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Paper Title Other Keywords Page
MPPE013 High Precision Measurement of Muon Beam Emittance Reduction in MICE emittance, simulation, background, scattering 1330
  • C.T. Rogers, M. Ellis
    Imperial College of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, London
  Muon ionization cooling, an essential ingredient of a neutrino factory, will be demonstrated for the first time by the MICE experiment. The central part of MICE consists of a short section of a neutrino factory cooling channel and the emittance reduction achieved in this experiment is quite modest, 10% to 15%. In order to extrapolate the performance of a full cooling channel from these values, it is crucial for MICE to achieve an emittance measurement accuracy of 10-3 absolute. So far, beam emittance has never been measured with such a high level of precision and normailzed emittance in its present definition is not even conserved to 10-3 in the absence of dissipative forces. We present an improved definition of beam emittance and the requirements and constraints on MICE beam optics and spectrometers that are necessary to achieve the 10-3 level of accuracy.  
MPPE039 A C++ Framework for Conducting High-speed, Long-term Particle Tracking Simulations lattice, insertion, multipole, quadrupole 2565
  • A.C. Kabel
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  High-resolution tracking studies such as the ones presented in*,** require unprecented amounts of CPU power. Usually, flexibility of a simulation code compromises performance; we have developed a C++ framework for parallel simulation of circular accelerators which provides a high degree of flexibility and programmability (parsing of MAD beamline descriptions, manipulation of beamlines and interfaces, optimization and matching of beamlines, tracking of particles or differential-algebraic objects) while achieving raw tracking speeds comparable to and surpassing hand-coded Fortran code. We describe some of the techniques used, such as compile-time polymorphism, meta-programming, and present benchmarking results.

*A. Kabel, Y. Cai, this conference. **A. Kabel, Y. Cai, T. Sen, V. Shiltsev, this conference.

MPPE042 6-D BEAM DYNAMICS IN AN ISOCHRONOUS FFAG RING acceleration, closed-orbit, injection, resonance 2693
  • F. Meot
    CEA/DSM/DAPNIA, Gif-sur-Yvette
  • F. Lemuet
    CERN, Geneva
  • G. Rees
    CCLRC/RAL/ASTeC, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon
  Funding: CEA/DAPNIA and CERN.

Numerical ray-tracing tools for 6-D tracking in FFAG accelerators have been developed. They are applied to the simulation of muon acceleration in the newly introduced isochronous type of FFAG ring designed for 16-turn, 8 to 20~GeV muon acceleration in the Neutrino Factory.

MPPE057 Measurement of the Vertical Emittance and Beta Function at the PEP-II Interaction Point Using the BaBar Detector emittance, luminosity, storage-ring, positron 3387
  • J.M. Thompson, A. Roodman
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  • W. Kozanecki
    CEA/DSM/DAPNIA, Gif-sur-Yvette
  Funding: U.S. Department of Energy.

We present measurements of the effective vertical emittance and IP beta function in the PEP-II Asymmetric B Factory. These beam parameters are extracted from fits to the longitudinal dependence of the luminosity and of the vertical luminous size, measured using e+ e- –> mu+ mu- events recorded in the Babar detector. The results are compared, for different sets of machine conditions, to accelerator-based measurements of the optical functions of the two beams.

MPPT004 End Chamfer Study and Field Measurements of the BEPCII Dipoles dipole, multipole, sextupole, quadrupole 919
  • W. Chen, C. Cao, C. Shi, Z. Yin
    IHEP Beijing, Beijing
  The new BEPCII double ring will be added in the existing BEPC tunnel. There are more than 40 bending magnets named 67B in the new ring. The 67B is conventional ‘C’-type dipole magnet. The magnetic filed properties are dominated by the magnet end effect. The end effect have been studied and minimized by a proper end chamfer. Magnetic measurements of the prototype and productions were carried out using long coil. The developing process of the pole end chamfers and the measurement results of the 67B prototype and batch productions are described in the paper.  
TPPP018 Progress on the MICE Liquid Absorber Cooling and Cryogenic Distribution System vacuum, emittance, focusing, scattering 1601
  • M.A. Green
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  • E. Baynham, T.W. Bradshaw, P. Drumm, Y. Ivanyushenkov
    CCLRC/RAL, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon
  • M.A.C. Cummings
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois
  • S. Ishimoto
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • W. Lau, S.Q. Yang
    OXFORDphysics, Oxford, Oxon
  Funding: This work was supported by the Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy under DOE contract number DE-AC03-76SF00098.

