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Paper Title Other Keywords Page
MPPT081 Undulator for the LCLS Project - Changes in the Magnet Structure Design undulator, permanent-magnet, magnet-design 4075
  • E. Trakhtenberg, J. Erdmann, B. Powers
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  The design modifications of a new hybrid-type undulator with a fixed gap of 6.4 mm, a period of 30 mm and a length of 3.4 m are presented. The prior pole design included side "wings" which were used for precise positioning, and clamps to fasten poles to the magnet base. This design has been replaced by a more straightforward assembly, where the pole is attached to the magnet structure base using only two screws. Tests were performed on the vanadium permendure pole material to prove that the threaded holes are easy to fabricate and are able to successfully withstand the torque required to hold the pole in place. A fixture was also developed to ensure the precise location of the poles on the base during assembly. In addition to the pole modifications, the magnet structure base is now manufactured as one piece as opposed to three, which greatly eases assembly. Finally, a small section of the original prototype had these changes successfully implemented, and the test results are presented.  
TPPT017 Fabrication and Test of the Drift Tubes for PEFP 20 MeV DTL vacuum, electron, alignment, proton 1552
  • Y.-H. Kim, Y.-S. Cho, H.-J. Kwon, M.-Y. Park
    KAERI, Daejon
  Funding: This work is supported by the 21C Frontier R&D program in the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Korean government.

Drift tubes of PEFP (Proton Engineering Frontier Project) 20MeV DTL contain electro-quadrupole magnet composed of commercial enamel wire cooled with water coolant. Those were fabricated through the process of brazing, assembling, electron-beam welding, and post-machining. During the e-beam welding, temperature increase was kept under 50 degree to protect the EQM wire from thermal damage. We performed several tests such as vacuum leak test, hydraulic test, and electrical test. EQM properties such as effective length, magnetic saturation, and offset between magnetic center and geometric center of DT were measured and recorded also.

TPPT025 Breakdown in RF Cavities vacuum, lattice, ion, target 1886
  • J. Norem, A. Hassanein, Z. Insepov, I. Konkashbaev
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  Funding: DOE

We present a simple model of breakdown in rf cavities. For most events this involves tensile stress and tensile strength, however other effects can also contribute. We discuss the effects of different materials, fatigue, high pressure gas, primary and secondary emission sites, local field enhancements, dark currents, secondary emission, work functions, magnetic fields, macro and microscopic fracture mechanisms high current densities, surface and subsurface defects, and astronomical power densities. While primarily devoted to normal conductors, this work also has consequences for superconducting rf surfaces.

WPAE019 How to Fill a Narrow 27 km Long Tube with a Huge Number of Accelerator Components? injection, laser, civil-engineering, extraction 1634
  • Y. Muttoni, J.-P. Corso, R. V. Valbuena
    CERN, Geneva
  As in large scale industrial projects, research projects, such as giant and complex particle accelerators, require intensive spatial integration studies using 3D CAD models, from the design to the installation phases. The future management of the LHC machine configuration during its operation will rely on the quality of the information, produced during these studies.This paper presents the powerful data-processing tools used in the project to ensure the spatial integration of several thousand different components in the limited space available.It describes how the documentation and information generated have been made available to a great number of users through a dedicated Web site and how installation nonconformities were handled.  
WPAT008 Recent Status of RF Source in J-PARC Linac klystron, linac, proton, power-supply 1123
  • E. Chishiro, T. Hori, H. Suzuki, M. Yamazaki
    JAERI, Ibaraki-ken
  • S. Anami, S. Fukuda, Y. Fukui, M. Kawamura, S. Yamaguchi, M. Yoshida
    KEK, Ibaraki
  The construction of the J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex) linac is under going. RF sources for the low beta linac section use 324-MHz klystrons and after the evaluation of seven prototype tubes, mass production of 20 tubes are conducted. These will be installed in the linac building from April 2005. Performances of the 324-MHz klystrons are described in this paper. The prototype klystron of 972-MHz klystron, which is planed to be installed in high beta linac section, oscillated strongly without any drive rf power, and it had been investigated to solve it. Though it was doubted to be a diode oscillation at first, recent experiment showed the drift-tube oscillation and we succeeded in stopping oscillation by deforming the integrated cavity and detuning. After this experiment, we built a new tube and started to test it. This experiment is written in this paper. Other status of construction related to the rf sources is also shown in this paper.  
WPAT029 The RF Experimental Program in the Fermilab MUCOOL Test Area linac, background, electron, target 2104
  • J. Norem
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  • A. Bross, A. Moretti, Z. Qian
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  • R.P. Johnson
    Muons, Inc, Batavia
  • D. Li, M.S. Zisman
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  • R.A. Rimmer
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  • R. Sandstrom
    CUI, Geneva
  • Y. Torun
    IIT, Chicago, Illinois
  Funding: DOE

