Author: Papaphilippou, Y.
Paper Title Page
MOPFI051 Beam Transfer Systems for the LAGUNA-LBNO Long Baseline Neutrino Beam from the CERN SPS 395
  • B. Goddard, W. Bartmann, I. Efthymiopoulos, Y. Papaphilippou, A.S. Parfenova
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  For the Long Baseline neutrino facility under study at CERN (LAGUNA-LBNO) it is initially planned to extract a 400 GeV beam from the second long straight section in the SPS into the existing transfer channel TT20 leading to the North Area experimental zone, to a new target aligned with a far detector in Finland. In a second phase a new High-Power Proton Synchrotron (HPPS) accelerator is proposed, to give a 2 MW beam at about 50 GeV on the same target. In this paper the beam transfer systems required for the project are outlined, including the new sections of transfer line between the SPL, HPPS and SPS, and from the SPS to the target, and also the injection and extraction systems in the long straight section of the HPPS. The feasibility of a 4 GeV H injection system is discussed.  
MOPFI060 Beam Transfer to LHC with the Low Gamma-transition SPS Optics 419
  • G. Vanbavinckhove, W. Bartmann, H. Bartosik, C. Bracco, L.N. Drøsdal, B. Goddard, V. Kain, M. Meddahi, V. Mertens, Y. Papaphilippou, J.A. Uythoven, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • E. Gianfelice-Wendt
    Fermilab, Batavia, USA
  A new low gamma-transition optics with a lower integer tune, was introduced in the SPS to improve beam stability at high intensity. For transferring the beam to the LHC, the extraction bumps, extraction kickers and transfer lines needed to be adapted to the new optics. In particular, the transfer lines were re-matched and re-commissioned with the new optics. The first operational results are discussed for the SPS extraction, the transfer lines and the LHC injection. A detailed comparison is presented between the old and the new optics of the trajectories, dispersion, losses and other performance aspects.  
MOPWO025 Optics and Protection of the Injection and Extraction Regions of the CLIC Damping Rings 939
  • R. Apsimon, B. Balhan, M.J. Barnes, J. Borburgh, B. Goddard, Y. Papaphilippou, J.A. Uythoven
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  The optics design of the injection and extraction regions for the CLIC damping rings is presented. The design defines the parameters for the kicker magnets and septa in these regions and has been optimised to minimise the length of the insertions within the parameter space of the system. Failure modes of the injection and extraction elements are identified and their severity assessed. Protection elements for the injection and extraction regions are optimised based on the conclusions of the failure mode analysis.  
MOPWO033 Analysis of LHC Transfer Line Trajectory Drifts 960
  • L.N. Drøsdal, W. Bartmann, H. Bartosik, C. Bracco, B. Goddard, V. Kain, Y. Papaphilippou, J.A. Uythoven, G. Vanbavinckhove, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • E. Gianfelice-Wendt
    Fermilab, Batavia, USA
  The LHC is filled from the SPS via two 3km long transfer lines. In the first years of LHC operation large trajectory variations were discovered. The sources of bunch-by-bunch and shot-by-shot trajectory variations had been identified and improved by the 2012 LHC run. The origins of the longer term drifts were however still unclear and significant time was spent correcting the trajectories. In the last part of the 2012 run the optics in the SPS was changed to lower transition energy. Trajectory stability and correction frequency will be compared between before and after the optics change in the SPS. The sources of the variations have now been identified and will be discussed in this paper. Remedies for operation after the long shutdown will be proposed.  
TUPME034 Experimental Studies for Future LHC Beams in the SPS 1652
  • H. Bartosik, T. Argyropoulos, T. Bohl, S. Cettour-Cave, J.F. Esteban Müller, W. Höfle, G. Iadarola, Y. Papaphilippou, G. Rumolo, B. Salvant, F. Schmidt, E.N. Shaposhnikova, H. Timko
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A.Y. Molodozhentsev
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  The High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) project requires significantly higher beam intensity than presently accessible in the LHC injector chain. The aim of the LHC injectors upgrade project (LIU) is to prepare the CERN accelerators for the future needs of the LHC. Therefore a series of machine studies with high brightness beams were performed, assessing the present performance reach and identifying remaining limitations. Of particular concern are beam loading and longitudinal instabilities at high energy, space charge for beams with 50ns bunch spacing and electron cloud effects for beams with 25ns bunch spacing. This paper provides a summary of the performed studies, that have been possible thanks to the implementation of the SPS low gamma-transition optics.  
