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Paper Title Other Keywords Page
MOPC001 Final Results from the Novel Multiturn Extraction Studies at CERN Proton Synchrotron extraction, resonance, octupole, proton 117
  • M. Giovannozzi, R. Cappi, S.S. Gilardoni, M. Martini, E. Métral, R.R. Steerenberg
    CERN, Geneva
  • A.-S. Müller
    FZK, Karlsruhe
  Recently a novel approach to perform multi-turn extraction was proposed based on beam splitting in the transverse phase space by means of trapping inside stable islands. An experimental campaign was launched since the year 2002 to assess the feasibility of such an extraction scheme at the CERN Proton Synchrotron. During the year 2004 run, a high-intensity single-bunch beam was successfully split and the generated beamlets separated without any measurable losses. The latest experimental results are presented and discussed in details in this paper. These achievements represent a substantial step forward with respect to what achieved in previous years, as only a low-intensity bunch could be split without losses. Furthermore, this opens the possibility of using such a technique for routine operation with the high-intensity proton beams required for the planned CERN Neutrino to Gran Sasso Project.  
MPPT002 Design and Experiment of the BEPCII IR Conventional Dual Aperture Quadrupole quadrupole, multipole, interaction-region, magnet-design
  • Z. Yin, Y. Wu, J.F. Zhang
    IHEP Beijing, Beijing
  The quadrupole magnet Q1a is one of the final horizontal focus quadrupoles for the Beijing Electron-Positron Collider Interaction Region (BEPCII IR). The BEPCII IR lattice design specification calls for a very high field quality for the quadrupole magnet. The Q1a is a conventional dual apertures quadrupole magnet. The required integral quadrupole strengths in two apertures are the same. This magnet is a septum quadrupole with high current density and solid core. 2D pole contour optimization and pole end chamfers are used to minimize harmonic error. The design methods, experiment results and magnet performances are described in this paper.  
MPPT019 Magnet Design for the ISIS Second Target Station Proton Beam Line dipole, target, quadrupole, proton 1652
  • C.M. Thomas, D.C. Faircloth, S.J.S. Jago
    CCLRC/RAL/ISIS, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon
  The ISIS facility, based at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in the UK, is an intense source of neutrons and muons for condensed matter research. The accelerator facility delivers an 800 MeV proton beam of 2.5x1013 protons per pulse at 50 Hz to the present target station. As part of a facility upgrade, it is planned to share the source with a second, 10 Hz, target station. The beam line supplying this target will extract from the existing target station beam line. Electromagnetic Finite Element Modelling techniques have been used to design the magnets required to meet the specified beam line optics. Kicker, septum, dipole, quadrupole, and steering magnets are covered. The magnet design process, involving 2D and 3D modelling, the calculation of ideal shims and chamfers, choice of steel, design of conducting coils, handling of heating issues and eddy current effects, is discussed.  
MPPT067 Stray Field Reduction in ALS Eddy Current Septum Magnets storage-ring, injection, dipole, extraction 3718
  • D. Shuman, W. Barry, S. Prestemon, R.D. Schlueter, C. Steier, G.D. Stover
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098.

Stray field from an eddy current septum magnet adversely affects the circulating beam and can be reduced using several techniques. The stray field time history typically has a fast rise section followed by a long exponential decay section when pulsed with a half sine drive current. Changing the drive current pulse to a full sine has the effect of both reducing peak stray field magnitude by ~3x, and producing a quick decay from this peak to a lower field level which then has a similar long decay time constant as that from the half sine only drive current pulse. A method for tuning the second half sine (reverse) drive current pulse to eliminate the long exponential decay section is given.

MPPT071 The Lambertson Septum Magnet of the Spallation Neutron Source extraction, vacuum, lattice, target 3847
  • J. Rank, Y.Y. Lee, W.J. McGahern, G. Miglionico, D. Raparia, N. Tsoupas, J.E. Tuozzolo, J. Wei
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  Funding: Work performed under contract for SNS, managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 with the U.S. Department of Energy. SNS is a partnership of six national laboratories: Argonne, Brookhaven, Jefferson, Lawrence Berkeley, Los Alamos, and Oak Ridge.

