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MPPE042 6-D BEAM DYNAMICS IN AN ISOCHRONOUS FFAG RING acceleration, factory, injection, resonance 2693
  • F. Meot
    CEA/DSM/DAPNIA, Gif-sur-Yvette
  • F. Lemuet
    CERN, Geneva
  • G. Rees
    CCLRC/RAL/ASTeC, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon
  Funding: CEA/DAPNIA and CERN.

Numerical ray-tracing tools for 6-D tracking in FFAG accelerators have been developed. They are applied to the simulation of muon acceleration in the newly introduced isochronous type of FFAG ring designed for 16-turn, 8 to 20~GeV muon acceleration in the Neutrino Factory.

MPPE084 Multipole error Analysis Using Local 3-Bump Orbit Data in Fermilab Recycler coupling, multipole, quadrupole, dipole 4144
  • M.-J. Yang, M. Xiao
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  The magnetic harmonic errors of the Fermilab Recycler ring were examined using circulating beam data taken with closed local orbit bumps. Data was first parsed into harmonic orbits of first, second, and third order. Each of which was analyzed for sources of magnetic errors of corresponding order. This study was made possible only with the incredible resolution of a new BPM system that was commissioned after June of 2003.  
MPPP006 Performance Calculation on Orbit Feedback for NSLSII feedback, power-supply, ground-motion, dipole 1036
  • L.-H. Yu
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  We discuss the preliminary calculation on the performance of closed orbit feedback system for NSLSII, its relation to the requirement on BPM, floor and girder stability, power supply stability, etc.  
MPPP019 Beam Orbit Diagnostics and Control in CANDLE Storage Ring photon, electron, diagnostics, storage-ring 1655
  • G.A. Amatuni, Y.L. Martirosyan, R.H. Mikaelyan, V.M. Tsakanov, A. Vardanyan
    CANDLE, Yerevan
  Stability requirements for the CANDLE light source are the consequence of a small electron beam size and a tolerable photon beam parameters. In a real machine, the components of the storage ring have static and dynamic imperfections, which cause disturbance of the electron beam and consequently photon beams parameters. In the present paper the basic approaches to the beam diagnostics, control and correction issues for the CANDLE facility are given. The algorithms, electronics and processing hardware are described.  
MPPT057 Design of a Magnet System for a Muon Cooling Ring lattice, dynamic-aperture, dipole, simulation 3366
  • S.A. Kahn, H.G. Kirk
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • D. Cline, A.A. Garren
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California
  • F.E. Mills
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Funding: This work was performed with the support of the U.S. DOE under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886.

A hydrogen gas filled muon cooling ring appears to be a promising approach to reducing the emittance of a muon beam for use in a neutrino factory or a muon collider. A small muon cooling ring is being studied to test the feasibility of cooling by this method. This paper describes the magnet system to circulate the muons. The magnet design is optimized to produce a large dynamic aperture to contain the muon beam with minimum losses. Muons are tracked through the field to verify the design.

TPAP030 Tevatron Alignment Issues 2003-2004 dipole, quadrupole, alignment, laser 2146
  • J.T. Volk, J. Annala, L. Elementi, N.M. Gelfand, K. Gollwitzer, J.A. Greenwood, M.A. Martens, C.D. Moore, A. Nobrega, A.D. Russell, T. Sager, V.D. Shiltsev, R. Stefanski, M.J. Syphers, G. Wojcik
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Funding: U.S. Department of Energy under contract No. DE-AC02-76CH03000.

It was observed during the early part of Run II that dipole corrector currents in the Tevatron were changing over time. Measurement of the roll for dipoles and quadrupoles confirmed that there was a slow and systematic movement of the magnets from their ideal position. A simple system using a digital protractor and laptop computer was developed to allow roll measurements of all dipoles and quadrupoles. These measurements showed that many magnets in the Tevatron had rolled more than 1 milli-radian. To aid in magnet alignment a new survey network was built in the Tevatron tunnel. This network is based on the use of free centering laser tracker. During the measurement of the network coordinates for all dipole, quadrupole and corrector magnets were obtained. This paper discusses roll measurement techniques and data, the old and new Tevatron alignment network.