This report describes the progress made on the design of the liquid hydrogen absorber for the international Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE). The absorber consists of a 21-liter vessel that contains liquid hydrogen (1.5 kg) or liquid helium (2.63 kg). The cryogen vessel is within the warm bore of the superconducting focusing magnet for the MICE. The purpose of the magnet is to provide a low beam beta region within the absorber. For safety reasons, the vacuum vessel for the hydrogen absorber is separated from the vacuum vessel for the superconducting magnet and the vacuum that surrounds the RF cavities or the detector. The absorber has two 300 mm-diameter thin aluminum windows. The vacuum vessel around the absorber has a pair of thin aluminum windows that separate the absorber vacuum space from adjacent vacuum spaces. Because the muon beam in MICE is of low intensity, there is no beam heating in the absorber. As a result, the absorber can be cooled using a single 4 K cooler. This report describes progress on the MICE liquid absorber and its cryogenic cooling system.

TPPP034 Parameters of a Super-B-Factory Design luminosity, interaction-region, collider, linac 2333
  • J. Seeman, Y. Cai, S. Ecklund, J.D. Fox, S.A. Heifets, N. Li, P.A. McIntosh, A. Novokhatski, M.K. Sullivan, D. Teytelman, U. Wienands
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  • M.E. Biagini
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma)
  Funding: Work supported by DOE contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.

Submitted for the High Luminosity Study Group: Parameters are being studied for a high luminosity e+e- collider operating at the Upsilon 4S that would deliver a luminosity in the range of 7 to 10 x 1035/cm2/s. Particle physics studies dictate that a much higher luminosity collider is needed to answer new key physics questions. A Super-B-Factory with 20 to 100 times the performance of the present PEP-II accelerator would incorporate a higher frequency RF system, lower impedance vacuum chambers, higher power synchrotron radiation absorbers, and stronger bunch-by-bunch feedback systems. Parameter optimizations are discussed.

TPPP041 Recent Developments on the Muon-Facility Design Code ICOOL simulation, multipole, emittance, focusing 2651
  • R.C. Fernow
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy.

Current ideas for designing neutrino factories and muon colliders require unique configurations of fields and materials to prepare the muon beam for acceleration. We have continued the development of the 3D tracking code ICOOL for examining possible system configurations. Development of the ICOOL code began in 1996 in order to simulate the process of ionization cooling. This required tracking in magnetic focusing lattices, together with interactions in shaped materials that must be placed in the beam path.* The most important particle interactions that had to be simulated were energy loss and straggling. Since the optimum way of designing a cooling channel was not known, the code had to have a flexible procedure for specifying field and material geometries. Eventually the early linear cooling channels evolved into cooling rings. In addition the designs require many other novel beam manipulations besides ionization cooling, such as pion collection in a high field solenoid, rf phase rotation, and acceleration in FFAG rings. We describe new features that have been incorporated in ICOOL for handling these new requirements. A suite of auxilliary codes have also been developed for pre-processing, post-processing, and optimization.

*R.C. Fernow, ICOOL: a simulation code for ionization cooling of muon beams, Proc. 1999 Part. Accel. Conf., New York, p. 3020.

TPPP047 New and Efficient Neutrino Factory Front-End Design target, proton, bunching, linac 2986
  • J.C. Gallardo, J.S. Berg, R.C. Fernow, H.G. Kirk, R. Palmer
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • D.V. Neuffer
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  • K. Paul
    Muons, Inc, Batavia
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy.

As part of the APS Joint Study on the Future of Neutrino Physics* we have carried out detailed studies of the Neutrino Factory front-end. A major goal of the new study was to achieve equal performance to our earlier feasibility studies** at reduced cost. The optimal channel design is described in this paper. New innovations included an adiabatic buncher for phase rotation and a simplified cooling channel with LiH absorbers. The linear channel is 295 m long and produces 0.17 muons per proton on target into the assumed accelerator transverse acceptance of 30 mm and longitudinal acceptance of 150 mm.

*APS Multi-Divisional Study of the Physics of Neutrinos, http://www.aps.org/neutrino/. **S.Ozaki, R.B.Palmer, M.Zisman and J.C.Gallardo, edts., Tech. Rep., BNL-52623 (2001), http://www.cap.bnl.gov/mumu/studyii/FS2-report.html.

