A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W  


Paper Title Other Keywords Page
MOP013 Focusing Solenoids for the HINS Linac Front End solenoid, focusing, linac, alignment 82
  • I. Terechkine, G. Apollinari, J. DiMarco, Y. Huang, D.F. Orris, T.M. Page, R. Rabehl, M.A. Tartaglia, J.C. Tompkins
    Fermilab, Batavia

Low energy part of the linac for the HINS project at Fermilab will use superconducting solenoids as beam focusing elements (lenses). While lenses for the conventional, DTL-type accelerating section of the front end require individual cryostats, in the superconducting accelerating sections solenoids will be installed inside rf cryomodules. Some of the lenses in the conventional and in the superconducting sections are equipped with horizontal and vertical dipole correctors. Lenses for the conventional DTL section are in the stage of production with certification activities ongoing at Fermilab. For the superconducting sections of the linac, several prototypes of focusing lenses were built and tested. Solenoid magnetic axis is used for alignment of the lenses in the transport channel of the accelerator. Corresponding technique has been developed at Fermilab and is used during certification of the production lenses for the DTL section. This report will summarize main design features, parameters, and test results of the focusing lenses of the linac. Magnetic axis alignment technique will also be described.

MOP034 Heavy Ion Radio-Frequency Quadrupole LINAC for VEC-RIB Facility rfq, ion, linac, ECRIS 142
  • S. Dechoudhury, A. Bandyopadhyay, D. Bhowmick, A. Chakrabarti, T. Kundu Roy, M. Mondal, V. Naik, H.K. Pandey, D. Sanyal
    DAE/VECC, Calcutta

Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) would be the first post accelerator for the upcoming Rare Isotope Beam (RIB) facility at Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC), India. A 33.7 Mhz RFQ capable of accelerating stable as well as RI beams of q/A > 1/16 to about 30 keV/u has already been constructed and operational since September 2005 . This has been installed in a dedicated beam line for doing material science experiments. Another 3.4 m long RFQ resonating at 37.6 Mhz and capable of accelerating heavy ion beams up to 98 keV/u have been fabricated which is to be installed in the beam line for the VEC-RIB facility. The physical parameters,rf test along with the measurements of accelerated beams from RFQ would be presented.

MOP038 Fabrication and Testing of TRASCO RFQ rfq, vacuum, quadrupole, coupling 151
  • E. Fagotti
    Consorzio RFX, Associazione Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Padova
  • M. Comunian, E. Fagotti, F. Grespan, A. Palmieri, A. Pisent, C. Roncolato
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro, Padova
  • S.J. Mathot
    CERN, Geneva

The Legnaro National Laboratory (LNL) is building the 30 mA, 5 MeV front end injector for the production of intense neutron fluxes for interdisciplinary application. This injector comprises a proton source, a low energy beam transport line (LEBT), a radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) and a beam transport line designed to provide a 150 kW beam to the berillium target used as neutron converter. The RFQ, developed within TRASCO project for ADS application, is designed to operate cw at 352.2 MHz. The structure is made of OFE copper and is fully brazed. The RFQ is built in 6 modules, each approximately 1.2 meter long. This paper covers the mechanical fabrication, the brazing results and acceptance tests for the various modules.


slides icon


MOP046 Commissioning of the New GSI-Charge State Separator System for High Current Heavy Ion Beams emittance, ion, space-charge, heavy-ion 175
  • W. Barth, L.A. Dahl, P. Gerhard, L. Groening, M. Kaiser, S. Mickat
    GSI, Darmstadt

A dedicated charge separator system is now installed in the transfer line to the GSI-synchrotron SIS18. In former times charge separation was performed with a single 11 degree dipole magnet after a 25 m beam transport section. This was not adequate to meet the requirements during high current operation for FAIR: it only allows for charge state separation of low intensity and low emittance beams. With the new compact charge separator system emittance blow up and unwanted beam losses for high intensity beam operation will be avoided. Additionally a new beam diagnostics test bench is integrated. With this the beam parameters (ion current, beam profile, beam position, transversal emittance, bunch structure and beam energy) for the injection into the SIS18 can be measured in parallel to the routine operation in the transfer line. Results of the commissioning with high intensity argon beams as well as with an uranium beam will be reported.

