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Paper Title Other Keywords Page
MOP003 Performance of the Control System for the J-PARC Linac controls, linac, cavity, klystron 52
  • H. Yoshikawa, H. Sakaki, T. Suzuki
    JAEA, Ibaraki-ken
  • S.F. Fukuta
    MELCO SC, Tsukuba
  • H. Ikeda
    Visual Information Center, Inc., Ibaraki-ken
  • T. Ishiyama
    KEK/JAEA, Ibaraki-Ken
  • Y.I. Itoh, Y. Kato, M. Kawase, H. Sako, G.B. Shen, H. Takahashi
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-Mura, Naka-Gun, Ibaraki-Ken
  • S.S. Sawa
    Total Saport System Corp., Naka-gun, Ibaraki

Linac of J-PARC began to operate in November, 2006, and a achieved an initial performance in January, 2007. Afterwards, the beam supply to RCS begins, and it is operating extremely well with stability up to now. Here, the evaluation for comparison of the design and realities of architecture and performance of the LINAC control system are shown. Especially, the conceptual idea of function arrangement in the hierarchy of the control system architecture is shown. Now, the linac control system is in the second phase for the high power beam and reducing the beam loss, and the analysis of the system response identification for the high precision beam control is started.

MOP010 A Fast Chopper for the Fermilab High Intensity Neutrino Source (HINS) linac, impedance, high-voltage, simulation 73
  • R.L. Madrak, D. Wildman
    Fermilab, Batavia
  • A.K.L. Dymokde-Bradshaw, J.D. Hares, P.A. Kellett
    Kentech Instruments Ltd., Wallingford, Oxfordshire

A fast chopper capable of kicking single 2.5 MeV H- bunches, spaced at 325 MHz, at rates greater than 50 MHz is needed for the Fermilab High Intensity Neutrino Source (HINS). Four 1.2 kV fast pulsers, designed and manufactured by Kentech Instruments Ltd., will drive a ~0.5m long meander made from a copper plated ceramic composite. Test results showing pulses from the prototype 1.2 kV pulser propagating down the meander will be presented.

MOP012 High Power Test of Room Temperature Spoke Cavities for HINS at Fermilab cavity, linac, controls, ion 79
  • W.M. Tam, G. Apollinari, T.N. Khabiboulline, R.L. Madrak, A. Moretti, L. Ristori, G.V. Romanov, J. Steimel, R.C. Webber, D. Wildman
    Fermilab, Batavia
  • W.M. Tam
    IUCF, Bloomington, Indiana

The High Intensity Neutrino Source (HINS) R&D program at Fermilab will build a new 65 MeV test linac to demonstrate new technologies for application in a high intensity hadron linac front-end. The HINS warm section is composed of an ion source, a radio frequency quadrupole, a medium energy beam transport and 16 room temperature Crossbar H-type (RT-CH) cavities that accelerate the beam to 10 MeV (β=0.1422). The RT-CH cavities are separated by superconducting solenoids enclosed in individual cryostats. Beyond 10 MeV, the design uses superconducting spoke resonators. In this paper, we illustrate the completion of four RT-CH cavities and explain latest modifications in the mechanical and radio frequency (RF) designs. Cavities RF measurements and tuning performed at Fermilab are also discussed. Descriptions of the HINS R&D Facility including high power RF, vacuum, cooling and low level RF systems will be given. Finally, the history of RF conditioning and the results of high power tests of RT-CH cavities will be discussed.

MOP018 ISAC-II Superconducting Linac Upgrade - Design and Status cavity, cryomodule, ISAC, linac 97
  • R.E. Laxdal, R.J. Dawson, M. Marchetto, A.K. Mitra, W.R. Rawnsley, T.C. Ries, I. Sekachev, V. Zvyagintsev
    TRIUMF, Vancouver

The ISAC-II superconducting linac, operational since April 2006, adds 20 MV accelerating potential to the ISAC Radioactive Ion Beam (RIB) facility. An upgrade to the linac, in progress, calls for the addition of a further 20 MV of accelerating structure by the end of 2009. The new installation consists of twenty 141 MHz quarter wave cavities at a design beta of 11%. The cavities will be housed in three cryomodules with six cavities in the first two cryomodules and eight cavities in the last. A second Linde TC50 refrigerator has been installed and commissioned to provide cooling for the new installation. The design incorporates several new features as improvements to the existing cryomodules. They include a four point support frame for the cavity strongback, a modified LN2 circuit internal to the cryomodule and a new design for the mechanical motion of the rf coupling loop. A summary of the design and the current status of the cryomodule production and supporting infrastructure will be presented.

