Accelerator Technology


Paper Title Page
RPPE001 The CARE Accelerator R&D Programme in Europe 749
  • O. Napoly, R. Aleksan, A. Devred
    CEA/DSM/DAPNIA, Gif-sur-Yvette
  • A. Den Ouden
    Twente University, Laser Physics and Non-Linear Optics Group, Enschede
  • R. Garoby, R. Losito, L. Rinolfi, F. Ruggiero, W. Scandale, D. Schulte, M. Vretenar
    CERN, Geneva
  • T. Garvey, F. Richard
    LAL, Orsay
  • A. Ghigo
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma)
  • E. Gschwendtner
    CUI, Geneva
  • H. Mais, D. Proch
    DESY, Hamburg
  • V. Palladino
    INFN-Napoli, Napoli
  Funding: This work is supported by the European Community-Research Infrastructure Activity under the FP6 “Structuring the European Research Area” programme (CARE, contract number RII3-CT-2003-506395).

CARE, an ambitious and coordinated programme of accelerator research and developments oriented towards HEP projects, has been launched in January 2004 by the main European laboratories and the European Commission within the 6th Framework Programme. This programme aims at improving existing infrastructures dedicated to future projects such as linear colliders, upgrades of hadron colliders and high intensity proton drivers. An important part of this programme is devoted to advancing the performance of the superconducting technology, both in the fields of RF cavities for electron and proton acceleration and of high field magnets, as well as to developing high intensity electron and proton injectors. We describe the R&D plans of the four main R&D activities and report on the results and progress obtained so far.

RPPE002 Installation and Radiation Maintenance Scenario for J-PARC 50 GeV Synchrotron 835
  • M. Yoshioka, H. Kobayashi, T. Oogoe, Y. Takeuchi, Y. Watanabe
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • Y. Kuniyasu
    MELCO SC, Tsukuba
  • H. Oki, Y. Takiyama
  Funding: Ministry of Education, Culture, Science and Technology, Japan

J-PARC comprises a 400 MeV linac (181 MeV at the first stage), a 3 GeV rapid-cycling synchrotron and a 50 GeV synchrotron (Main Ring), which will provide high power proton beam to the material and life science facility, the neutrino facility and the nuclear and particle physics experimental hall. The installation of the accelerator components for the Main Ring will be started on mid. 2005 and the beam commissioning is scheduled in end of 2007. This paper describes the installation scenario of the accelerator components into the main ring tunnel and the development of radiation maintenance scenario for the beam injection and ejection systems.

RPPE003 Operational Experience of Cooling Water Systems for Accelerator Components at PLS 850
  • K.R. Kim, C.W. Chung, H.S. Han, H.-G. Kim, Y.-C. Kim, I.S. Ko, B.H. Lee
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk
  Funding: Work supported by MOST and POSCO in Republic of Korea.

The cooling water system has been utilized for absorbing heat generated by a multitude of electromagnetic power delivering networks at PLS. The separate cooling water distribution systems for the storage ring, beam transport line and linear accelerator have been operated with a different operating temperature of supplying water. All water used for heat removal from the accelerator components are deionised and filtered to provide with over 2 MO-cm specific resistance. The operating pressures and flows of input water are also controlled with flow balancing scheme at a specified range. The operating temperature of components in the accelerator is sustained as tight as below ±0.1 deg C to minimize the influence of temperature fluctuation on the beam energy and stability. Although the PLS cooling systems were initially installed with a high degree of flexibility to allow for easy maintenance, a number of system improvements have been employed to enhance operational reliability and to incorporate the newly developed operating interfaces such as EPICS accelerator control systems. The important design and operational features of PLS cooling water systems are presented as well as lessons learned from around 10-years normal operation.

