Keyword: brightness
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TUB4CO03 Optimization of Compton Source Performance Through Electron Beam Shaping ion, electron, radiation, photon 474
  • A. Malyzhenkov, N.A. Yampolsky
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  We investigate a novel scheme for significantly increasing the brightness of x-ray light sources based on inverse Compton scattering (ICS) - scattering laser pulses off relativistic electron beams. The brightness of these sources is limited by the electron beam quality since electrons traveling at different angles, and/or having different energies, produce photons with different energies. Therefore, the spectral brightness of the source is defined by the 6d electron phase space shape and size, as well as laser beam parameters. The peak brightness of the ICS source can be maximized then if the electron phase space is transformed in a way so that all electrons scatter off the x-ray photons of same frequency in the same direction. We describe the x-ray photon beam quality through the Wigner function (6d photon phase space distribution) and derive it for the ICS source when the electron and laser rms matrices are arbitrary. We find the optimal uncorrelated electron beam phase space distribution resulting in the highest brightness of the ICS source for the simple on axis case as an example.  
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WEPOA44 Accleration System of Beam Brightness Booster ion, space-charge, proton, electron 796
  • V.G. Dudnikov
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
  • A.V. Dudnikov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
  The brightness and intensity of a circulating proton beam now can be increased up to space charge limit by means of charge exchange injection or by an electron cooling but cannot be increased above this limit. Significantly higher brightness can be produced by means of the charge exchange injection with the space charge compensation [1]. The brightness of the space charge compensated beam is limited at low level by development of the electron-proton (e-p) instability [2]. Fortunately, e-p instability can be self-stabilized at a high beam density. A beam brightness booster (BBB) for significant increase of accumulated beam brightness is discussed. Accelerating system with a space charge compensation is proposed and described. The superintense beam production can be simplified by developing of nonlinear nearly integrable focusing system with broad spread of betatron tune and the broadband feedback system for e-p instability suppression .
[1] V. Dudnikov, in Proceedings of the Particle Accelerator Conference, Chicago, 2001..
[2] G. Budker, et al., Sov. Atomic Energy 22, 384 (1967);
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WEPOA62 The Center for Bright Beams ion, electron, cavity, cathode 830
  • J.R. Patterson, G.H. Hoffstaetter
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • Y.K. Kim
    University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  Funding: National Science Foundation award PHY-1549132.
The Center for Bright Beams (CBB) is a new National Science Foundation-supported Science and Technology Center. CBB's research goal is to increase the brightness of electron beams while reducing the cost and size of key technologies. To achieve this, it will augment the capabilities of accelerator physicists with those of physical chemists, materials scientists, condensed matter physicists, plasma physicists, and mathematicians. This approach has the potential to increase the brightness of electron sources through better photocathodes, the efficiency and gradient of SRF cavities through deeper understanding of superconducting compounds and their surfaces, and better understanding of beam storage and transport and the associated optics by using new mathematical techniques.
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WEPOB07 Dielectrically-Loaded Waveguide as a Short Period Superconducting Microwave Undulator ion, undulator, operation, GUI 897
  • R. Kustom, A. Nassiri, K.J. Suthar, G.J. Waldschmidt
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  The HEM12 mode in a cylindrical, dielectrically-loaded waveguide provides E and H fields on the central axis that are significantly higher than the fields on the conducting walls. The waveguide is designed to operate near its cutoff frequency where the wavelength and phase velocity vary significantly to enable tuning of the equivalent undulator wavelength. The operating frequency would range from 18 - 24 GHz. It would be possible to generate coherent, high-energy 45 - 65 KeV x-rays from the fundamental mode which are tunable over a 20% energy range by changing the source frequency while maintaining constant field strengths. The x-ray brilliance of the microwave undulator would be 3 times higher at 56-KeV and 7 times higher at 66 KeV than what is available with the APS 1.8 cm period Superconducting Wire Undulator. Since the loss factor of sapphire is very low at cryogenic temperatures, it is possible to consider a superconducting microwave undulator, although resistive losses of ~200 to 700 W/m may be a bit too high for CW operation.  
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THA2CO03 New 1.4 Cell RF Photoinjector Design for High Brightness Beam Generation ion, cathode, laser, electron 1083
  • E. Pirez, P. Musumeci
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • D. Alesini
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • J.M. Maxson
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
  Funding: This work was partially funded by NSF grant 145583
The new electromagnetic and mechanical designs of the S-band 1.4 cell photoinjector are discussed. A novel fabrication method is adopted to replace the brazing process with a clamping technique achieving lower breakdown probability. The photoinjector is designed to operate at a 120 MV/m gradient and an optimal injection phase of 70 degrees to improve the extraction field by a factor of 1.9 compared to standard 1.6 cell designs with the same peak field. New geometries and features are implemented to improve beam quality for the demand of high brightness beam applications.
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THPOA04 Maximum Brightness of Linac-Driven Electron Beams in the Presence of Collective Effects ion, linac, electron, emittance 1101
  • S. Di Mitri
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
  Linear accelerators capable of delivering high brightness electron beams are essential components of a number of research tools, such as free electron lasers (FELs) and elementary particle colliders. In these facilities the charge density is high enough to drive undesirable collective effects (wakefields) that may increase the beam emittance relative to the injection level, eventually degrading the nominal brightness. We formulate a limit on the final electron beam brightness, imposed by the interplay of geometric transverse wakefield in accelerating structures and coherent synchrotron radiation in energy dispersive regions*. Numerous experimental data of VUV and X-ray FEL drivers validate our model. This is then used to show that a normalized brightness of 1016 A/m2, promised so far by ultra-low charge beams (1-10 pC), can in fact be reached with a 100 pC charge beam in the Italian FERMI FEL linac, with the existing machine configuration.**
*Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators And Beams 17, 110702 (2014)
**Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators And Beams 16, 050701 (2013)
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