TUPME042 The SPS as an Ultra-low Emittance Damping Ring Test Facility for CLIC 1661
  • Y. Papaphilippou, R. Corsini, L.R. Evans
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  In view of the plans for a future electron/positron linear collider based on the CLIC technology, an ultra-low emittance damping ring test facility is proposed, using the CERN SPS. Optics modification, required wiggler length and characteristics, energy and RF parameters are presented in order to reach CLIC performance requirements, including the effect of Intrabeam Scattering. Considerations about the necessary injected beam characteristics, its production and transfer through the existing CERN accelerator complex are also discussed.  
TUPME045 Turn-by-turn Measurements in the KEK-ATF 1664
  • Y. Renier, Y. Papaphilippou, R. Tomás, M. Wendt
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • N. Eddy
    Fermilab, Batavia, USA
  • K. Kubo, S. Kuroda, T. Naito, T. Okugi, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  The ATF damping ring has been upgraded with new read-out electronics for the beam position monitors (BPM), capable to acquire the beam orbits on a turn-by-turn basis, as well as in a high resolution averaging mode. The new BPM system allows to improve optic corrections and to achieve an even smaller vertical emittance (<2pm). Experimental results are presented based on turn-by-turn beam orbit measurements in the ring, for estimating the beta functions and dispersion along the lattice. A fast method to measure spectral line amplitude in a few turns is also presented, including the evaluation of chromaticity.  
TUPME046 Performance of SPS Low Transition Energy Optics for LHC Ion Beams 1667
  • F. Antoniou, G. Arduini, H. Bartosik, T. Bohl, S. Cettour Cave, K. Cornelis, D. Manglunki, Y. Papaphilippou
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  An optics with low transition energy has been developed in the SPS for removing intensity limitations of the LHC proton beam and has become operational towards the second part of the 2012 LHC proton run. This optics was also used for filling the LHC with lead ions during the p/Pb run of the beginning of 2013. The impact of this optics in the performance of the LHC ion beam is studied here, especially with respect to collective effects, at the SPS injection energy. In particular, the potential gain of the increased beam sizes provided by this optics, with respect to losses and emittance blow up due to space-charge and Intrabeam Scattering (IBS) is evaluated. The measured lifetime is compared with the one provided by the Touschek effect and its interplay with RF noise is studied. The models are supported by measurements in the SPS and in the LHC flat bottom.  
WEXB101 Optics Optimization for Reducing Collective Effects and Raising Instability Thresholds in Lepton and Hadron Rings 2033
  • Y. Papaphilippou, F. Antoniou, H. Bartosik
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  This paper covers recent progress in the design of optics solutions to minimize collective effects such as beam instabilities, intra-beam scattering or space charge in hadron and lepton rings. The necessary steps are reviewed for designing the optics of high-intensity and high-brightness synchrotrons but also ultra-low emittance lepton storage rings, whose performance is strongly dominated by collective effects. Particular emphasis is given to proposed and existing designs illustrated by simulations and beam measurements.  
slides icon Slides WEXB101 [24.511 MB]  
WEPEA053 Progress with the Upgrade of the SPS for the HL-LHC Era 2624
  • B. Goddard, T. Argyropoulos, W. Bartmann, H. Bartosik, T. Bohl, F. Caspers, K. Cornelis, H. Damerau, L.N. Drøsdal, L. Ducimetière, J.F. Esteban Müller, R. Garoby, M. Gourber-Pace, W. Höfle, G. Iadarola, L.K. Jensen, V. Kain, R. Losito, M. Meddahi, A. Mereghetti, V. Mertens, Ö. Mete, E. Montesinos, Y. Papaphilippou, G. Rumolo, B. Salvant, E.N. Shaposhnikova, M. Taborelli, H. Timko, F.M. Velotti
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • E. Gianfelice-Wendt
    Fermilab, Batavia, USA
  The demanding beam performance requirements of the HL-LHC project translate into a set of requirements and upgrade paths for the LHC injector complex. In this paper the performance requirements for the SPS and the known limitations are reviewed in the light of the 2012 operational experience. The various SPS upgrades in progress and still under consideration are described, in addition to the machine studies and simulations performed in 2012. The expected machine performance reach is estimated on the basis of the present knowledge, and the remaining decisions that still need to be made concerning upgrade options are detailed.  