RPPE005 Ions for LHC: Beam Physics and Engineering Challenges 946
  • S. Maury, M.-E. Angoletta, V. Baggiolini, A. Beuret, A. Blas, J. Borburgh, H.-H. Braun, C. Carli, M. Chanel, T. Fowler, S.S. Gilardoni, M. Gourber-Pace, S. Hancock, C.E. Hill, M. Hourican, J.M. Jowett, K. Kahle, D. Kuchler, E. Mahner, D. Manglunki, M. Martini, M.M. Paoluzzi, J. Pasternak, F. Pedersen, U. Raich, C. Rossi, J.-P. Royer, K. Schindl, R. Scrivens, L. Sermeus, E.N. Shaposhnikova, G. Tranquille, M. Vretenar, Th. Zickler
    CERN, Geneva
  The first phase of the heavy ion physics program at the LHC aims to provide lead-lead collisions at energies of 5.5 TeV per colliding nucleon pair and ion-ion luminosity of 1027 cm-2s-1. The transformation of CERN’s ion injector complex (Linac3-LEIR-PS-SPS) presents a number of beam physics and engineering challenges. Conversion of the Low Energy Antiproton Ring (LEAR) to a Low Energy Ion Ring (LEIR) is under way: the high-current electron cooling system, novel broad-band RF cavities and vacuum equipment to achieve 10-12 mbar are the major challenges. Commissioning of LEIR with beam will start in the middle of 2005. Major hardware changes in Linac3 include the installation of the new ECR ion source and of the energy ramping cavity. The PS will have a new injection system and RF gymnastics. A stripping insertion between PS and SPS must not disturb the proton operation. In the LHC itself, there are fundamental performance limitations due to various beam loss mechanisms. To study these without risk of damage there will be an initial period of operation with a reduced number of nominal intensity bunches. While reducing the work required to commission the LHC with ions in 2008, this will still enable early physics discoveries.  
RPPE006 Air Temperature Analysis and Control Improvement for the Storage Ring Tunnel 1027
  • J.-C. Chang, Z.-D. Tsai
    NSRRC, Hsinchu
  • J.-R. Chen
    NTHU, Hsinchu
  • M. Ke
    NTUT, Taipei
  The stability of the electron beam orbit had been observed to be sensitive to the utility conditions. The stability of air temperature in the storage ring tunnel is one of the most critical factors. Accordingly, a series of air conditioning system upgrade studies and projects have been conducted at the Taiwan Light Source (TLS). Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is applied to simulate the flow field and the spatial temperature distribution in the storage ring tunnel. The circumference and the height of the storage tunnel are 120m and 2.8m, respectively. The temperature data and the flow rates at different locations around the storage ring tunnel are collected as the boundary conditions. The k-epsilon turbulence model is applied to simulate the flow field in the three dimensional space. The global air temperature variation related to time in the storage ring tunnel is currently controlled within ±0.1 degree C. However, the temperature difference between two different locations is as high as 2 degree C. Some measures improving the temperature uniformity will be taken according to the CFD simulation results.  
RPPE007 High Precision Temperature Control and Analysis of RF Deionized Cooling Water System 1057
  • Z.-D. Tsai, J.-C. Chang, C.-Y. Liu
    NSRRC, Hsinchu
  • J.-R. Chen
    NTHU, Hsinchu
  Previously, the Taiwan Light Source (TLS) has proven the good beam quality mainly depends on the utility system stability. A serial of efforts were devoted to these studies. Further, a high precision temperature control of the RF deionized cooling water system will be achieved to meet the more critical stability requirement. The paper investigates the mixing mechanism through thermal and flow analysis and verifies the practical influences. A flow mixing mechanism and control philosophy is studied and processed to optimize temperature variation which has been reduced from ±0.1? to ±0.01?. Also, the improvement of correlation between RF performance and water cooling stability will be presented.  
RPPE008 Water Induced Vibration in the NSRRC 1102
  • D.-J. Wang, H.C. Ho, Z.-D. Tsai, J. Wang
    NSRRC, Hsinchu
  Water flow related vibrations were found on the spectrum of electron beam position monitor in the NSRRC. They were associated with the vibrations of quadrupole magnets. One major vibration source was from a pump in the cooling water system. Most amount of vibration coupled through water pipe and water flow and propagated to the magnets. A small water flow station was set up to study the effect about coupling, propagating and excitation. Some damping schemes tested in the ring to improve the vibration are also included..  
RPPE009 Extremely High Current, High-Brightness Energy Recovery Linac 1150
  • I. Ben-Zvi, D.S. Barton, D.B. Beavis, M. Blaskiewicz, J.M. Brennan, A. Burrill, R. Calaga, P. Cameron, X.Y. Chang, R. Connolly, D.M. Gassner, J.G. Grimes, H. Hahn, A. Hershcovitch, H.-C. Hseuh, P.D.J. Johnson, D. Kayran, J. Kewisch, R.F. Lambiase, V. Litvinenko, G.T. McIntyre, W. Meng, T.C.N. Nehring, T. Nicoletti, B. Oerter, D. Pate, J. Rank, T. Rao, T. Roser, T. Russo, J. Scaduto, Z. Segalov, K. Smith, N.W.W. Williams, K.-C. Wu, V. Yakimenko, K. Yip, A. Zaltsman, Y. Zhao
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • H. Bluem, A. Burger, M.D. Cole, A.J. Favale, D. Holmes, J. Rathke, T. Schultheiss, A.M.M. Todd
    AES, Princeton, New Jersey
  • J.R. Delayen, L. W. Funk, P. Kneisel, H.L. Phillips, J.P. Preble
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: Under contract with the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. DOD Office of Naval Research and Joint Technology Office.