MOP037 RF Design of the IFMIF-EVEDA RFQ rfq, coupling, simulation, cavity 148
  • F. Grespan, A. Palmieri, A. Pisent
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro, Padova
  • F. Grespan
    Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano

The RFQ of IFMIF-EVEDA project is characterized by very challenging specifications, with 125 mA of deuteron current accelerated up to 5 MeV. Upon beam dynamics studies, it has been chosen a law for the variation of R0 and voltage along the structure; this law provides a significant reduction in terms of structure length, beam losses and rf power consumption. Starting from these outcomes, the rf study of the RFQ, aimed at determining the optimum design of the cavity shape, was performed. The stabilization issues were also addressed, through the analysis of the RFQ sensitivity to geometrical errors, by means of perturbative theory-based algorithms developed for this purpose . Moreover the determination of the main 3D details of the structure was also carried out. In this article the results of the rf studies concerning the above-mentioned topics are outlined.

MOP038 Fabrication and Testing of TRASCO RFQ rfq, dipole, quadrupole, coupling 151
  • E. Fagotti
    Consorzio RFX, Associazione Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Padova
  • M. Comunian, E. Fagotti, F. Grespan, A. Palmieri, A. Pisent, C. Roncolato
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro, Padova
  • S.J. Mathot
    CERN, Geneva

The Legnaro National Laboratory (LNL) is building the 30 mA, 5 MeV front end injector for the production of intense neutron fluxes for interdisciplinary application. This injector comprises a proton source, a low energy beam transport line (LEBT), a radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) and a beam transport line designed to provide a 150 kW beam to the berillium target used as neutron converter. The RFQ, developed within TRASCO project for ADS application, is designed to operate cw at 352.2 MHz. The structure is made of OFE copper and is fully brazed. The RFQ is built in 6 modules, each approximately 1.2 meter long. This paper covers the mechanical fabrication, the brazing results and acceptance tests for the various modules.


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MOP041 The Fabrication and Initial Testing of the HINS RFQ rfq, simulation, quadrupole, emittance 160
  • G. Apollinari, B.M. Hanna, T.N. Khabiboulline, A. Lunin, A. Moretti, T.M. Page, G.V. Romanov, J. Steimel, R.C. Webber, D. Wildman
    Fermilab, Batavia
  • P.N. Ostroumov
    ANL, Argonne

Fermilab is designing and building the HINS front-end test facility. The HINS proton linear accelerator consists of a normal-conducting and a superconducting section. The normal-conducting (warm) section is composed of an ion source, a 2.5 MeV radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ), a medium energy beam transport, and 16 normal-conducting crossbar H-type cavities that accelerate the beam to 10 MeV. Production of 325 MHz 4-vane RFQ is recently completed. This paper presents the design concepts for this RFQ, the mechanical design and tuning results. Issues that arose during manufacturing of the RFQ will be discussed and specific corrective modifications will be explained. The preliminary results of initial testing of RFQ at the test facility will be presented and comparisons with the former simulations will also be discussed.

MOP048 DTL Tank Development of 132 MeV Linac for CSNS DTL, quadrupole, linac, simulation 181
  • Z.R. Sun, S. Fu, K.Y. Gong, J. Peng, X. Yin
    IHEP Beijing, Beijing

A conventional 324 MHz DTL has been designed for China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) to accelerate H- ion from 3 MeV to 132 MeV. There are 7 tanks in the DTL and currently the R&D of tank-1 is under proceeding. In our design, Tank-1 has a tilt field distributed partially in order to obtain most effective energy gain and low Kilpatric parameter. The tank has been fabricated and the manufacture technique was verified by the measurement results. Because of the difficulty of tuning a partial tilt field distribution, a complex rf measuring and tuning procedure are introduced. The analysis on calculating the perturbation in a new method is also proposed.


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MOP053 The SPIRAL 2 Superconducting Linac cavity, cryomodule, linac, coupling 196
  • R. Ferdinand
    GANIL, Caen
  • P.-E. Bernaudin, P. Bosland
    CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette
  • Y. Gómez-Martínez
    LPSC, Grenoble
  • T. Junquera, G. Olry, H. Saugnac
    IPN, Orsay

The SPIRAL2 superconducting linac is composed of 2 cryomodule families, basically one of low beta, called Cryomodule A, and one of high beta, called Cryomodule B. The low beta family is composed of 12 single cavity cryomodule. The high energy section is composed of 7 cryomodules hosting 2 cavities each. According to beam dynamics calculations all the cavities will operate at 88 MHz: one family at beta=0.07, and one at beta=0.12. The design goal for the accelerating field Eacc of the SPIRAL2 QWRs is : 6.5 MV/m. The configuration, cavities and cryomodule tests and status and the foreseen linac tuning will be described.

MOP112 The DARHT Data Acquisition, Archival, Analysis, and Instrument Control System (DAAAC), and Network Infrastructure diagnostics, controls, monitoring, instrumentation 337
  • R.D. Archuleta, L. Sanchez
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico

Funding: This work supported by the US National Nuclear Security Agency and the US Department of Energy under contract DE-AC52-06NA25396
The Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility (DARHT) at Los Alamos National Laboratory is the world's most advanced weapons test facility. DARHT contains two linear accelerators for producing flash radiographs of hydrodynamic experiments. High-speed electronics and optical instrumentation are used for triggering the accelerators and collecting accelerator data. Efficient and effective diagnostics provide basic information needed to routinely tune the accelerators for peak radiographic performance, and to successfully monitor the accelerators performance. DARHT's server and network infrastructure is a key element in providing shot related data storage and retrieval for successfully executing radiographic experiments. This paper will outline the elaborate Data Acquisition, Archival, Analysis, and Instrument Control System (DAAAC), as well as the server and network infrastructure for both accelerators.


