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MOP051 Linac Operations at Fermilab linac, controls, LLRF, ion 190
  • L.J. Allen
    Fermilab, Batavia

Funding: Fermi Research Alliance under contract with the US Department of Energy
In response to increasing beam intensity demands, the Fermilab 400 MeV Linac is operating at high intensity and higher repetition rates than were imagined when it was designed. This is happening at a time when maintenance time is at a premium. This has had an effect on Linac operation, tuning and reliability. Changes in tuning and equipment being made to accommodate the current running scenario along with reliability data will be presented.

MOP086 End to End Beam Dynamics and RF Error Studies for Linac4 linac, DTL, emittance, klystron 275
  • G. Bellodi, M. Eshraqi, J.-B. Lallement, S. Lanzone, A.M. Lombardi, E.Zh. Sargsyan
    CERN, Geneva
  • R.D. Duperrier, D. Uriot
    CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette

Linac4 is a normal conducting H- linac to be built at CERN as a new injector to the PS Booster and later on as a front end of a Superconducting Proton Linac (SPL). The layout consists of a H- rf source, a magnetic LEBT, a RFQ (accelerating the beam from 45 keV to 3 MeV), a chopper line, a conventional Drift Tube Linac (from 3 MeV to 50 MeV), a Coupled Cavity Drift Tube Linac (from 50 MeV to 100 MeV) and a pi-mode structure (PIMS, from 100 to 160 MeV), all operating at a frequency of 352 MHz. End-to-end beam dynamics simulations have been carried out in parallel with the codes PATH and TRACEWIN to optimise the design and performance of the accelerator and at the same time to guarantee a cross-check of the results found. An extensive statistical campaign of longitudinal error studies (static and dynamic) was then launched for validation of the proposed design and to assess the maximum level of RF jitter/inaccuracies (in both phase and amplitude) the system can tolerate before beam quality at injection in the PS Booster - and later in the SPL- is compromised.

TUP030 Enhancements to the Diamond Light Source Pre-Injector Linac klystron, linac, injection, single-bunch 459
  • C. Christou, V.C. Kempson, S.J. Singleton
    Diamond, Oxfordshire

Several modifications have been made to the 100 MeV Diamond Light Source pre-injector linac since initial commissioning in 2005 to improve beam stability and reliability and to increase the scope of operation of the system. Stability enhancements include tighter thermal control of low-level rf electronics, and a modified timing system for gun and linac operation. The linac has been optimised for multibunch filling of the storage ring and for single-bunch top-up operation with gun charge and timing determined by the state of the storage ring fill. Low-energy beam generation has been studied for fault-mode operation using one of the two rf stations, and a study of the options available for Diamond based on routine operation in this mode has been carried out. A summary of operational experience is presented, together with options for future development

TUP052 Status of the NPS Free-Electron Laser FEL, electron, undulator, laser 518
  • J.W. Lewellen, W.B. Colson, S.P. Niles
    NPS, Monterey, California
  • T.I. Smith
    Stanford University, Stanford, Califormia

Funding: This research is supported by the Office of Naval Research and the Joint Technology Office.
The Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) has begun the design and assembly of the NPS Free-Electron Laser (NPS-FEL). The basic NPS-FEL design parameters are for 40 MeV beam energy, 1 nC bunch charge, and 1 mA average beam current, in an energy-recovery linac configuration. The NPS-FEL will make use of portions of the Stanford Superconducting Accelerator (decommissioned in 2007), in particular the injector system, Stanford/Rossendorf-style cryomodules and rf system. The injector will be gradually upgraded to improve beam properties and increase the injection voltage. Each cryomodule contains two, 9-cell TESLA-type 1.3 GHz cavities, each cavity powered by an individual 10 kW cw klystron. NPS has committed to refurbishing a building for the FEL, with approximate interior vault dimensions of 7 m x 20 m x 2.5 m. The building has overall dimensions of 12 m x 49 m and will house the vault, control room, and support equipment. This paper describes the overall goals of the program, initial experimental plans, and progress to date.

TUP111 Longitudinal Bunch Lengthening Compensation in a High Charge RF Photoinjector emittance, gun, electron, solenoid 661
  • S. Pei, C. Adolphsen
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California

Funding: Work supported by DOE contract DE-AC02-76SF00515
In high charge rf photo-injectors, due to the strong longitudinal space charge, bunch lengthening can readily occur. This paper presents beam dynamics studies of such bunch lengthening and methods to compensate it. With these methods, not only can the bunch length be preserved, but it can be shortened at the photo-injector exit.

TUP120 EBIS Preinjector Construction Status linac, ion, rfq, electron 685
  • J.G. Alessi, D.S. Barton, E.N. Beebe, S. Bellavia, O. Gould, A. Kponou, R.F. Lambiase, E.T. Lessard, V. LoDestro, R. Lockey, M. Mapes, D.R. McCafferty, A. McNerney, M. Okamura, A. Pendzick, D. Phillips, A.I. Pikin, D. Raparia, J. Ritter, J. Scaduto, L. Snydstrup, M. Wilinski, A. Zaltsman
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • U. Ratzinger, A. Schempp
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main

Funding: Work supported by the US Department of Energy and the National Aeronautics and Space Agency
A new heavy ion preinjector is presently under construction at Brookhaven National Laboratory. This preinjector uses an Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS), and an RFQ and IH Linac, both operating at 100 MHz, to produce 2 MeV/u ions of any species for use, after further acceleration, at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, and the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory. Among the increased capabilities provided by this preinjector are the ability to produce ions of any species, and the ability to switch between multiple species in 1 second, to simultaneously meet the needs of both physics programs. Fabrication of all major components for this preinjector is in process, with testing of the EBIS and RFQ starting this year. The status of this construction will be presented.


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THP036 Oscillating Superleak Transducers for Quench Detection in Superconducting ILC Cavities Cooled with He-II cavity, accelerating-gradient, heavy-ion, ion 863
  • Z.A. Conway, D.L. Hartill, E.N. Smith
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York
  • H. Padamsee
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

Funding: DOE and NSF
Quench detection for 9-cell LLC cavities is presently a cumbersome procedure requiring two or more cold tests. One is to identify the cell-pair involved via quench field measurement in several pass band modes, followed by a second cold test with many fixed thermometers attached to the culprit cell-pair to identify the particular cell, and possibly a third measurement to zoom in on the quench spot with many localized fixed thermometers. We report here on a far more efficient alternative method which utilizes a few (e.g. 8) oscillating super-leak transducers to detect the He-II second sound wave driven by the defect induced quench. Results characterizing defect location on a 9-cell reentrant cavity with He-II second sound detection and corroborating measurements with carbon thermometers will be presented.


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THP101 AM-PM Conversion Induced Instability in I/Q Feedback Control Loop cavity, feedback, controls, TRIUMF 1027
  • K. Fong, M.P. Laverty, Q. Zheng
    TRIUMF, Vancouver

Most rf feedback control systems today uses the I/Q demodulation and modulation scheme because of its simplicity. Its performance, however, depends on the alignment of the feedback loops. If the loop contains elements that have a high AM-PM conversion such as a class C amplifier, then the misalignment is dynamic and power dependent. In the extreme case the I/Q loops can become unstable and the system settled into a limit-cycle oscillation.