TPPP051 A Muon Cooling Ring with Curved Lithium Lenses emittance, simulation, scattering, collider 3167
  • Y. Fukui, D. Cline, A.A. Garren
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California
  • H.G. Kirk
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  We design a muon cooling ring with curved Lithium lenses for the 6 dimensional muon phase space cooling. The cooling ring can be the final muon phase space cooling ring for a Higgs Factory, a low energy muon collider.Tracking simulation shows promising muon cooling with simplified magneti element models.  
TPPP055 Simultaneous Bunching and Precooling Muon Beams with Gas-Filled RF Cavities target, emittance, simulation, collider 3295
  • K. Paul, R.P. Johnson, T.J. Roberts
    Muons, Inc, Batavia
  • Y.S. Derbenev
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  • D.V. Neuffer
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Funding: This work was supported in part by DOE SBIR grant DE-FG02-03ER83722.

High-gradient, pressurized RF cavities are investigated as a means to improve the capture efficiency, to effect phase rotation to reduce momentum spread, and to reduce the angular divergence of a muon beam. Starting close to the pion production target to take advantage of the short incident proton bunch, a series of pressurized RF cavities imbedded in a strong solenoidal field is used to capture, cool, and bunch the muon beam. We discuss the anticipated improvements from this approach to the first stage of a muon cooling channel as well as the requirements of the RF cavities needed to provide high gradients while operating in intense magnetic and radiation fields.

TPPP056 MANX, A 6-D Muon Cooling Demonstration Experiment emittance, quadrupole, dipole, collider 3331
  • T.J. Roberts, M. Alsharo'a, P.M. Hanlet, R.P. Johnson, M. Kuchnir, K. Paul
    Muons, Inc, Batavia
  • C.M. Ankenbrandt, A. Moretti, M. Popovic, V. Yarba
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  • D.M. Kaplan, K. Yonehara
    Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois
  Funding: This work was supported in part by DOE SBIR grant DE-FG02-04ER84015.

Most ionization cooling schemes now under consideration are based on using many large flasks of liquid hydrogen energy absorber. One important example is the proposed Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE), which has recently been approved to run at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL). In the work reported here, a potential muon cooling demonstration experiment based on a continuous liquid energy absorber in a helical cooling channel (HCC) is discussed. The original HCC used a gaseous energy absorber for the engineering advantage of combining the energy absorption and RF energy regeneration in hydrogen-filled RF cavities. In the Muon And Neutrino eXperiment (MANX) that is proposed here, a liquid-filled HCC is used without RF energy regeneration to achieve the largest possible cooling rate in six dimensions. In this case, the magnetic fields of the HCC must diminish as the muons lose momentum as they pass through the liquid energy absorber. The length of the MANX device is determined by the maximum momentum of the muon test beam and the maximum practical field that can be sustained at the magnet coils. We have studied a 3 meter-long HCC example that could be inserted between the MICE spectrometers at RAL.

TPPT007 Application of Highly-Pure Copper Lining to Normal-Conducting RF Cavities for an Electron-Positron Super B Factory target, resonance, linac, coupling 1051
  • T. Abe, T. Kageyama
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • Z. Kabeya, T. Kawasumi
    MHI, Nagoya
  • T. Nakamura, K. Tsujimoto
    Asahi Kinzoku Co., Ltd., Gifu
  • K. Tajiri
    Churyo Engineering Co., Ltd., Nagoya
  We apply a new copper lining with a high purity and a high electric conductivity to normal-conducting RF cavities for an electron-positron super B factory, in which four-times more beam current is required to be stored than in the present KEK B factory (KEKB). The lining is produced first by electroplating in an acid copper sulfate bath without brightener nor other organic additives, where the current is periodically reversed (‘‘PR process''). Its electric conductivity is so high as to be comparable to that of the highest-class oxygen-free copper. Then the copper surface is electropolished to make it smoother. There are two differences between our application and the previous one to the accelerator components for J-Parc. The first one is the lining thickness; our target of 120um is much thinner. The second one is that we have no mechanical polishing on the electroplated surface before electropolishing. In this paper, results of the quantitative estimations of the quality factor on the electroplated pillbox test cavity are reported together with microscale investigations of the copper surfaces.  
TPPT013 Effect of HOM Couplers on the Accelerating Mode in the Damped Cavity at the Photon Factory Storage Ring coupling, electromagnetic-fields, storage-ring, photon 1339
  • T. Takahashi, M. Izawa, S. Sakanaka, K. Umemori
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • T. Koseki
    RIKEN/RARF/CC, Saitama
  Four damped cavities have been working very stably in the Photon Factory storage ring since 1997. The damped cavity has several trapped higher order modes (HOMs) with high Q values. Each frequency of these HOMs is detuned so as not to induce coupled-bunch instabilities. However, the frequency detuning method becomes less effective for a ring with a lower revolution frequency. Therefore, we have developed a HOM coupler that can reduce Q values of these trapped HOMs. The HOM coupler is a rod antenna type and located in the cylindrical wall of the cavity. Two or Three HOM couplers will be used for the cavity. The affect of these HOM couplers on the accelerating mode is investigated using MAFIA and the result is presented in this paper.  
TPPT029 Fabrication of the Prototype 201.25 MHz Cavity for a Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment collider, electron, vacuum, instrumentation 2080
  • R.A. Rimmer, S. Manning, R. Manus, H.L. Phillips, M. Stirbet, K. Worland, G. Wu
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  • R.A. Hafley, R.E. Martin, K.M. Taminger
    NASA Langley, Hampton, Virginia
  • D. Li, R.A. MacGill, J.W.  Staples, S.P. Virostek, M.S. Zisman
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  • M. Reep, D.J. Summers
    UMiss, University, Mississippi
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by SURA, Inc. under DoE Contract No. DE-AC05-84ER-40150, LBNL contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098 and NASA contract IA1-533 subagreement #2