In the Spallation Neutron Source, at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, multiple-stage injections to an accumulator ring increase intensity until a final extraction delivers the full proton beam to the target via transfer line. This extraction is achieved by a series of kicker elements and a thin septum Extraction Lambertson Septum Magnet. Here we discuss the lattice geometry, beam dynamics and optics, and the vacuum, electromagnetic and electromechanical design aspects of the SNS Extraction Lambertson Septum Magnet. Relevant datums are established. Beam optics is studied. Vector calculus is solved for pitch and roll angles. Fundamental magnet sections are depicted schematically. Coil, pole and yoke design calculations and electromagnetics optimization are presented.

MPPT085 Fast Magnets for the NSLS-II Injection injection, kicker, electron, storage-ring 4165
  • I.P. Pinayev, T.V. Shaftan
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  Funding: Under Contract with the U.S. Department of Energy Contract Number DE-AC02-98CH10886.

Third generation light sources require top-off operation in order to provide proper stability of the photon beam. In this paper we present the conceptual design of the fast pulsed magnets used for injection into the 3 GeV storage ring.

TOAA007 SNS Injection and Extraction Devices injection, proton, extraction, kicker 553
  • D. Raparia
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  Funding: SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. Department of Energy. SNS is a partnership of six national laboratories: Argonne, Brookhaven, Jefferson, Lawrence Berkeley, Los Alamos, and Oak Ridge.

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is a second generation pulsed neutron source (1.5 MW) and is presently in the sixth year of a seven-year construction cycle at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The operation of the facility will begin in 2006. The most stringent requirement for the SNS accelerator complex is to allow hands-on maintenance. Operational experiences show that the most losses occur in the injection and extraction. SNS accumulator ring injection and extraction has been design with grate care to reduce uncontrolled losses. Injection systems consist of fast programmable kicker magnets and DC dump magnets to paint the beam in transverse phase space. Extraction systems consist of fast kicker magnets and a Lamberton magnet to extract beam in single turn. Paper will discuss design, construction and testing of these devices.

