FPAE  —  Low- and Medium-Energy Accelerators and Rings   (20-May-05   08:30—12:20)

Paper Title Page
FPAE001 Design Work for the High-Energy Storage Ring for Antiprotons of the Future GSI Project 776
  • A. Lehrach, S. An, K. Bongardt, J. Dietrich, R. Eichhorn, B. Lorentz, R. Maier, S. Martin, D. Prasuhn, Y. Senichev, E.A. Senicheva, H. Stockhorst, R. Tölle, E. Zaplatin
    FZJ, Jülich
  • O. Boine-Frankenheim, A. Dolinskii, M. Steck
    GSI, Darmstadt
  • B. Gålnander, D. Reistad
    TSL, Uppsala
  • F.H. Hinterberger
    Universität Bonn, Helmholtz-Institut für Strahlen- und Kernphysik,, Bonn
  The High-Energy Storage Ring (HESR) of the future international Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) at GSI in Darmstadt is planned as an antiproton cooler and storage ring in the momentum range from 1.5 to 15 GeV/c. The design work for the HESR is organized by a consortium with scientists from FZ Jülich, GSI Darmstadt and TSL Uppsala. An important feature of the new facility is the combination of phase space cooled beams with internal targets, resulting in demanding beam parameter in two operation modes: high luminosity mode with beam intensities up to few times 1011, and high resolution mode with a momentum spread down to 10-5, respectively. To reach these beam parameters very powerful phase space cooling is needed, utilizing high-energy electron cooling and high-bandwidth stochastic cooling. In this paper an overview of the design work is given, focusing on recent developments and planned R&D work.  
FPAE004 Optical Matching of Slowly Extracted Beam with Transport System at HIMAC 910
  • T. Furukawa, K. Noda, E. Takada, M. Torikoshi, T.H. Uesugi, S. Yamada
    NIRS, Chiba-shi
  • T. Fujimoto, M. Katsumata, S. Shibuya, T. Shiraishi
    AEC, Chiba
  The optical matching between the ring and the transport line plays important role in order to control the beam size and profile after the transport. At HIMAC, thus, we have studied the optical matching of the slowly extracted beam. As a result, it was verified that the beam size of the slowly extracted beam were controlled owing to the optical matching. It was also found that small deviation of quadrupole strength in the ring brings orbit distortion at the transport system.  
FPAE005 Characteristics of Injected Beam at HIMAC Synchrotron 952
  • T.H. Uesugi, T. Furukawa, K. Noda, S. Shibuya
    NIRS, Chiba-shi
  At the HIMAC synchrotron, we have carried out the tune survey with the lifetime measurement in order to obtain the high intensity. Under the relatively high intensity, it was observed that a part of the circulating beam was lost due to the coherent oscillation in both the horizontal and the vertical direction. Taking account of the tune shift and spreads, the working point was optimized so as to avoid resonance line. We will describe the experimental result.  
FPAE006 Optimization of AGS Polarized Proton Operation with the Warm Helical Snake 1003
  • J. Takano, M. Okamura
    RIKEN, Saitama
  • L. Ahrens, M. Bai, K.A. Brown, C.J. Gardner, J. Glenn, H. Huang, A.U. Luccio, W.W. MacKay, T. Roser, S. Tepikian, N. Tsoupas
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • T. Hattori
    RLNR, Tokyo
  Funding: US DOE and RIKEN Japan.

A normal conducting helical dipole partial Siberian snake (Warm Snake) has been installed in the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) for overcoming all of imperfection depolarizing resonances and reducing the transverse coupling resonances caused by the solenoidal Siberian snake which had been operated in AGS before the last polarized run. The polarized proton beam has been accelerated successfully with the warm snake and the polarization at extraction of the AGS was increased to 50% as opposed to 40% with the solenoidal snake. The magnetic field and beam trajectory in the warm snake was calculated by using the OPERA-3D/TOSCA software. We present optimization of the warm snake with beam during RUN5.

FPAE007 A Project of the 2.5 GeV Booster-Synchrotron in BINP 1039
  • V.A. Kvardakov, V. Barbashin, V. Kiselev, E.V. Kremyanskaya, E. Levichev, S.I. Mishnev, V. Petrov, A.N. Skrinsky, V.V. Smaluk, I. Zemlyansky
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk
  A project of the 2.5 GeV booster synchrotron to provide effective injection of electron and positron beams into VEPP-2000 and VEPP-4M storage rings, and for future facilities, is developing in BINP. The beams are injected to synchrotron at 510 MeV energy from a damping ring, which is the part of the new injection facility. In this report, the synchrotron parameters are presented, the basic systems are briefly described.  
FPAE008 Iso-Adiabatic Merging of pbar Stacks in the Recycler 1093
  • C.M. Bhat
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Funding: Work supported by the Universities Research Association, Inc., under contract DE-AC02-76CH03000 with the U.S. Department of Energy.

Here, I have proposed an efficient scheme to merge two stacks of pbars in the Recycler* with emittance dilution <15%. First I discuss a method to match energy spreads of the two stacks and subsequently merging them. The scheme is illustrated with multiparticle dynamics simulations and beam measurements in the Recycler.

*G. Jackson, Fermilab-TM-1991, November, 1996.

FPAE009 Bunched Beam Cooling in the Fermilab Recycler 1153
  • D.V. Neuffer, D.R. Broemmelsiek, A.V. Burov, S. Nagaitsev
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Stochastic cooling with bunched beam in a linear bucket has been obtained and implemented operationally in the fermilab recycler. In this implementation the particle bunch length is much greater than the cooling system wavelengths. The simultaneous longitudinal bunching enables cooling to much smaller longitudinal emittances than the coasting beam or barrier bucket system. Characteristics and limitations of bunched beam stochastic cooling are discussed.  
FPAE010 Barrier RF System and Applications in Main Injector 1189
  • W. Chou, D. Wildman
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  • A. Takagi
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • H. Zheng
    CALTECH, Pasadena, California
  Funding: Work supported by the Universities Research Association, INC. under contract with the U.S. Department of Energy NO. DE-AC02-76CH03000 and by the US-Japan Collaboration in High Energy Physics.

A wideband RF system (the barrier RF) has been built and installed in the Fermilab Main Injector. The cavities are made of low Q Finemet cores. The modulators use high voltage fast solid-state switches. It can generate ±7 kV single square voltage pulses. It is used to stack two proton batches to double the bunch intensity for pbar production. The stacked high intensity beams have been successfully accelerated to 120 GeV with small losses. A new test to continuously stack 12 batches for the NuMI experiment is under way.

FPAE011 8 GeV H- Ions: Transport and Injection 1222
  • W. Chou, A.I. Drozhdin, C. Hill, M.A. Kostin, J.-F. Ostiguy, Z. Tang
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  • H.C. Bryant
    UNM, Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • R.J. Macek
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico
  • G. Rees
    CCLRC/RAL/ASTeC, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon
  • P.S. Yoon
    Rochester University, Rochester, New York
  Funding: Work supported by the Universities Research Association, INC. under contract with the U.S. Department of Energy NO. DE-AC02-76CH03000.

Fermilab is working on the design of an 8 GeV superconducting RF H- linac called the Proton Driver. The energy of the H- beam is an order of magnitude higher than any existing H- beams. This brings up a number of new challenges to the transport, stripping and injection into the next machine (the Main Injector), such as blackbody radiation stripping, magnetic field and residual gas stripping, Stark states of hydrogen atoms, foil stripping efficiency, single and multiple Coulomb scattering, energy deposition, foil heating and stress, radiation activation, collimation, jitter correction, etc. This paper will give a summary of these studies.*

*For details the reader is referred to FERMILAB-TM-2285-AD-T.

FPAE012 Experimental Test of a New Antiproton Acceleration Scheme in the Fermilab Main Injector 1303
  • V. Wu, C.M. Bhat, B. Chase, J.E. Dey, K.G. Meisner
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Funding: Operated by Universities Research Association, Inc. for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC02-76CH03000.