We describe the fabrication and assembly of the first prototype 201.25 MHz copper cavity for the muon ionization cooling experiment (MICE). This cavity was developed by the US MUCOOL collaboration and will be tested in the new Muon Test Area at Fermilab. We outline the component and subassembly fabrication steps and the various metal forming and joining methods used to produce the final cavity shape. These include spinning, brazing, TIG welding, electron beam welding, electron beam annealing and deep drawing. Assembly of the loop power coupler will also be described. Final acceptance test results are included. Some of the methods developed for this cavity are novel and offer significant cost savings compared to conventional construction methods.

TPPT030 RF, Thermal and Structural Analysis of the 201.25 MHz Muon Ionization Cooling Cavity vacuum, collider, impedance 2119
  • S.P. Virostek, D. Li
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: This work was supported by the Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy under DOE contract number DE-AC03-76SF00098.

A finite element analysis has been carried out to characterize the RF, thermal and structural behavior of the prototype 201.25 MHz cavity for a muon ionization cooling channel. A single ANSYS model has been developed to perform all of the calculations in a multi-step process. The high-gradient closed-cell cavity is being designed and fabricated for the MUCOOL and MICE (international Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment) experiments. The 1200 mm diameter cavity is constructed of 6 mm thick copper sheet and incorporates a rounded pillbox-like profile with an open beam iris terminated by 420 mm diameter, 0.38 mm thick curved beryllium foils. Tuning is accomplished through elastic deformation of the cavity, and cooling is provided by external water passages. Details of the analysis methodology will be presented including a description of the ANSYS macro that computes the heat loads from the RF solution and applies them directly to the thermal model. The process and results of a calculation to determine the resulting frequency shift due to thermal and structural distortion of the cavity will be presented as well.

