Author: Musumeci, P.
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TUP069 THz Based Phase-Space Manipulation in a Guided IFEL 519
  • E.J. Curry, S. Fabbri, P. Musumeci
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • A. Gover
    University of Tel-Aviv, Faculty of Engineering, Tel-Aviv, Israel
  Funding: This work has been supported by DOE grant DE-FG02-92ER40693, and NSF grant PHY-1415583.
We propose a guided IFEL interaction driven by a broadband THz source to compress a relativistic electron bunch and synchronize it with an external laser pulse. A high field single-cycle THz pulse is group velocity-matched to the electron bunch inside a waveguide, allowing for a sustained interaction in a magnetic undulator. The THz pulse is generated via optical rectification from the external laser source, with peak field of up to 4.6 MV/m. We present measurements of the THz waveform before and after a parallel plate waveguide with varying aperture size and estimate the group velocity. We also present results from a preliminary 1-D multi-frequency simulation code we are developing to model the guided broadband IFEL interaction. Given a 6 MeV, 100 fs electron bunch with an initial 10-3 energy spread, as can be readily produced at the UCLA Pegasus laboratory, the simulations predict a phase space rotation of the bunch distribution that will reduce the initial timing jitter and compress the electron bunch by nearly an order of magnitude.
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TUP074 Results from the Nocibur Experiment at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Accelerator Test Facility 540
  • N.S. Sudar, J.P. Duris, I.I. Gadjev, P. Musumeci
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • M. Babzien, M.G. Fedurin, K. Kusche, I. Pogorelsky, M.N. Polyanskiy, C. Swinson
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  Conversion efficiencies of electrical to optical power in a Free Electron Laser are typically limited by their Pierce parameter, ρ ~0.1%. Introducing strong undulator tapering can increase this efficiency greatly, with simulations showing possible conversion efficiencies of ~40%. Recent experiments performed with the Rubicon Inverse Free Electron Laser have demonstrated acceleration gradients of ~ 100 MeV/m and high particle trapping efficiency by coupling a pre-bunched electron beam to a high power CO2 laser pulse in a strongly tapered helical undulator. By reversing the undulator period tapering and re-optimizing the field strength along the Rubicon undulator, we obtain an Inverse Free Electron Laser decelerator, which we have aptly renamed Nocibur. This tapering profile is chosen so that the change in beam energy defined by the ponderomotive decelerating gradient matches the change in resonant energy defined by the undulator parameters, allowing the conversion of a large fraction of the electron beam power into coherent narrow-band radiation. We discuss this mechanism as well as results from a recent experiment performed with the Nocibur undulator at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Accelerator Test Facility.  
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High Gradient IFEL Acceleration and Deceleration in Strongly Tapered Undulators  
  • J.P. Duris, P. Musumeci
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
  Efficient coupling of relativistic electron beams with high power radiation lies at the heart of advanced accelerator and light source research and development. Recent inverse free electron laser experiments using strongly tapered undulators have demonstrated high-gradient acceleration of >50% of injected electrons, producing beams of high-quality. By accommodating the evolving radiation field in the design of the undulator tapering, a large fraction of energy may be transferred between the electrons and laser, enabling compact, high-current GeV accelerators and various wavelength light-sources of unprecedented peak powers.  
slides icon Slides WEC02 [5.405 MB]  
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WEP085 Conceptual Theory of Spontaneous and Taper-Enhanced Superradiance and Stimulated Superradiance 746
  • A. Gover, R. Ianconescu
    University of Tel-Aviv, Faculty of Engineering, Tel-Aviv, Israel
  • C. Emma, P. Musumeci
    UCLA, Los Angeles, USA
  • A. Friedman
    Ariel University, Ariel, Israel
  Funding: We acknowledge partial support by the U.S. Israel Binational Science Foundation (BSF)Jerusalem, Israel
In the context of radiation emission from an electron beam Dicke's superradiance (SR) is the enhanced radiation emission from a pre-bunched beam. Stimulated Superradiance (ST-SR) is the further enhanced emission of the bunched beam in the presence of a phase-matched radiation wave. These processes were analyzed for Undulator radiation in the framework of radiation field mode-excitation theory[1]. In the nonlinear saturation regime the synchronism of the bunched beam and an injected radiation wave may be sustained by wiggler tapering [2]. Same processes are instrumental also in enhancing the radiative emission in the tapered wiggler section of seeded FEL[3]. In a long tapered wiggler the diffraction of the emitted radiation wave is not negligible even at Angstroms wavelengths (as in LCLS). A Fresnel diffraction model was provided in [4] for the SR process only. Here we outline the fundamental physical concepts of Spontaneous Superradiadce (SR), Stimulated Superradiance (ST-SR), Taper-Enhanced Superradiance (TES) and Taper-Enhanced Stimulated Superradiance Amplification (TESSA), and compare their Fourier and Phasor formulations in the radiation mode expansion and free-diffraction models. Detailed further analysis can provide better design concepts of high power FELs and improved tapering strategy for enhancing the power of seeded short wavelength FELs
1. A. Gover, PR ST-AB 8, (030701) ; (030702) (2005)
2. J. Duris et al., arxiv 2015.
3. Y. Jiao et al., PR ST-AB 15 050704 2012
4. E.A. Schneidmiller, M.V. Yurkov, PR ST-AB 18, 030705 (2015)
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