MOP064 Bent Solenoid Tuning Simulations for the COMET Beamline solenoid, simulation, target, electron 226
  • A. Kurup
    Imperial College of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, London

The COMET experiment beamline uses bent solenoids for the muon transport and the spectrometer used to analyse the decay electrons from stopped muons. The bent solenoid includes not just a solenoid field but also a vertical dipole field. It is therefore important to have the ability to tune the field distribution. However, since the field distribution is mainly determined by the geometry it is difficult to adjust once the solenoids have been constructed. A cost effective method to provide tuning capability of the field distribution of the bent solenoids is proposed and the results of simulations presented.

MOP076 Integration of Fringe Field Alpha Magnets into the V-Code Beam Dynamics Simulation Tool simulation, multipole, electron, focusing 254
  • S. Franke, W. Ackermann, B. Steiner, T. Weiland
    TEMF, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt
  • J. Enders, C. Heßler, Y. Poltoratska
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt

Funding: This work was partially funded by DESY Hamburg and DFG (SFB 634).
At the Superconducting DArmstadter LINear Accelerator (S-DALINAC) a new 100 keV polarized electron source is currently being installed. Therefore, a new low energy injection concept has to be designed. One of the main components of the injector are a polarized electron source, an alpha magnet and a Wien filter used for spin rotation as well as various beam forming elements. Fast beam dynamics simulations can advantageously assist the design process because of the flexible parameter variations combined with nearly simultaneous solution responses. Based on the moment approach a fast tracking code named V-Code has been implemented at TEMF. In order to simulate the entire injector an alpha magnet model was added to the V-Code database of beam line elements. In this paper a summary of issues regarding the implementation complemented with simulation results will be provided.

MOP079 Development of Modulating Permanent Magnet Sextupole Lens for Focusing of Pulsed Cold Neutrons neutron, sextupole, focusing, permanent-magnet 263
  • M. Yamada, H. Fujisawa, M. Ichikawa, Y. Iwashita, H. Tongu
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto
  • P. Geltenbort
    ILL, Grenoble
  • K. Hirota, Y. Otake, H. Sato
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama
  • T. Ino, K. Mishima, T. Morishima, S. Mutou, H.M. Shimizu, K. Taketani
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • Y. Kamiya, S. Kawasaki, S. Komamiya, H. Otono, S. Yamashita
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo
  • T. Oku, K. Sakai, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki
    JAEA, Ibaraki-ken
  • Y. Seki
    Kyoto University, Kyoto
  • T. Yoshioka
    ICEPP, Tokyo

We are developing a modulating permanent magnet sextupole lens to focus pulsed cold neutrons. It is based on the extended Halbach configuration to generate stronger magnetic field. In order to adjust the strength, the magnet is divided into two nested co-axial rings, where the inner ring is fixed and the outer ring can be rotated. Synchronizing the modulation with neutron beam pulse suppresses the chromatic aberration. These devices largely improve the utilization efficiency of neutrons, which makes even small linac based neutron sources practical. We have fabricated a half-scale model and studied its strength, torque and temperature rise during the operation. The main causes of the temperature rise are eddy-current loss in the poles made of soft magnetic material in inner ring and hysteresis loss. A laminated structure reduced the eddy-current loss. The temperature rise was suppressed to about half of the former model. We now study their B-H curve to optimize the thickness of the sheet. Annealing of the material is supposed to reduce the hysteresis loss, which will be tested soon. The experimental results of very-cold neutrons focusing with the half-scale model are also described.


slides icon


MOP102 Electron Beam Dynamics in the DARHT-II Linear Induction Accelerator electron, induction, focusing, impedance 311
  • C. Ekdahl, E.O. Abeyta, P. Aragon, R.D. Archuleta, G.V. Cook, D. Dalmas, K. Esquibel, R.J. Gallegos, R.W. Garnett, J.F. Harrison, E.B. Jacquez, J.B. Johnson, B.T. McCuistian, N. Montoya, S. Nath, K. Nielsen, D. Oro, L.J. Rowton, M. Sanchez, R.D. Scarpetti, M. Schauer, G.J. Seitz, H.V. Smith, R. Temple
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico
  • H. Bender, W. Broste, C. Carlson, D. Frayer, D. Johnson, C.-Y. Tom, C.P. Trainham, J.T. Williams
    NSTec, Los Alamos, New Mexico
  • T.C. Genoni, T.P. Hughes, C.H. Thoma
    Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • B.A. Prichard, M.E. Schulze
    SAIC, Los Alamos, New Mexico