TUP001 Status and Upgrade Plan of 250 MeV Linac at CLS linac, storage-ring, controls, injection 380
  • X. Shen, L.O. Dallin, R.M. Silzer, T. Summers, M.S. de Jong
    CLS, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan

Funding: CLS supports the upgrade of the 250 MeV linac.
The Canadian Light Source (CLS) 250 MeV linac, originally constructed in the 1960's, serves as the injector for the 2.9 GeV synchrotron radiation facility[1] located on the University of Saskatchewan campus. The linac has operated reasonably well for routine operation of the light source. However, the long-term goal of operating the CLS storage ring in top-up mode will place increased demands on the linac for stability and availability that cannot be met with the existing system. Consequently, an upgrade is planned over the next two years to get higher beam stability, reliability and reproducibility. In this paper, the existing linac system will be described and the planned upgrade will be reported.

TUP006 Improving the Superconducting Cavities and Operational Findings at the S-DALINAC cavity, niobium, superconducting-cavity, SRF 395
  • R. Eichhorn, A. Araz, M. Brunken, J. Conrad, H.-D. Gräf, M. Hertling, F. Hug, C. Klose, M. Konrad, T. Kuerzeder, C. Liebig, M. Platz, A. Richter, S.T. Sievers, T. Weilbach
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt

Funding: Work supported by the DFG through SFB 634
After 15 years operating the S-DALINAC the design quality factor for the superconducting cavities has still not been reached. Currently, the cavities are heat treated at 850 C in an UHV furnace installed in Darmstadt three years ago. We will report about the furnace, the heat treatment procedure and the results of subsequent surface resistance measurements. Prior to the heat treatment the field flatness of some of the 20 cell elliptical cavities has been measured, leading to unexpected operational findings to be reported: operating and frequency-tuning the cavity for several years led to heavy distortions of the field flatness. This might be an indication that the frequency tuning of the cavity done by compressing the cavity longitudinally, does not act uniformly on each cell even though the cavity is only supported at the end cells. The paper will close with a status report on machine operation and modifications undertaken during the last two years.

TUP007 The Power and Polarisation Upgrade Project at the S-DALINAC Injector electron, cavity, cathode, polarization 398
  • R. Eichhorn, R. Barday, U. Bonnes, M. Brunken, J. Conrad, C. Eckardt, J. Enders, H.-D. Gräf, C. Heßler, T. Kuerzeder, C. Liebig, M. Platz, Y. Poltoratska, M. Roth, S.T. Sievers, T. Weilbach
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt
  • W. Ackermann, W.F.O. Müller, B. Steiner, T. Weiland
    TEMF, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt
  • K. Aulenbacher
    IKP, Mainz
  • J.D. Fuerst
    ANL, Argonne

Funding: Work supported by the DFG through SFB 634
At the superconducting Darmstadt linear accelerator S-DALINAC currently two upgrades of the injector are underway: The current upgrade for the injector mainly involves the superconducting rf part. In order to increase the maximum current from 60 uA to 150 or 250 uA the power coupler design had to be modified, resulting in major changes in the whole cryo-module. Second, an additional polarized electron source (SPIN) has been set-up at an offline test area. There, the polarized electrons are produced by photoemission at a strained GaAs cathode on a 100 kV platform. The test beam line includes a Wien filter for spin manipulation, a Mott polarimeter for polarization measurement and additional diagnostic elements. We will give an overview over the project, report on the status and present first measurement results including the proof of polarisation.

TUP077 Development of Screen Monitor with a Spatial Resolution of Ten Micro-meters for XFEL/SPring-8 electron, target, focusing, undulator 573
  • K. Yanagida, H. Tomizawa, A. Yamashita
    JASRI/SPring-8, Hyogo-ken
  • S.I. Inoue, Y. Otake
    RIKEN/SPring-8, Hyogo

At SPring-8, the 8 GeV linac for an X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) is now under construction. In order to realize the XFEL, highly qualified electron beams are required. A measurement of spatial structure of such beam is very important for the beam tuning of XFEL. The spatial structure is measured with a screen monitor, which we now develop. The resolution of the measurement is required within 10 um. The screen monitor comprises a vacuum chamber with a thin metal (100 um, SUS) foil to emit OTR, lenses for focusing and a CCD camera system. The main feature of the monitor is a bright and high-resolution optical system. In order to realize this system, the lenses are placed close to the foil, the distance between the lenses and the foil is 100 mm, and the lenses have a large diameter (2 in.). This optical-geometrical structure also contributes much to reduce the airy radius of a near field image. Although the range of an observation wavelength is wide as which is form 400 to 800 nm, the resolution of the measurement on the foil is calculated as 2.5 um. The experimental data of the developed screen monitor also suggested the same resolution.