TPAP009 Collimation in the Transfer Lines to the LHC injection, optics, simulation, collimation 1135
  • H. Burkhardt, B. Goddard, Y. Kadi, V. Kain, T. Risselada, W.J.M. Weterings
    CERN, Geneva
  Injection intensities for the LHC are over an order of magnitude above damage level. The TI 2 and TI 8 transfer lines between the SPS and LHC are each about 2.5 km long and comprise many active elements running in pulsed mode. The collimation system in the transfer lines is designed to dilute the beam energy sufficiently in case of accidental beam loss or mis-steered beam. A system using three collimator families spaced by 60 degrees in phase advance, both in the horizontal and the vertical plane has been chosen. We discuss the reasons for this choice, the layout and, the expected performance of the system in terms of maximum amplitudes and energy deposition.  
TPAP017 Beam Stability of the LHC Beam Transfer Line TI8 extraction, proton, injection, alignment 1523
  • J. Wenninger, B. Goddard, V. Kain, J.A. Uythoven
    CERN, Geneva
  Injection of beam into the LHC at 450 GeV/c proceeds over two 2.7 km long transfer lines from the SPS. The small aperture of the LHC at injection imposes tight constraints on the stability of the beam transfer. The first transfer line TI8 was commissioned in the fall of 2004 with low intensity beam. Since the beam position monitor signal fluctuations were dominated by noise with low intensity beam, the beam stability could not be obtained from a simple comparison of consecutive trajectories. Instead model independent analysis (MIA) techniques as well as scraping on collimators were used to estimate the intrinsic stability of the transfer line. This paper presents the analysis methods and the resulting stability estimates.  
TPAT014 A Novel Technique for Multiturn Injection in a Circular Accelerator Using Stable Islands in Transverse Phase Space injection, extraction, resonance, simulation 1377
  • M. Giovannozzi, J. Morel
    CERN, Geneva
  By applying a time-reversal to the multiturn extraction recently proposed a novel approach to perform multiturn injection is proposed. It is based on the use of stable islands of the horizontal phase space generated by means of sextupoles and octupoles. A particle beam can be injected into stable islands of phase space, and then a slow tune variation allows merging the beam trapped inside the islands. The results of numerical simulations will be presented and discussed in details, showing how to use the proposed approach to generate hollow bunches.  
TPPE048 The Injection System of SAGA Light Source injection, storage-ring, linac, kicker 3007
  • Y. Iwasaki, S. Koda, T. Okajima, Y. Takabayashi, T. Tomimasu, K. Yoshida
    Saga Synchrotron Light Source, Industry Promotion Division, Saga City
  • H. Ohgaki
    Kyoto IAE, Kyoto
  Saga light Source is a 1.4-GeV electron storage ring with a circumference of 75.6m. The injector is a 250-MeV linac producing 1 ms macro-pulse with a peak current of 12mA and repetition rate of 1Hz. The output beam from the linac is transported though a transport line, and injected into the ring though a septum magnet with a bending angle of 20-degree. The transport line consists of two bending magnets, two quadrupole doublelets, and a quadrupole singlet. The bump orbit is formed by four kicker magnets, two of which are installed at both sides of septum magnet, and other two are positioned apart by one magnet cell of the ring. They are excited by sinusoidal electric currents with a half width of 0.5 ms. The beam optics for the injection trajectory is computed and shown at control room, the parameters for which are provided directly from the power supply control server PC. The operator is able to see real-time result of the beam trajectory calculation. This tool is quite effective to optimize the magnets parameter setting. The commissioning of the light source was started in August 2004, and 250-MeV electrons ware stored first time on November 2004.  
WPAE011 Electrostatic Deflectors: New Design for High Intensity Beam Extraction cathode, extraction, vacuum, cyclotron 1245
  • S. Passarello, G. Cuttone, G. Gallo, D. Garufi, A. Grmek, G. Manno, M. Re, E. ZappalÃ
    INFN/LNS, Catania
  Funding: INFN-LNS Catania

During the last years big effort was devoted to increase the electrostatic deflectors’ reliability; this provided a better comprehension of the most significant effects concerning their working conditions. Deflectors were checked during the normal operation of the K800 Superconducting Cyclotron (CS) at LNS, at the operating pressure of 1 10-6 mbar and a magnetic field of 3.5 T, the maximum cathodes voltage was –60kV (120 kV/cm). The maximum extracted beam power was, up to now, 100 W; it is foreseen to extract up to 500 W. In this contribution we present the study, the tests and the design of a new water cooled electrostatic deflector. Particular effort was applied to optimise the beam extraction efficiency, the thermal dissipation, and the mechanical stability. In particularly we implemented new insulators, new anodised aluminium cathodes, new Ta septum, new voltage and water feedthroughs and a more efficient cooling system. All these improvements were performed to increase the mean time between failure and the beam current stability.

WPAE069 The APS Septum Magnet Power Supplies Upgrade power-supply, injection, feedback, booster 3795
  • B. Deriy, A.L. Hillman, G.S. Sprau, J. Wang
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. W-31-109-ENG-38.

The higher requirements for beam injection stability at the APS storage ring demand improvement of pulsed power supplies for the septum magnets. The upgrade will be performed in two stages. In the first stage we will implement a new power supply circuit with a new regulation timing sequence that will provide better voltage regulation performance. A common design was made for all of the septum magnet power supplies at the APS. The new regulation module has already been tested on both thin and thick septum magnet power supplies. This test showed that the new target for the current regulation stability, 1/2000 with less than 10-ns jitter, is achievable with this approach. In the second stage we will implement an embedded microprocessor system that will provide digitally controlled shot-to-shot current regulation of the power supply. The system comprises modules for communication with EPICS, data acquisition, and precise timing. A prototype has already been built and will also be discussed.