TPPT041 RF Tuning and Fabrication Status of the First Module for J-PARC ACS coupling, linac, pick-up, vacuum 2684
  • H. Ao, T. Morishita, A. Ueno
    JAERI/LINAC, Ibaraki-ken
  • K. Hasegawa
    JAERI, Ibaraki-ken
  • M. Ikegami
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • V.V. Paramonov
    RAS/INR, Moscow
  • Y. Yamazaki
    JAERI/J-PARC, Tokai-Mura, Naka-Gun, Ibaraki-Ken
  J-PARC Linac starts with 180-MeV SDTL temporary, and it is upgraded to 400-MeV with 21 ACS (Annular Coupled Structure) modules and two ACS bunchers and two debunchers. First buncher module is under fabrication, and second buncher and a few accelerating modules are also planed until FY2006. The first ACS module consists of two 5-cells ACS tanks and a 5-cells bridge cavity for the buncher module. Three RF tuners are installed to the bridge cavity for fine RF tuning. An operating frequency should be tuned to 972 MHz within the fine-tuning range before a brazing process in a factory. The tuning procedure has been studied with RF simulation analysis and cold-model measurements for ACS and bridge cells. This paper describes RF tuning results, fabrication status and related development items.  
TPPT060 Design of a Multi-Cell, HOM Damped Superconducting Cavity for the Strong RF Focusing Experiment at DAFNE coupling, synchrotron, focusing, feedback 3505
  • A. Gallo, D. Alesini, C. Biscari, R. Boni, F. Marcellini, M. Zobov
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma)
  • C. Pagani
    DESY, Hamburg
  A strong RF focusing experiment to be performed at the DAFNE Phi-factory has been proposed to create and observe a bunch length modulation along the ring. The very large RF gradient required to reach the strong focusing regime can only be obtained by using a multi-cell superconducting cavity. Moreover, in order to demonstrate the feasibility of a high luminosity collider based on this principle, a total multibunch current of the order of 1A has to be stored under stable conditions in this regime. A 1.3 GHz 7-cells cavity has been designed for this purpose, based on the TESLA geometry with small modifications of the basic cell to comply with the DAFNE revolution frequency. The number of cells has been changed from 9 to 7 to reduce the number of the cavity HOMs, while the beam tubes have been enlarged to let most of the HOMs propagate and be damped by room-temperature ferrite rings. The modes of the first longitudinal band, which include the accelerating TM010_pi, do not propagate in the beam tubes and have been studied with special care to prevent the overlap with the bunch revolution harmonics and to cure the effects of coupling to the synchrotron tune sidebands.  
WPAE045 Progress on RF Coupling Coil Module Design for the MICE Channel vacuum, coupling, emittance, superconductivity 2869
  • D. Li, M.A. Green, S.P. Virostek, M.S. Zisman
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  • W. Lau, A. E. White, S.Q. Yang
    OXFORDphysics, Oxford, Oxon
  Funding: This research work is supported by the US Department of Energy, under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098.

We describe the progress on the design of the RF coupling coil (RFCC) module for the international Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL) in the UK. The MICE cooling channel design consists of two SFOFO cells that is similar to that of the US Study-II of a neutrino factory. The MICE RFCC module comprises a superconducting solenoid, mounted around four normal conducting 201.25-MHz RF cavities. Each cavity has a pair of thin curved beryllium windows to close the conventional open beam irises, so thatnecessitating separate power feeds for each of the four cavities has to be separately powered. The coil package that surrounds the RF cavities sits is mounted on a vacuum vessel. The RF vacuum is shared between the cavities and the vacuum vessel around the cavities such that. Therefore there is no differential pressure on the thin beryllium windows. This paper discusses the design progress of the RFCC module, the fabrication progress of a prototype 201.25-MHz cavity, and the superconducting coupling coil that will be cooled using a single, small 4 K cooler.