The rf R&D program for high gradient, low frequency cavities to be used in muon cooling systems is underway in the Fermilab Muon Test Area. Cavities at 805 and 201 MHz are used for tests of conditioning techniques, surface modification and breakdown studies. This work has the Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) as its immediate goal and efficient muon cooling systems for neutrino sources and muon colliders as the long term goal. We study breakdown, and dark current productions under a variety of conditions.

WOAB001 The Australian Synchrotron Project - Update synchrotron, storage-ring, injection, vacuum 102
  • A. Jackson
    ASP, Clayton, Victoria
  The Australian Synchrotron – a synchrotron light facility based on a 3-GeV electron storage ring – is under construction at a site in the Metropolitan District of Melbourne. Building preparation started on a “green-field” site in September 2003 and staff moved in to their new offices in February 2005. Installation of the technical equipment started in April 2005 with all accelerator contracts expected to be completed before April 2006. Storage Ring commissioning with beam will start in June 2006, and project completion is scheduled for March 2007. In this paper we present an overview of the facility and discuss progress to date in meeting this very aggressive schedule.  
RPPE011 SNS AC Power Distribution and Reliability of AC Power Supply SNS, power-supply 1231
  • P.S. Holik
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  Funding: SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. Department of Energy.

The SNS Project has 45MW of installed power. A design description under the Construction Design and Maintenance (CDM) with regard to regulations (OSHA, NFPA, NEC), reliability issues and maintenance of the AC power distribution system are herewith presented. The SNS Project has 45MW of installed power. The Accelerator Systems are Front End (FE)and LINAC KLYSTRON Building (LK), Central Helium Liquefier (CHL), High Energy Beam Transport (HEBT), Accumulator Ring and Ring to Target Beam Transport (RTBT) Support Buildings have 30MW installed power. FELK has 16MW installed, majority of which is klystron and magnet power supply system. CHL, supporting the super conducting portion of the accelerator has 7MW installed power and the RING Systems (HEBT, RING and RTBT) have also 7MW installed power.*

*SNS SRD. KJ Basis of Design. IEEE Red Book. IEEE Gold Book. IEEE Green Book. NEC NFPA.

RPPE062 The Use of Integrated Electronic Data Capture and Analysis for Accelerator Construction and Commissioning: Pansophy from the SNS Towards the ILC SNS, linac, feedback, monitoring 3556
  • J.P. Ozelis, V. Bookwalter, B.D. Madre, C.E. Reece
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC05-84ER40150.

Jefferson Lab has extensively used a proprietary web-based system (Pansophy) that integrates commercial database, data analysis, document archiving and retrieval, and user interface software, as a coherent knowledge management product during the construction of the cryomodules for the SNS Superconducting Linac, providing elements of process and procedure control, data capture and review, and data mining and analysis. With near real-time and potentially global access to production data, process monitoring and performance analyses could be pursued in a timely manner, providing crucial feedback. The extensibility, portability, and accessibility of Pansophy via universally available software components provide the essential features needed in any information and project management system capable of meeting the needs of future accelerator construction efforts, requiring an unprecedented level of regional and international coordination and collaboration, to which Pansophy is well suited.

