Keyword: proton
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MOCC3 First Experience of Crystal Collimators During LHC Special Runs and Plans for the Future collimation, background, operation, simulation 12
  • M. D’Andrea, V. Avati, R. Bruce, M.E.J. Butcher, M. Deile, M. Di Castro, H. Garcia Morales, S. Jakobsen, J. Kašpar, I. Lamas Garcia, A. Masi, A. Mereghetti, D. Mirarchi, S. Redaelli, B. Salvachua, P. Serrano Galvez, M. Solfaroli Camillocci
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • B.S. Dziedzic, K.M. Korcyl
    IFJ-PAN, Kraków, Poland
  • Yu.A. Gavrikov
    PNPI, Gatchina, Leningrad District, Russia
  • K.H. Hiller
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
  • N. Turini
    UNISI, Siena, Italy
  Bent crystals can deflect charged particles by trapping them within the potential well generated by neighboring crystalline planes and forcing them to follow the curvature of the crystal itself. This property has been extensively studied over the past decade at the CERN accelerator complex, as well as in other laboratories, for a variety of applications, ranging from beam collimation to beam extraction and in-beam fixed target experiments. In 2018, crystal collimators were operationally used for the first time at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) during a special high-beta* physics run with low-intensity proton beams, with the specific goal of reducing detector background and achieving faster beam halo removal. This paper describes the preparatory studies carried out by means of simulations, the main outcomes of the special physics run and plans for future uses of this innovative collimation scheme, including the deployment of crystal collimation for the High-Luminosity LHC upgrade.  
slides icon Slides MOCC3 [2.138 MB]  
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About • Received ※ 03 October 2021 — Accepted ※ 22 November 2021 — Issue; date; ※; 13 January 2022  
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MOP26 Status of Layout Studies for Fixed-Target Experiments in Alice Based on Crystal-Assisted Halo Splitting target, collimation, experiment, detector 146
  • M. Patecki, D. Kikoła
    Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
  • A.S. Fomin, D. Mirarchi, S. Redaelli
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Funding: This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme.
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) is the world largest and most powerful particle accelerator colliding beams of protons and lead ions at energies up to 7 TeV and 2.76 TeV, respectively. ALICE is one of the detector experiments optimised for heavy-ion collisions. A fixed-target experiment in ALICE is considered to collide a portion of the beam halo split by means of a bent crystal with an internal target placed a few meters upstream of the detector. Fixed-target collisions offer many physics opportunities related to hadronic matter and the quark-gluon plasma to extend the research potential of the CERN accelerator complex. This paper summarises our progress in preparing the fixed-target layout consisting of crystal assemblies, a target and downstream absorbers. We discuss the conceptual integration of these elements within the LHC ring, impact on ring losses, conditions for a parasitic operation and expected performance in terms of particle flux on target.
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poster icon Poster MOP26 [0.453 MB]  
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About • Received ※ 30 September 2021 — Revised ※ 18 October 2021 — Accepted ※ 02 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 24 November 2021
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TUIPI1 An Operationally Integrated Approach to the SNS 2.8 MW Power Upgrade target, operation, cryomodule, injection 156
  • J. Galambos
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
  Funding: This research used resources at the Spallation Neutron Source, a DOE Office of Science User Facility operated by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
The SNS accelerator consist of a 1 GeV H linac and an accumulator ring producing a 1.4 MW pulsed proton beam which drives a spallation neutron source. The Proton Power Upgrade project will double the power capability from 1.4 to 2.8 MW by increasing the linac energy 30% and the beam current about 50%. Equipment upgrades include new superconducting RF cryomodules and supporting RF equipment, upgraded ring equipment, and upgraded high power target systems. An important aspect of the upgrade is a gradual power ramp-up starting in 2022 in which new equipment is installed during maintenance outages as it arrives.
slides icon Slides TUIPI1 [3.795 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※  
About • Received ※ 03 October 2021 — Revised ※ 19 October 2021 — Accepted ※ 02 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 24 November 2021
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WEDC2 Acceleration of the High Current Deuteron Beam Through the IFMIF-EVEDA RFQ: Confirmation of the Design Beam Dynamics Performances rfq, emittance, MMI, simulation 197
  • L. Bellan, L. Antoniazzi, M. Comunian, E. Fagotti, M.G. Giacchini, F. Grespan, M. Montis, A. Palmieri, A. Pisent, M. Poggi
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • T. Akagi, K. Kondo, K. Masuda, M. Sugimoto
    QST, Aomori, Japan
  • B. Bolzon, N. Chauvin
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • P. Cara, F. Scantamburlo
    IFMIF/EVEDA, Rokkasho, Japan
  • Y. Carin, H. Dzitko
    F4E, Germany
  • D. Jimenez-Rey, I. Podadera
    CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain
  • J. Marroncle
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  • I. Moya
    Fusion for Energy, Garching, Germany
  The Linear IFMIF Prototype Accelerator (LIPAc) is a high intensity D+ linear accelerator; demonstrator of the International Fusion Material Irradiation Facility (IFMIF). In summer 2019 the IFMIF/EVEDA Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) accelerated its nominal 125 mA deuteron (D+) beam current up to 5 MeV, with >90% transmission for pulses of 1 ms at 1 Hz, reaching its nominal beam dynamics goal. The paper presents the benchmark simulations and measurements performed to characterize the as-built RFQ performances, in the low and high perveance regime. In this framework, the commissioning strategy with a particular focus on the reciprocal effects of the low-medium energy transfers lines and the RFQ is also discussed. In the last part of the paper, the future commissioning outlooks are briefly introduced.  
slides icon Slides WEDC2 [2.696 MB]  
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About • Received ※ 05 October 2021 — Revised ※ 20 October 2021 — Accepted ※ 22 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 27 January 2022
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