WPAT025 First Results of the IOT Based 300 kW 500 MHz Amplifier for the Diamond Light Source power-supply, synchrotron, radio-frequency, background 1883
  • M. Jensen, M. Maddock, S. Rains, A.V. Watkins
    Diamond, Oxfordshire
  • J. Alex, M. Mueller
    Thales Broadcast & Multimedia AG, Turgi
  We present the first RF measurements of the IOT based 300 kW 500 MHz amplifier for the Diamond Light Source. Four 80 kW IOTs are combined using a waveguide combiner to achieve the RF requirement of up to 300 kW for each of three superconducting cavities for the main storage ring. The IOTs are protected by a full power circulator and a 300 kW ferrite RF load. This is the first time IOTs will be used for a synchrotron light source. This paper gives an overview of the design of the Thales amplifiers and IOTs with commissioning results including measurements of key components and overall RF performance following factory tests and the installation of the first unit  
WOAB005 The Status of Turkic Accelerator Complex Proposal linac, luminosity, proton, electron 449
  • S. Sultansoy, M. Yilmaz
    Gazi University, Faculty of Science and Arts, Ankara
  • O. Cakir, A.K. Ciftci, E. Recepoglu, O. Yavas
    Ankara University, Faculty of Sciences, Tandogan/Ankara
  Recently, the Turkic Accelerator Complex (TAC) is proposed as a regional facility for accelerator based fundamental and applied research. The complex will include linac on ring type electron-positron collider as a phi, charm and tau factory, linac based free electron laser (FEL), ring based third generation syncrothron radiation (SR) source and a few GeV proton accelerator. Preliminary estimations show that hundred inverse femto barn integral luminosity per year can be achieved for factory options. The FEL facility is planned to obtain laser beam between IR and soft X-ray region. In addition, SR facility will produce photon beams in UV and X-ray region. The proton accelerator will give opportunity to produce muon and neutron beams for applied research. The current status of the conceptual study of the complex is presented.  
WOAD001 Super-B Factories luminosity, background, lattice, vacuum 64
  • H. Koiso
    KEK, Ibaraki
  Energy-asymmetric electron-positron B factories, KEKB and PEP-II, have been operated at the luminosity frontiers and have delivered the integrated luminosities of a few hundreds of /fb to experiments. For further progress in particle physics, a luminosity of higher than 100/nb/s is strongly required, which means higher beam currents, smaller beta functions at the interaction point, larger beam-beam parameters, shorter bunch lengths, etc. This paper will review major upgrade plans of both machines toward SuperKEKB and Super PEP-II.  
ROAA001 DAFNE Operation and Plans for DAFNE2 luminosity, injection, damping, coupling 112
  • M. Zobov, D. Alesini, G. Benedetti, M.E. Biagini, C. Biscari, R. Boni, M. Boscolo, A. Clozza, G.O. Delle Monache, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, A. Gallo, A. Ghigo, S. Guiducci, M. Incurvati, C. Ligi, F. Marcellini, G. Mazzitelli, C. Milardi, L. Pellegrino, M.A. Preger, P. Raimondi, R. Ricci, C. Sanelli, M. Serio, F. Sgamma, B. Spataro, A. Stecchi, A. Stella, C. Vaccarezza, M. Vescovi
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma)
  • J.D. Fox, D. Teytelman
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  • E. Levichev, P.A. Piminov, D.N. Shatilov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk
  The e+e- collider DAFNE, a 1.02 Gev c.m. Phi-factory, has exceeded 1.2 1032 cm-2s-1 peak luminosity with 7.5 pb-1 maximum daily integrated luminosity. At the present performance the physics program of the three main experiments DEAR, FINUDA and KLOE will be completed by mid 2007. In this paper we describe the steps which have led to the luminosity improvement and present proposals for the upgrade of the collider towards higher energy and/or luminosity. The main accelerator issues on which we are planning to rely for this purpose, such as lattices with negative momentum compaction, strong RF focusing, design of high field magnets and Linac upgrade, are discussed in detail.  
ROAA003 Proposal of an Experiment on Bunch Length Modulation in DAFNE synchrotron, dynamic-aperture, storage-ring, luminosity 336
  • C. Biscari, D. Alesini, G. Benedetti, M.E. Biagini, R. Boni, M. Boscolo, A. Clozza, G.O. Delle Monache, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, A. Gallo, A. Ghigo, S. Guiducci, M. Incurvati, C. Ligi, F. Marcellini, G. Mazzitelli, C. Milardi, L. Pellegrino, M.A. Preger, P. Raimondi, R. Ricci, C. Sanelli, M. Serio, F. Sgamma, B. Spataro, A. Stecchi, A. Stella, C. Vaccarezza, M. Vescovi, M. Zobov
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma)
  • J.M. Byrd, F. Sannibale
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  • J.D. Fox, D. Teytelman
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  • E. Levichev, P.A. Piminov, D.N. Shatilov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk
  • C. Pagani
    INFN/LASA, Segrate (MI)
  Obtaining very short bunches is a challenge for colliders and Coherent Synchrotron Radiation sources as well. The modulation of the bunch length in a strong RF focusing regime has been proposed, corresponding to a large value of the synchrotron tune. A ring structure where the dependence of the longitudinal position of a particle on its energy (R56) along the ring oscillates between large positive and negative values can produce a bunch length modulation. The synchrotron frequency can be tuned both by means of the rf voltage and by the integral of R56, down to the limit of zero value corresponding to the isochronicity condition. We present here the proposal of bunch length modulation along the DAFNE rings. Its lattice can be tuned to positive or negative momentum compaction, or to structures in which the two arcs are alternately set to positive/negative integrals of R56. With the proposed installation of an extra RF system at 1.3 GHz, experiments on bunch length modulation both in the high and low synchrotron tune regimes can be realized.  
RPAE041 Reconstruction of Photon Factory Storage Ring for the Straight-Sections Upgrade Project quadrupole, emittance, undulator, photon 2678
  • T. Honda, S. Asaoka, W.X. Cheng, K. Haga, K. Harada, Y. Hori, M. Izawa, T. Kasuga, Y. Kobayashi, H. Maezawa, A. Mishina, T. Mitsuhashi, T. Miyajima, H. Miyauchi, S. Nagahashi, T. Nogami, T. Obina, C.O. Pak, S. Sakanaka, Y. Sato, T. Shioya, M. Tadano, T. Takahashi, Y. Tanimoto, K. Tsuchiya, T. Uchiyama, A. Ueda, K. Umemori, S. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki
  The Photon Factory (PF) storage ring is a 2.5-GeV synchrotron light source at KEK. In 1997, we have accomplished a large reconstruction of the ring in order to reduce the beam emittance from 130 nm rad to 36 nm rad. After the reconstruction, the PF ring has continued a stable operation over 5000 hours a year. Now we are proceeding with another upgrade project to create four new straight sections and to largely lengthen the existing 10 straight sections. The shutdown for the upgrade project is scheduled for the period March-September 2005. The lattice configuration around the straight sections will be modified by replacing quadrupole magnets with new shorter ones and by placing them closer to the near-by bending magnets. Simultaneously the beam duct in two thirds of the storage ring will be replaced. Due to this modification of the lattice, the practical emittance will be reduced to 27 nm rad. The new straight sections will have low beta functions and suitable for housing short-period narrow-gap undulators. The in-vacuum undulators, which have a sufficiently high brilliance within a spectral range from 8 to 16 keV, are being developed now.  
RPAE042 Optimization of Kicker Pulse Bump by Using a SR Monitor at the Photon Factory injection, sextupole, kicker, photon 2717
  • T. Mitsuhashi, A. Ueda
    KEK, Ibaraki
  We plan to operate the Photon Factory storage ring by top-up injection mode from 2006. To realize this operation mode, remaining coherent oscillation of the stored beam due to error in the injection pulse bump is one of most serious problem. To reducing the error in the injection pulse bump, we calibrated kicking angles of the injection kicker magnets by means of the term by term instantaneous observation of beam profile. We have a SR monitor inside of injection pulse bump. By measureing the tern by tern beam position after the excitation of kicker magnet, we can calibrate the kick angle of the kicker magnet. By using this calibration, we optimized injection pulse bump. As a result, we reduced amplitude of remaining coherent oscillation less than 1/4 of the 1??of the beam size.  
RPPT053 Studies of the Injection System in the Decay Ring of Beta-Beam Neutrino Souce Project injection, septum, ion, emittance 3221
  • J. Payet, A. Chance
    CEA/CEN, Gif-sur-Yvette
  After being accelerated the beta radioactive ions are accumulated in a decay ring. The losses due to their decay are compensated with regular injections in presence of filled bucket. Without a damping mechanism, the new particles are injected at a different energy from the stored beam energy, then the old and the new buckets are merged with RF manipulation. This type of injection has to be done, in a dispersive region, in presence of closed orbit bump and a septum magnet. The sizes of the injected beam and of the stored beam have to be adjusted in order to minimize the losses on the septum and to maximize the stored intensity keeping small beam sizes. The dispersion has to be large enough in order to decrease the energy difference. The injection system may be located either in the arc or in a straight section, both possibilities have been studied.  
RPPT061 Linear Quadrupole Cooling Channel for a Neutrino Factory quadrupole, emittance, simulation, acceleration 3526
  • C. Johnstone
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  • M. Berz, K. Makino
    MSU, East Lansing, Michigan
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Dept. of Energy under contract no. DE-AC02-76CH03000.