WEPEA056 Design and Beam Measurements of Modified Fast Extraction Schemes in the CERN PS for Installing a Dummy Septum to Mitigate Ring Irradiation 2633
  • C. Hernalsteens, H. Bartosik, L.N. Drøsdal, S.S. Gilardoni, M. Giovannozzi, A. Lachaize, Y. Papaphilippou, A. Ulsroed
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  The proposed Multi-Turn Extraction (MTE) for the CERN PS allows to reduce the overall extraction losses for high intensity beams. The required longitudinal structure of the proton beam induces unavoidable beam losses at the magnetic extraction septum. The installation of a dummy septum with an appropriate shielding has been proposed to localise losses and to shadow the magnetic septum. Such a device, located in the extraction region, imposes tight constraints on the available beam aperture. Modified extraction schemes have been proposed and in this paper they will be presented and discussed in detail together with the measured performance.  
WEPEA060 Plans for the Upgrade of CERN's Heavy Ion Complex 2645
  • D. Manglunki, M. E. Angoletta, H. Bartosik, A. Blas, D. Bodart, M.A. Bodendorfer, T. Bohl, J. Borburgh, E. Carlier, J.-M. Cravero, H. Damerau, L. Ducimetière, A. Findlay, R. Garoby, S.S. Gilardoni, B. Goddard, S. Hancock, E.B. Holzer, J.M. Jowett, T. Kramer, D. Kuchler, A.M. Lombardi, Y. Papaphilippou, S. Pasinelli, R. Scrivens, G. Tranquille
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  To reach a luminosity higher than 6×1027 Hz/cm2 for Pb-Pb collisions, as expected by the ALICE experiment after its upgrade during the 2nd Long LHC Shutdown (LS2), several upgrades will have to be performed in the CERN accelerator complex, from the source to the LHC itself. This paper first details the present limitations and then describes the strategy for the different machines in the ion injector chain. Both filling schemes and possible hardware upgrades are discussed.  
WEPEA061 The First LHC p-Pb run: Performance of the Heavy Ion Production Complex 2648
  • D. Manglunki, M. E. Angoletta, H. Bartosik, G. Bellodi, A. Blas, M.A. Bodendorfer, T. Bohl, C. Carli, E. Carlier, S. Cettour Cave, K. Cornelis, H. Damerau, A. Findlay, S.S. Gilardoni, S. Hancock, J.M. Jowett, D. Kuchler, M. O'Neil, Y. Papaphilippou, S. Pasinelli, R. Scrivens, G. Tranquille, B. Vandorpe, U. Wehrle, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  TThe first LHC proton-ion run took place in January-February 2013; it was the first extension to the collider programme, as this mode was not included in the design report. This paper presents the performance of the heavy ion and proton production complex, and details the issues encountered, in particular the creation of the same bunch pattern in both beams.  
WEPEA064 SixTrack-Fluka Active Coupling for the Upgrade of the SPS Scrapers 2657
  • A. Mereghetti, F. Cerutti, R. De Maria, B. Goddard, V. Kain, M. Meddahi, Ö. Mete, Y. Papaphilippou, D. Pastor Sinuela, V. Vlachoudis
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • R. Appleby
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
  The LHC Injectors Upgrade (LIU) Project aims at upgrading the systems in the LHC injection chain, to reliably deliver the beams required by the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC). Essential for the clean injection into the LHC, the SPS scrapers are one of the important systems under revision. In order to take into account of the effect of betatron and longitudinal beam dynamics on energy deposition patterns, and nuclear and Coulomb scattering in the absorbing medium onto loss patterns, the SixTrack and Fluka codes have been coupled, profiting from the best of the refined physical models they respectively embed. The coupling envisages an active exchange of tracked particles between the two codes at each turn, and an on-line aperture check in SixTrack, in order to estimate the local cleaning inefficiency of the system. Knob-like, time-dependent strengths have been implemented in SixTrack, since the designed scraper system foresees the use of a magnetic bump. The study is intended to assess the robustness of the proposed scraper as well as its effectiveness with respect to the desired performance.  
WEPEA067 Beam Optics Measurements through Turn by turn Beam Position Data in the SLS 2663
  • P. Zisopoulos, Y. Papaphilippou
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A. Streun
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  • V.G. Ziemann
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
  Refined Fourier analysis of turn-by-turn (TBT) transverse position data measurements can be used for determining several beam properties of a ring, such as transverse tunes, optics functions, phases, chromatic properties and coupling. In particular, the Numerical Analysis of Fundamental Frequencies (NAFF) algorithm is used to analyze TBT data from the Swiss Light Source (SLS) storage ring in order to estimate on and off-momentum beam characteristics. Of particular interest is the potential of using the full position information within one turn in order to measure beam optics properties.  