In an effort to provide higher intensity and lower emittance antiproton beam to the Tevatron collider for high luminosity operation, a new Main Injector (MI) antiproton acceleration scheme has been developed [1-4].* In this scheme, beam is accelerated from 8 to 27 GeV using the 2.5 MHz rf system and from 27 to 150 GeV using the 53 MHz rf system. This paper reports the experimental results of beam study. Simulation results are reported in a different PAC'05 paper [5]. Experiments are conducted with proton beam from the Booster. Acceleration efficiency, emittance growth and beam harmonic transfer between 2.5 MHz (h=28) and 53 MHz (h=588) buckets have been studied. Beam study shows that one can achieve an overall acceleration efficiency of about 100%, longitudinal emittance growth less than 20% and negligible transverse emittance growth.

*G. P. Jackson, The Fermilab Recycler Ring Technical Design Report, FERMILAB-TM-1991, November 1996.

FPAE013 Calculation of the Orbit Length Change of the Recycler Due to Main Injector Ramp 1318
  • M. Xiao
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Orbit length of beam in the Recycler changes during the Main Injector ramps. The unknown kicks from the effects generated by stray field are distributed around the ring. To estimate the changes, simulated virtual kicks are created around each lambson, C-magnet and bus cable of the Main Injector. The orbit lengths are calculated from measurements of evolution frequency and transverse beam positions. A BPM system distributed throughout the Recycler lattice in both Horizontal and vertical planes are used to take the closed orbit measurement during the ramps. The calculation method and the results of the orbit length changes and the strength of the simulated kicks are presented in this report.  
FPAE014 Acceleration of Polarized Protons in the AGS with Two Helical Partial Snakes 1404
  • H. Huang, L. Ahrens, M. Bai, A. Bravar, K.A. Brown, G. Bunce, E.D. Courant, C.J. Gardner, J. Glenn, R.C. Gupta, A.U. Luccio, W.W. MacKay, V. Ptitsyn, T. Roser, S. Tepikian, N. Tsoupas, E. Willen, A. Zelenski, K. Zeno
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • F. Lin
    IUCF, Bloomington, Indiana
  • M. Okamura
    RIKEN/RARF/CC, Saitama
  • J. Takano
    RIKEN, Saitama
  • D.G. Underwood
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  • J. Wood
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. DOE and RIKEN of Japan.

The RHIC spin program requires 2*1011 proton/bunch with 70% polarization. As the injector to RHIC, AGS is the bottleneck for preserving polarization: there is not enough space in the ring to install a full snake to overcome the numerous depolarizing resonances. An ac dipole and a partial Siberian snake have been used to preserve beam polarization in the past. The correction with this scheme is not 100% since not all depolarizing resonances can be overcome. Recently, two helical snakes with double pitch design have been built and installed in the AGS. With careful setup of optics at injection and along the ramp, this combination can eliminate all depolarizing resonances encountered during acceleration. This paper presents the accelerator setup and preliminary results.

FPAE016 Spallation Neutron Source Ring - Design and Construction Summary 1499
  • J. Wei
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  Funding: * SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. Department of Energy. SNS is a partnership of six national laboratories: Argonne, Brookhaven, Jefferson, Lawrence Berkeley, Los Alamos, and Oak Ridge.

(J. Wei for the Spallation Neutron Source Collaboration) After six years, the construction of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) accumulator ring [1] and the transport lines is completed in March 2005. Designed to deliver 1.5 MW beam power (1.5 x 1014 protons of 1 GeV kinetic energy at a repetition rate of 60 Hz), stringent measures have been implemented in the fabrication, test, and assembly to ensure the quality of the accelerator systems. This paper summarizes the construction of the ring and transport systems with emphasis on the challenging technical issues and their solutions [2].

[1] J. Wei, et al, Phys. Rev. ST-AB, Vol. 3, 080101 (2000). [2] J. Wei, "Synchrotrons and Accumulators for High-Intensity Proton Beams", Rev. Mod. Phys., Vol. 75, 1383 – 1432 (2003).

FPAE017 Observation of Longitudinal Diffusion and Cooling Due to Intrabeam Scattering at the Fermilab Recycler Ring 1560
  • M. Hu, S. Nagaitsev
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  The Fermilab Recycler Ring is a high vacuum fixed energy antiproton storage ring with both stochastic and electron cooling systems. In this note the technique for diffusion rate measurement, beam parameters and the analysis of data are presented, as well as the effect of intrabeam scattering on the operational considerations for the storage and cooling of the antiproton beam in the Recycler.  
FPAE019 Booster 6-GeV Study 1637
  • X. Yang, C.M. Ankenbrandt, J.R. Lackey, R.D. Padilla, W. Pellico
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  • J. Norem
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  Funding: Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Accelerator Division, Proton Source Department.

Since a wider aperture has been obtained along the Fermilab Booster beam line, this opens the opportunity for Booster running a higher intensity proton beam than ever before. Sooner or later, the available RF accelerating voltage will become a new limit for the beam intensity. Either by increasing the RF accelerating voltage or by reducing the accelerating rate can achieve the similar goal. The motivation for the 6-GeV study is to gain the relative accelerating voltage via a slower acceleration.

FPAE020 Induction Acceleration of a Single RF Bunch in the KEK PS 1679
  • K. Takayama, D.A. Arakawa, Y.A. Arakida, S. Igarashi, T. Iwashita, T. Kono, E. Nakamura, M. Sakuda, H. Sato, Y. Shimosaki, M.J. Shirakata, T. Sueno, K. Torikai, T. Toyama, M. Wake, I. Yamane
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • K. Horioka
    TIT, Yokohama
  • A.K. Kawasaki, A. Tokuchi
    NICHICON, Shiga
  • J. Kishiro
    JAERI/LINAC, Ibaraki-ken
  • K. Koseki
    GUAS/AS, Ibaraki
  • M.S. Shiho
    JAERI/NAKA, Ibaraki-ken
  • M. Watanabe
    JAERI/J-PARC, Tokai-Mura, Naka-Gun, Ibaraki-Ken
  A single bunch trapped in an RF bucket was accelerated by induction devices from 500 MeV to 8GeV beyond transition energy in the KEK-PS. This is the first demonstration of induction acceleration in a high energy circular ring. The acceleration was confirmed by measuring a temporal evolution of the RF phase through an entire acceleration.* Key devices in an induction acceleration system are an induction accelerating cavity capable of generating an induced voltage of 2kV/cell, a pulse modulator to drive the cavity (switching driver), and a DSP system to control gate signals for switching. Their remarkable characteristics are its repetition ratio of about 1MHz and duty factor of 50%. All devices have been newly developed at KEK so as to meet this requirement. The pulse modulator employing MOSFETs as switching elements is connected with the accelerating cavity through a long transmission cable in order to avoid a high-dose irradiation in the accelerator tunnel. The induction system has been running beyond more than 24 hours without any troubles. The paper will take an introductive role for related other 6 papers too, which describe more technical aspects and novel beam physics associated with the induction acceleration.

*K.Takayama et al., submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett., http://www.arxiv.org/pdf/physics/0412006.

FPAE021 Alignment and Steering for Injection and Multi-Turn Operation of the University of Maryland Electron Ring (UMER) 1709
  • M. Walter, G. Bai, S. Bernal, I. Haber, M. Holloway, R.A. Kishek, P.G. O'Shea, B. Quinn
    IREAP, College Park, Maryland
  • M. Reiser
    University Maryland, College Park, Maryland
  Funding: This work is funded by US Dept. of Energy grant numbers DE-FG02-94ER40855 and DE-FG02-92ER54178.

The injection line and main lattice for the University of Maryland Electron Ring (UMER) has been completed. The electron beam has been guided around the full 360 degrees of the ring. Beam steering and matching in the injection line is achieved with six quadrupole magnets and several small steering dipole magnets. The dipole component of an offset quadrupole and a pulsed dipole are used to achieve the 10 degree bend required from the injection line into the ring. The pulsed dipole is designed to operate with a short pulse (2 kV, -30 A, 100 ns flat top duration) for injection superimposed on a long pulse (300 V, 15 A, 20·10-6 s duration) for multiple beam passes. The beam is controlled in the recirculating ring with a regular lattice of 36 dipole and 72 quadrupole magnets. Initial experimental results of the beam transport and control will be presented.