Funding: Work supported by USDOE under contract DE-AC52-06NA25396
The DARHT-II linear induction accelerator (LIA) accelerates a 2 kA electron beam to more than 17 MeV. The beam pulse has a greater than 1.5-microsecond flattop region over which the electron kinetic energy is constant to within 1%. The beam dynamics are diagnosed with 21 beam-position monitors located throughout the injector, accelerator, and after the accelerator exit, where we also have beam imaging diagnostics. I will discuss the tuning of the injector and accelerator, and I will present data for the resulting beam dynamics. Beam motion at the accelerator exit is undesirable for its application as a bremsstrahlung source for multi-pulse radiography of explosively driven hydrodynamic experiments. I will discuss the tuning procedures and other methods we use to minimize beam motion, and to suppress the beam-breakup (BBU) and ion-hose instabilities*.

*"Long-pulse beam stability experiments on the DARHT-II linear induction accelerator", Carl Ekdahl, et al., IEEE Trans. Plasma. Sci. Vol. 34, 2006, pp. 460-466.

TUP004 Status of the CTF3 Probe Beam Linac CALIFES linac, alignment, laser, klystron 389
  • F. Peauger, D. Bogard, G. Cheymol, P. Contrepois, A. Curtoni, G. Dispau, M. Dorlot, W. Farabolini, M. Fontaine, P. Girardot, R. Granelli, F. Harrault, J.L. Jannin, C.L.H. Lahonde-Hamdoun, T. Lerch, P.-A. Leroy, M. Luong, A. Mosnier, F. Orsini, C. Simon
    CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette
  • S. Curt, K. Elsener, V. Fedosseev, G. McMonagle, J. Mourier, M. Petrarca, L. Rinolfi, G. Rossat, E. Rugo, L. Timeo
    CERN, Geneva
  • R. Roux
    LAL, Orsay

The CLIC project based on the innovative Two Beams Acceleration concept is currently under study at CTF3 where the acceleration of a probe beam will be demonstrated. This paper will describe in details the status of the probe beam linac called CALIFES. This linac (170 MeV, 1 A) is developed by CEA Saclay, LAL Orsay and CERN. It will be installed in the new experimental area of CTF3 to deliver short bunches (1.8 ps) with a charge of 0.6 nC to the CLIC 12 GHz accelerating structures. The linac consists in an rf gun triggered by a laser beam, three LIL sections for bunching and acceleration, a beam diagnostic system and a single klystron with a pulse compression cavity and a dedicated rf network. We report new results of beam dynamic simulation considering the new CLIC parameters. We will give an estimation of the energy and phase deviation over the bunch train (140 ns long) by transient calculation of beam loading. Details about the fabrication of the rf gun, the cavity BPM, the HV modulator and the power phase shifter will be described. New results from laser system studies are discussed. The construction of CALIFES and the start of commissioning will be also reported.

TUP024 Growth of Density Modulations in an Energy Recovery Linac Light Source due to Coherent Synchrotron Radiation and Longitudinal Space Charge lattice, linac, simulation, emittance 444
  • M. Borland
    ANL, Argonne

Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
An Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) is one possibility for an upgrade to the Advanced Photon Source (APS). Such a system involves not only a long linac, but also long transport lines with many dipole magnets. Since the bunches are short, we may expect that coherent synchrotron radiation and longitudial space charge will have an affect on the beam dynamics. Although previous studies have shown minimal effects for an initially quiet beam distribution, the possibility of a microbunching instability seeded by initial density modulation must be evaluated. We present and discuss simulation results showing the growth of density modulations in two possible lattices for an ERL upgrade of the APS.