TUP080 Numerical Study of a New Bunch Length Monitor Utilizing a Detection of Electromagnetic Fields in Millimeter-Wave Region radiation, linac, dipole, electron 582
  • T. Suwada, M. Satoh
    KEK, Ibaraki

A new nondestructive bunch-length monitor has been numerically investigated. The monitor detects electromagnetic fields generated through a ceramic gap of a vacuum pipe when a charged particle beam passes through the pipe gap. The frequency spectrum of the electromagnetic fields detected in wave zone spreads over a millimeter-wave length from a microwave length region for a short pulse beam with a bunch length of pico-second region. The frequency spectrum strongly depends on the bunch length of the relativistic charged beam if the geometrical structure of the pipe gap is fixed. The detection principle of the bunch-length monitor and some numerical analysis results applied to a single-bunch electron beam of the KEKB injector linac are described in this report.

TUP096 RF Gun Development with Improved Parameters cavity, gun, simulation, cathode 627
  • V.V. Paramonov, Y.Z. Kalinin
    RAS/INR, Moscow
  • K. Flöttmann
    DESY, Hamburg
  • M. Krasilnikov, T.A. Scholz, F. Stephan
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen

During development and operation of DESY L-band rf gun cavities, desires for further improvements were formulated. The next step of development is based on the proven advantages of existing cavities, but includes significant changes. The L-band 1.6 cell rf gun cavity is intended for operation in pulse mode with electric fields at the cathode of up to 60 MV/m, rf pulse length of ~1 ms and average rf power higher than existing gun cavities. In the new design the cell shape is optimized to have the maximal surface electric field at the cathode and lower rf loss power. The cavity cells are equipped with rf probes. Cooling circuits are designed to combine cooling efficiency with operational flexibility. In the report, the main design ideas and simulation results are described.

TUP108 Initial RF Measurements of the CW Normal-Conducting RF Injector cavity, coupling, FEL, cathode 656
  • D.C. Nguyen, G.O. Bolme, F.L. Krawczyk, F.A. Martinez, N.A. Moody, K.A. Young
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico
  • L.M. Young
    AES, Medford, NY

Funding: This work is supported by ONR and HEL-JTO.
The LANL/AES 2.5-cell, normal-conducting radio-frequency (NCRF) injector has been fabricated. This room-temperature injector can be used to generate cw electron beams with average current greater than 100 mA and beam energy up to 2.5 MeV prior to injection into an energy-recovery linac. PARMELA simulations show the effectiveness of emittance compensation in generating high-brightness electron beams at relatively low accelerating gradients. We present the initial measurement results of the rf, accelerator and vacuum properties of the NCRF injector and the associated ridge-loaded waveguides. The impact of these rf measurement results on the planned thermal and electron beam tests will also be discussed.

WE103 First Results from the ERL Prototype (ALICE) at Daresbury gun, linac, cavity, cathode 694
  • D.J. Holder
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire

The energy recovery linac prototype at Daresbury is now called ALICE (Accelerators and Lasers In Combined Experiments). This paper presents the results obtained in the past year, including the second (fourth) period of gun commissioning. Following the completion of gun commissioning in November 2007, the dedicated gun diagnostic line was removed and the electron gun attached to the booster cavity and hence the rest of the machine. The paper outlines some of the challenges experienced during the commissioning of both the photoinjector system and the superconducting cavities and presents the current status of the project as well as the very latest results from commissioning during the summer of 2008.


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THP005 Tests of Wire Sublimations Very Close to SPIRAL 2 Superconducting Cavity cavity, cryomodule, diagnostics, linac 783
  • R. Ferdinand, E. Gueroult, P. Robillard, J.L. Vignet
    GANIL, Caen
  • P. Ausset, D. Longuevergne, G. Olry, H. Saugnac, P. Szott
    IPN, Orsay

The construction of the new Spiral 2 facility has started in Caen (France) at the National Heavy Ions Accelerator Center (GANIL). The SPIRAL 2 project is based on a multi-beam Superconducting Linac Driver delivering 5 mA deuterons up to 40 MeV and 1 mA heavy ions up to 14.5 MeV/u delivering different Radioactive Isotope Beams (RIB). The LINAC is composed of 2 cryomodule families. The low energy family (cryomodules A) is composed of 12 cryomodules housing a single cavity at beta=0.07. The "high" energy family (cryomodules B) is composed of 7 cryomodules housing 2 cavities at beta=0.12. In between cryomodules are located the focalisation quadrupoles and the diagnostic boxes. Strong beliefs forbid the use of interceptives diagnostics around superconducting cavities. We simulated the use of wires for diagnostics in the linac, sublimating 14 wires of tungsten, Niobium and carbon while operating the B cavity at full performances. The first results describe in this paper looks promising.