TPPP002 Global-Beta Measurement and Correction at the KEKB Rings optics, quadrupole, betatron, sextupole 802
  • A. Morita, H. Koiso, Y. Ohnishi, K. Oide
    KEK, Ibaraki
  The global-beta correction is a part of the optics corrections which are performed to regularize the ring optics for the luminosity tunings. The global-beta measurement is performed by the reconstruction of the beta function from the set of the single kick orbits generated by the 6 kinds of the steering magnets. The distortion of the beta fucntion and the phase advance are corrected by the global beta correction using the fudge factors of power supplies of quadrupole magnets. These correction scheme are successfully working. In the typical case, the r.m.s. of the beta function beat and the betatron tune difference are corrected within 5% and 0.0005, respectively. In the luminosity run, we can operate the low energy ring(LER) with the horizontal betatron tune very close to half-integer(45.5050). In this paper, we will report in detail the global-beta measurement and correction techniques and its performance in the KEKB operation.  
TPPP048 A Compact 6D Muon Cooling Ring emittance, dipole, simulation, lattice 3025
  • H.G. Kirk, S.A. Kahn
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • D. Cline, A.A. Garren
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California
  • F.E. Mills
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Funding: U.S. Department of Energy.

We discuss a conceptual design for a compact muon cooling system based on a weak-focusing ring loaded with high-pressure Hydrogen gas. We demonstrate that such a ring will be capable of cooling a circulating muon beam in each of the three spatial dimensions so that 6d cooling of the muon beam phase space is achieved.

RPAE046 Operational Status at the PLS: Recent Improvements and Changes storage-ring, injection, feedback, electron 2923
  • E.S. Park, J. Choi, H.-S. Kang, M. Kim, E.-H. Lee, T.-Y. Lee
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk
  PLS has been operated 10 years since 1994. A few improvements has been made to stabilize the reference orbit drifts caused by insertion devices and other sources: The control system has been upgraded to 20 bit capability from 12 bit. The slow global orbit feedback is employed routinely in the user run times. These improvements and the operational status changes will be presented in this report.  
RPAE062 Estimation of the Effective Magnet Misalignments of the ALS Storage Ring lattice, storage-ring, quadrupole, coupling 3559
  • H. Nishimura, T. Scarvie
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098

New storage ring lattices have traditionally been commissioned using a trial-and-error approach, where the number of turns circulated is slowly built up until enough beam is stored to correct the orbit. We have found that by combining the calculated response matrix of magnet misalignments from a linear model of a new lattice with the measured steering magnet response matrix used during normal operations, it is possible to make an educated guess for the steering magnet settings that will immediately allow beam circulation in the new lattice. “Effective” magnet misalignments are simply those that are sufficiently close to the real misalignments to make the first guess good enough to circulate beam; the relationship between effective and real magnet misalignments is also discussed in the paper. This predictive steering method makes the process of establishing enough circulating beam for SVD-based orbit correction in a new lattice very efficient.

RPAE076 The Commission of Hefei Light Source After Reconstruction injection, octupole, radiation, electron 3967
  • H. Xu, H. He, W. Li, G. Liu, L. Liu, S. Shang, B. Sun, L. Wang
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui
  After the new four-kicker injection bump system was mounted, it was found that the magnetic field of four–kicker magnet through the same pulse current is different each other, the reason is which the width of pulse magnet fields is not same, so the four-kickers can not form completely local bump, and produce large global orbit distortion,and lead to beam loss. At last we found that the films of ceramic chambers were not plated evenly. The new rf system have two low level control circle circuits, which are the frequency and amplitude automatic adjustment systems. Because the energy of injection electron beam is 200MeV, and radiation damping is weak, so the gain of amplitude circuit was adjusted to the small value not to disturb beam.The beam load is large,and Robinson instability happen easily, so the small detune angle is preset. The Octupoles were inserted in ring for damping instability, and over compensated chromaticity was adjusted.Superconductor wiggler bring the variation of beta function, and the beam life time decreased from 8 hours to about 3 hours. By adjusting the beta functions close to situation ago, the beam lifetime was improved.  
RPAE084 Beam Dynamics Aspects of the ASP Booster emittance, booster, synchrotron, injection 4150
  • S. Friis-Nielsen, S.P. Møller
    Danfysik A/S, Jyllinge
  In the present contribution, beam dynamics aspects of the 3 GeV ASP booster designed and produced by Danfysik A/S are presented. The booster synchrotron, based on a lattice with combined-function magnets, will have a very small emittance of around 30 nm. The dynamical aperture (and admittance) of the booster has been investigated with tracking, and results for different tunes and chromaticities will be presented. Also the reduction in admittance caused by alignment errors of the magnets will be discussed. The nominal tunes and chromaticities are mainly determined by the combined-function magnets to (9.20, 3.25) and (1,1), respectively. Using the trim quadrupoles and sextupoles, the tunes can be adjusted in the ranges (9.05-9.45, 3.05-3.45) and the chromaticities in the range (0-2, 0-2).  
RPAT011 Digital Signal Processing the Tevatron BPM Signals pick-up, antiproton, proton, controls 1242
  • G.I. Cancelo, E. James, S.A. Wolbers
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Funding: Fermilab

