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MOP105 Beam Dynamics and Wake-field Simulations for the CLIC Main Linacs wakefield, emittance, cavity, linac 320
  • R.M. Jones
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  • V.F. Khan
    UMAN, Manchester

The CLIC linear collider aims at accelerating multiple bunches of electrons and positrons and colliding them at a center of mass energy of 3 TeV. These bunches are accelerated through X-band linacs operating at an accelerating frequency of 12 GHz. Each beam readily excites wake-fields in the accelerating cavities of each linac. The transverse components of the wake-fields, if left unchecked, can dilute the beam emittance. The present CLIC design relies on heavy damping of these wake-fields in order to ameliorate the effects of the wake-fields on the beam emittance. Here we present initial results on simulations of the long-range wakefields in these structures and on beam dynamics simulations. In particular, detailed simulations are performed, on emittance dilution due to beams initially injected with realistic offsets from the electrical centre of the cavities and due to statistical misalignments of the cavities.

TU203 Status and Future Prospects of CLIC linac, acceleration, klystron, luminosity 364
  • S. Döbert
    CERN, Geneva

The Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) is studied by a growing international collaboration. Main feasibility issues should be demonstrated until 2010 with the CLIC Test Facility (CTF3) constructed at CERN. The CLIC design parameters have recently been changed significantly. The rf frequency has been reduced from 30 GHz to 12 GHz and the loaded accelerating gradient from 150 MV/m to 100 MV/m. The consequences and logic of these changes will be reviewed and coherent parameter sets for a 3 TeV and a 500 GeV machine will be presented. The status and perspectives of the CLIC feasibility study will be presented with a special emphasis on experimental results obtained with CTF3 towards drive beam generation as well as progress on the high gradient accelerating structure development. The frequency change allows using high power X band test facilities at SLAC and KEK for accelerating structure testing at 11.4 GHz. The design gradient of 100 MV/m has been achieved in a recent test at SLAC with a very low breakdown-rate.


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TUP032 Simulations on Impact of the 3.9 GHz RF Section on the Multi Bunch Emittance at FLASH cavity, emittance, HOM, linac 465
  • Y.A. Kot
    DESY, Hamburg

In order to compensate nonlinear distortions of the longitudinal phase space a rf section operated at three times the 1.3 GHz frequency of the existing TTF cavities is foreseen in the next phase of FLASH. Four modules of a nine-cell 3.9 GHz cavities will be installed right after the first accelerating module ACC1. These cavities could cause additional long-range wake fields which would affect the multi bunch (mb) beam dynamics leading to increase of the mb emittance. The mb emittance at the end of the linac is determined by the strength of the transverse wake fields in the rf system. These higher order modes appear after any off-crest moving bunch, which could happen either due to the cavity misalignment, or by transverse position fluctuations of the injected bunches. It is intended to damp them by means of the HOM couplers, which may reduce the damping time by factor of 105. The misalignment of the cavities offsets is expected to be by 0.5 mm rms. The paper describes the results of the simulations on the dependence of the mb emittance on cavities misalignment offsets and damping strength of the HOM couplers in the planned 3.9 GHz rf section.

TUP057 Design and Fabrication of CLIC Test Structures HOM, accelerating-gradient, wakefield, impedance 533
  • R. Zennaro, A. Grudiev, G. Riddone, A. Samoshkin, W. Wuensch
    CERN, Geneva
  • T. Higo
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • S.G. Tantawi, J.W. Wang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California

Demonstration of a gradient of 100 MV/m at a breakdown rate of 10-7 is one of the key feasibility issues of the CLIC project. A high power rf test program both at X-band (SLAC and KEK) and 30 GHz (CERN) is under way to develop accelerating structures reaching this performance. The test program includes the comparison of structures with different rf parameters, with/without wakefield damping waveguides, and different fabrication technologies namely quadrant bars and stacked disks. The design and objectives of the various X-band and 30 GHz structures are presented and their fabrication methods and status is reviewed.

TUP058 A Kicker Driver Exploiting Drift Step Recovery Diodes for the International Linear Collider kicker, high-voltage, instrumentation, linear-collider 536
  • F.O. Arntz, M.P.J. Gaudreau, A. Kardo-Sysoev, M.K. Kempkes, A. Krasnykh
    Diversified Technologies, Inc., Bedford, Massachusetts

Funding: U.S. Department of Energy SBIR Program
Diversified Technologies, Inc. (DTI) is developing a driver for a kicker strip-line deflector which inserts and extracts charge bunches to and from the electron and positron damping rings of the International Linear Collider. The kicker driver must drive a 50 Ω terminated TEM deflector blade at 10 kV with 2 ns flat-topped pulses, which according to the ILC pulsing protocol, bursts pulses at a 3 MHz rate within one-millisecond bursts occurring at a 5 Hz rate. The driver must also effectively absorb high-order mode signals emerging from the deflector. In this paper, DTI will describe current progress utilizing a combination of high voltage DSRDs (Drift Step Recovery Diodes) and high voltage MOSFETs. The MOSFET array switch, without the DSRDs, is itself suitable for many accelerator systems with 10 - 100 ns kicker requirements. DTI has designed and demonstrated the key elements of a solid state kicker driver which both meets the ILC requirements, is suitable for a wide range of kicker driver applications. Full scale development and test are exptected to occur in Phase II of this DOE SBIR effort, with a full scale demonstration scheduled in 2009.

