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Paper Title Other Keywords Page
MOP002 Injector Development for High Intensity Proton Beams at Stern-Gerlach-Zentrum proton, rfq, target, ion 49
  • O. Meusel, A. Bechtold, L.P. Chau, M. Heilmann, H. Podlech, U. Ratzinger, K. Volk, C. Wiesner
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main

The Frankfurter neutron source at Stern-Gerlach-Zentrum (SGZ) uses a proton injector as a driver for the 7Li(p,n) neutron production. A volume type ion source will deliver a 100 keV, 200 mA proton beam continuously. It is intended to use a LEBT section consisting of four solenoids to transport the beam and to match it into the acceptance of the RFQ. A chopper system between solenoid 2 and 3 will provide beam pulses with a length of about 100 ns with a repetition rate of 250 kHz. The RFQ and the following IH drift tube LINAC will be coupled together to achieve an efficiency beam acceleration. Furthermore only one power amplifier will be needed to provide the rf power for both accelerator stages. The Mobley type bunch compressor will merge 7 micro-bunches formed in the accelerator module to one single 1ns bunch with an estimated peak current of about 8.6 A. A rebuncher will provide the post acceleration at a final beam energy adjustable between 1.8 and 2.4 MeV. The whole injector suffers from the high beam intensity and therefore high space charge forces. It will gives the opportunity to develop new accelerator concepts and beam diagnostic technics.

MOP036 The IFMIF-EVEDA RFQ: Beam Dynamics Design rfq, emittance, focusing, beam-losses 145
  • M. Comunian, A. Pisent
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro, Padova
  • E. Fagotti
    Consorzio RFX, Associazione Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Padova

The IFMIF-EVEDA (Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activities) project foresees the construction of a high intensity deuteron accelerator up to 9 MeV, with the characteristics required for the actual IFMIF facility. The linac will be installed in Rokkasho, and INFN is in charge of the construction of a 5 MeV, 125 mA, deuteron RFQ operating at 175 MHz. In this article the beam dynamics design of this challenging RFQ is described, namely the design, the main outcomes in terms of beam particles physics, and finally the study of mechanical and rf field error tolerances. The RFQ design method has been aimed to the optimization of the voltage and R0 law along the RFQ, the accurate tuning of the maximum surface field and the enlargement of the acceptance in the final part of the structure. As a result this RFQ is characterized by a length shorter than in all previous design, very low losses (especially at higher energy) and small rf power dissipation.

MOP046 Commissioning of the New GSI-Charge State Separator System for High Current Heavy Ion Beams emittance, ion, dipole, heavy-ion 175
  • W. Barth, L.A. Dahl, P. Gerhard, L. Groening, M. Kaiser, S. Mickat
    GSI, Darmstadt

A dedicated charge separator system is now installed in the transfer line to the GSI-synchrotron SIS18. In former times charge separation was performed with a single 11 degree dipole magnet after a 25 m beam transport section. This was not adequate to meet the requirements during high current operation for FAIR: it only allows for charge state separation of low intensity and low emittance beams. With the new compact charge separator system emittance blow up and unwanted beam losses for high intensity beam operation will be avoided. Additionally a new beam diagnostics test bench is integrated. With this the beam parameters (ion current, beam profile, beam position, transversal emittance, bunch structure and beam energy) for the injection into the SIS18 can be measured in parallel to the routine operation in the transfer line. Results of the commissioning with high intensity argon beams as well as with an uranium beam will be reported.

MOP072 Beam Dynamics Simulation of the Low Energy Beam Transport Line for IFMIF/EVEDA simulation, emittance, rfq, injection 242
  • N. Chauvin, O. Delferrière, R.D. Duperrier, R. Gobin, P.A.P. Nghiem, D. Uriot
    CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette

The purpose of the IFMIF-EVEDA (International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility-Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activities) demonstrator is to accelerate a 125 mA cw deuteron beam up to 9 MeV. Therefore, the project requires that the ion source and the low energy beam transport (LEBT) line deliver a 140 mA cw deuteron beam with an energy of 100 keV and an emittance of 0.25 π .mm.mrad (rms normalized) at the entrance of the RFQ. The deuteron beam is extracted from a 2.45 GHz ECR source based on the SILHI design*. A LEBT with a two solenoids focusing system is foreseen to transport and adapt the beam for the RFQ injection. In order to validate the LEBT design, intensive beam dynamics simulations have been carried out using a parallel implementation of a particle-in-cell 3D code which takes into account the space charge compensation of the beam induced by the ionisation of the residual gas. The simulations results (in particular from the emittance growth point of view) performed under several conditions of gas species or gas pressure in the beam line are presented.