WPAE070 Injector Power Supplies Reliability Improvements at the Advanced Photon Source power-supply, booster, photon, beam-losses 3804
  • A.L. Hillman, S.J. Pasky, N. Sereno, R. Soliday, J. Wang
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  Funding: *Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. W-31-109-ENG-38.

Operational goals for the APS facility include 97% availability and a mean time between unscheduled beam losses (faults) of 70 hours, with more than 5000 user hours of scheduled beam per year. To meet this objective, our focus has changed to maximizing the mean time between faults (MTBF). We have made various hardware and software improvements to better operate and monitor the injector power supply systems. These improvements have been challenging to design and implement in light of the facility operating requirements but are critical to maintaining maximum reliability and availability of beam for user operations. This paper presents actions taken as well as future plans to continue improving injector power supply hardware and software to meet APS user operation goals.

WOAD005 BEPCII Interaction Region Design and Construction Status quadrupole, vacuum, interaction-region, superconducting-magnet 478
  • Y. Wu, F.S. Chen, X.W. Dai, J.B. Pang, Q.L. Peng, Y. Yang, Z. Yin, C.H. Yu, J.F. Zhang
    IHEP Beijing, Beijing
  • M. Wang
    CAEP/IFP, Mainyang, Sichuan
  BEPC (Beijing Electron Positron Collider) is now upgrading to a double-ring collider with a new and compact interaction region. The multi-purpose superconducting magnets and conventional dual aperture quadrupole magnets are used as final focusing quadrupole in the interaction region .The two beams collide at the interaction point with a cross angle of ±11 mrad and further beams separation is enhanced with the help of a septum bending magnet which locates just beyond the vertically focusing quadrupole and acts on the outgoing beam lines only. This paper will describe the IR design and its construction status.  
RPAE003 Optimization and Modeling Studies for Obtaining High Injection Efficiency at the Advanced Photon Source injection, optics, booster, quadrupole 871
  • L. Emery
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  Funding: This work is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. W-31-109-ENG-38.

In recent years, the optics of the Advanced Photon Source storage ring has changed to lower equilibrium emittance (2.5 nm-rad) but at the cost of stronger sextupoles and stronger nonlinearities, which have reduced the injection efficiency from 100% in the high emittance mode. Over the years we have developed a series of optimization, measurement and modeling studies of the injection process, which allows us to obtain or maintain low injection losses. For example, the trajectory in the storage ring is optimized with trajectory knobs for maximum injection efficiency. This can be followed by collecting first-turn trajectory data, from which we can fit the initial phase-space coordinates. The model of the "optimized" trajectory would show whether the beam comes too close to a physical aperture in the injection magnets. Another modeling step is the fit and correction of the transfer line optics, which has a significant impact on phase-space matching.

RPAE067 Investigations, Experiments, and Implications for Using Existing Pulse Magnets for 'topoff' Operation at the Advanced Light Source booster, storage-ring, injection, simulation 3727
  • G.D. Stover, K.M. Baptiste, W. Barry, J. Gath, J. Julian, S. Kwiatkowski, S. Prestemon, R.D. Schlueter, D. Shuman, C. Steier
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098.

ALS top-off mode of operation will require injection of the electron beam from the Booster Ring into the Storage Ring at the full ALS energy level of 1.9GeV. Currently the Booster delivers a beam at 1.5GeV to the Storage Ring where it is then ramped to the full energy and stored for the user operation. The higher Booster beam energy will require the pulse magnets in the Booster and Storage Rings to operate at proportionally higher magnetic gap fields. Our group studied and tested the possible design and installation modifications required to operate the magnets and drivers at "top-off" levels. Our results and experiments show that with minor electrical modifications all the existing pulse magnet systems can be used at the higher energy levels, and the increased operational stresses should have a negligible impact on magnet reliability. Furthermore, simple electrical modifications to the storage ring thick septum will greatly reduce the present level of septum stray leakage fields into the storage ring beam.