THP006 704 MHz High Power Coupler and Cavity Development for High Power Pulsed Proton Linacs cavity, proton, linac, superconductivity 786
  • G. Devanz, J.-P. Charrier, S. Chel, M. Desmons, Y. Gasser, A. Hamdi, P. Hardy, J. Plouin, D. Roudier
    CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette

In the framework of the European CARE-HIPPI program we develop components for superconducting high pulsed power proton linacs at 704 MHz. We have designed, fabricated and tested a beta 0.47 5-cell elliptical cavity with an optimized stiffening to reduce its sensitivity to Lorentz forces. A fast piezo tuner has been developed in order to be able to operate the cavity in pulsed mode in our horizontal test cryostat CryHoLab. We also have carried out the development of a fundamental power coupler. It is designed to transmit a power up to 1 MW at a 10% duty cycle. A high power test area has been setup consisting of a 1.2 MW klystron, a pulsed high voltage power supply and a coupler test stand.

THP009 RF and Cryogenic Tests of the First Beta 0.12 SPIRAL2 Cryomodule cavity, cryomodule, cryogenics, linac 792
  • H. Saugnac, C. Commeaux, C. Joly, J. Lesrel, D. Longuevergne, F. Lutton, G. Martinet, G. Olry
    IPN, Orsay
  • R. Beunard, R. Ferdinand, M. Souli
    GANIL, Caen
  • Y. Gómez-Martínez, F. Vezzu
    LPSC, Grenoble

The SPIRAL2 project, installed in GANIL for Radioactive Ion Beam physics purposes requires the manufacturing of a multi beam driver. This driver is based on a superconducting Linac featuring two 88 MHz Quarter Wave Resonator families. IPN Orsay is in charge of the study and the assembly of the 7 high energy (beta = 0.12) cryomodules. Each cryomodule is composed of two QWRs, specified to operate at 4.2 K with a nominal accelerating gradient of 6.5 MV/m. A first qualifying cryomodule has been manufactured and tested at the beginning of 2008 in order to validate the resonator and the cryostat design before launching the serial production of the 6 remaining cryomodules. The paper presents the main results of this test and the cryomodule design in its final version.

THP015 Open 120C Bake in Argon Atmosphere: A Simplified Approach for Q-Drop Removal cavity, niobium, superconducting-cavity, controls 809
  • D. Reschke, J. Ziegler
    DESY, Hamburg

The removal of the Q-drop without field emission by a low temperature (app. 120C) bake procedure is essential in order to achieve the full performance in both electropolished (EP) and chemically etched (BCP) high gradient SCRF Nb accelerator cavities. A simplified procedure applying an open 120C bake out in an Argon atmosphere is presented. First results are compared to the well-established bake-out procedure under vacuum conditions.

THP022 SC Nb Sputtered QWRs for the REX-ISOLDE Accelerator at CERN: Prototype Design and Manufacturing cavity, niobium, linac, simulation 827
  • M. Pasini, S. Calatroni, L.M.A. Ferreira, D. Ramos, T. Tardy, F. Thierry, T. Trilhe
    CERN, Geneva

The HIE-ISOLDE activity aims at the construction of a superconducting linac based on 101.28 MHz Nb sputtered Quarter Wave Resonators (QWRs), which will be installed downstream the present REX-ISOLDE linac. The present design considers two basic geometries of the cavities (geometric β0 = 6.26% and 10.84%) for which a mechanical, chemical treatment and Nb coating design study has been performed. We report here on the status of the prototype cavity and sputtering tests.

THP030 High Gradient Test Results of 325 MHz Single Spoke Cavity at Fermilab cavity, linac, simulation, accelerating-gradient 851
  • G. Apollinari, I.G. Gonin, T.N. Khabiboulline, G. Lanfranco, A. Mukherjee, J.P. Ozelis, L. Ristori, G.V. Romanov, D.A. Sergatskov, R.L. Wagner, R.C. Webber
    Fermilab, Batavia
  • J.D. Fuerst, M.P. Kelly, K.W. Shepard
    ANL, Argonne

The High Intensity Neutrino Source (HINS) project represents the current effort at Fermilab to develop 60 MeV Proton/H- Linac as a front end for possible use in the Project X. Eighteen superconducting β=0.21 single spoke resonators (SSR), operating at 325 MHz, comprise the first stage of the HINS cold section. Two SSR cavities have now been fabricated in industry under this project and undergone surface treatment that is described here. We report the results of high gradient tests of the first SSR in the Vertical Test System (VTS). The cavity successfully achieved accelerating gradient of 13.5 MV/m; higher than the design operating gradient of 10 MV/m. The history of multipacting and conditioning during the VTS tests will be discussed. Experimental measurements of the cavity mechanical and vibration properties including Lorenz force detuning and measurements of X-rays resulting from field emission are also presented.

THP040 A New TEM-Type Deflecting and Crabbing RF Structure cavity, impedance, simulation, damping 873
  • J.R. Delayen, H. Wang
    JLAB, Newport News, Virginia

Funding: Supported by US DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06-OR23177
A new type of rf structure for the deflection and crabbing of particle bunches is introduced. It is comprised of a number of parallel TEM-resonant lines operating in opposite phase from each other. One of its main advantages is its compactness compared to conventional crabbing cavities operating in the TM110 mode, thus allowing low frequency designs. The properties and characteristics of this type of structure are presented.