Next generation ERL light-sources, high-energy electron coolers, high-power Free-Electron Lasers, powerful Compton X-ray sources and many other accelerators were made possible by the emerging technology of high-power, high-brightness electron beams. In order to get the anticipated performance level of ampere-class currents, many technological barriers are yet to be broken. BNL’s Collider-Accelerator Department is pursuing some of these technologies for its electron cooling of RHIC application, as well as a possible future electron-hadron collider. We will describe work on CW, high-current and high-brightness electron beams. This will include a description of a superconducting, laser-photocathode RF gun and an accelerator cavity capable of producing low emittance (about 1 micron rms normalized) one nano-Coulomb bunches at currents of the order of one ampere average.

RPPE010 Beam Transport Devices for the 10kW Free Electron Laser at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility 1210
  • L.A. Dillon-Townes, C.P. Behre, M.E. Bevins, G.H. Biallas, D. Douglas, C.W. Gould, J.G. Gubeli, D.H. Kashy, R. Lassiter, L. Munk, G. Neil, M.D. Shinn, S. Slachtouski, D. Waldman
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: Department of Energy

The beam transport vacuum components for the 10 kW Free Electron Laser (FEL) at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) were designed to address 10 MeV electron beam characteristics and maintain an accelerator transport vacuum of 10-9 torr. The components discussed include a novel zero length beam clipper, novel shielded bellows, one decade differential pumping stations with a 7.62 cm (3.0”) aperture, and a 50 kW beam dump. Incorporation of these accelerator transport components assist in establishing the environment needed for the electron beam to produce the optical light required to lase at 10 kW.

RPPE011 SNS AC Power Distribution and Reliability of AC Power Supply 1231
  • P.S. Holik
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  Funding: SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. Department of Energy.

The SNS Project has 45MW of installed power. A design description under the Construction Design and Maintenance (CDM) with regard to regulations (OSHA, NFPA, NEC), reliability issues and maintenance of the AC power distribution system are herewith presented. The SNS Project has 45MW of installed power. The Accelerator Systems are Front End (FE)and LINAC KLYSTRON Building (LK), Central Helium Liquefier (CHL), High Energy Beam Transport (HEBT), Accumulator Ring and Ring to Target Beam Transport (RTBT) Support Buildings have 30MW installed power. FELK has 16MW installed, majority of which is klystron and magnet power supply system. CHL, supporting the super conducting portion of the accelerator has 7MW installed power and the RING Systems (HEBT, RING and RTBT) have also 7MW installed power.*

*SNS SRD. KJ Basis of Design. IEEE Red Book. IEEE Gold Book. IEEE Green Book. NEC NFPA.

RPPE014 Temperature Regulation of the Accelerating Section in CANDLE Linac 1416
  • S. Tunyan, G.A. Amatuni, B. Grigoryan
    CANDLE, Yerevan
  The temperature of the CANDLE S-Band Linac high-power RF components will be regulated by stand-alone closed loop (SACL) water system. The RF components are made of oxygen-free high conductivity copper and respond quickly to temperature changes. Temperature stabilization better than ± 0.1 C is required to achieve a good RF phase and energy stability. The temperature regulation and control philosophy along with the simulation results are discussed.