RPAE078 Commissioning of SAGA Light Source linac, electron, vacuum, injection 4021
  • T. Tomimasu, Y. Iwasaki, S. Koda, Y. Takabayashi, K. Yoshida
    Saga Synchrotron Light Source, Industry Promotion Division, Saga City
  • H. Ohgaki
    Kyoto IAE, Kyoto
  • H. Toyokawa, M.Y. Yasumoto
    AIST, Ibaraki
  The SAGA Light Source (SAGA-LS) consists of a 250-MeV electron linac injector and an eight-hold symmetry 1.4-GeV storage ring with eight double-bend (DB) cell and eight 2.93-m long straight sections. The DB cell structure with a distributed dispersion system was chosen to produce a compact ring of 75.6-m long circumference. The machine construction begun September 29, 2003. The ring magnets of steel laminated structure, vacuum chambers made of aluminum alloy, pumping systems and four temperature controlled cooling water systems for the linac accelerating wave guides etc. were installed in March, 2004. The injector, a 500-MHz ring rf damped cavity, rf klystrons, beam transport systems for injection and their controlled systems were installed in July, 2004. The commissioning begun August 25, 2004. A 250-MeV beam was accelerated on September 29. The beam size is 1-mm in diameter and the energy spread is 0.8 % (FWHM). The first revolution of 250-MeV beam around the ring took place October 22. Beam was stored on November 12. The commissioning continues for beam storage and ramping to 1.4-GeV. We report a brief description of SAGA light source and early commissioning activities.  
ROAB004 Ion Effects in the DARHT-II Downstream Transport ion, simulation, target, ion-effects 375
  • K.-C.D. Chan, H. Davis, C. Ekdahl
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico
  • T.C. Genoni, T.P. Hughes
    ATK-MR, Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • M.E. Schulze
    GA, San Diego, California
  Funding: Work supported by US NNSA/DOE.

The DARHT-II accelerator produces an 18-MeV, 2-kA, 2-μs electron beam pulse. After the accelerator, the pulse is delivered to the final focus on an x-ray producing target via a beam transport section called the Downstream Transport. Ions produced due to beam ionization of residual gases in the Downstream Transport can affect the beam dynamics. Ions generated by the head of the pulse will cause modification of space-charge forces at the tail of the pulse so that the beam head and tail will have different beam envelopes. They may also induce ion-hose instability at the tail of the pulse. If these effects are significant, the focusing requirements of beam head and tail at the final focus will become very different. The focusing of the complete beam pulse will be time dependent and difficult to achieve, leading to less efficient x-ray production. In this paper, we will describe the results of our calculations of these ion effects at different residual-gas pressure levels. Our goal is to determine the maximum residual-gas pressure allowable in DARHT-II Downstream Transport such that the required final beam focus is achievable over the entire beam pulse under these deleterious ion effects.

