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MOP112 The DARHT Data Acquisition, Archival, Analysis, and Instrument Control System (DAAAC), and Network Infrastructure diagnostics, controls, monitoring, vacuum 337
  • R.D. Archuleta, L. Sanchez
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico

Funding: This work supported by the US National Nuclear Security Agency and the US Department of Energy under contract DE-AC52-06NA25396
The Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility (DARHT) at Los Alamos National Laboratory is the world's most advanced weapons test facility. DARHT contains two linear accelerators for producing flash radiographs of hydrodynamic experiments. High-speed electronics and optical instrumentation are used for triggering the accelerators and collecting accelerator data. Efficient and effective diagnostics provide basic information needed to routinely tune the accelerators for peak radiographic performance, and to successfully monitor the accelerators performance. DARHT's server and network infrastructure is a key element in providing shot related data storage and retrieval for successfully executing radiographic experiments. This paper will outline the elaborate Data Acquisition, Archival, Analysis, and Instrument Control System (DAAAC), as well as the server and network infrastructure for both accelerators.


TUP058 A Kicker Driver Exploiting Drift Step Recovery Diodes for the International Linear Collider kicker, damping, high-voltage, linear-collider 536
  • F.O. Arntz, M.P.J. Gaudreau, A. Kardo-Sysoev, M.K. Kempkes, A. Krasnykh
    Diversified Technologies, Inc., Bedford, Massachusetts

Funding: U.S. Department of Energy SBIR Program
Diversified Technologies, Inc. (DTI) is developing a driver for a kicker strip-line deflector which inserts and extracts charge bunches to and from the electron and positron damping rings of the International Linear Collider. The kicker driver must drive a 50 Ω terminated TEM deflector blade at 10 kV with 2 ns flat-topped pulses, which according to the ILC pulsing protocol, bursts pulses at a 3 MHz rate within one-millisecond bursts occurring at a 5 Hz rate. The driver must also effectively absorb high-order mode signals emerging from the deflector. In this paper, DTI will describe current progress utilizing a combination of high voltage DSRDs (Drift Step Recovery Diodes) and high voltage MOSFETs. The MOSFET array switch, without the DSRDs, is itself suitable for many accelerator systems with 10 - 100 ns kicker requirements. DTI has designed and demonstrated the key elements of a solid state kicker driver which both meets the ILC requirements, is suitable for a wide range of kicker driver applications. Full scale development and test are exptected to occur in Phase II of this DOE SBIR effort, with a full scale demonstration scheduled in 2009.

TUP075 DITANET: A European Initiative in the Development of Beam Instrumentation for Future Particle Accelerators diagnostics, electron, ion, optics 567
  • C.P. Welsch
    KIP, Heidelberg
  • C.P. Welsch
    MPI-K, Heidelberg

Without an adequate set of beam instrumentation, it would not be possible to operate any particle accelerator, let aside optimize its performance. In a joint effort between several major research centres, Universities, and partners from industry, DITANET aims for the development of beyond-state-of-the-art diagnostic techniques for future accelerator facilities and for training the next-generation of young scientists in this truly multi-disciplinary field. The wide research program covers the development of beam profile, current, and position measurements, as well as of particle detection techniques and related electronics. This contribution introduces this new Marie Curie Initial Training Network, presents the DITANET partner institutes, and gives an overview of the networks broad research and training program.

TUP089 Electron Beam Timing Jitter and Energy Modulation Measurements at the JLab ERL electron, FEL, wiggler, cavity 606
  • P. Evtushenko, S.V. Benson, D. Douglas, D.W. Sexton
    JLAB, Newport News, Virginia

When operating JLab high current ERL a strong reduction of the FEL efficiency was observed when increasing the average electron beam current. Investigating the FEL efficiency drop-off with the electron beam average current we also have measured the electron beam phase noise and the fast energy modulations. The so-called phase noise is essentially a variation of the time arrival of the electron bunches to the wiggler. That could be a very effective way of reducing the FEL efficiency if one takes in to account that the accelerator is routinely operated with the RMS bunch length of about 150 fs. Under a fast energy modulation we mean a modulation which can not be followed by the FEL due to its time constant, defined by the net gain. Such a modulation also could be a possible cause of the efficiency drop-off. Having the measurements made we could rule out the FEL efficiency drop-off due to either the fast energy modulation or the phase modulation. We also have learned a lot about instrumentation and techniques necessary for this kind of beam study. In this contribution we describe the used instrumentation and present results of the measurements.

THP042 High-Gradient SRF R&D for ILC at Jefferson Lab cavity, SRF, cathode, niobium 879
  • R.L. Geng, G. Ciovati, A.C. Crawford
    JLAB, Newport News, Virginia
  • M.S. Champion, D.A. Sergatskov
    Fermilab, Batavia
  • F. Furuta, K. Saito
    KEK, Ibaraki

Funding: Supported by DOE
Jefferson Lab plays an active role in the ILC high-gradient SRF R&D. Eight 9-cell cavities have been processed and tested so far by using the state-of-the-art recipes. Five reached a maximum gradient of over 32 MV/m. However, not surprisingly, the high-gradient performance is not necessarily reached during the first test. Re-processing by progressively more material removal can improve performance ultimately, but the number of re-processing cycles needed is un-predictable. Some cavities are quench limited repeatedly at around 20 MV/m. The quench locations are near the equator weld of specific cells. Based on the non-trivial high-gradient experiences in the past two years, we come to the conclusion that new capabilities beyond the state-of-the-art must be added to the existing SRF infrastructures in order to reliably achieve high gradients at a low cost. Targeted R&D is required to identify and characterize gradient limiting defects and field emitters. An enhanced high-gradient R&D program is emerging at JLab for continued contribution to realize the ambitious ILC gradient yield goal.


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FR203 Neutrons and Photons: Probes of Condensed Matter neutron, synchrotron, linac, synchrotron-radiation 1124
  • W.G. Stirling
    ESRF, Grenoble

Synchrotron X-rays and neutrons provide unique microscopic information on the structures and dynamics of condensed matter. These probes are essential tools for biologists, chemists, physicists and materials scientists and have become increasingly important in a remarkably wide range of disciplines, from palaeontology to medicine. The electron storage rings producing synchrotron radiation, and fission reactor or spallation neutron sources, are usually situated at major national or international laboratories. Such central research facilities are exemplified by the two international laboratories in Grenoble, the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility and the Institut Laue-Langevin. After a discussion of the sources used to produce synchrotron radiation and neutron beams, some of the instrumentation and methods used in the investigation of materials will be described, with illustrative examples of recent research. Finally, some major X-ray and neutron sources under construction or at the planning stage will be described, including several where linac technology plays an important role (e.g. the XFEL at DESY and the SNS at ORNL).


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