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Paper Title Other Keywords Page
MO204 The Injector Systems of the FAIR Project ion, emittance, linac, rfq 31
  • W. Barth
    GSI, Darmstadt

Funding: EU-Research Infrastructure Activity under the FP6 "Structuring the European Research Area" program (CARE, contract number RII3-CT-2003-506395); EU-INTAS Project Ref. no. 06-1000012-8782
The present GSI accelerator chain will serve as an injector for FAIR. The linear accelerator UNILAC and the heavy ion synchrotron SIS18 should deliver up to 1012 U28+ particles/sec. In the past two years different hardware measures and a careful fine tuning of the UNILAC resulted in a 35% increase of the beam intensity to a new record of 1.25*1011 U27+ ions per 100μs or 2.3*1010 U73+ ions per 100μs. The increased stripper gas density, the optimization of the Alvarez-matching, the use of various newly developed beam diagnostics devices and a new charge state separator system in the foil stripper section comprised the successful development program. The contribution reports results of beam measurements during the high current operation with uranium beams (pulse beam power up to 0.65 MW). The UNILAC upgrade for FAIR will be continued by assembling a new front-end for U4+, stronger power supplies for the Alvarez quadrupoles, and versatile high current beam diagnostics devices. Additionally, the offered primary proton beam intensities will be increased by a new proton linac, which should be commissioned in 2013.


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MOP046 Commissioning of the New GSI-Charge State Separator System for High Current Heavy Ion Beams emittance, ion, space-charge, dipole 175
  • W. Barth, L.A. Dahl, P. Gerhard, L. Groening, M. Kaiser, S. Mickat
    GSI, Darmstadt

A dedicated charge separator system is now installed in the transfer line to the GSI-synchrotron SIS18. In former times charge separation was performed with a single 11 degree dipole magnet after a 25 m beam transport section. This was not adequate to meet the requirements during high current operation for FAIR: it only allows for charge state separation of low intensity and low emittance beams. With the new compact charge separator system emittance blow up and unwanted beam losses for high intensity beam operation will be avoided. Additionally a new beam diagnostics test bench is integrated. With this the beam parameters (ion current, beam profile, beam position, transversal emittance, bunch structure and beam energy) for the injection into the SIS18 can be measured in parallel to the routine operation in the transfer line. Results of the commissioning with high intensity argon beams as well as with an uranium beam will be reported.

MOP050 Development of Investigations on the MILAC Heavy Ion Linear Accelerator ion, proton, acceleration, radiation 187
  • A.P. Kobets, V.A. Bomko, O.F. Dyachenko, M.S. Lesnykh, K.V. Pavlij, Z.O. Ptukhina, V.N. Reshetnikov, S.S. Tishkin, A.M. Yegorov, A.V. Zabotin, B.V. Zajtsev, V.G. Zhuravlev, B.N. Zinchenko
    NSC/KIPT, Kharkov

Experiments with heavy ion beams accelerated to an energy of 8.5 MeV/u as well as the work at developing new methods of acceleration and upgrading of accelerating structures are carried on at the Kharkov heavy-ion linear accelerator MILAC. The accelerating H-type structure with drift tubes of interdigital type (IH-structure) has been introduced in the main section and two pre-stripping sections of the MILAC accelerator. New original methods of tuning developed at MILAC have enabled the formation of uniform distribution of the accelerating field along the whole length of the accelerating structure. The introduction of IH accelerating structures of various modifications at the MILAC accelerator substantially extends the scientific and applied ranges of research. It involves experimental studies with heavy ions beams for production of track-etched membranes, generation of unique radionuclides, developments of proton and ion therapy, studies of radiation characteristics of constructional materials for nuclear engineering, investigations into the processes of fusion-fission of superheavy nuclei, and many other problems of nuclear physics.

MOP059 C6+ Ion Hybrid Single Cavity Linac with Direct Plasma Injection Scheme for Cancer Therapy ion, linac, cavity, rfq 211
  • T. Hattori, N. Hayashizaki, T. Ishibashi, T. Ito, R. Kobori, L. Lu
    RLNR, Tokyo
  • D. Hollanda, L. Kenez
    U. Sapientia, Targu Mures
  • M. Okamura
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • J. Tamura
    Department of Energy Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama

We succeeded to accelerate very intense carbon ions with the Direct Plasma Injection Scheme (DPIS) using Laser ion source in 2001 and 2004. The peak current reached more than 60 mA of C4+ and 18 mA of C6+ with pulse width of 2-3 x 10-6 sec. We believe that these techniques are quite effective for pulse accelerator complexes such as linear accelerator and synchrotron (heavy-ion cancer therapy). In heavy cancer therapy, carbon stripper section is rejected by accelerated C6+. One turn injection of high intensity (6 mA) C6+ ion is possible to enough in synchrotron. We study a new hybrid single cavity linac combined with radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) electrodes and drift tube(DT) electrodes into a single cavity. The hybrid linac is able to downsize the linac system and reduce the peripheral device. Using DPIS with Laser ion source, we study POP hybrid single-cavity accelerator of C6+ for injector linac of C cancer therapy. The linac is designed to accelerate 6 mA C6+ ion from 40 keV/u to 2 MeV/u with YAG Laser ion source. We will present the design procedures of this hybrid linac, which is based on a three-dimensional electromagnetic field and particle orbit calculation.

THP036 Oscillating Superleak Transducers for Quench Detection in Superconducting ILC Cavities Cooled with He-II cavity, accelerating-gradient, ion, booster 863
  • Z.A. Conway, D.L. Hartill, E.N. Smith
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York
  • H. Padamsee
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

Funding: DOE and NSF
Quench detection for 9-cell LLC cavities is presently a cumbersome procedure requiring two or more cold tests. One is to identify the cell-pair involved via quench field measurement in several pass band modes, followed by a second cold test with many fixed thermometers attached to the culprit cell-pair to identify the particular cell, and possibly a third measurement to zoom in on the quench spot with many localized fixed thermometers. We report here on a far more efficient alternative method which utilizes a few (e.g. 8) oscillating super-leak transducers to detect the He-II second sound wave driven by the defect induced quench. Results characterizing defect location on a 9-cell reentrant cavity with He-II second sound detection and corroborating measurements with carbon thermometers will be presented.


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