THP040 A New TEM-Type Deflecting and Crabbing RF Structure cavity, impedance, simulation, vacuum 873
  • J.R. Delayen, H. Wang
    JLAB, Newport News, Virginia

Funding: Supported by US DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06-OR23177
A new type of rf structure for the deflection and crabbing of particle bunches is introduced. It is comprised of a number of parallel TEM-resonant lines operating in opposite phase from each other. One of its main advantages is its compactness compared to conventional crabbing cavities operating in the TM110 mode, thus allowing low frequency designs. The properties and characteristics of this type of structure are presented.

THP041 Analysis of Electronic Damping of Microphonics in Superconducting Cavities cavity, feedback, superconducting-cavity, coupling 876
  • J.R. Delayen
    JLAB, Newport News, Virginia
  • S.U. De Silva
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia

Funding: Supported by US DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177
In low current applications superconducting cavities have a high susceptibility to microphonics induced by external vibrations and pressure fluctuations. Due to the narrow bandwidth of the cavities, the amount of rf power required to stabilize the phase and amplitude of the cavity field is dictated by the amount of microphonics that need to be compensated. Electronic damping of microphonics is investigated as a method to reduce the level of microphonics and of the amount of rf power required. The current work presents a detailed analysis of electronic damping and of the residual cavity field amplitude and phase errors due to the fluctuations of cavity frequency and beam current.

THP044 Coaxial Coupling Scheme for Fundamental and Higher Order Modes in Superconducting Cavities cavity, coupling, HOM, superconducting-cavity 885
  • J.K. Sekutowicz, G. Ciovati, P. Kneisel
    JLAB, Newport News, Virginia
  • L. Xiao
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California

Funding: This manuscript has been authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177.
Higher Order Modes generated by a particle beam passing through a superconducting accelerating cavity have to be damped to avoid beam instabilities. A coaxial coupler located in the beam pipes of the cavities provides for better propagation of HOMs and strong damping in appropriate HOM dampers. The whole damping device can be designed as a detachable system. If appropriately dimensioned, the rf currents can be minimized at the flange position. Additionally, the coaxial system also provides efficient coupling of fundamental mode rf power into the superconducting cavity. Compared to presently available solutions for HOM damping, this scheme provides for several advantages: stronger HOM damping, flangeable solution, exchangeability of the HOM damping device on a cavity, less complexity of the superconducting cavity, possible cost advantages. This contribution will describe the results of room temperature measurement and discuss modeling, which resulted in an optimized layout of a cavity-coupler system.

THP061 High Power Test of a Low Group Velocity X-Band Accelerator Structure for CLIC vacuum, HOM, collider, luminosity 930
  • S. Döbert, A. Grudiev, G. Riddone, M. Taborelli, W. Wuensch, R. Zennaro
    CERN, Geneva
  • C. Adolphsen, V.A. Dolgashev, L. Laurent, J.R. Lewandowski, S.G. Tantawi, F. Wang, J.W. Wang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  • S. Fukuda, Y. Higashi, T. Higo, S. Matsumoto, K. Ueno, K. Yokoyama
    KEK, Ibaraki

In recent years evidence has been found that the maximum sustainable gradient in an accelerating structure depends on the rf power flow through the structure. The CLIC study group consequently designed a new prototype structure for CLIC with a very low group velocity, input power and average aperture (a/λ = 0.12). The 18 cell structure has a group velocity of 2.4% at the entrance and 1% at the last cell. Several of these structures have been made in collaboration between KEK, SLAC and CERN. A total of five brazed-disk structures and two quadrant structures have been made. The high power results of some of these structures are presented. The first KEK/SLAC built structure reached an unloaded gradient in excess of 100 MV/m at a pulse length of 230 ns with a breakdown rate below 10-6. The high-power testing was done using the NLCTA facility at SLAC.

THP062 Design of an X-Band Accelerating Structure for the CLIC Main Linac linac, HOM, accelerating-gradient, impedance 933
  • A. Grudiev, W. Wuensch
    CERN, Geneva

The rf design of an accelerating structure for the CLIC main linac is presented. The structure is designed to provide 100 MV/m averaged accelerating gradient at 12 GHz with an rf-to-beam efficiency as high as 27.7%. The design takes into account both aperture and HOM damping requirements coming from beam dynamics as well as the limitations related to rf breakdown and pulsed surface heating.

THP074 A New Accelerator Structure Concept: the Zipper Structure coupling, HOM, wakefield, resonance 963
  • C.D. Nantista
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California

Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.
I introduce a novel normal-conducting accelerator structure combining standing wave and traveling wave characteristics, with relatively open cells. I describe the concept and geometry, optimize parameters, and discuss the advantages and limitations this new structure presents.