THP043 Preliminary Results from Multi-Cell Seamless Niobium Cavities Fabricated by Hydroforming cavity, niobium, cryogenics, electron 882
  • W. Singer, I. Jelezov, A. Matheisen, X. Singer
    DESY, Hamburg
  • G. Ciovati, P. Kneisel, M. Morrone
    JLAB, Newport News, Virginia

Funding: This manuscript has been partially authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177.
The technology of forming multi-cell seamless niobium cavities has been developed at DESY within the European CARE (Coordinated Accelerator Research in Europe) program. Three cell units have been manufactured successfully and a 9-cell cavity has recently been completed from three sub-sections and will be tested in the near future. Meanwhile, we have equipped two 3-cell units – one center unit of a 9-cell cavity and one end-unit – with niobium beam pipes, have tuned these units and carried out cryogenic rf tests after standard bcp surface treatments had been applied to these cavities. In addition, we will take temperature maps with Jlab's two-cell thermometry system; since in cavities fabricated by 'standard' methods such as deep drawing of half cells and electron beam welding cavity performance limitations have often been found at or near equator welds. It will be of particular interest to compare the seamless cavity quench locations to those from standard cavities. This contribution will report about the cryogenic test results and the T-mapping findings.

THP046 Preliminary Design of the Slow Chopper for the SPIRAL 2 Project power-supply, high-voltage, pick-up, target 891
  • M. Di Giacomo
    GANIL, Caen
  • A.C. Caruso, G. Gallo, D. Rifuggiato, A. Spartà, E. Zappalà
    INFN/LNS, Catania
  • A. Longhitano
    ALTEK, San Gregorio (CATANIA)

The SPIRAL2 LEBT line uses a single chopper situated in the line section common to protons, deuterons and A/Q=3 ions. The paper describes the design and the test of the power circuits, based on standard components and working up to 10 kV, at a 1 kHz repetition rate.

THP058 Accelerating Structure for C-Band Electron Linear Accelerator Optimization impedance, electron, coupling, cavity 921
  • S.V. Kutsaev, A. Anisimov, N.P. Sobenin
    MEPhI, Moscow
  • M.A. Ferderer, A.A. Krasnov, A.A. Zavadtsev
    ScanTech, Atlanta, Georgia

The results of analysis and comparison of different linear accelerator designs for 10 MeV facility powered by 4.5 MW klystron on 5712 MHz operation frequencies presented. Several concepts of accelerator including standing wave and traveling wave ones with either rf or magnetic focusing were considered. Cells geometry and beam dynamics parameters in these types of accelerators featuring high capture factor were obtained using numeric simulation methods. The computer simulation code for traveling wave linac optimization based on beam dynamics with space charge consideration was developed. Accelerating structures and input coupler for traveling wave linac along with standing wave one were designed. The task of energy variation was solved.

THP061 High Power Test of a Low Group Velocity X-Band Accelerator Structure for CLIC damping, HOM, collider, luminosity 930
  • S. Döbert, A. Grudiev, G. Riddone, M. Taborelli, W. Wuensch, R. Zennaro
    CERN, Geneva
  • C. Adolphsen, V.A. Dolgashev, L. Laurent, J.R. Lewandowski, S.G. Tantawi, F. Wang, J.W. Wang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  • S. Fukuda, Y. Higashi, T. Higo, S. Matsumoto, K. Ueno, K. Yokoyama
    KEK, Ibaraki

In recent years evidence has been found that the maximum sustainable gradient in an accelerating structure depends on the rf power flow through the structure. The CLIC study group consequently designed a new prototype structure for CLIC with a very low group velocity, input power and average aperture (a/λ = 0.12). The 18 cell structure has a group velocity of 2.4% at the entrance and 1% at the last cell. Several of these structures have been made in collaboration between KEK, SLAC and CERN. A total of five brazed-disk structures and two quadrant structures have been made. The high power results of some of these structures are presented. The first KEK/SLAC built structure reached an unloaded gradient in excess of 100 MV/m at a pulse length of 230 ns with a breakdown rate below 10-6. The high-power testing was done using the NLCTA facility at SLAC.

THP063 A New Local Field Quantity Describing the High Gradient Limit of Accelerating Structures accelerating-gradient, site, linac, status 936
  • A. Grudiev, W. Wuensch
    CERN, Geneva

A new local field quantity which gives the high gradient performance limit of accelerating structures in the presence of vacuum rf breakdown is presented. A model of the breakdown trigger based on the pulsed heating of a potential breakdown site by the field emission currents and driven by a new field quantity, a modified Poynting vector, has been derived. The field quantity Sc takes into account both active and reactive power flow on the surface. This new quantity has been evaluated for many X-band and 30 GHz rf tests, both travelling wave and standing wave, and the value of Sc achieved in the experiments agrees well with analytical estimates.


