Development in the South, East, and Mid-East/Nuclear Physics High-Energy Physics

Paper Title Page
TOPD001 SC Cyclotron and RIB Facilities in Kolkata 89
  • B. Sinha, R.K. Bhandari, A. Chakrabarti
    DAE/VECC, Calcutta
  The superconducting cyclotron under construction at this Centre has bending limit (K-bend) of 520 and focusing limit (K-foc) of 160. It is being constructed, primarily, for nuclear physics experiments with heavy ion beams at intermediate energies. The 100-ton main magnet is currently in the commissioning phase with the main coil already at 4.2K temperature. Magnetic field measurements will be carried out over the next several months. All other systems of the cyclotron are in an advanced stage of fabrication or development. We plan to start assembly of the complete cyclotron around the end of 2005. In the phase-I of the project one beam line has been provided. Construction of three more beam lines and various experimental facilities for nuclear physics as well as irradiation experiments has also been funded and the work is well on its way. An ISOL type Radioactive Ion Beam (RIB) facility is being built with the existing K=130 room temperature cyclotron, VEC, as the primary beam source. In-beam RIB production as well as release measurements have been initiated using the VEC beam. The two-ion-source charge breeder consists of a surface ion source and a 6.4 GHz ECR source. The latter has been commissioned. A low beta RFQ to accelerate RIBs to 86 keV/u energy is being fabricated and the cold model tests completed. Design of first three linac tanks, for acceleration up to 400 keV/u, has been finalized and cold model for the first tank has been fabricated. In this talk status of both the projects will be presented.  
TOPD002 BEPCII -The Second Phase Construction of the Beijing Electron-Positron Collider 131
  • C. Zhang, G. Pei
    IHEP Beijing, Beijing
  The Beijing Electron-Positron Collider (BEPC) was constructed for both high energy physics and synchrotron radiation researches. The peak luminosity of the BEPC has reached its design goal of 5*1030 cm-2s-1 at J/sai energy of 1.55 GeV and 1*1031 cm-2s-1 at 2 GeV respectively. As the second phase construction of the BEPC, the BEPCII has been approved with total budget of 640 million RMB. The construction was started in the beginning of 2004 and is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2007. The BEPCII is a double ring machine with its luminosity goal of 1*1033 cm-2s-1 at 1.89 GeV, two orders of magnitude higher than present BEPC. The upgrading of the collider should also provide an improved SR performance with higher beam energy and intensity. The beam currents will be increased to 250 mA at E=2.5 GeV for the dedicated synchrotron radiation operation of the BEPCII. Some key technologies, such as superconducting RF system, low impedance vacuum devices, superconducting micro-beta quadrupoles and etc., are being developed in order to achieve the target of the BEPCII.*

*Submitted on behalf of the BEPCII Team.

TOPD003 Cooler Storage Ring at China Institute of Modern Physics 271
  • J.W. Xia
    IMP, Lanzhou
  • B.W. Wei, W.L. Zhan
    IHEP Beijing, Beijing
  CSR, a new ion cooler-storage-ring project in China IMP, is a double ring system, and consists of a main ring (CSRm) and an experimental ring (CSRe). The two existing cyclotrons SFC (K=69) and SSC (K=450) of the Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou (HIRFL) will be used as its injector system. The heavy ion beams with the energy range of 7–30 MeV/nucleus from the HIRFL will be accumulated, cooled and accelerated to the higher energy range of 100–500 MeV/ nucleus in CSRm, and then extracted fast to produce radioactive ion beams or highly charged heavy ions. Those secondary beams will be accepted and stored or decelerated by CSRe for many internal-target experiments or high precision spectroscopy with beam cooling. On the other hand, the beams with the energy range of 100–1000MeV/ nucleus will also be extracted from CSRm by using slow extraction or fast extraction for many external-target experiments. CSR project was started in the end of 1999 and will be finished in 2006. In this paper the outline and the activities of the project will be described.  
TOPD004 RIB Facility at VECC Kolkata–A Status Report 395
  • A. Chakrabarti, R.K. Bhandari
    DAE/VECC, Calcutta
  The status of the Radioactive Ion Beam (RIB) facility being built at VECC, Kolkata will be presented. The facility is being built around the existing K=130 cyclotron and will be installed in one of the existing experimental caves. The scheme is to use proton and alpha particles from the cyclotron on a thick production target placed inside an integrated surface ion-source. Radioactive ions with charge state q=1+ extracted from the target-ion-source are to be injected into an on-line ECRIS "charge breeder" for further ionization to q=n+. The 1keV/u, q/A=1/16, RIB of interest will be selected in an isotope separator downstream of the ECRIS and accelerated initially to about 86 keV/u in a Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) linac and subsequently to about 400 keV/u in three IH-Linac tanks. Since RIB development is R&D intensive, it has been decided to build at first all the basic building blocks and to carry out simultaneously thick target R&D and release measurements using the existing He-jet ISOL facility. Future expansion for further upgradation of energy has been planned. The design of the facility and some recent results will be presented.  
RPPT043 Commissioning of the Main Magnet of Kolkata K-500 Superconducting Cyclotron 2765
  • R.K. Bhandari, B. Sinha
    DAE/VECC, Calcutta
  Main magnet of the K-500 superconducting cyclotron at Kolkata has been fully assembled in the cyclotron vault. The assembly includes alpha and beta superconducting coils inside the liquid helium chamber, coil tank for the outer vacuum, liquid nitrogen shield, support links, cryogenic instrumentation and 80 ton magnet frame forming the pill box structure. Cooling of the coils was started in mid-December. It took about three weeks to fill the liquid helium chamber - fully immersing the coils. All the four temperature sensors embedded in the coil are steady at about 4.4K. At this time the liquid nitrogen line for cooling the shield seems to show a leak. So, we are not cooling the shield. The helium liquefier/regrigerator of 200W capacity has been functioning well and so is the network of vacuum jacketted and liquid nitrogen cooled cryogenic transfer lines. Energization of the main magnet will begin soon. Magnetic field measurement set up is in place to start the mapping. In this presentation, our experiences with commissioning of the largest superconducting magnet in India, with stored energy 22 MJ at peak field of 6T, will be described. Some results of the magnetic field measurements will also be presented.