accelerator calibration, Matlab Channel Access Toolbox (MCA) for EPICS connections, and the Middle Layer. This paper will describe the MiddleLayer software toolbox that resides between the high-level control applications and the low-level accelerator control system. This software was a collaborative effort between ALS and Spear but was written to easily port. Five accelerators presently use this software – Spear, ALS, CLS, and the X-ray and VUV rings at Brookhaven. The Middle Layer functionality includes energy ramp, configuration control, global orbit correction, local beam steering, insertion device compensation, beam-based alignment, tune correction, response matrices, and script-based physics studies.

FPAT090 ExperimentDesigner: A Tcl/Tk Interface for Creating Experiments in EPICS synchrotron, kicker, controls, monitoring 4245
  • H. Shang, M. Borland
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. W-31-109-ENG-38.

ExperimentDesigner is a Tcl/Tk interface that allows users to easily design and run complicated experiments using a convenient graphical user interface (GUI). Features include: process variable monitoring, which pauses the experiment when values are out of range; user-defined initialization, execution, and finalization sequences; support of complex execution chains containing actions such as setting controls, reading values, running external programs, interacting with the user, etc.; collection of output data for convenient postprocessing; saving and loading of experiment configurations; convenient use of SDDS Toolkit programs; and execution of experiments from the command line without a GUI.

FPAT092 Optimized Beam Matching Using Extremum Seeking target, simulation, focusing, beam-transport 4269
  • E. Schuster
    Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
  • C.K. Allen
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico
  • M. Krstic
    UCSD, La Jolla, California
  The transport and matching problem for a low energy transport system is approached from a control theoretical viewpoint. The beam dynamics and transport section is modeled using the KV envelope equations. Principles of optimal control are applied to this model to formulate techniques which aid in the design of the transport and matching section. Multi-Parameter Extremum Seeking, a real-time non-model based optimization technique, is considered in this work for the lens tuning. Numerical simulations illustrate the effectiveness of this approach.  
FOAA006 Digital Low-Level RF Controls for Future Superconducting Linear Colliders linac, klystron, resonance, collider 515
  • S. Simrock
    DESY, Hamburg
  The requirements for RF Control Systems of Superconducting Linear Colliders are not only defined in terms of the quality of field control but also with respect to operability, availability, and maintainability of the RF System, and the interfaces to other subsystems. The field control of the vector-sum of many cavities driven by one klystron in pulsed mode at high gradients is a challenging task since severe Lorentz force detuning, microphonics and beam induced field errors must be suppressed by several orders of magnitude. This is accomplished by a combination of local and global feedback and feedforward control. Sensors monitor individual cavity probe signals, and forward and reflected wave as well as the beam properties including beam energy and phase while actuators control the incident wave of the klystron and individual cavity resonance frequencies. The operability of a large llrf system requires a high degree of automation while the high availability requires robust algorithms, redundancy, and extremely reliable hardware. The maintenance of the llrf demands sophisticated on-line diagnostics for the llrf subsystems to minimize downtime.