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TU301 Positron Beams Propagation in Plasma Wakefield Accelerators plasma, emittance, electron, laser 374
  • P. Muggli
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California

Funding: Work Supported by US Department of Energy
Plasma-based accelerators are one of the emerging technologies that could revolutionize e-/e+ colliders, significantly reducing their size and cost by operating at multi-GeV/m accelerating gradients. Proof-of-principle experiments at SLAC have demonstrated the energy doubling of 42 GeV incoming e- in a plasma only ≈85 cm-long,* corresponding to an unloaded gradient of ≈50 GeV/m. Plasma wakes driven by e+ bunches are different from those driven by e- bunches. The acceleration of e+ in plasmas has been demonstrate,** but the acceleration of high-quality e+ beams is challenging. Measurements show that single e+ bunches suffer halo formation and emittance growth when propagating through dense meter-scale, uniform plasmas.*** Advanced schemes, such as hollow plasma channels, or e+ bunch acceleration on the wake driven by a e bunch, may have to be used in a future plasma-based linear collider. Experimental results obtained with e+ beams in plasmas will be reviewed and compared to those obtained with e- beams. Future experiments including a new scheme to produce a drive e bunch closely followed by a witness e+ bunch appropriate for PWFA experiments will also be discussed.

*I. Blumenfeld et al., Nature 445, 741-744 (15 February 2007).
**B.E. Blue et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 214801 (2003).
***P. Muggli et al., accepted for publication in Phys. Rev. Lett. (2008).


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TUP008 Recent Changes to the e- / e+ Injector (Linac II) at DESY linac, target, gun, electron 401
  • M. Hüning, M. Schmitz
    DESY, Hamburg

The Linac II at DESY consists of a 6A/150kV DC electron gun, a 400 MeV primary electron linac, a 800 MW positron converter, and a 450 MeV secondary electron/positron linac. The Particle Intensity Accumulator (PIA) is also considered part of the injector complex accumulating and damping the 50 Hz beam pulses from the linac and transferring them with a rate of 6.25 Hz or 3.125 Hz into the Synchrotron DESY II. The typical positrons rates are 6·1010/s. DESY II and Linac II will serve as injectors for the two synchrotron light facilities PETRA III and DORIS. Since PETRA III will operate in top-up mode, Linac availability of 98-99% are required. DORIS requires positrons for operation. Therefore during top-up mode positrons are required for both rings. In order to maintain its reliability over the operation time of the new facility PETRA III, the major components of the linac were renovated. Some components were redesigned taking into account experience from 30 years of operation.

TUP009 Development of Timing and Control Systems for Fast Beam Switch at KEK 8 GeV Linac linac, controls, EPICS, injection 404
  • K. Furukawa, M. Satoh, T. Suwada
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • A. Kazakov
    GUAS/AS, Ibaraki
  • T. Kudou, S. Kusano
    MELCO SC, Tsukuba
  • G. Lei, G.X. Xu
    IHEP Beijing, Beijing

The 8 GeV Linac at KEK provides electrons and positrons to Photon Factory (PF) and B-Factory (KEKB). Simultaneous top-up injections have been considered for both PF and KEKB rings in order to improve the injection efficiency and the stability. Fast beam-switching mechanisms are being implemented, upgrading the timing and control systems. While the present system provides precise timing signals for 150 devices, many of the signals will be dynamically switched using an event system. A new scheme has been developed and tested to enable double-fold synchronization between rf signals. Fast controls of low-level rf, beam instrumentation, a kicker, a gun, and beam operation parameters will also be upgraded.

TUP010 Pulse-to-Pulse Mode Switching of KEKB Injector Linac target, injection, electron, linac 407
  • T. Kamitani, K. Furukawa, N. Iida, M. Ikeda, K. Kakihara, M. Kikuchi, T. Mimashi, S. Ohsawa, M. Satoh, A. Shirakawa, T. Sugimura, T. Suwada, K. Yokoyama
    KEK, Ibaraki

KEKB injector linac supplies electron and positron beams to the KEKB storage rings and the synchrotron radiation facility rings (PF, AR) as well. Injection modes to these four destinations are switched by inserting and extracting positron generation target, changing magnet parameters and acceleration rf phases. To enable pulse-by-pulse switching in three out of the four modes, a pulse bend and pulse steerings are introduced. For DC quads and DC steerings, compatible beam-optical settings for beams of different beam-energy profiles are introduced. We have been performing beam studies to establish the pulse-by-pulse mode switching for daily beam operation. This paper describes a scheme for the mode switching and reports on an achievement of the beam studies.

TUP013 Present Status of the KEK Injector Upgrade for the Fast Beam-Mode Switch linac, electron, injection, target 416
  • M. Satoh
    KEK, Ibaraki

The KEK electron/ positron linac is a 600 m long linear accelerator with the maximum energy 8 GeV electron and 3.5 GeV positron, and it is used as an injector for 4-rings (KEKB e-/ e+, PF, PF-AR). To increase the operation efficiency, we have an injector upgrade plan for a simultaneous injection operation. In this paper, we will present the operation scheme and the progress of upgrade project.


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TUP014 Present Status of the BEPCII Linac linac, injection, electron, bunching 419
  • G. Pei
    IHEP Beijing, Beijing

After the major upgrade in 2005, the BEPC injector linac has been commissioning and working smoothly for more than two years. A 2.1 GeV, 66 mA positron beam at the linac end has been obtained, and the highest injection rate into the ring of 80 mA/min. at 50 pps is reached, much higher than the design goal of 50 mA/min. The machine is working stable, the mal function was about 2% in the past two years, including the system test and the commissioning.

TUP079 Operational Performance of a New Beam-Charge Interlock System for Radiation Safety at the KEKB Injector Linac injection, linac, controls, radiation 579
  • T. Suwada, K. Furukawa, E. Kadokura, M. Satoh
    KEK, Ibaraki

A new beam-charge interlock system has been developed for radiation safety and machine protection at the KEKB injector linac. Although the previous software-based interlock system was working, it was replaced by the new hardware-based one. The new interlock system restricts the integrated amount of beam charges delivered to four different storage rings (KEKB e+, KEKB e-, PF, PF-AR) at six locations along the linac. When the integrated amount of beam charges exceeds a certain threshold level prescribed at each location, the beam-abort requests are directly sent through a twisted hardwire cable to the safety control system of the linac. The new interlock system boosted its reliability in comparison with the previous system. The full-scale operation of the new interlock system has been started since the end of March 2008. In this report we describe the operational performance of the new beam-charge interlock system.

THP072 Performance of a 1.3 GHz Normal-Conducting 5-Cell Standing-Wave Cavity cavity, single-bunch, injection, klystron 957
  • F. Wang, C. Adolphsen, J.W. Wang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California

Funding: Work supported by Department of Energy contract DE-AC03-76SF00515.
A 5-cell, normal-conducting, 1.3 GHz, standing-wave cavity was built as a prototype capture accelerator for the ILC positron source. Although the ILC uses predominately super-conducting cavities, the capture cavity location in both a high radiation environment and in a solenoidal magnetic field requires it to be normal conducting. With the ILC requirements of relatively long beam pulse on-time (1 msec at 5 Hz) and high gradient for efficient positron capture (15 MV/m), achieving adequate cavity cooling to prevent detuning was challenging. This paper presents the operational performance of this cavity including its breakdown characteristics as a function of gradient, pulse length and solenoidal magnetic field strength. In addition, these results are compared with those from other normal-conducting cavities at various frequencies