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THP064 Development Status of the Pi-Mode Accelerating Structure (PIMS) for Linac4 cavity, coupling, linac, impedance 939
  • M. Vretenar, P. Bourquin, R. De Morais Amaral, G. Favre, F. Gerigk, J.-M. Lacroix, T. Tardy, R. Wegner
    CERN, Geneva

The high-energy section of Linac4, between 100 and 160 MeV, will be made of a sequence of 12 seven-cell accelerating cavities of the Pi-Mode Structure (PIMS) type, resonating at 352 MHz. Compared to other structures used in this energy range, cavities operating in pi-mode with a low number of cells have the advantage of simplified construction and tuning, compensating for the fact that the shunt impedance is about 10% lower because of the lower frequency. Field stability in steady state and in presence of transients is assured by the low number of cells and by the relatively high coupling factor of 5%. Standardising the linac rf ystem to a single frequency is considered as an additional economical and operational advantage. The mechanical design of the PIMS will be very similar to that of the 352 MHz normal conducting 5-cell LEP accelerating cavities, which have been successfully operated at CERN for 15 years. After reviewing the basic design principles, the paper will focus on the tuning strategy, on the field stability calculations and on the mechanical design. It will also report the results of measurement on a cold model and the design of a full-scale prototype.

THP066 Breakdown in Pressurized RF Cavities cavity, electron, simulation, emittance 945
  • R. Sah, M. Alsharo'a, R.P. Johnson, M.L. Neubauer
    Muons, Inc, Batavia
  • M. BastaniNejad, A.A. Elmustafa
    Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia
  • J.M. Byrd, D. Li
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  • D. Rose, C.H. Thoma, D.R. Welch
    Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • G.M. Wang
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia

The performance of many particle accelerators is limited by the maximum electric gradient that can be realized in rf cavities. Recent studies have shown that high gradients can be achieved quickly in 805 MHz cavities pressurized with dense hydrogen gas, because the gas can suppress, or essentially eliminate, dark currents and multipacting. In this project, two new test cells operating at 500 MHz and 1.3 GHz will be built and tested, and the high pressure technique will be used to suppress the vacuum effects of evacuated rf cavities, so that the role of metallic surfaces in rf cavity breakdown can be isolated and studied as a function of external magnetic field, frequency, and surface preparation. Previous studies have indicated that the breakdown probability is proportional to a high power of the surface electromagnetic field, in accordance with the Fowler-Nordheim description of electron emission from a cold cathode. The experiments will be compared with computer simulations of the rf breakdown process.

THP070 Surface-Loss Power Calculations for the LANSCE DTL DTL, cavity, linac, drift-tube-linac 951
  • S.S. Kurennoy
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico

The surface losses in the drift-tube linac (DTL) tanks 3 and 4 of the LANSCE linear accelerator are calculated using 3-D electromagnetic modeling with the CST MicroWave Studio (MWS). The results are used to provide more realistic power estimates for the 201.25 MHz rf upgrade design within the LANSCE-R project. We compared 3-D MWS results with those from traditional 2-D Superfish computations for DTL cells and their simplified models and found differences on the level of a few percent. The differences are traced to a 3-D effect consisting in a redistribution of the surface currents on the drift tubes (DT) produced by the DT stem. The dependence of MWS results on the mesh size used in computations is also discussed.

THP077 Studies on Input Couplers for Superconducting Cavities simulation, interlocks, superconducting-cavity, cavity 972
  • H. Jenhani, S. Cavalier, T. Garvey, W. Kaabi, M. Lacroix, B.M. Mercier, C. Prevost, A. Variola
    LAL, Orsay
  • L. Grandsire
    IN2P3-CNRS, Orsay

Drastic conditioning time reduction was successfully achieved for the TTF-III couplers at LAL. This was carried out by a systematic study of the different parameters that play a role in the conditioning process. Moreover, many investigations were made in order to have a better understanding of the couplers behaviour. These activities represent some aspects of a larger technology program that is being developed at LAL to study power couplers and multipacting. This paper will give an overview of some of these studies, the future experiments on couplers at LAL and the development of the associated technology program.

THP093 Power Coupler and Tuner Development for Superconducting Quarter-Wave Resonators cavity, niobium, cryomodule, superconductivity 1005
  • J. Wlodarczak, P. Glennon, W. Hartung, M. Hodek, M.J. Johnson, D. Norton, J. Popielarski
    NSCL, East Lansing, Michigan

The construction of a reaccelerator for secondary ion beams is currently underway at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL). The reaccelerator linac will use superconducting quarter-wave resonators (QWR) operating at 80.5 MHz with beta = 0.041 and beta = 0.085. A coaxial probe-type rf fundamental power coupler (FPC) will be used for both QWR types. The power coupler makes use of a commercially-available feedthrough to minimize the cost. The FPC has been simulated and optimized for operation at 80.5 MHz using a finite element electromagnetics code. Prototype FPC have been fabricated and conditioned with traveling wave and standing wave power using a 1 kW amplifier. A niobium tuning plate is incorporated into the bottom flange of the QWR. The tuner is actuated by a stepping motor for slow (coarse) tuning and a stacked piezoelectric element in series for fast (fine) tuning. A prototype tuner for the beta = 0.041 QWR has been tested on the cavity at room temperature. This paper will cover the design, fabrication, and testing of the prototype coupler and tuner.