*R. Gobin et al, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 02B303 (2008).

MOP073 Parameter Design and Beam Dynamics Simulations for the IFMIF-EVEDA Accelerators linac, emittance, quadrupole, rfq 245
  • P.A.P. Nghiem, N. Chauvin, O. Delferrière, R.D. Duperrier, A. Mosnier, D. Uriot
    CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette
  • M. Comunian
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro, Padova
  • C. Oliver
    CIEMAT, Madrid

One major subsystem of IFMIF (International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility) is its accelerator facility, consisting of two 175 MHz CW accelerators, each accelerating a deuteron beam of 125 mA to the energy of 40 MeV. This high power beam, 10 MW, induces challenging issues that lead to plan a first phase called EVEDA (Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activity), where only the portion up to 9 MeV of one accelerator will be constructed and tested. For these accelerators, the Parameter Design phase is about to be completed. This paper presents the status of these studies. Due to the very high beam intensity, particular efforts have been dedicated to minimise the space charge effect that can strongly increase the beam size via the halo, and the losses that can prohibit the requested hand-on maintenance. For that, Beam Dynamics simulations have been performed with 106 macro-particles, and a great vigilance has been granted to the emittance growth and the particles on the beam edge. Several possible solutions are presented, for which advantages and drawbacks to fulfil the specifications are discussed.

MOP087 Status of Longitudinal Beam Dynamics Studies in CTF3 simulation, wakefield, electron, cavity 278
  • H. Shaker
    IPM, Tehran
  • E. Adli
    University of Oslo, Oslo
  • R. Corsini, A.E. Dabrowski, A. Latina, T. Lefèvre, H. Shaker, P.K. Skowronski, F. Tecker, P. Urschütz
    CERN, Geneva

The aim of the CLIC Test Facility CTF3, built at CERN by an international collaboration, is to address the main feasibility issues of the CLIC electron-positron linear collider technology by 2010. One key-issue studied in CTF3 is the generation of the very high current drive beam, used in CLIC as the rf power source. It is particularly important to simulate and control the drive beam longitudinal dynamics in the drive beam generation complex, since it directly affects the efficiency and stability of the rf power production process. In this paper we describe the ongoing effort in modelling the longitudinal evolution of the CTF3 drive beam and compare the simulations with experimental results.

MOP101 Simulation of Emittance Growth Using the UAL String Space Charge Model simulation, emittance, electron, synchrotron 308
  • R.M. Talman
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York
  • N. Malitsky
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • F. Stulle
    CERN, Geneva

Evolution of short intense electron bunches passing through bunch-compressing beamlines is simulated using the UAL (Unified Accelerator Libraries) string space charge formulation. Excellent agreement is obtained with results obtained experimentally at CTF-II, the CERN "Compact Linear Collider'' test facility. The 40 MeV energy of these data is low enough for Coulomb and Biot-Savart forces to be important and high enough for coherent synchrotron radiation and centrifugal space charge forces to be important. UAL results are also compared with CSRtrack results for emittance growth in a 40 MeV 'standard' chicane. Vertical space charge forces are found to be important in this (low energy) case.

MOP104 Parallel 3D Finite Element Particle-In-Cell Code for High-Fidelity RF Gun Simulations simulation, gun, wakefield, emittance 317
  • A.E. Candel, A.C. Kabel, K. Ko, L. Lee, Z. Li, C. Limborg-Deprey, C.-K. Ng, G.L. Schussman, R. Uplenchwar
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California

Funding: Work supported by DOE contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.
SLAC's Advanced Computations Department (ACD) has developed the first high-performance parallel Finite Element 3D Particle-In-Cell code, Pic3P, for simulations of rf guns and other space-charge dominated beam-cavity interactions. As opposed to standard beam transport codes, which are based on the electrostatic approximation, Pic3P solves the complete set of Maxwell-Lorentz equations and thus includes space charge, retardation and wakefield effects from first principles. Pic3P uses advanced Finite Element methods with unstructured meshes, higher-order basis functions and quadratic surface approximation. A novel scheme for causal adaptive refinement reduces computational resource requirements by orders of magnitude. Pic3P is optimized for large-scale parallel processing and allows simulations of realistic 3D particle distributions with unprecedented accuracy, aiding the design and operation of the next-generation of accelerator facilities. Applications to the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) rf gun are presented.

MOP106 Prediction of 4ν=1 Resonance of a High Intensity Linac resonance, emittance, linac, simulation 323
  • D. Jeon
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • G. Franchetti, L. Groening, I. Hofmann
    GSI, Darmstadt

The 4ν=1 resonance of a linac is found when the depressed tune is around 90 deg. It is observed that this fourth order resonance is dominating over the better known envelope instability and practically replacing it. Simulation study shows a clear emittance growth by this resonance and its stopband. Experimental measurement of the stopband of this resonance is proposed and conducted in early 2008 using the UNILAC at GSI. This study will serve as a excellent benchmarking.