RPPE016 Protection Level During Extraction, Transfer and Injection into the LHC injection, extraction, simulation, kicker 1505
  • V. Kain, B. Goddard, R. Schmidt, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva
  Failures during the LHC transfer and injection process cannot be excluded and beam loss with the foreseen intensities and energies, which are an order of magnitude above the damage limit, could cause serious equipment damage. Consequences of equipment failures such as kicker erratics, power converter faults, etc. are investigated by means of a Monte Carlo based on MAD-X tracking with a full aperture model of the transfer line and the injection region. Geometrical and optical mismatch, orbit tolerances, mechanical tolerances for settings of protection elements, power converter ripples, misalignment of elements, etc. are all taken into account. The required performance of the protection system is discussed. The overall protection level for the LHC and the transfer lines during injection is presented.  
RPPE041 Design and Construction of the CERN LEIR Injection Septa vacuum, injection, cathode, ion 2690
  • J. Borburgh, B. Balhan, P. Bobbio, E. Carlier, M. Hourican, T. Masson, T.N. Mueller, A. Prost
    CERN, Geneva
  • M. Crescenti
    TERA, Novara
  The Low Energy Ion Ring (LEIR) transforms long pulses from Linac 3 into high brilliance ion bunches for LHC by means of multi-turn injection, electron cooling and accumulation. The LEIR injection comprises a magnetic DC septum followed by an inclined electrostatic septum. The electrostatic septum has been newly designed and built. The magnetic septum is mainly recovered from the former LEAR machine, but required a new vacuum chamber. Dynamic vacua in the 10-12 mbar range are required, which are hard to achieve due to the high desorption rate of ions lost on the surface. A new interlock and displacement control system has also been developed. The major technical challenges to meet the magnetic, electrical and vacuum requirements will be discussed.  
RPPE042 Aperture and Field Constraints for the Vacuum System in the LHC Injection Septa vacuum, injection, alignment, shielding 2732
  • M. Gyr, B. Henrist, J.M. Jimenez, J.-M. Lacroix, S. Sgobba
    CERN, Geneva
  Each beam arriving from the SPS has to pass through five injection septum magnets before being kicked onto the LHC orbit. The injection layout implies that the vacuum chambers for the two circulating beams pass through the septum magnet yokes at a flange distance from the chamber of the beam to be injected. Specially designed vacuum chambers and interconnections provide the required straightness and alignment precision, thus optimising the aperture for both the circulating and injected beams, without affecting the quality of the magnetic dipole field seen by the injected beam. The circulating beams are shielded against the magnetic stray field by using μ-metal chambers with a thickness of 0.9 mm to avoid saturation of the μ-metal (0.8 T), coated with copper (0.4 mm) for impedance reasons and NEG for pumping and electron cloud purposes. A sufficiently large gap between the iron yoke and the μ-metal chamber allows an in-situ bake-out at 200°C, based on a polyimide/stainless steel/polyimide sandwich structure with an overall thickness of 0.2 mm. The constraints will be described and the resulting vacuum system design, the apertures and the residual stray field will be presented.  
RPPE072 The Improvement and Data Acquisition Systems on Electrical Systems and Grounding Networks in NSRRC injection, storage-ring, electromagnetic-fields, monitoring 3868
  • Y.-H. Liu, J.-C. Chang, J.-R. Chen, Y. Lin, Z.-D. Tsai
    NSRRC, Hsinchu
  Funding: NSRRC.

The purpose of this paper is to declare the improvement on electrical and grounding systems in NSRRC. In electrical power system, an Automated Voltage Regulator (AVR) was established to RF system in 2003. The variation of voltage supply from Taiwan Power Company (TPC) is reduced from 3% to 0.2% through the AVR system. And a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system was also setup to monitoring the electrical power conditions in each power station. After the high precision grounding systems were constructed in 2004, the stability of beam line was raised. For comprehending the grounding current and noise control, a grounding monitoring system with 32 channels was built in the storage ring. The grounding currents of 4 kickers, one septum and grounding bus are on-line acquisition. Two Electromagnetic Field (EMF) apparatuses were also installed to collect electrical and magnetic fields in the R1 section. It was observed that the electromagnetic field was correlated to grounding currents in certain locations. Injection effects were clearly found in most monitored data. Some improvement works, including expansion of the grounding monitoring system composing analytical software will integrate in the next step.

RPPP017 Compact Superconducting Final Focus Magnet Options for the ILC quadrupole, extraction, superconducting-magnet, feedback 1569
  • B. Parker, M. Anerella, J. Escallier, M. Harrison, P. He, A.K. Jain, A. Marone, K.-C. Wu
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • T.W. Markiewicz, T.V.M. Maruyama, Y. Nosochkov, A. Seryi
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contracts DE-AC-02-98-CH10886 and DE-AC02-76SF00515.