FPAE022 Cycle-to-Cycle Extraction Synchronization of the Fermilab Booster for Multiple Batch Injection to the Main Injector 1802
  • R.M. Zwaska, S.E. Kopp
    The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas
  • W. Pellico
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  We report on a system to ensure cycle-to-cycle synchronization of beam extraction from the Fermilab Booster accelerator to the Main Injector. Such synchronization is necessary for multiple batch operation of the Main Injector for the Run II upgrade of anti-proton production using slip-stacking in the Main Injector, and for the NuMI (Neutrinos at the Main Injector) neutrino beam. To perform this task, a system of fast measurement and feedback is used to control the longitudinal progress of the Booster beam throughout its acceleration period by manipulation of the transverse position maintained by the low-level radio frequency system.  
FPAE023 Direct Antiproton Deceleration in the Fermilab Proton Driver 1817
  • G.P. Jackson, S.D. Howe
    Hbar Technologies, LLC, West Chicago, Illinois
  The Fermilab Proton Driver is an 8 GeV kinetic energy H- linear accelerator proposed as a new source of high brightness protons for the Main Injector. The Recycler ring is an 8 GeV antiproton storage ring that resides in the same tunnel as the Main Injector. This paper describes a scenario wherein the current Main Injector proton injection kickers and Lambertson magnet are moved vertically into the Recycler ring to enable antiproton extraction toward the Proton Driver. By employing a pair of intermediate vertical bends at the appropriate vertical betatron phase advance, the vertical dispersion into the Proton Driver can be eliminated and direct antiproton deceleration made possible. Because the H- and antiproton beams have the same charge but opposite direction, matching of the Recycler lattice to the Proton Driver is required to accommodate the reversed effect of the focusing and defocusing quadrupoles.  
FPAE024 Studies Performed in Preparation for the Spallation Neutron Source Accumulator Ring Commissioning 1859
  • S.M. Cousineau, V.V. Danilov, S. Henderson, J.A. Holmes, M.A. Plum
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  Funding: SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. Department of Energy. SNS is a partnership of six national laboratories: Argonne, Brookhaven, Jefferson, Lawrence Berkeley, Los Alamos, and Oak Ridge.

The Spallation Neutron Source accumulator ring will compress 1.5?1014, 1 GeV protons from a 1 ms bunch train to a single 695 ns proton bunch for use in neutron spallation. Due to the high beam power, unprecedented control of beam loss will be required in order to control radiation and allow for hands-on maintenance in most areas of the ring. A number of detailed investigations have been performed to understand the primary sources of beam loss and to predict and mitigate problems associated with radiation hot spots in the ring. The ORBIT particle tracking code is used to perform realistic simulations of the beam accumulation in the ring, including detailed modeling of the injection system, transport through the measured magnet fields including higher order multipoles, and beam loss and collimation. In this paper we present the results of a number of studies performed in preparation for the 2006 commissioning of the accumulator ring.

FPAE025 Study of Slow Beam Extraction Through the Third Order Resonance with Transverse Phase Space Manipulation by a Mono-Frequency RFKO 1892
  • A. Miyamoto, H. Hama, F. Hinode, M. Kawai, K. Shinto, T. Tanaka
    LNS, Sendai
  An electron pulse-stretcher ring (STB ring) has a function which converts a pulse beam generated by RF linac into a quasi-continuous beam. Circulating beam in the ring is extracted by the third order resonance. Since there is no accelerating field in the ring, the beam approaches a transverse resonance condition due to synchrotron radiation loss with finite chromaticity. The extracted beam from the ring has some spread in time and space corresponding to injected beam from linac even if the injected beam is perfectly matched to the ring optics. However, the extracted beam emittance can be reduced by applying a phase space manipulation using an RF shaker. Under the influence of perturbation using an RF shaker driven by a mono-frequency, the betatron amplitude of circulating beam can be controlled in order to reduce the extracted beam emittance. The experimental results will be reported in this conference.  
FPAE026 Development of FFAG Accelerator at KEK 1943
  • Y. Yonemura, N. Ikeda, M. Matoba
    Kyushu University, Fukuoka
  • M. Aiba, S. Machida, Y. Mori, A. Muto, J. Nakano, C. Ohmori, K.O. Okabe, I. Sakai, Y. Sato, A. Takagi, T. Yokoi, M. Yoshii, Y. Yuasa
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • R. Taki
    GUAS/AS, Ibaraki
  • T. Uesugi
    NIRS, Chiba-shi
  • A. Yamazaki
    LNS, Sendai
  • M. Yoshimoto
    JAERI, Ibaraki-ken
  The 150MeV proton FFAG accelerator is constructed and a beam is extracted at the final energy. This is the prototype FFAG for various applications such as proton beam therapy. We are now in preparation for using an extracted beam in the practical applications.  
FPAE027 Status of the ISAC-II Accelerator at TRIUMF 2003
  • R.E. Laxdal, W. Andersson, P. Bricault, I. Bylinskii, K. Fong, M. Marchetto, A.K. Mitra, R.L. Poirier, W.R. Rawnsley, P. Schmor, I. Sekachev, G. Stanford, G.M. Stinson, V. Zviagintsev
    TRIUMF, Vancouver
  A heavy ion superconducting linac is being installed at TRIUMF to increase the final energy of radioactive beams at ISAC. A first stage of 20MV consisting of five medium beta cryomodules each with four quarter wave bulk niobium cavities and a superconducting solenoid is being installed with initial beam commissioning scheduled for Dec. 2005. The initial cryomodule has met cryogenic and rf performance specifications. In addition we have demonstrated acceleration of alpha particles in an off-line test. A 500W refrigerator system has been installed and commissioned in Jan. 2005 with cold distribution due for commissioning in Sept. 2005. A transfer beamline from the ISAC accelerator and beam transport to a first experimental station are being installed. The status of the project will be presented.  
FPAE028 Design of the High Intensity Exotic Beams SPIRAL 2 Project 2044
  • A. Mosnier
    CEA/DSM/DAPNIA, Gif-sur-Yvette
  • M.H. Moscatello
    GANIL, Caen
  The SPIRAL 2 facility will be able to deliver stable heavy ion beams and deuteron beams at very high intensity, allowing to produce and accelerate light and heavy rare ion beams. The driver will accelerate a 5 mA deuteron beam up to 20 MeV/u and also q/A=1/3 heavy ions up to 14.5 MeV/u. The injector consist of the ion sources, a 4-vane RFQ and the low and medium beam transfer lines. It is followed by an independently phased superconducting linac with compact cryostats separated with warm focusing sections. The overall design and results of simulations with combined errors, the results of tests of prototypes for the most critical components are presented.  
FPAE029 Setup and Performance of the RHIC Injector Accelerators for the 2005 Run with Copper Ions 2068
  • C.J. Gardner, L. Ahrens, J.G. Alessi, J. Benjamin, M. Blaskiewicz, J.M. Brennan, K.A. Brown, C. Carlson, J. DeLong, J. Glenn, T. Hayes, W.W. MacKay, G.J. Marr, J. Morris, T. Roser, F. Severino, K. Smith, D. Steski, N. Tsoupas, A. Zaltsman, K. Zeno
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  Funding: Work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Copper ions for the 2005 run of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory are accelerated in the Tandem, Booster and AGS prior to injection into RHIC. The setup and performance of this chain of accelerators will be reviewed.

FPAE031 Polarized Electron Beams for Nuclear Physics at the MIT Bates Accelerator Center
  • M. Farkhondeh, dc. Cheever, W.A. Franklin, E. Ihloff, B. McAllister, R. Milner, W. North, C. Tschalaer, E. Tsentalovich, D. Wang, D. Wang, F. Wang, A. Zolfaghari, T. Zwart, J. van der Laan
    MIT, Middleton, Massachusetts
  Funding: U.S. Department of Energy.

The MIT Bates Accelerator Center is delivering highly polarized electron beams to its South Hall Ring for use in Nuclear Physics Experiments. Circulating electron currents in excess of 200 mA with polarization of 70% are scattered from a highly polarized, but very thin atomic beam source deuterium target. At the electron source a compact diode laser creates photoemission of quasi-CW mA pulses of polarized electrons at low duty factors from a strained GaAs photocathode. Refurbished RF transmitters provide power to the 2856 MHz linac, accelerating the beam to 850 MeV in two passes before injection into the South Hall Ring. In the ring a Siberian snake serves to maintain a high degree of longitudinal polarization at the BLAST scattering target. A Compton laser back-scattering polarimeter measures the electron beam polarization with a statistical acuracy of 6% every 15 minutes.