THP112 Numerical Simulation of the INR DTL A/P Control System controls, cavity, feedback, DTL 1060
  • A.I. Kvasha
    RAS/INR, Moscow

Stabilization of amplitude and phase in linear accelerator cavities can be realized by means of control systems, operating both in polar (A/P) and rectangular (I/Q) coordinates. In analyzing of linear control systems, as a rule, transfer functions are used, which, in turn, are the symbolic representation of the linear differential equation, connecting the input and output variables. It's well known that generally in A/P coordinate it is impossible to get two separate linear differential equations for amplitude and phase of rf voltage in a cavity except for estimating of the control system stability in the small near steady state values of variables. Nevertheless, there is a possibility of numerical simulation of nonlinear A/P control system using up-to-date programs. Some results of the simulation are presented.

THP120 Concept Design Studies of the REX-ISOLDE Cryomodules at CERN cavity, cryomodule, linac, solenoid 1081
  • V. Parma, S. Calatroni, N. Delruelle, J. Hansen, C. Maglioni, M. Modena, M. Pasini, T. Trilhe
    CERN, Geneva
  • S.M. Pattalwar
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire

The High Intensity and Energy (HIE) proposal plans a major upgrade of the existing ISOLDE and REX-ISOLDE facilities at CERN, with the objective of substantially increasing the energy and the intensity of the delivered radioactive ion beams. In the frame of this upgrade activity, a superconducting linac, based on Nb sputtered Quarter Wave Resonators (QWRs) is proposed to be installed downstream of the present normal conducting machine. The present design of the accelerator lattice features housing of five high-beta cavities (β=10.6%) and a superconducting solenoid in a common cryomodule. In most of the existing low-energy heavy-ion installations worldwide, insulation and beam vacuum are in common, with the risk of cavity surface contamination in case of accidental leak to the cryostat vessel. Following a concept study, we report in this paper on three design options, namely cryomodules with common vacuum, with separate or with hybrid vacuum systems (the latter having a low conductance between insulation and beam vacuum) and compare them in terms of technical complexity, performance, reliability and maintainability.

THP122 Overview of the First Five Refurbished CEBAF Cryomodules cryomodule, cavity, electron, linac 1084
  • M.A. Drury, E. Daly, G.K. Davis, J.F. Fischer, C. Grenoble, J. Hogan, F. Humphry, L.K. King, J.P. Preble, K. Worland
    JLAB, Newport News, Virginia

Funding: Authored by JSA, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177
The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is currently engaged in a cryomodule refurbishment project. The goal of this project is robust 6 GeV, 5 pass operation of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF). The scope of the project includes removing, refurbishing and replacing ten CEBAF cryomodules at a rate of three per year. Refurbishment includes reprocessing of SRF cavities to eliminate field emission and increase the nominal gradient from the original 5 MV/m to 12.5 MV/m. New 'dogleg' couplers between the cavity and helium vessel flanges will intercept secondary electrons that produce arcing at the 2 K ceramic window in the Fundamental Power Coupler (FPC). Modification of the Qext of the FPC will allow higher gradient operations. Other changes include new ceramic rf windows for the air to vacuum interface of the FPC and improvements to the mechanical tuners. Any damaged or worn components will be replaced as well. Currently, five refurbished cryomodules have been installed in CEBAF. These cryomodules have been installed in CEBAF and are currently operational. This paper will summarize the test results and current operational experience.

THP123 Construction of the Magnets and Supports for the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) Undulator System undulator, controls, quadrupole, monitoring 1087
  • M. White, J.T. Collins, M.S. Jaski, G. Pile, B.M. Rusthoven, S. Sasaki, S.E. Shoaf, S.J. Stein, E. Trakhtenberg, I. Vasserman, J.Z. Xu
    ANL, Argonne

Funding: Work at Argonne was supported by the U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Contract No DE-AC02-06CH11357.
The LCLS, now under construction at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) in California, will be the world's first X-ray free-electron laser when it comes online next year. Design and production of the undulator system is the responsibility of a team from the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). Forty 3.4-m-long high-precision undulators, 37 laminated quadrupole magnets, plus 38 support and motion systems with micron-level adjustability and stability were constructed and delivered to SLAC, where final tuning, fiducialization, and installation are underway. An overview of the undulators and support systems, including achieved results, is presented.

FR204 The Higgs Boson Holy Grail of Particle Physics neutron, proton, superconductivity, coupling 1125
  • N.S. Lockyer
    TRIUMF, Vancouver

A major focus of the linac community is to develop technology in support of the ILC project. The science motivation for the ILC will be presented with reference to the particle physics programs at Fermilab and the LHC.


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