THOBB102 Beam Coupling Impedance Localization Technique Validation and Measurements in the CERN Machines 3106
  • N. Biancacci, G. Arduini, T. Argyropoulos, H. Bartosik, R. Calaga, K. Cornelis, S.S. Gilardoni, N. Mounet, E. Métral, Y. Papaphilippou, S. Persichelli, G. Rumolo, B. Salvant, G. Sterbini, R. Tomás, R. Wasef
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Migliorati, L. Palumbo
    URLS, Rome, Italy
  The beam coupling impedance could lead to limitations in beam brightness and quality, and therefore it needs accurate quantification and continuous monitoring in order to detect and mitigate high impedance sources. In the CERN machines, for example, kickers and collimators are expected to be the main contributors to the total imaginary part of the transverse impedance. In order to detect the other sources, a beam based measurement was developed: from the variation of betatron phase beating with intensity, it is possible to detect the locations of main impedance sources. In this work we present the application of the method with beam measurements in the CERN PS, SPS and LHC.  
slides icon Slides THOBB102 [7.224 MB]  
THPFI056 Design Study for a Future LAGUNA-LBNO Long-baseline Neutrino Facility at CERN 3418
  • I. Efthymiopoulos, J. Alabau-Gonzalvo, A. Alekou, F. Antoniou, M. Benedikt, M. Calviani, A. Ferrari, R. Garoby, F. Gerigk, S.S. Gilardoni, B. Goddard, A. Kosmicki, C. Lazaridis, J.A. Osborne, Y. Papaphilippou, A.S. Parfenova, E.N. Shaposhnikova, R. Steerenberg, P. Velten, H. Vincke
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  A design study for a long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment (LBNO) with a new conventional neutrino beamline facility (CN2PY) at CERN was initiated in September 2011, supported by EU/FP7 funds. The beam will be aimed at a next generation deep-underground neutrino observatory located at the Pyhasalmi (Finland) mine at a distance of 2300 km. In an initial phase the CN2PY facility will use a 400 GeV beam extracted from SPS up to a maximum power of 750 kW, and in a second phase a 2 MW beam of about 50 GeV produced by a new High-Power Proton Synchrotron accelerator using the LP-SPL as injector also under design. The paper will focus on the design challenges of this MW-class facility and on the optimization studies of the secondary beam elements (target and horns) to produce a neutrino beam spectrum that matches best the experimental requirements for neutrino flavor oscillations and CP-violation tests. The challenges and bottlenecks in the existing CERN accelerator complex to produce the high-intensity beams foreseen for this facility at the initial phase are discussed.  
THPWO080 Operational Performance of the LHC Proton Beams with the SPS Low Transition Energy Optics 3945
  • Y. Papaphilippou, G. Arduini, T. Argyropoulos, W. Bartmann, H. Bartosik, T. Bohl, C. Bracco, S. Cettour-Cave, K. Cornelis, L.N. Drøsdal, J.F. Esteban Müller, B. Goddard, A. Guerrero, W. Höfle, V. Kain, G. Rumolo, B. Salvant, E.N. Shaposhnikova, H. Timko, D. Valuch, G. Vanbavinckhove, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • E. Gianfelice-Wendt
    Fermilab, Batavia, USA
  An optics in the SPS with lower integer tunes (20 versus 26) was proposed and introduced in machine studies since 2010, as a measure for increasing transverse and longitudinal instability thresholds, especially at low energy, for the LHC proton beams. After two years of machine studies and careful optimisation, the new “Q20” optics became operational in September 2012 and steadily delivered beam to the LHC until the end of the run. This paper reviews the operational performance of the Q20 optics with respect to transverse and longitudinal beam characteristics in the SPS, enabling high brightness beams injected into the LHC. Aspects of longitudinal beam stability, transmission, high-energy orbit control and beam transfer are discussed.  
THPWO081 Design Options of a High-power Proton Synchrotron for LAGUNA-LBNO 3948
  • Y. Papaphilippou, J. Alabau-Gonzalvo, A. Alekou, F. Antoniou, M. Benedikt, I. Efthymiopoulos, R. Garoby, F. Gerigk, B. Goddard, C. Lazaridis, A.S. Parfenova, E.N. Shaposhnikova, R. Steerenberg
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Design studies have been initiated at CERN, exploring the prospects of future high-power proton beams for producing neutrinos, within the LAGUNA-LBNO project. These studies include the design of a 2 MW high-power proton synchrotron (HP-PS) using the LP-SPL as injector. This paper resumes the design options under study in order to reach this high power, and their implications regarding layout, magnet technology beam loss control and RF considerations. Optics optimization studies are also presented including beam transfer and collimation considerations.