FPAE032 ORIC Beam Energy Increase 2257
  • M.L. Mallory, J.B. Ball, D. Dowling, E. D. H. Hudson, R. S. L. Lord, A. Tatum
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  Funding: Managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC05=00OR 22725.

The detection of and solution to a beam interference problem in the Oak Ridge Isochronous Cyclotron (ORIC) extraction system has yielded a 20% increase in the proton beam energy. The beam from ORIC was designed to be extracted before the nu r equal one resonance. Most cyclotrons extract after the nu r equal one resonance, thus getting more usage of the magnetic field for energy acceleration. We have now determined that the electrostatic deflector septum interferes with the last accelerated orbit in ORIC, with the highest extraction efficiency obtained near the maximum nu r value. This nu r provides a rotation in the betatron oscillation amplitude that is about the same length as the electrostatic septum thus allowing the beam to jump over the interference problem with the septum. With a thinned septum we were able to tune the beam through the nu r equal one resonance and achieve a 20% increase in beam energy. This nu r greater than one extraction method may be desirable for very high field cyclotrons since it provides ten times the clearance at extraction compared to dee voltage gain, thus allowing the possibility of utilizing a magnetic extractor.

FPAE033 Operational Availability of the SNS During Commissioning 2289
  • G.W. Dodson, T.L. Williams
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  Funding: This work was supported by SNS through UT-Batelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. DOE. The SNS is a partnership of six national laboratories: Argonne, Brookhaven, Jefferson, Lawrence Berkeley, Los Alamos, and Oak Ridge.

The SNS Front End, Drift Tube Linac and most of the Coupled Cavity Linac have been operated during commissioning. Operating statistics were taken and used by system owners to target developments to improve accelerator availability. This progression will be shown along with the overall availability goals of the SNS and a RAM calculation showing the system and subsystem availability required to meet these goals.

FPAE035 Steps Towards a 3 mA, 1.8 MW Proton Beam at the PSI Cyclotron Facility 2405
  • P.A. Schmelzbach, S.R.A. Adam, A. Adelmann, H. Fitze, G. Heidenreich, J.-Y. Raguin, U. Rohrer, P.K. Sigg
    PSI, Villigen
  The PSI Cyclotron Facility produces routinely a 1.8-1.9 mA proton beam at 590 MeV. The beam power reaches 1.1 MW at the the pion production targets and 0.7 MW at the neutron spallation target SINQ. The accelerator complex will be analysed in respect to his potential for future improvements. The ongoing developments aiming to increase the beam intensity to 3 mA and hence the beam power to 1.8 MW will be discussed. Smooth extrapolations of the observed machine parameters as well as recent advances in the theoretical treatment of space charge dominated beams show that this goal can be achieved with available technologies. IA new RF-cavity operated at a voltage in excess of 1 MV has been successfully tested and installed in the Ring Cyclotron. Bunchers for the low energy and the medium energy transfer lines are in the design phase. A conceptual study of new accelerating cavities to replace the obsolete flattop-cavities of the Injector Cyclotron has been performed. While the upgrade of the Ring Cyclotron with four new cavities will be completed in 2008, it is still an open question whether this accelerator will be operated in the "round beam" mode like the Injector Cyclotron or with an upgraded flattopping system.  
FPAE036 Lattice Modification of a 1.2 GeV STB Ring for Generation of High Energy Gamma-Rays Using Internal Target Wire 2458
  • F. Hinode, H. Hama, M. Kawai, A. Kurihara, A. Miyamoto, M. Mutoh, M. Nanao, Y. Shibasaki, K. Shinto, S. Takahashi, T. Tanaka
    LNS, Sendai
  A 1.2 GeV Stretcher-Booster Ring (STB ring) has been routinely operated at Laboratory of Nuclear Science (LNS), Tohoku University. The STB ring has functions of a pulse-beam stretcher and a booster-storage ring. In the booster-storage operation, high energy gamma-ray beam generated via bremsstrahlung from internal target wire is utilized for experiments of nuclear physics. Some fractions of circulating electrons are also deflected in the target wire due to Coulomb scattering without significant loss of the energy. The scattered electrons that are not getting out of the dynamic aperture once can circulate in the ring. Such electrons, however, would hit the chamber walls and supports of the target wire during further turns, because they have very large betatron amplitude. Consequently the Coulomb scattered electrons must be a source of significant background and may cause a degradation of gamma-ray beam quality. The quality of the gamma-ray beam has been improved by modifying the lattice functions of the ring, and we report the improvement in this conference.  
FPAE037 SPIRAL 2 RFQ Prototype First Tests 2488
  • R. Ferdinand, G. Congretel, A. Curtoni, O. Delferriere, A. France, D. Leboeuf, J. Thinel, J.-C. Toussaint
    CEA/DSM/DAPNIA, Gif-sur-Yvette
  • A.C. Caruso
    INFN/LNS, Catania
  • M. Di Giacomo
    GANIL, Caen
  The SPIRAL2 RFQ is designed to accelerate at 88MHz two kinds of charge-over-mass ratio, Q/A, particles. The proposed injector can accelerate a 5 mA deuteron beam (Q/A=1/2) or a 1 mA particles beam with q/A=1/3 up to 0.75 MeV/A. It is a CW machine which has to show stable operation, provide the request availability, have the minimum losses in order to minimize the activation constraints and show the best quality/cost ratio. The prototype of this 4-vane RFQ has been built and tested. It allowed to verify the mechanical assembly concept (RFQ without any brazing step). The full power was easily injected in the cavity, with no concerns for the RF joints. The paper describes the different achievements.  
FPAE040 First Operation of PIAVE, the Heavy Ion Injector Based on Superconducting RFQ's 2621
  • G. Bisoffi, G. Bassato, A. Battistella, G.P. Bezzon, l. Boscagli, A. Calore, S. Canella, D. Carlucci, F. Chiurlotto, M. Comunian, M. De Lazzari, A. Facco, E. Fagotti, A. Lombardi, P. Modanese, M.F. Moisio, A. Pisent, M. Poggi, A.M. Porcellato, S. Stark
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro, Padova
  The Positive Ion Accelerator for low-Velocity Ions (PIAVE), based on superconducting RFQ's (SRFQ's), has been completed in fall 2004 with the first acceleration of beams from the ECR ion source. Superconducting RFQ's were used, for the first time, for beam acceleration on a user-oriented accelerator complex. A general status of the injector performances is given: it includes, besides the SRFQ's, eight superconducting (SC) QWR's and three bunchers; the beam is received from an ECR source on a HV platform and is delivered, through the SC accelerator ALPI, to nuclear physics experimental apparatuses. The paper emphasizes, in particular, the technological challenges related to the operation of the SC cavities, the cryogenics, control, diagnostics and vacuum systems.  
FPAE042 Beam Commissioning of the Superconducting RFQs of the New LNL Injector PIAVE 2696
  • A. Pisent, G. Bisoffi, D. Carlucci, M. Cavenago, F. Chiurlotto, M. Comunian, E. Fagotti, A. Galatà, M. Poggi, A.M. Porcellato, M. Sattin
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro, Padova
  • T. Kulevoy
    ITEP, Moscow
  PIAVE is the new injector of the LNL superconducting heavy ion linac ALPI; the injector is able to accelerate ions up to U (Q/q=8.5) with a final energy of more than 1 MeV/u. During the last two months of 2004 the superconducting RFQ, composed by two Nb structures operating at 80 MHz, has been commissioned using the O+3 and Xe+18 beams produced by the ECRIS ALICE. The beam has been accelerated up to 587 keV/u reaching the main design parameters (energy, longitudinal and transverse emittance, transmission) and demonstrating a stable and reproducible operation. This is the first operational beam accelerated by a superconducting RFQ.  
FPAE043 Transverse Tuning Scheme for J-PARC Linac 2750
  • M. Ikegami, Z. Igarashi, S. Lee
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • H. Akikawa, K. Hasegawa, Y. Kondo, T. Ohkawa
    JAERI, Ibaraki-ken
  • H. Ao, S. Sato, T. Tomisawa, A. Ueno
    JAERI/LINAC, Ibaraki-ken
  In a high-intensity linac, precise transverse matching is essential for beam halo mitigation. In this paper, we present the supposed transverse tuning scheme for J-PARC linac and the planned beam diagnostic layout for it. Relevantly, we briefly touch upon the tuning scenario for the arc section and the transverse halo collimator system which are located between the linac and the succeeding ring.  
FPAE044 Test Results of the PEFP 3MeV RFQ Upgrade 2842
  • Y.-S. Cho, S.-H. Han, J.-H. Jang, H.-S. Kim, Y.-H. Kim, H.-J. Kwon, M.-Y. Park, K.T. Seol
    KAERI, Daejon
  Funding: This work is supported by the 21C Frontier R&D program in the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Korean government.