RPPT005 Establishing a Collaborative Planning Procedure for the XFEL civil-engineering, simulation 961
  • L. Hagge, J. Buerger, K. Jaehnke, K. Lappe, A.S. Schwarz, T. Stoye, N. Welle
    DESY, Hamburg
  Building a new accelerator requires a consistent common design of the entire complex, including machine, tunnels, buildings and infrastructure. The efforts involve experts from many disciplines. Complication arises as different expert groups are contributing at different project phases: buildings and technical infrastructure are constructed first, thus their design has to be fixed early in the project and is then imposing constraints e.g. on the machine layout while accelerator R&D is still being continued. In view of these challenges, a dedicated planning and design procedure has to be established which provides “just-enough” details where needed while preserving maximum flexibility for other subsystems, and which can also manage later changes if they become necessary. The poster presents experience from planning the XFEL. Expert groups can create and maintain separate design models of their components, which at the same time can be combined into a common overall design model. The planning procedure relies on commercial tools used in industry (specification database, engineering data management and 3D CAD systems) which are being adapted to the culture and organization of HEP collaborations.  
FOAC005 Reliability and Availability Studies in the RIA Linac Driver linac, simulation, controls, power-supply 443
  • E.S. Lessner, P.N. Ostroumov
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  Funding: Work supported by the U. S. Department of Energy under contract W-31-109-ENG-38.

The RIA facility will include various complex systems and must provide radioactive beams to many users simultaneously. The availability of radioactive beams for most experiments at the fully-commissioned facility should be as high as possible within design cost limitations. To make a realistic estimate of the achievable reliability a detailed analysis is required. The RIA driver linac is a complex machine containing a large number of SC resonators and capable of accelerating multiple-charge-state beams. At the pre-CDR stage of the design it is essential to identify critical facility subsystem failures that can prevent the driver linac from operating. The reliability and availability of the driver linac are studied using expert information and data from operating machines such as ATLAS, APS, JLab, and LANL. Availability studies are performed with a Monte-Carlo simulation code previously applied to availability assessments of the NLC facility [http://www.slac.stanford.edu/xorg/accelops/Full/LCoptsfull] and the results used to identify subsystem failures that affect most the availability and reliability of the RIA driver, and guide design iterations and component specifications to address identified problems.

*J.A. Nolen, Nucl. Phys. A. 734 (2004) 661.

FPAT078 Supporting Cavity Production Using an Engineering Data Management System controls 4024
  • J. Buerger, J.A. Dammann, L. Hagge, J.I. Iversen, A. Matheisen, W. Singer
    DESY, Hamburg
  The reliable production of superconducting cavities is an essential issue for any future accelerator applying the “cold” technology. At DESY the complex manufacturing process is supported by an engineering data management system (EDMS). During the mechanical manufacturing process many quality checks are performed and their results are documented in inspection sheets, which are stored in the system and used for controlling. The EDMS further controls the subsequent preparation process by automatically creating and issuing work instructions for the treatment of the surfaces of the cavities. In parallel the necessary documentation for quality assurance is generated. The documentation is linked to the product breakdown structure; this enables users to easily navigate from inspection sheets of selected components forward to their 3D CAD model as well as back to the results of the examination of the original niobium sheet. The poster presents the structural approach for the documentation using a commercially available EDMS. Supporting the lifecycle by electronic workflow techniques is described.  
FOAA009 SRF Performance of CEBAF After Thermal Cycle to Ambient Temperature vacuum, linac, pulsed-power, accumulation 665
  • R.A. Rimmer, J. F. Benesch, J.P. Preble, C.E. Reece
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by SURA, Inc. under Contract No. DE-AC05-84ER-40150 with the U.S. Department of Energy.

In September 2003, in the wake of Hurricane Isabel, JLab was without power for four days after a tree fell on the main power lines feeding the site. This was long enough to lose insulating vacuum in the cryomodules and cryogenic systems resulting in the whole accelerator warming up and the total loss of the liquid helium inventory. This thermal cycle stressed many of the cryomodule components causing several cavities to become inoperable due to helium to vacuum leaks. At the same time the thermal cycle released years of adsorbed gas from the cold surfaces. Over the next days and weeks this gas was pumped away, the insulating vacuum was restored and the machine was cooled back down and re-commissioned. In a testament to the robustness of SRF technology, only a small loss in energy capability was apparent, although individual cavities had quite different field-emission characteristics compared to before the event. In Summer 2004 a section of the machine was again cycled to room temperature during the long maintenance shutdown. We report on the overall SRF performance of the machine after these major disturbances and on efforts to characterize and optimize the new behavior for high-energy running.