TUP045 Generation of Femtosecond Bunch Trains Using a Longitudinal-to-Transverse Phase Space Exchange Technique emittance, simulation, cavity, electron 498
  • Y.-E. Sun, P. Piot
    Fermilab, Batavia

Funding: Work supported by the Fermi Research Alliance, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. DOE and by Northern Illinois University under Contract No. DE-FG02-08ER41532 with the U.S. DOE
We demonstrate analytically and via numerical simulation, how a longitudinal-to-transverse phase space manipulation* can be used to produce a train of femtosecond electron bunches. The technique uses an incoming transversely-modulated electron beam obtained via destructive (e.g. using a multislits mask) or non destructive (e.g. transversely shaping the photocathode drive laser) methods. A transverse-to-longitudinal exchanger insertion is used to map this transverse modulation into a temporal modulation. Limitation of the proposed method and scalability to the femtosecond regime are analysed analytically and with the help of numerical simulation. Application of the method to generation of super-radiant far infrared (and shorter wavelength) radiation in an FEL is explored. Finally, a proof-of-principle experiment is discussed in the context of the Fermilab's A0 photoinjector.

*P. Emma, Z. Huang, K.-J. Kim, and P. Piot, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 9, 100702 (2006).

TUP054 Development of the Continuously Adjustable Permanent Magnet Quadrupole for ATF2 quadrupole, coupling, permanent-magnet, multipole 524
  • T. Sugimoto, M. Ichikawa, Y. Iwashita, I. Kazama, M. Yamada
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto
  • T. Tauchi
    KEK, Ibaraki

A final focus quadrupole (FFQ) doublet of ILC should have excellent properties such as strong focusing, compactness and less vibrations. In a baseline design, superconducting magnet is supposed to be used, which may have some vibrations traveling through liquid helium. It may not be suitable for FFQ of ILC unless the vibration effect is proven to be negligible. Since the five-disc-singlet proposed by Gluckstern satisfies these properties including continuous adjustability, we are developing a FFQ aiming at a beam test at ATF2. Although the x-y coupling effect is carefully cancelled in the design, fabrication errors or rotation errors may break the cancellation. We are estimating the effect of these errors on the beam size at the interaction point. Two methods are currently carried out. The first one is transfer matrix calculations, which neglects fringing field and higher multipole components. The second one is beam-tracking calculation in measured or calculated magnetic field. The fabricated magnet is under adjustment measuring the magnetic field. The recent results will be presented.

TUP080 Numerical Study of a New Bunch Length Monitor Utilizing a Detection of Electromagnetic Fields in Millimeter-Wave Region radiation, vacuum, linac, electron 582
  • T. Suwada, M. Satoh
    KEK, Ibaraki

A new nondestructive bunch-length monitor has been numerically investigated. The monitor detects electromagnetic fields generated through a ceramic gap of a vacuum pipe when a charged particle beam passes through the pipe gap. The frequency spectrum of the electromagnetic fields detected in wave zone spreads over a millimeter-wave length from a microwave length region for a short pulse beam with a bunch length of pico-second region. The frequency spectrum strongly depends on the bunch length of the relativistic charged beam if the geometrical structure of the pipe gap is fixed. The detection principle of the bunch-length monitor and some numerical analysis results applied to a single-bunch electron beam of the KEKB injector linac are described in this report.

TUP113 Emittance Exchange at the Fermilab A0 Photoinjector cavity, emittance, optics, electron 667
  • T.W. Koeth
    Rutgers University, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey
  • L. Bellantoni, H.T. Edwards, R.P. Fliller, A.S. Johnson, A.H. Lumpkin, J. Ruan, R. Thurman-Keup
    Fermilab, Batavia

Funding: This manuscript has been authored by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
An experiment has been developed at the Fermilab A0 Photoinjector Lab to demonstrate the exchange of longitudinal emittance with the horizontal emittance. Our apparatus consists of a 3.9 GHz TM110 deflecting rf cavity placed between two magnetic dogleg channels. The first dogleg generates the needed dispersion to appropriately position the off-momentum electrons in the TM110 cavity. The TM110 cavity reduces the momentum spread and imparts a time dependent transverse kick. The second dogleg finishes the exchange and yields the exchange of the emittances. We report on the measurement of the exchange beamline matrix elements as well as an inital report on measuring the exchange emittances directly.


