Electron Accelerators and Applications

1E - Colliders

Paper Title Page
TU201 Linac R&D for the ILC Technical Design Report 359
  • M.C. Ross
    Fermilab, Batavia

The International Linear Collider (ILC) Technical Design Report (TDR) is scheduled for publication in 2012. The TDR will include an updated ILC baseline technical design description, results from critical R&D programs in support of key parameter choices, and one or more models for a Project Implementation Plan with an associated value estimate. The focus of linac R&D is to:

  1. achieve the specified superconducting rf cavity accelerating gradient of 35 MV/m with a corresponding production yield,
  2. design and test cryomodule assemblies that include "plug-compatible" sub-components with specified interfaces, and
  3. demonstrate system performance with nominal ILC high intensity beams.
In keeping with the international nature of the project, R&D is underway at ILC partner institutions with results and infrastructure that are shared throughout the project effort. This paper describes the technical challenges to be addressed and summarizes ongoing activities and plans.


slides icon


TU202 ILC Siting in Moscow Region Near Dubna and ILC Related Activity at JINR 360
  • G. Shirkov, Ju. Boudagov, Yu.N. Denisov, I.N. Meshkov, A.N. Sissakian, G.V. Trubnikov
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region

The report presents the development of investigations on ILC siting in the Dubna region and ILC related activity at JINR. The report will describe the fields of activities ongoing to support the ILC at JINR. In addition, other linear accelerator activities at JINR will be summarized.


slides icon


TUP054 Development of the Continuously Adjustable Permanent Magnet Quadrupole for ATF2 524
  • T. Sugimoto, M. Ichikawa, Y. Iwashita, I. Kazama, M. Yamada
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto
  • T. Tauchi
    KEK, Ibaraki

A final focus quadrupole (FFQ) doublet of ILC should have excellent properties such as strong focusing, compactness and less vibrations. In a baseline design, superconducting magnet is supposed to be used, which may have some vibrations traveling through liquid helium. It may not be suitable for FFQ of ILC unless the vibration effect is proven to be negligible. Since the five-disc-singlet proposed by Gluckstern satisfies these properties including continuous adjustability, we are developing a FFQ aiming at a beam test at ATF2. Although the x-y coupling effect is carefully cancelled in the design, fabrication errors or rotation errors may break the cancellation. We are estimating the effect of these errors on the beam size at the interaction point. Two methods are currently carried out. The first one is transfer matrix calculations, which neglects fringing field and higher multipole components. The second one is beam-tracking calculation in measured or calculated magnetic field. The fabricated magnet is under adjustment measuring the magnetic field. The recent results will be presented.

TUP055 Optimum Frequency and Gradient for the CLIC Main Linac Accelerating Structure 527
  • A. Grudiev, H.-H. Braun, D. Schulte, W. Wuensch
    CERN, Geneva

Recently the CLIC study has changed the operating frequency and accelerating gradient of the main linac from 30 GHz and 150 MV/m to 12 GHz and 100 MV/m, respectively. This major change of parameters has been driven by the results from a novel main linac optimization procedure. The procedure allows simultaneous optimization of operating frequency, accelerating gradient, and many other parameters of CLIC main linac. It takes into account both beam dynamics (BD) and high power rf constraints. BD constraints are related to emittance growth due to short- and long-range transverse wakefields. Rf constraints are related to rf breakdown and pulsed surface heating of the accelerating structure. The optimization figure of merit includes the power efficiency, measured as a ratio of luminosity to the input power as well as a quantity proportional to investment cost.

TUP056 Beam Optics Studies and Commissioning Status of CTF3 530
  • P.K. Skowronski, S. Bettoni, R. Corsini, S. Döbert, F. Tecker
    CERN, Geneva
  • D. Alesini, C. Biscari
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma)
  • Y.-C. Chao
    TRIUMF, Vancouver

The objective of the CLIC Test Facility CTF3 is to demonstrate the feasibility issues of the CLIC two-beam technology. CTF3 consists of an electron linac followed by a delay loop, a combiner ring and a two-beam test area. One issue studied in CTF3 is the efficient generation of a very high current drive beam, used in CLIC as the power source to accelerate the main beam to multi-TeV energies. The beam current is first doubled in the delay loop and then multiplied by a factor four in the combiner ring by interleaving bunches using transverse deflecting rf cavities. The combiner ring and the connecting transfer line have been put into operation in 2007. In this paper we give the status of the commissioning, present the results of the combination tests and illustrate in some detail the beam optics measurements, including response matrix analysis, dispersion measurement and applied orbit correction algorithms. We discuss as well the observation of a vertical beam break-up instability which is due to the vertical transverse mode in the horizontal rf deflectors used for beam injection and combination. We outline the attempted methods to mitigate the instability and their effectiveness.

TUP057 Design and Fabrication of CLIC Test Structures 533
  • R. Zennaro, A. Grudiev, G. Riddone, A. Samoshkin, W. Wuensch
    CERN, Geneva
  • T. Higo
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • S.G. Tantawi, J.W. Wang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California

Demonstration of a gradient of 100 MV/m at a breakdown rate of 10-7 is one of the key feasibility issues of the CLIC project. A high power rf test program both at X-band (SLAC and KEK) and 30 GHz (CERN) is under way to develop accelerating structures reaching this performance. The test program includes the comparison of structures with different rf parameters, with/without wakefield damping waveguides, and different fabrication technologies namely quadrant bars and stacked disks. The design and objectives of the various X-band and 30 GHz structures are presented and their fabrication methods and status is reviewed.

TUP058 A Kicker Driver Exploiting Drift Step Recovery Diodes for the International Linear Collider 536
  • F.O. Arntz, M.P.J. Gaudreau, A. Kardo-Sysoev, M.K. Kempkes, A. Krasnykh
    Diversified Technologies, Inc., Bedford, Massachusetts

Funding: U.S. Department of Energy SBIR Program
Diversified Technologies, Inc. (DTI) is developing a driver for a kicker strip-line deflector which inserts and extracts charge bunches to and from the electron and positron damping rings of the International Linear Collider. The kicker driver must drive a 50 Ω terminated TEM deflector blade at 10 kV with 2 ns flat-topped pulses, which according to the ILC pulsing protocol, bursts pulses at a 3 MHz rate within one-millisecond bursts occurring at a 5 Hz rate. The driver must also effectively absorb high-order mode signals emerging from the deflector. In this paper, DTI will describe current progress utilizing a combination of high voltage DSRDs (Drift Step Recovery Diodes) and high voltage MOSFETs. The MOSFET array switch, without the DSRDs, is itself suitable for many accelerator systems with 10 - 100 ns kicker requirements. DTI has designed and demonstrated the key elements of a solid state kicker driver which both meets the ILC requirements, is suitable for a wide range of kicker driver applications. Full scale development and test are exptected to occur in Phase II of this DOE SBIR effort, with a full scale demonstration scheduled in 2009.