A 3MeV RFQ upgrade for 100MeV proton accelerator has been fabricated at PEFP (Proton Engineering Frontier Project). The tuning of the cavity was carried out before and after the brazing to meet the condition that the quadrupole field profile is within 1% of design value and dipole component is less than 1% of quadrupole one. The ancillary system such as high power RF including klystron power supply and cooling system were already tested up to operating level. Therefore, the main issues of the tests were cavity conditioning up to full power level and low duty beam test. After the completion of the beam test of RFQ itself, the 20MeV DTL which has been tested independently will be carried out. In this paper, the test results of the PEFP 3MeV RFQ upgrade including high power conditioning and low duty beam acceleration are presented.

FPAE045 Design of the PEFP MEBT 2881
  • J.-H. Jang, Y.-S. Cho, Y.-H. Kim, H.-J. Kwon
    KAERI, Daejon
  Funding: This work is supported by the 21C Frontier R&D program in the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Korean government.

A MEBT system of the PEFP(Proton Engineering Frontier Project) has to be installed after the 20MeV DTL where the beam will be supplied to the user group through a beam extraction system. Until now we don't have a plan to put in some matching devices between the RFQ and 20MeV DTL except using the four quadrupole magnets in the first DTL tank as transverse matching tools. The MEBT plays the key role to match the 20MeV output beam into the next accelerator in the longitudinal direction as well as transverse one. This report shows the basic concept and the design status of the system.

FPAE046 Initial Test of the PEFP 20MeV DTL 2917
  • H.-S. Kim, Y.-S. Cho, S.-H. Han, J.-H. Jang, Y.-H. Kim, H.-J. Kwon, M.-Y. Park, K.T. Seol
    KAERI, Daejon
  • Y.-S. Hwang
    SNU, Seoul
  Funding: This work is supported by the 21C Frontier R&D program in the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Korean government.

A conventional 20MeV drift tube linac (DTL) for the Proton Engineering Frontier Project (PEFP) has been developed as a low energy section of 100MeV accelerator. The machine consists of four tanks with 152 cells supplied with 900kW RF power from 350MHz klystron through the ridge-loaded waveguide coupler. We assembled the fabricated accelerator components and aligned each part with care. We have also prepared the subsystems for the test of the DTL such as RF power delivery system, high voltage DC power supply, vacuum system, cooling system, measurements and control system and so on. The detailed description of the initial test setup and preliminary test results will be given in this paper.

FPAE047 Test Scheme Setup for the PEFP 20MeV DTL 2965
  • H.-S. Kim, Y.-S. Cho, Y.-H. Kim, H.-J. Kwon, K.T. Seol
    KAERI, Daejon
  • Y.-S. Hwang
    SNU, Seoul
  Funding: This work is supported by the 21C Frontier R&D program in the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Korean government.

A 100MeV proton accelerator is under development for the Proton Engineering Frontier Project (PEFP). The goal of the first stage of the project is to develop a 20MeV accelerator and the initial test of the 20MeV accelerator will be made. The DTL of 20 MeV accelerator consists of four tanks and will be driven with single klystron, which gives rise to some unique problems with regard to the way of independent resonance control for each tank. Some changes made in the LLRF for reducing phase or amplitude error of cavities affect all of four tanks simultaneously, for which it is not possible to use LLRF for individual control of phase and amplitude of each tank. For independent control of each tank, we are going to use the temperature control of the drift tubes as a frequency tuner. During the initial test of the DTL, the phase of each tank will be synchronized with the first tank phase, and beam based test will be performed as if all of tanks were single unit. The detailed description of the test scheme and the analysis results will be given in this paper.

FPAE048 Fabrication of the PEFP 3MeV RFQ Upgrade 3010
  • H.-J. Kwon, Y.-S. Cho, J.-H. Jang, H.-S. Kim, Y.-H. Kim
    KAERI, Daejon
  Funding: This work is supported by the 21C Frontier R&D program in the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Korean government.

A 100MeV proton accelerator has been developed at PEFP (Proton Engineering Frontier Project) as a 21C Frontier Project. The goal of the first stage of the project is to develop a 20MeV accelerator. The 20MeV accelerator consists of ion source, LEBT, 3MeV RFQ and 20MeV DTL. The 3MeV RFQ was already installed and being tested. During preliminary test, some problems, such as the resonant frequency and field profile tuning, sharp edge in the vane end, inadequate RF seals have been found out. Therefore, it was decided to fabricate another RFQ. The RFQ upgrade includes some characteristics such as constant voltage profile, adoption of transition cell which are different from present one. In this paper, the fabrication of the PEFP 3MeV RFQ upgrade are presented.

FPAE049 Development and Implementation of ?T Procedure for the SNS Linac 3064
  • A. Feschenko, S. Bragin, Y. Kiselev, L.V. Kravchuk, O. Volodkevich
    RAS/INR, Moscow
  • A.V. Aleksandrov, J. Galambos, S. Henderson, A.P. Shishlo
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  Funding: SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. Department of Energy.

The ?t procedure is a time of flight technique for setting the phases and amplitudes of accelerating fields in a multi-cavity linac. It was initially proposed and developed for the LAMPF linac in the early seventies and since then has been used in several accelerators. The SNS linac includes four CCL modules (Side Coupled Structure) operating at 805 MHz for the energy range from 86.8 MeV up to 185.6 MeV. The ?t procedure has been implemented for the SNS CCL linac and was used for its initial beam commissioning. Brief theory of the procedure, the results of the design parameter calculations and the experimental results of phase and amplitude setpoints are presented and discussed.

FPAE050 Injector Linac for the BNL Super Neutrino Beam Project 3129
  • D. Raparia, J.G. Alessi, A. Ruggiero, W.-T. Weng
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  Funding: This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. DOE, Contract No. DE-AC02-98H10886.

BNL plans to upgrade the AGS proton beam from the current 0.14 MW to higher than 1.0 MW and beyond for such a neutrino facility. We have examined possible upgrades to the AGS complex that would meet the requirements of the proton beam for a 1.0 MW neutrino superbeam facility. We are proposing to replace part of the existing 200 MeV linac with coupled cavity structure from 116 MeV to 400 MeV and then add additional 1.1 GeV superconducting linac to reach a final energy of 1.5 GeV for direct H- injection into the AGS. We will present possible choices for the upgrade and our choice and its design.

FPAE051 Performance of a CW RFQ Injector for the IUCF Cyclotron 3179
  • V.P. Derenchuk, V. Anferov, G.W. East, D. Friesel, W.P. Jones
    IUCF, Bloomington, Indiana
  • R.W. Hamm
    AccSys, Pleasanton, California
  • J.W.  Staples
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: The State of Indiana, Indiana University, and the DOE (Grant No DE-FG-02000ER62966) supported this work.

A 750 keV RFQ proton pre-injector was installed in place of a 600 keV Cockroft-Walton high voltage terminal for the IUCF k220 Cyclotron.* The pre-injector consists of a 20 keV microwave ion source and LEBT, a unique design 750 keV CW RFQ, and a short transfer beam line to the k15 injector cyclotron center region.** This pre-injector system was installed and commissioned in June of 2003 and is now in routine service as the sole injection system to the cyclotrons. This contribution will discuss the performance of the CW RFQ pre-injector and the transmission properties of the beam through the cyclotrons.

*D.L.Friesel, et al., App. of Acc. in Res. and Ind., eds. J.L. Duggan and I.L. Morgan, Denton, 651(2000). **V.P. Derenchuk, et al., 2003 Particle Accelerator Conference, Portland, OR, (2003), edited by A. Jackson and E. Lee.