The staging and optimization in the design of a Neutrino Factory are critically dependent on the choice and format of accelerator. Possibly the simplest, lowest-cost scenario is a nonscaling FFAG machine coupled to a linear (no bending) transverse cooling channel constructed from the simplest quadrupole lens system, a FODO cell. In such a scenario, transverse cooling demands are reduced by a factor of 4 and no longitudinal cooling is required relative to acceleration using a Recirculating Linac (RLA). Detailed simulations further show that a quadrupole-based channel cools efficiently and over a momentum range which is well-matched to FFAG acceleration. Details and cooling performance for a quadrupole channel are summarized in this work.

RPPT067 A High-Power Target Experiment target, proton, synchrotron, interaction-region 3745
  • H.G. Kirk, S.A. Kahn, H. Ludewig, R. Palmer, V. Samulyak, N. Simos, T. Tsang
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • J.R.J. Bennett
    CCLRC/RAL/ASTeC, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon
  • T.W. Bradshaw, P. Drumm, T.R. Edgecock, Y. Ivanyushenkov
    CCLRC/RAL, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon
  • I. Efthymiopoulos, A. Fabich, H. Haseroth, F. Haug, J. Lettry
    CERN, Geneva
  • T.A. Gabriel, V.B. Graves, J.R. Haines, P.T. Spampinato
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • Y. Hayato, K. Yoshimura
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • K.T. McDonald
    PU, Princeton, New Jersey
  Funding: U.S. Department of Energy.