slides icon


THP023 Crab Cavities for Linear Colliders cavity, collider, beam-loading, linac 830
  • G. Burt, P.K. Ambattu, R.G. Carter, A.C. Dexter, M.I. Tahir
    Cockcroft Institute, Lancaster University, Lancaster
  • C. Adolphsen, Z. Li, A. Seryi, L. Xiao
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  • C.D. Beard, D.M. Dykes, P. Goudket, A. Kalinin, L. Ma, P.A. McIntosh
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire
  • L. Bellantoni, B. Chase, M. Church, T.N. Khabiboulline
    Fermilab, Batavia
  • R.M. Jones
    UMAN, Manchester
  • A. Latina, D. Schulte
    CERN, Geneva

Crab cavities have been proposed for a wide number of accelerators and interest in crab cavities has recently increased after the successful operation of a pair of crab cavities in KEK-B. In particular crab cavities are required for both the ILC and CLIC linear colliders for bunch alignment. Consideration of bunch structure and size constraints favours a 3.9 GHz superconducting, multi-cell cavity as the ILC solution, whilst bunch structure and beam-loading considerations suggest an X-band copper travelling wave structure for CLIC. These two cavity solutions are very different in design but share complex design issues. Phase stabilisation, beam loading, wakefields and mode damping are special issues for these crab cavities. Requirements and potential design solutions will be discussed for both colliders.

THP024 Initial Study on the Shape Optimisation of the CLIC Crab Cavity cavity, impedance, beam-loading, coupling 833
  • P.K. Ambattu, G. Burt, R.G. Carter, A.C. Dexter
    Cockcroft Institute, Lancaster University, Lancaster
  • R.M. Jones
    UMAN, Manchester
  • P.A. McIntosh
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire

The CLIC linear collider will require a crab cavity to align bunches prior to collision. Consideration of the bunch structure leads us to favour the use of X-band copper cavities. Due to the large variation of train to train beam loading, it is necessary to minimise the consequences of beam loading. One solution is to use a travelling wave structure with a large group velocity allowing rapid propagation of amplitude errors from the system. Such a design makes this structure significantly different from previous travelling wave deflecting structures. This paper will look at the implications of this on other cavity parameters and the optimization of the cavity geometry.

THP038 A New SRF Cavity Shape with Minimized Surface Electric and Magnetic Fields for the ILC cavity, HOM, coupling, wakefield 867
  • Z. Li, C. Adolphsen
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California

Funding: Work supported by DOE contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.
The TESLA-shape cavity has been chosen as the baseline design for the 1.3 GHz SCRF linacs of the International Linear Collider. However, there is ongoing research to develop new cavity shapes that will support higher gradients and hence lower the machine cost. The critical magnetic flux (Bc) of the niobium, which is approximately 180 mT, ultimately limits the gradient achievable in a superconducting cavity. Thus far, the new designs have focused on minimizing the peak surface magnetic field (Bs) for a given on-axis gradient, while relaxing the requirement on the peak surface electric field (Es). For example, the Low Loss (LL) design reduces Bs by more than 10% relative to the baseline design, which should allow a gradient of up to 50 MV/m with a 20% reduction in cryogenics loss. However, Es is about 15% higher in this case, which enhances field emission that in practice is one of the main impediments to achieving the Bc-limited gradient. In this paper, we will present an optimized cavity shape that reduces both Bs and Es, and thus should have a better chance of reaching higher gradients. The design of HOM couplers for wakefield damping in this cavity will also be presented.


slides icon


THP039 SRF Cavity Imperfection Studies Using Advanced Shape Uncertainty Quantification Tools cavity, cryomodule, SRF, HOM 870
  • V. Akcelik, K. Ko, L. Lee, Z. Li, C.-K. Ng, L. Xiao
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California

Funding: Work supported by DOE contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.
The shape deviation of a SRF cavity from the design shape may result in significant impact on cavity performance and wakefields that could lead to unexpected effects in beam dynamics. Yet, most of these deviations are unknown in the final cavity installation because of the complicated process of assembly and tuning. It is desirable to be able to uncover such distortions using measurable rf quantities. With these data, the cavity performance can be analyzed and realistic tolerance criteria may be implemented in the cavity design and manufacture for quality assurance. To perform such analyses, SLAC has developed advanced Shape Determination Tools, under the SciDAC support for high performance computing, that recover the real cavity shape by solving an inverse problem. These tools have been successfully applied to analyze shape distortions to many SRF cavities, and identified the cause of unexpected cavity behaviors. The capabilities and applications of these tools will be presented.