FPAE052 The LENS 7 MeV, 10 mA Proton Linac 3200
  • V.P. Derenchuk, D.V. Baxter, A. Bogdanov, W.P. Jones, T. Rinckel, K. A. Solberg
    IUCF, Bloomington, Indiana
  Funding: This work has been supported by the National Science Foundation under grants DMR-0220560, and DMR-0320627, by the Indiana 21st Century Science and Technology Fund, and by the Department of Defense.

The Indiana University Cyclotron Facility (IUCF) has constructed and placed in operation a Low Energy Neutron Source (LENS) using a 10 mA, 7 MeV proton beam incident on a beryllium target. The proton delivery system (PDS) consists of a 25 keV proton injector, an AccSys Technology, Inc. PL7 Linac* and a beam transport line with non-linear beam spreading.** The accelerator and beamline equipment used in this construction are refurbished and upgraded components from the IUCF CIS/Cooler synchrotron*** facility. After commissioning the beam current at 7 MeV will be 10 mA with a pulse width of up to 300 μs and > 1% duty factor. The PDS was constructed and commissioning started in 2004. First operating results will be described.

*D.L. Friesel and W. Hunt, Linac98, pp61-63. **W.P. Jones, et. al., "Non-Linear Beam Transport System for the LENS 7 MeV Proton Beam," this proceedings. ***D.L. Friesel, et. al., EPAC2000, pp. 539-541.

FPAE053 Isobar Suppression by Photodetachment in a Gas-Filled RF Quadrupole Ion Guide 3250
  • Y. Liu, J.R. Beene, C.C. Havener, J. F. Liang
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • A.C. Havener
    University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee
  Funding: Managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, for the U.S. DOE under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725. Co-author Aaron Havener was under a U.S. DOE Science Undergraduate Laboratory Internship.

A novel method is described for selective suppression of isobar contaminants in negative radioactive ion beams. Negative ion beams extracted from an ion source were decelerated to low energies and injected into a gas-filled radio-frequency quadrupole (RFQ) ion guide where the ions were cooled and unwanted ions were selectively removed by non-resonant photodetachment with photons of sufficient energy. Simulation studies show that the laser-ion interaction time in a 40 cm long RFQ ion guide can be on the order of milliseconds, thus, high efficiency photodetachment is possible with commercially available CW lasers. There are a number of adjacent-Z species whose negative ions are such that photodetachment can be used to suppress the unwanted negative ion species while leaving the species of interest intact. Examples of particular interest include suppressing the 56Co- component in a mixed 56Ni- + 56Co- beam and the 17O- component in a mixed 17O- + 17F- beam. In a proof–of-principle experiment a CW Nd:YAG laser at 1064 nm wavelength was used to selectively remove Co- ions in the (Ni, Co) pair. With laser power on the order of 3 W, 95% of Co- beams were suppressed while only 10% of Ni- beams were neutralized in a He-filled RFQ guide.

FPAE054 Front End Design of a Multi-GeV H-minus Linac 3286
  • P.N. Ostroumov, K.W. Shepard
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  • G.W. Foster, I.G. Gonin, G. Romanov
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contracts No. W-31-109-ENG-38 and DE-AC02-76CH03000.

The proposed 8-GeV driver at FNAL is based on ~480 independently phased SC resonators. Significant cost saving is expected by using an rf power fan out from high-power klystrons to multiple cavities. Successful development of superconducting (SC) multi-spoke resonators operating at ~345-350 MHz provides a strong basis for their application in the front end of multi-GeV linear accelerators. Such a front-end operating at 325 MHz would enable direct transition to high-gradient 1300 MHz SC TESLA-style cavities at ~400 MeV. The proposed front end consists of 5 sections: a conventional RFQ, room-temperature (RT) cross-bar H-type (CH) cavities, single-, double- and triple-spoke superconducting resonators. For several reasons which are discussed in this paper there is a large advantage in using independently phased RT CH-cavities between the RFQ and SC sections in the energy range 3-15 MeV.

FPAE055 Heavy-Ion Beam Dynamics in the RIA Post-Accelerator 3301
  • P.N. Ostroumov, V.N. Aseev
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  • A. Kolomiets
    ITEP, Moscow
  Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Physics, under Contract No. W-31-109-ENG-38.

The RIB linac includes two strippers for the heaviest ions and three main sections: a room temperature injector up to an energy of ~100 keV/u, a superconducting (SC) linac for ions with charge-to-mass ratio 1/66 or more up to an energy of ~1 MeV and a higher energy SC linac to produce 10 MeV/u beams up to the mass of uranium. The RIA post-accelerator is a complex system designed for acceleration singly-charged ions before the stripper and includes many different accelerating and focusing structures operating both at room and cryogenic temperatures. Extensive accelerator design studies and end-to-end beam dynamics simulations have been performed to minimize the cost of the linac while providing high-quality and high-intensity radioactive beams. Specifically, we have found that cost-effective acceleration can be provided by several hybrid RFQs in the front end. The hybrid RFQs have been proposed and developed for acceleration of low-velocity heavy ions.* For the beam focusing in the second section it is appropriate to use electrostatic lenses and SC quadrupoles inside common cryostats with the resonators. The electrostatic lenses are most effective in the first cryostat of the SC linac.

*P.N. Ostroumov and A.A. Kolomiets. Proc. of the PAC-2001, Chicago, IL, June 18-22, 2001, p. 4077.

FPAE056 Review of a Spoke-Cavity Design Option for the RIA Driver Linac 3360
  • P.N. Ostroumov, K.W. Shepard
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  • J.R. Delayen
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Physics, under Contract No. W-31-109-ENG-38.

A design option for the 1.4 GV, multiple-charge-state driver linac required for the U.S. Rare Isotope Accelerator Project based on 345 MHz, 3-cell spoke-loaded cavities has been previously discussed.* This paper updates consideration of design options for the RIA driver, including recent results from numerically-modeling the multi-charge-state beam dynamics and also cold test results for prototype superconducting niobium 3-cell spoke-loaded cavities.

*"High-energy ion linacs based on superconducting spoke cavities," K.W. Shepard, P.N. Ostroumov, and J.R. Delayen, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 6, 080101 (2003).

FPAE057 Beam Dynamics Studies and Beam Quality in the SNS Normal-Conducting Linac 3381
  • S. Henderson, A.V. Aleksandrov, D.A. Bartkoski, C. Chu, S.M. Cousineau, V.V. Danilov, G.W. Dodson, J. Galambos, D.-O. Jeon, M.A. Plum, M.P. Stockli
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  Funding: SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. Department of Energy. SNS is a partnership of six national laboratories: Argonne, Brookhaven, Jefferson, Lawrence Berkeley, Los Alamos and Oak Ridge.

The Spallation Neutron Source accelerator systems will provide a 1.0 GeV, 1.4 MW proton beam to a liquid mercury target for neutron production. The accelerator complex consists of an H- injector capable of producing 38 mA peak current, a 1 GeV linear accelerator, an accumulator ring and associated transport lines. The linear accelerator consists of a Drift Tube Linac, a Coupled-Cavity Linac and a Superconducting Linac which provide 1.5 mA average current to the accumulator ring. The staged beam commissioning of the accelerator complex is proceeding as component installation progresses. Recently, the normal-conducting linear accelerator was beam commissioned. A number of beam dynamics and beam quality measurements will be reported, including the measurement of transverse emittances in the H- injector, and the evolution of halo and emittance along the linac.

FPAE058 Spallation Neutron Source Superconducting Linac Commissioning Algorithms 3423
  • S. Henderson, I.E. Campisi, J. Galambos, D.-O. Jeon, Y. Zhang
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  Funding: SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. Department of Energy. SNS is a partnership of six national laboratories: Argonne, Brookhaven, Jefferson, Lawrence Berkeley, Los Alamos and Oak Ridge.

We describe the techniques which will be employed for establishing RF and quadrupole setpoints in the SNS superconducting linac. The longitudinal tuneup will be accomplished using phase-scan methods, as well as a technique that makes use of the beam induced field in the unpowered cavity.* The scheme for managing the RF and quadrupole setpoints to achieve a given energy profile will be described.

*L. Young, Proc. PAC 2001, p. 572.

FPAE059 Transverse Matching Techniques for the SNS Linac 3471
  • D.-O. Jeon, C. Chu, V.V. Danilov
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  Funding: SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. Department of Energy. SNS is a partnership of six national laboratories: Argonne, Brookhaven, Jefferson, Lawrence Berkeley, Los Alamos, and Oak Ridge.

