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MPPP038 Harmonic Cavity Performance for NSLS-II undulator, damping, synchrotron, emittance 2544
  • A. Blednykh, S. Krinsky, B. Podobedov, J. Rose, N.A. Towne, J.-M. Wang
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  NSLS-II is a 3 GeV ultra-high brightness storage ring that is planned to succeed the present NSLS rings at Brookhaven. Ultra-low emittance bunch combined with a short bunch length results in the Touschek lifetime of only a few hours, which strongly advocates including harmonic RF in the baseline design of NSLS-II. This paper describes the required harmonic RF parameters, trade-offs between the possible choices and the expected system performance, including the implications on lifetime and instabilities.  
TPAT001 An Ultra-Bright Pulsed Electron Beam with Low Longitudinal Emittance electron, laser, emittance, ion 770
  • M.S. Zolotorev, E. D. Commins, P. Denes, Z. Hussain, G.V. Lebedev, S.M. Lidia, D. Robin, F. Sannibale, R.W. Schoenlein, R. A. Vogel, W. Wan
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  • S.A. Heifets
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098.

We describe a novel scheme for an electron source in the 10 - 100 eV range with the capability of approaching the brightness quantum-limit and of lowering the effective temperature of the electrons orders of magnitude with respect to existing sources. Such a device can open the way for a wide range of novel applications that utilize angstrom-scale spatial resolution and ?eV-scale energy resolution. Possible examples include electron microscopy, electron holography, and investigations of dynamics on a picosecond time scale using pump-probe techniques. In this paper we describe the concepts for such a source including a complete and consistent set of parameters for the construction of a real device based on the presented scheme.

WPAP009 Optimization of RF Compressor in the SPARX Injector emittance, simulation, gun, bunching 1144
  • C. Ronsivalle
    ENEA C.R. Frascati, Frascati (Roma)
  • M. Boscolo, M. Ferrario, B. Spataro
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma)
  • L. Serafini
    INFN-Milano, Milano
  The SPARX photoinjector consists in a rf gun injecting into three SLAC accelerating sections, the first one operating in the RF compressor configuration in order to achieve higher peak current. A systematic study based on PARMELA simulations has been done in order to optimize the parameters that influence the compression also in view of the application of this system as injector of the so called SPARXINO 3-5 nm FEL test facility. The results of computations show that peak currents at the injector exit up to kA level are achievable with a good control of the transverse and longitudinal emittance by means of a short SW section operating at 11424 MHz placed before the first accelerating section. Some working points in different compression regimes suitable for FEL experiments have been selected. The stability of these points and the sensitivity to various types of random errors are discussed.  
WPAP016 High Brightness Electron Gun for X-Ray Source target, electron, focusing, injection 1488
  • S. Ohsawa, M. Ikeda, T. Sugimura, M. Tawada
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • Y. Hozumi
    GUAS/AS, Ibaraki
  • K. Kanno
    AET Japan, Inc., Kawasaki-City
  A new electron-gun system is under development in order to increase X-ray from a rotating target. In commercial X-ray sources electron beams usually hit targets at the outer part. Owing to deformation by centrifugal force, there has been a limit on electron beam intensities. In order to overcome this difficulty, we adopted a new injection system which strikes inside of a ring-shape projection on a rotating target. It has an advantage in that heated-up points have supports back side against centrifugal force. This merit allows us to raise electron beam to give stronger X-rays.  
WPAP047 Preliminary Results from a Superconducting Photocathode Sample Cavity cathode, gun, linac, vacuum 2956
  • P. Kneisel
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  • R.S. Lefferts, A.R. Lipski
    SBUNSL, Stony Brook, New York
  • J.S. Sekutowicz
    DESY, Hamburg
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. DOE Contract No DE-AC05-84ER40150.

Pure niobium has been proposed as a photocathode material and recently a successful test has been conducted with a niobium single cell cavity to extract photo-currents from the surface of this cavity. However, the quantum efficiency of niobium is ~210-4, whereas electrodeposited lead has a ~15 times higher quantum efficiency. We have designed and tested a photo-injector niobium cavity, which can be used to insert photo-cathodes made of different materials in the high electric field region of the cavity. Experiments have been conducted with niobium and lead, which show that neither the Q- values of the cavity nor the obtainable surface fields are significantly lowered. This paper reports about the results from these tests.

WPAP055 A 3D Parallel Beam Dynamics Code for Modeling High Brightness Beams in Photoinjectors space-charge, simulation, emittance, cathode 3316
  • J. Qiang, S.M. Lidia, R.D. Ryne
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  • C. Limborg-Deprey
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: This work was supported by a SciDAC project in accelerator physics which is supported by the U.S. DOE/SC Office of High Energy Physics and the Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research.

In this paper we report on IMPACT-T, a 3D beam dynamics code for modeling high brightness beams in photoinjectors and rf linacs. IMPACT-T is one of the few codes used in the photoinjector community that has a parallel implementation, making it very useful for high statistics simulations of beam halos and beam diagnostics. It has a comprehensive set of beamline elements, and furthermore allows arbitrary overlap of their fields. It is unique in its use of space-charge solvers based on an integrated Green function to efficiently and accurately treat beams with large aspect ratio, and a shifted Green function to efficiently treat image charge effects of a cathode. It is also unique in its inclusion of energy binning in the space-charge calculation to model beams with large energy spread. Together, all these features make IMPACT-T a powerful and versatile tool for modeling beams in photoinjectors and other systems. In this paper we describe the code features and present results of IMPACT-T simulations of the LCLS and LUX photoinjectors. We also include a comparison of IMPACT-T and PARMELA results, and a comparison of IMPACT-T and ASTRA results.