We present a compact superconducting final focus (FF) magnet system for the ILC based on recent BNL direct wind technology developments. Direct wind gives an integrated coil prestress solution for small transverse size coils. With beam crossing angles more than 15 mr, disrupted beam from the IP passes outside the coil while incoming beam is strongly focused. A superconducting FF magnet is adjustable to accommodate collision energy changes, i.e. energy scans and low energy calibration runs. A separate extraction line permits optimization of post IP beam diagnostics. Direct wind construction allows adding separate coils of arbitrary multipolarity (such as sextupole coils for local chromaticity correction). In our simplest coil geometry extracted beam sees significant fringe field. Since the fringe field affects the extracted beam, we also study advanced configurations that give either dramatic fringe field reduction (especially critical for gamma-gamma colliders) or useful quadrupole focusing on the outgoing beam channel. We present prototype coil winding test results and discuss our progress toward an integrated FF solution that addresses important machine detector interface issues.

RPPT053 Studies of the Injection System in the Decay Ring of Beta-Beam Neutrino Souce Project injection, ion, emittance, factory 3221
  • J. Payet, A. Chance
    CEA/CEN, Gif-sur-Yvette
  After being accelerated the beta radioactive ions are accumulated in a decay ring. The losses due to their decay are compensated with regular injections in presence of filled bucket. Without a damping mechanism, the new particles are injected at a different energy from the stored beam energy, then the old and the new buckets are merged with RF manipulation. This type of injection has to be done, in a dispersive region, in presence of closed orbit bump and a septum magnet. The sizes of the injected beam and of the stored beam have to be adjusted in order to minimize the losses on the septum and to maximize the stored intensity keeping small beam sizes. The dispersion has to be large enough in order to decrease the energy difference. The injection system may be located either in the arc or in a straight section, both possibilities have been studied.  
FPAE026 Development of FFAG Accelerator at KEK acceleration, extraction, injection, synchrotron 1943
  • Y. Yonemura, N. Ikeda, M. Matoba
    Kyushu University, Fukuoka
  • M. Aiba, S. Machida, Y. Mori, A. Muto, J. Nakano, C. Ohmori, K.O. Okabe, I. Sakai, Y. Sato, A. Takagi, T. Yokoi, M. Yoshii, Y. Yuasa
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • R. Taki
    GUAS/AS, Ibaraki
  • T. Uesugi
    NIRS, Chiba-shi
  • A. Yamazaki
    LNS, Sendai
  • M. Yoshimoto
    JAERI, Ibaraki-ken
  The 150MeV proton FFAG accelerator is constructed and a beam is extracted at the final energy. This is the prototype FFAG for various applications such as proton beam therapy. We are now in preparation for using an extracted beam in the practical applications.  
FPAE032 ORIC Beam Energy Increase extraction, cyclotron, proton, ion 2257
  • M.L. Mallory, J.B. Ball, D. Dowling, E. D. H. Hudson, R. S. L. Lord, A. Tatum
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  Funding: Managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC05=00OR 22725.

The detection of and solution to a beam interference problem in the Oak Ridge Isochronous Cyclotron (ORIC) extraction system has yielded a 20% increase in the proton beam energy. The beam from ORIC was designed to be extracted before the nu r equal one resonance. Most cyclotrons extract after the nu r equal one resonance, thus getting more usage of the magnetic field for energy acceleration. We have now determined that the electrostatic deflector septum interferes with the last accelerated orbit in ORIC, with the highest extraction efficiency obtained near the maximum nu r value. This nu r provides a rotation in the betatron oscillation amplitude that is about the same length as the electrostatic septum thus allowing the beam to jump over the interference problem with the septum. With a thinned septum we were able to tune the beam through the nu r equal one resonance and achieve a 20% increase in beam energy. This nu r greater than one extraction method may be desirable for very high field cyclotrons since it provides ten times the clearance at extraction compared to dee voltage gain, thus allowing the possibility of utilizing a magnetic extractor.