It is crucial to minimize beam loss and machine activation by obtaining optimal transverse matching for a high-intensity linear accelerator such as the Spallation Neutron Source linac. For matching the Drift Tube Linac (DTL) to Coupled Cavity Linac (CCL), there are four wire-scanners installed in series in CCL module 1 as proposed by the author.* A series of measurements was conducted to minimize envelope breathing and the results are presented here. As an independent approach, Chu et al is developing an application based on another technique by estimating rms emittance using the wire scanner profile data.** For matching the Medium Energy Beam Transport Line to the DTL, a technique of minimizing rms emittance was used and emittance data show that tail is minimized as well.

*D. Jeon et al., "A technique to transversely match high intensity linac using only rms beam size from wire-scanners," Proceedings of LINAC2002 Conference, p. 88. **C. Chu et al., "Transverse beam matching application for SNS," in this conference proceedings.

FPAE061 Status of the Booster Injector for the Duke FEL Storage Ring 3544
  • S. Mikhailov, M.D. Busch, M. Emamian, J.F. Faircloth, S.M. Hartman, J. Li, V. Popov, G. Swift, V. Vylet, P.W. Wallace, P. Wang, Y.K. Wu
    DU/FEL, Durham, North Carolina
  • O. Anchugov, N. Gavrilov, G.Y. Kurkin, Yu. Matveev, D. Shvedov, N. Vinokurov
    BINP SB RAS, Protvino, Moscow Region
  Funding: This work is supported by U.S. DOE grant # DE-FG02-01ER41175 and by AFOSR MFEL grant # F49620-001-0370.

This paper presents the current status of the booster synchrotron for the Duke FEL storage ring. The booster will provide full energy injection into the storage ring in a wide energy range from 0.27 to 1.2 GeV. When operating the Duke FEL storage ring as the High Intensity Gamma Source (HIGS) to produce gamma photons above 20 MeV with Compton scattering, continuous electron loss occurs. The top-off mode operation of the booster injector will enable the continuous operation of the HIGS facility by replenishing the lost electrons. The design requirement for a compact booster with the single bunch extraction capability remains a challenge for the machine development. Presently, the booster project is in the installation phase. The magnetic elements, vacuum chambers, injection and extraction kickers have been fabricated in the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Russia. The diagnostic and control system is being developed in the FEL lab, Duke University. The commissioning of the booster synchrotron is planned for fall 2005.

FPAE062 Beam Parameters of a Two-Sectional Electron Linac with the Injector Based on a Resonance System with Evanescent Oscillations 3567
  • V.V. Mytrochenko, M.I. Ayzatskiy, V.N. Boriskin, A. Dovbnya, I.V. Khodak, V.A. Kushnir, A. Opanasenko, S.A. Perezhogin, A.N. Savchenko, D.L. Stepin, V.I. Tatanov, Z.V. Zhiglo
    NSC/KIPT, Kharkov
  The S-band electron linac has been designed at NSC KIPT to cover an energy range from 30 to about of 100 MeV. The linac consists of a couple of the four-meter long piecewise homogeneous accelerating sections. Each section is supplied with RF power from a separate klystron. The peculiarity of the linac is using of the injector based on evanescent oscillations. The report presents both simulation results of self-consistent particle dynamics in the linac and results of measurement of beam parameters.  
FPAE063 Enhancements of Machine Reliability and Beam Quality in SPring-8 Linac for Top-Up Injection into Two Storage Rings 3585
  • H. Hanaki, T. Asaka, H. Dewa, T. Kobayashi, A. Mizuno, S. Suzuki, T. Taniuchi, H. Tomizawa, K. Yanagida
    JASRI/SPring-8, Hyogo
  SPring-8 has started its top-up operation from May 2004 in order to feed constant photon fluxes to users. The SPring-8 linac has been improved to realize stable and uninterrupted top-up injection into the SPring-8 storage ring and the NewSUBARU storage ring. The beam energy instability of 0.01% rms had been achieved by the following stabilization: RF amplitude and phase stabilization, synchronization of beam timing and linac's 2856 MHz RF and introduction of an energy compensation system (ECS). Feedback controls of steering magnets compensate long-term variation of beam trajectories at ends of beam transport lines. The presentation will include also recent improvements.  
FPAE066 The IFUSP Microtron New Configuration 3703
  • M.L. Lopes, M.N. Martins, P.B. Rios, J. Takahashi
    USP/LAL, Bairro Butantan
  Funding: Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo - FAPESP Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico - CNPq.

In this work we present a new design for the IFUSP main microtron accelerator. The new configuration improves the maximum output energy and eases the operation of the machine. The accelerator will be able to deliver 38 MeV after 43 turns. The input energy was reduced from 4.9 to 2.5 MeV, so that the first microtron stage, the booster, could be eliminated, reducing the number of synchronous stages and easing the operation. We present results for the energy, energy gain and phase slip per turn, and the beam ellipses. We also discuss the design of the insertion and extraction lines.

FPAE067 Present Design and Calculation for the Injection-Dump Line of the RCS at J-PARC 3739
  • P.K. Saha, N. Hayashi, H. Hotchi, Y. Irie, F. Noda, T. Takayanagi
    JAERI/J-PARC, Tokai-Mura, Naka-Gun, Ibaraki-Ken
  • S. Machida, I. Sakai
    KEK, Ibaraki
  The RCS(rapid cycling synchrotron) of J-PARC(Japan proton accelerator research complex) acts as an injector to the main ring as well as a high-power beam for the spallation neutron source at a repetition rate of 25 Hz, where at present the injection and the extraction beam energy are chosen to be 0.181 GeV and 3.0 GeV, respectively. The present work concerns on the present design and calculations for the injection-dump line of the RCS, which includes, 1) an accurate aperture list of all elements taking into account a wide range of the betatron tune, effect of changing injection modes, multiple trajectories of different particles after the charge-exchange foil( like H0 from the H- and H- beam itself)and 2) an accurate estimation of the uncontrolled beam losses especially from the H0-excited states, multiple coulomb scattering at the charge-exchange foil and also the lorentz stripping loss at the septum magnets so as to optimize them concerning mainly the radiation issues as well as for the hands-on maintenance.  
FPAE068 Charge Strippers in the RIKEN RI-Beam Factory 3751
  • H. Ryuto, N. Fukunishi, A. Goto, H. Hasebe, N. Inabe, O. Kamigaito, M. Kase, Y. Yano, S. Yokouchi
    RIKEN/RARF/CC, Saitama
  In the RIKEN RI-Beam Factory, ions from hydrogen to uranium are planned to be accelerated by four cyclotrons and linacs using four stripper sections. The charge stripping schemes for typical ions and the selection of the charge strippers are described. The results of the measurements on charge state fractions are presented.  
FPAE069 DESIREE - A Double Electrostatic Storage Ring for Low Energy Ion-Ion Collisions
  • L. Liljeby, G. Andler, L. Bagge, M. Blom, H. Danared, A. Källberg, S. Leontein, P. Löfgren, A. Paal, K.-G. Rensfelt, A. Simonsson, Ö. Skeppstedt
    MSL, Stockholm
  • H. Cederquist, M. Larsson, H.T. Schmidt, K. Schmidt
    Stockholm University, Department of Physics, Stockholm
  The advantages of storage rings with only electrostatic elements were first demonstrated in ELISA at Aarhus University and later in other places. At MSL and the Physics Department at Stockholm University the ideas have been developed further in the Double Electrostatic Storage Ion Ring ExpEriment, DESIREE. Beams of negative and positive atomic or molecular ions will be merged in a common straight section of two storage rings for studies of low energy collisions. The whole system may be cooled to below 20 K in order to relax internal excitations in stored molecules. This project is now fully financed and the final design work is in progress. A status report will be given in this paper together with a brief review of the planned physics program.  
FPAE070 A Collimation Scheme for Ions Changing Charge State in the LEIR Ring 3816
  • J. Pasternak, C.B. Bal, C. Carli, M. Chanel, E. Mahner
    CERN, Geneva
  Avalanche-like pressure rise and an associated decrease of the beam lifetime, caused by (i) beam loss due to charge exchange interactions with rest gas molecules and (ii) ion impact induced outgassing, is a potential limitation for heavy ion accelerators operating at low energy. Capture of electrons from the electron cooler is another source of ion losses and thus, of pressure rise. The vacuum system of the LEIR ring has to be upgraded to reach the dynamical vacuum pressure in the low 10-12 Torr range necessary to reach design performance. A collimation system to intercept lost ions by absorber blocksmade of low beam induced outgassing material will be installed. This paper reviews the collimation scheme and simulations of beam loss patterns around the ring.  
FPAE071 Initial Results on Neutralized Drift Compression Experiments (NDCX-IA) for High Intensity Ion Beam 3856
  • P.K. Roy, A. Anders, D. Baca, F.M. Bieniosek, J.E. Coleman, S. Eylon, W.G. Greenway, E. Henestroza, M. Leitner, B. G. Logan, D. Shuman, D.L. Vanecek, W. Waldron, S. Yu
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  • R.C. Davidson, P. Efthimion, E.P. Gilson, I. Kaganovich, A.B. Sefkow
    PPPL, Princeton, New Jersey
  • D. Rose, C.H. Thoma, D.R. Welch
    ATK-MR, Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • W.M. Sharp
    LLNL, Livermore, California
  Funding: This work was supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Fusion Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098.