WOAB008 CANDLE Project Overview storage-ring, ion, photon, impedance 629
  • V.M. Tsakanov
    CANDLE, Yerevan
  CANDLE is a 3 GeV energy synchrotron light facility project in the Republic of Armenia. The main design features of the new facility are given. The results of the beam physics study in the future facility are overviewed including the machine impedance, ion trapping, single and multi-bunch instabilities, beam lifetime etc. The main requirements to the magnetic, RF and vacuum systems are discussed. The report includes the status of the project and the nearest R&D plans.  
RPAE015 High Energy, High Brightness X-Rays Produced by Compton Back Scattering at the Livermore PLEIADES facility electron, laser, lattice, linac 1464
  • A.M. Tremaine, S.G. Anderson, S.M. Betts, K. Crane, D.J. Gibson, F.V. Hartemann, J.S. Jacob
    LLNL, Livermore, California
  • P. Frigola, J. Lim, J.B. Rosenzweig, G. Travish
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California
  Funding: This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract no. W-7405-Eng-48.

PLEIADES (Picosecond Laser Electron Interaction for the Dynamic Evaluation of Structures) produces tunable 30-140 keV x-rays with 0.3-5 ps pulse lengths and 107 photons/pulse by colliding a high brightness electron beam with a high power laser. The electron beam is created by an rf photo-injector system, accelerated by a 120 MeV linac, and focused to 20 mm with novel permanent magnet quadrupoles. To produce Compton back scattered x-rays, the electron bunch is overlapped with a Ti:Sapphire laser that delivers 500 mJ, 80 fs, pulses to the interaction point. K-edge radiography at 115 keV on Uranium has verified the angle correlated energy spectrum inherent in Compton scattering and high-energy tunability of the Livermore source. Current upgrades to the facility will allow laser pumping of targets synchronized to the x-ray source enabling dynamic diffraction and time-resolved studies of high Z materials. Near future plans include extending the radiation energies to >400 keV, allowing for nuclear fluorescence studies of materials.

RPAE056 NSLS II: The Future of the NSLS synchrotron, insertion, insertion-device, photon 3345
  • J.B. Murphy, J. Bengtsson, R. Biscardi, A. Blednykh, G.L. Carr, W.R. Casey, S. Chouhan, S.B. Dierker, E. Haas, R. Heese, S. Hulbert, E.D. Johnson, C.C. Kao, S.L. Kramer, S. Krinsky, I.P. Pinayev, S. Pjerov, B. Podobedov, G. Rakowsky, J. Rose, T.V. Shaftan, B. Sheehy, J. Skaritka, N.A. Towne, J.-M. Wang, X.J. Wang, L.-H. Yu
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  Funding: Under Contract with the United States Department of Energy Contract Number DE-AC02-98CH10886

The National Synchrotron Light Source at BNL was the first dedicated light source facility and it has now operated for more than 20 years. During this time the user community has grown to more than 2400 users annually. To insure that this vibrant user community has access to the highest quality photon beams, the NSLS is pursuing the design of a new ultra-high brightness (~10E21) electron storage ring, tailored to the 0.3-20 KeV photon energy range. We present our preliminary design and review the critical accelerator physics design issues.

RPPT015 Start To End Simulation for the SPARX Project linac, emittance, simulation, undulator 1455
  • C. Vaccarezza, R. Boni, M. Boscolo, M. Ferrario, V. Fusco, M.  Migliorati, L. Palumbo, B. Spataro, M. Vescovi
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma)
  • L. Giannessi, M. Quattromini, C. Ronsivalle
    ENEA C.R. Frascati, Frascati (Roma)
  • L. Serafini
    INFN-Milano, Milano
  The first phase of the SPARX project now funded by Government Agencies, is an R&D activity focused on developing techniques and critical components for future X-ray facilities. The aim is the generation of electron beams with the ultra-high peak brightness required to drive FEL experiments. The FEL source realization will develop along two lines: (a) the use of the SPARC high brightness photoinjector to test RF compression techniques and the emittance degradation in magnetic compressors due to CSR, (b) the production of radiation in the range of 3-5 nm, both in SASE and SEEDED FEL configurations, in the so called SPARXINO test facility, upgrading the existing Frascati 800 MeV LINAC. In this paper we present and discuss the preliminary start to end simulations results.  
ROPA007 Vlasov Simulations of Beams and Halo simulation, focusing, lattice, hadron 581
  • E. Sonnendrucker, M. Gutnic, M. Haefele, G. Latu
    IRMA, Strasbourg
  • J.-L. Lemaire
    CEA/DIF/DPTA/SP2A, Bruyeres-le-Chatel
  Even though PIC simulations have proven an efficient tool for beam simulations for many years, they are subject to numerical noise which only decreases slowly when the number of particles is increased. Therefore other methods might be preferable, when one is interested in accurate simulations of high intensity beams especially in the low density part of phase space. We have been developing new methods based on the direct resolution of the Vlasov equation on a grid of phase space. In order for these methods to be efficient special care needs to be taken to optimize the number of necessary grid points. We shall describe two different approaches that are used to this aim: moving grid methods and wavelet based automatic grid refinement. Beam simulations in different configurations using direct Vlasov methods will be presented.