We describe an experiment designed as a proof-of-principle test for a target system capable of converting a 4 MW proton beam into a high-intensity muon beam suitable for incorporation into either a neutrino factory complex or a muon collider. The target system is based on exposing a free mercury jet to an intense proton beam in the presence of a high strength solenoidal field.

FOAC001 High Intensity Muon Beam Facilities with FFAG betatron, proton, luminosity, simulation 29
  • Y. Kuno
    Osaka University, Osaka
  A new highly intense muon source with narrow beam energy spread and high purity, based on a FFAG ring, is under development in Japan. It is called the PRISM project, which stands for Phase Rotated Intense Slow Muon source. The aimed beam intensity is about 1011-1012 muons per year, which is about 1000 or 1000 times that presently available. The muon beam energy is low, of 20 MeV in kinetic energy, for stopped muon experiments. In particular, high luminosity would be important, and narrow beam spread can be achieved by phase (bunch) rotation in the FFAG ring. It is expected to compress the beam energy spread from about 30% down to about 3 %. At Osaka university, the PRISM-FFAG ring is now under construction. The special requirements for the PRISM-FFAG ring, compared to other FFAG rings so far developed, is to have large acceptance dedicated for a muon beam, and high-gradient RF to complete phase rotation within a muon lifetime. In this presentation the present designs of PRISM and status of construction will be presented.  
FOAC002 Status of Neutrino Factory Design and R&D target, proton, simulation, collider 209
  • D. Li
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: Work supported by the US Department of Energy under contract No. DE-AC0376SF00098

Neutrino physics has become increasingly interesting to the high-energy physics community, as it may provide clues to new physics beyond the standard model. The physics potential of a Neutrino Factory–a facility to produce high-energy, high-intensity, high-brightness neutrino beams from decays of muons stored in a muon storage ring–is thus very high. There has been a global R&D effort aimed at a Neutrino Factory design that meets the physics requirements and addresses the key technologies, such as targetry, muon ionization cooling and acceleration. Tremendous progress has been made in the past few years in many aspects of accelerator technology. In this paper, we will review recent worldwide progress toward a cost-effective Neutrino Factory design, with emphasis on the associated R&D programs under the auspices of the U.S. Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration.

FPAE068 Charge Strippers in the RIKEN RI-Beam Factory ion, cyclotron, injection, heavy-ion 3751
  • H. Ryuto, N. Fukunishi, A. Goto, H. Hasebe, N. Inabe, O. Kamigaito, M. Kase, Y. Yano, S. Yokouchi
    RIKEN/RARF/CC, Saitama
  In the RIKEN RI-Beam Factory, ions from hydrogen to uranium are planned to be accelerated by four cyclotrons and linacs using four stripper sections. The charge stripping schemes for typical ions and the selection of the charge strippers are described. The results of the measurements on charge state fractions are presented.  
FPAT006 CHEF: An Interactive Program for Accelerator Optics Calculations lattice, optics, target, controls 988
  • L. Michelotti, J.-F. Ostiguy
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Funding: Fermilab is operated by Universities Research Association Inc. under Contract No. DE-AC02-76CH03000 with the United States Department of Energy.

We introduce CHEF, a program built on a "Collaborative Hierarchical Exploratory Framework" for doing optical calculations in accelerator physics. CHEF organizes and shares information between independent components that employ graphical user interfaces for interactive use. Among them are: a browser to display the beamline model's structure; a site viewer to show a line's geometry; phase space windows to oversee development of tracking calculations; a trace window to display the passage of a probe particle through beam position monitors; a plotter for displaying optical functions; a parser which constructs beamline models defined in MAD8 format and allows for interactive editing and debugging of the lattice files. Calculations are carried out by a hierarchy of C++ class libraries, most notably: MXYZPTLK handles automatic differentiation and differential algebra; BEAMLINE contains classes for modeling accelerator components; PHYSICS_TOOLKIT encapsulates specific calculations. Python bindings to these libraries and to CHEF's components, in conjunction with an embedded interpreter, provide a mechanism to extend and customize CHEF's functionality.