Ion beam neutralization and compression experiments are designed to determine the feasibility of using compressed high intensity ion beams for high energy density physics (HEDP) experiments and for inertial fusion power. To quantitatively ascertain the various mechanisms and methods for beam compression, the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX) facility is being constructed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). In the first compression experiment, a 260 KeV, 25 mA, K+ ion beam of centimeters size is radially compressed to a mm size spot by neutralization in a meter-long plasma column and beam peak current is longitudinally compressed by an induction velocity tilt core. Instrumentation, preliminary results of the experiments, and practical limits of compression are presented. These include parameters such as emittance, degree of neutralization, velocity tilt time profile, and accuracy of measurements (fast and spatially high resolution diagnostic) are discussed.

FPAE072 RF-Kicker System for Secondary Beams at NSCL/MSU 3880
  • D. Gorelov, V. Andreev, D. Bazin, M. Doleans, T.L. Grimm, F. Marti, J. Vincent, X. Wu
    NSCL, East Lansing, Michigan
  The design and construction of a radio frequency (RF) kicker system at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL), Michigan State University (MSU) has been proposed. This RF kicker system will be used to purify secondary beams of rare isotopes after the existing A1900 Fragment Separator and will open a wide range of possibilities for new experiments at the forefront of nuclear science. The proposed system is studied as an efficient alternative to the traditional approach using Wien Filter. Rare neutron deficient secondary beams are challenging to purify because of the presence of intense contaminants that cannot be removed by the traditional energy loss method. However, velocity differences resulting in time-of-flight differences can be used for the effective separation of the beams transversely using the time-varying electromagnetic fields of the RF kicker. Its technical design will be presented together with the beam dynamics analysis of a secondary beam in realistic 3D electromagnetic fields. The expected purification improvement of the exotic beams for the foreseen nuclear physics experiments will be shown in details.  
FPAE073 A Free Hg Jet System for Use in a High-Power Target Experiment 3895
  • P.T. Spampinato, T.A. Gabriel, V.B. Graves, M.J. Rennich
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • A. Fabich, H. Haseroth, J. Lettry
    CERN, Geneva
  • H.G. Kirk, N. Simos, T. Tsang
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • K.T. McDonald
    PU, Princeton, New Jersey
  • P. Titus
    MIT/PSFC, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  Funding: Work funded by the U.S. Department Of Energy.

We describe a mercury jet system that is suitable for insertion into the 15cm diameter bore of a high-field solenoid magnet. The device features a hermetically sealed primary containment volume which is enclosed in a secondary containment system to insure isolation of mercury vapors from the remaining experimental environment. The jet diameter is 1-cm while the jet velocity will be up to 20 m/s. Optical diagnostics is incorporated into the target design to allow observation of the dispersal of the mercury as a result of interaction with a 24 GeV proton beam with up to 20 x 1012 ppp.

FPAE074 Beam Parameter Measurement and Control at the SNS Target 3913
  • M.A. Plum, M. Holding, T. McManamy
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  Funding: SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. Department of Energy. SNS is a partnership of six national laboratories: Argonne, Brookhaven, Jefferson, Lawrence Berkeley, Los Alamos, and Oak Ridge.

The spallation neutron production target at the SNS facility is designed for 1.4 MW beam power. Both beam position and profile must be carefully controlled within narrow margins to avoid damage to the target. The position must be within 2 mm of the target center, and 90% of the beam must be within the nominal 70 mm x 200 mm spot size, without exceeding 0.18 A/m2 peak beam current density. This is a challenging problem, since most of the diagnostics are 9 m upstream of the target, and because the high beam power limits the lifetime of intercepting diagnostics. Our design includes a thermocouple halo monitor approximately 2 m upstream of the target face, and a beam position monitor, an insertable harp profile monitor, and a beam shape monitor approximately 9 m upstream. In this paper we will discuss our strategy to commission the beam delivery system and to meet target requirements during nominal operation.

FPAE075 Radiation Damage to the Elements of the SIS300 Dipoles 3943
  • E. Mustafin, J. Kaugerts, G. Moritz, G. Walter
    GSI, Darmstadt
  • L.N. Latysheva, N. Sobolevskiy
    RAS/INR, Moscow
  Funding: Supported by the grant of the GSI-INTAS Project #03-54-3588.

Radiation damage to various elements of the cosine-theta type dipoles of the SIS300 synchrotron of the FAIR Project was calculated. Among the elements under consideration were the superconducting cable, insulating materials, and high-current by-pass protection diodes. The Monte-Carlo particle transport codes MARS and SHIELD were used to simulate propagation of the lost ions and protons, together with the products of nuclear interactions in the material of the elements. It was found that the lifetime of the protection diodes under irradiation is a more restrictive limit for the tolerable level of beam losses than the occurrence of magnet quenches.

FPAE076 The System of Nanosecond 280-keV-He+ Pulsed Beam 3982
  • P. Junphong, Mr. Ano, Mr. Lekprasert, Dr. Suwannakachorn, N. Thongnopparat, T. Vilaithong
    FNRF, Chiang Mai
  • H. Wiedemann
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: We would like to acknowledge the support of the Thailand Research Fund, the National Research Council of Thailand, the Thai Royal Golden Jubilee Scholarship Program, the Faculty of Science, and the Graduate School of Chiang Mai University.

At Fast Neutron Research Facility,the 150 kV-pulseds neutron generator is being upgraded to produce a 280-keV-pulsed-He beam for time-of-flight Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. It involves replacing the existing beam line elements by a multicusp ion source, a 400-kV accelerating tube, 45o-double focusing dipole magnet and quadrupole lens. The Multicusp ion source is a compact filament-driven of 2.6 cm in diameter and 8 cm in length. The current extracted is 20.4 μA with 13 kV of extraction voltage and 8.8 kV of Einzel lens voltage. The beam emittance has been found to vary between 6-12 mm mrad. The beam transport system has to be redesigned based on the new elements. The important part of a good pulsed beam depends on the pulsing system. The two main parts are the chopper and buncher. An optimized geometry for the 280 keV pulsed helium ion beam will be presented and discussed. The PARMELA code has been used to optimize the space charge effect, resulting in pulse width of less than 2 ns at a target. The calculated distance from a buncher to the target is 4.6 m. Effects of energy spread and phase angle between chopper and buncher have been included in the optimization of the bunch length.

FPAE077 LSP Simulations of the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment 4006
  • C.H. Thoma, D.R. Welch
    ATK-MR, Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • S. Eylon, E. Henestroza, P.K. Roy, S. Yu
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  • E.P. Gilson
    PPPL, Princeton, New Jersey
  Funding: Work supported by the VNL for HIF through PPPL and LBNL.

The Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory involves the longitudinal compression of a singly-stripped K ion beam with a mean energy of 250 keV in a meter long plasma. We present simulation results of compression of the NDCX beam using the PIC code LSP. The NDCX beam encounters an acceleration gap with a time-dependent voltage that decelerates the front and accelerates the tail of a 500 ns pulse which is to be compressed 110 cm downstream. The simulations model both ideal and experimental voltage waveforms. Results show good longitudinal compression without significant emittance growth.