The Beam Position Monitor (BPM) readout system at Fermilab’s Tevatron has been updated and is currently being commissioned. The new BPMs use new analog and digital hardware to achieve better beam position measurement resolution. The new system reads signals from both ends of the existing directional stripline pickups to provide simultaneous proton and antiproton position measurements. The signals provided by the two ends of the BPM pickups processed by analog band-pass filters and sampled by 14-bit ADCs at 74.3MHz. A crucial part of this work has been the design of digital filters that process the signal. This paper describes the digital processing and estimation techniques used to optimize the beam position measurement. The BPM electronics must operate in narrow-band and wide-band modes to enable measurements of closed-orbit and turn-by-turn positions. The filtering and timing conditions of the signals are tuned accordingly for the operational modes. The analysis and the optimized result for each mode is presented.

RPAT017 Using Time Separation of Signals to Obtain Independent Proton and Antiproton Beam Position Measurements Around the Tevatron antiproton, proton, acceleration, injection 1557
  • R.C. Webber
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Funding: Fermilab is operated by Universities Research Association Inc. under Contract No. DE-AC02-76CH03000 with the United States Department of Energy.

Independent position measurement of the counter-circulating proton and antiproton beams in the Tevatron presents a challenge to upgrading the Tevatron Beam Position Monitor (BPM) system. The inherent directionality of the Tevatron BPM pickup design provides 26dB isolation between signals from the two beams. At the present typical 10:1 proton-to-antiproton bunch intensity ratio, this isolation alone is insufficient to support millimeter accuracy antiproton beam position measurements due to interfering proton signals. An accurate and manageable solution to the interfering signal problem is required for antiproton measurements now and, as machine improvements lead to increased antiproton intensity, will facilitate future elimination of antiproton bias on proton beam position measurements. This paper discusses the possibilities and complications of using time separation of the two beam signals at the numerous Tevatron BPM locations and given the dynamic longitudinal conditions of Tevatron operation. Results of measurements results using one such method are presented.

RPAT018 Simultaneous Position Measurements of Protons and Anti-Protons in the Tevatron injection, proton, antiproton, pick-up 1613
  • R.K. Kutschke, J. Steimel, R.C. Webber, S.A. Wolbers
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Fermilab has embarked upon a program to upgrade the electronics of the Beam Position Monitor (BPM) system that measures the transverse position of the beams inside the Tevatron collider. The new system improves on the current system in precision, accuracy and reliability. A new feature in the upgraded system is the ability, when both protons and anti-protons are present in the Tevatron, make simultaneous measurements of the closed orbit position of both beam species. The method chosen for achieving the simultaneous measurement is an algorithm that deconvolutes the imperfect directionality of the BPM pickups from the raw measurements. This paper will discuss the algorithm, the calibration of the parameters used by the algorithm and the robustness of the algorithm. It will also present results from the upgraded system which demonstrate that the system meets the requirements set out at the start of the upgrade project.  
FPAE013 Calculation of the Orbit Length Change of the Recycler Due to Main Injector Ramp dipole, lattice, kicker, betatron 1318
  • M. Xiao
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Orbit length of beam in the Recycler changes during the Main Injector ramps. The unknown kicks from the effects generated by stray field are distributed around the ring. To estimate the changes, simulated virtual kicks are created around each lambson, C-magnet and bus cable of the Main Injector. The orbit lengths are calculated from measurements of evolution frequency and transverse beam positions. A BPM system distributed throughout the Recycler lattice in both Horizontal and vertical planes are used to take the closed orbit measurement during the ramps. The calculation method and the results of the orbit length changes and the strength of the simulated kicks are presented in this report.