TUP091 Extracting Information Content within Noisy, Sampled Profile Data from Charged Particle Beams: Part II laser, diagnostics, brightness 612
  • C.K. Allen, W. Blokland, S.M. Cousineau, J. Galambos
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

Funding: This work was supported by SNS through UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. DOE.
Charged-particle beam diagnostic devices such as wire scanners, wire harps, and laser scanners all provide data sets describing the one-dimensional density distributions of the beam at a particular location; these data are commonly called profile data. We use these data for further computations, usually beam properties such as position and size, but to do so requires a certain level of accuracy in the data. Thus, we must make real world considerations as to its information content. Specifically, we consider noise in the data and the fact that it is sampled. The operation of a typical profile device is outlined in order to create a general model for the data sets. Using signal processing techniques we identify the minimal sampling requirements for maintaining information content. Using Bayesian analysis we identify the most probable Gaussian signal within the data (the mean and standard deviation of the Gaussian signal can then be used for computations). Time permitting we present techniques for direct computation of beam properties using noisy, sampled profile data.

TUP092 Laser-Based Profile and Energy Monitor for H- Beams laser, electron, ion, linac 615
  • R. Connolly, J.G. Alessi, S. Bellavia, W.C. Dawson, C. Degen, W. Meng, D. Raparia, T. Russo, N. Tsoupas
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York

A beam profile and energy monitor for H- beams based on laser photoneutralization is being developed at Brookhaven National Laboratory for use on the High Intensity Neutrino Source at Fermilab. An H- ion has a first ionization potential of 0.75 eV and can be neutralized by light from a Nd:YAG laser (λ = 1064 nm). To measure beam profiles, a narrow laser beam is stepped across the ion beam removing electrons from the portion of the H- beam intercepted by the laser. A curved axial magnet field channels these electrons into a Faraday cup. To measure the energy spread of the electrons the laser position is fixed and the voltage on a screen in front of the cup is raised in small steps. We deduce the energy spread of the H- beam by deconvolving the electron spectrum into components from beam energy and from space-charge fields. Measurements are reported from experiments in the BNL linac MEBT at 750 keV.


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TUP103 Analysis of Halo Formation in a DC Photoinjector cathode, electron, emittance, laser 645
  • D. Mihalcea, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois

Funding: Work supported by the Department of Defense under contract N00014-06-1-0587 with Northern Illinois University
We discovered, by modeling the AES/JLab direct-current photoinjector with several beam-simulation codes, that nominal injector settings would create a large diffuse beam halo as a consequence of the internal space-charge force in the beam. The injector-induced halo is sensitive to the injector settings, but if the settings are judiciously chosen, it can be largely circumvented. We present an exploration of the parameter space for the AES/JLab photoinjector. Measurement of beam halo will be a crucial aspect of commissioning this machine.

TH302 Transport Limits in Periodic Focusing Channels simulation, focusing, lattice, beam-transport 765
  • S.M. Lund
    LLNL, Livermore, California

It has been empirically observed in both experiments and particle-in-cell simulations that space-charge-dominated beams suffer strong growth in emittance and particle losses in alternating gradient quadrupole transport channels when the undepressed phase advance increases beyond about 85 degrees per lattice period. Although this criterion has been used extensively in practical designs of strong focusing intense beam transport lattices, the origin of the limit has not been understood. We propose a mechanism for the transport limit resulting from strongly chaotic classes of halo particle resonances near the core of the beam that allow near-edge particles to rapidly increase in oscillation amplitude when the space-charge intensity and the flutter of the matched beam envelope are both sufficiently large. A core particle model is applied to parametrically analyze this process and the results are compared with extensive particle simulations.


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FR105 Billion Particle Linac Simulations for Future Light Sources linac, electron, simulation, FEL 1110
  • J. Qiang, R.D. Ryne, M. Venturini, A. Zholents
    LBNL, Berkeley, California

Funding: This work was supported by the Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy under DOE contract number DE-AC03-76SF00098.
In this paper, we will report on a billion macroparticle simulation of beam transport in a free electron laser (FEL) linac for future light source applications. The simulation includes a self-consistent calculation of 3D space-charge effects, short-range geometry wakefields, longitudinal coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) wakefields, and detailed modeling of rf acceleration and focusing. We will discuss the needs and the challenges for such large-scale simulation. Application to the study of microbunching instability in the FEL linac will also be presented.


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