Author: Smolenski, K.W.
Paper Title Page
MOOAA01 Performance of the Cornell High-Brightness, High-Power Electron Injector 20
  • B.M. Dunham, A.C. Bartnik, I.V. Bazarov, L. Cultrera, J. Dobbins, C.M. Gulliford, G.H. Hoffstaetter, R.P.K. Kaplan, V.O. Kostroun, Y. Li, M. Liepe, X. Liu, F. Löhl, P. Quigley, D.H. Rice, E.N. Smith, K.W. Smolenski, M. Tigner, V. Veshcherevich, Z. Zhao
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • S.S. Karkare, H. Li, J.M. Maxson
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
  Funding: NSF DMR-0807731
The last year has seen significant progress in demonstrating the feasibility of a high current, high brightness photoinjector as required for the Energy Recovery Linac driven X-ray source at Cornell University. Both low emittances (0.4 mm-mrad rms normalized for 100% of the beam at 20 pC per bunch and 0.15 mm-mrad rms core emittance with 70% of the beam, and twice these values at 80 pC per bunch) and high average currents with a good lifetime well in excess of 1000 Coulombs at 5 MeV, 20 mA have been demonstrated. If these beams can be accelerated to 5 GeV without diluting the phase space, it would already provide a beam brightness higher than any existing storage ring. Operational experience, results, and the outlook for the future will be presented.
slides icon Slides MOOAA01 [1.424 MB]  
WEOAB02 Photocathode R&D at Cornell University 2137
  • L. Cultrera, I.V. Bazarov, J.V. Conway, B.M. Dunham, Y. Hwang, Y. Li, X. Liu, R. Merluzzi, T.P. Moore, K.W. Smolenski
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • S.S. Karkare, J.M. Maxson, W.J. Schaff
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
  Funding: This work has been supported by NSF DMR-0807731 and by DOE DE-SC0003965.
A wide R&D program is pursued at Cornell University aimed at preparation and characterization of high efficiency photocathodes for the Energy Recovery Linac photoinjector. The currently investigated photoemitters include both positive and negative electron affinity materials such as respectively bi-alkali antimonide and III-V semiconductors activated with Cs and either O or F. Analysis techniques as Scanning Auger Spectroscopy, Low Energy Electron Diffraction, Reflected High Energy Electron Diffraction and work function measurements are used to characterize the surfaces properties of the specimens. Spectral response, photoemission uniformity, electron energy distributions are used to characterize the quality of the photoelectron beam and to relate it to the measured surface properties.
slides icon Slides WEOAB02 [6.934 MB]  
WEPPD082 Characterization of Photocathode Damage during High Current Operation of the Cornell ERL Photoinjector 2717
  • J.M. Maxson, S.S. Karkare
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • I.V. Bazarov, S.A. Belomestnykh, L. Cultrera, D.S. Dale, J. Dobbins, B.M. Dunham, K. Finkelstein, R.P.K. Kaplan, V.O. Kostroun, Y. Li, X. Liu, F. Löhl, B. Pichler, P. Quigley, D.H. Rice, K.W. Smolenski, M. Tigner, V. Veshcherevich, Z. Zhao
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York, USA
  The Cornell ERL Photoinjector prototype has recently demonstrated successful operation at 20 mA for 8 hours using a bi-alkali photocathode grown on a Si substrate. The photocathode film was grown off center, and remained relatively undamaged; however, upon removal from the gun, the substrate at the gun electrostatic center displayed significant visible damage. Here we will describe not only the parameters of that particular high current run, but a suite of post-operation surface morphology and crystallographic measurements, including X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, contact profilometry, scanning electron microscopy, performed about the damage site and photocathode film. The data indicate violent topological changes to the substrate surface, as well as significant induced crystallographic strain. Ion back-bombardment is proposed as a possible mechanism for damage, and a simple model for induced crystal strain is proposed (as opposed to ion induced sputtering), and is shown to have good qualitative agreement with the spatial distribution of damage.  
WEPPR086 Computed Wake Field Effects from Measured Surface Roughness in the Walls of the Cornell ERL 3132
  • M.G. Billing, G.H. Hoffstaetter, C.E. Mayes, K.W. Smolenski, H.A. Williams
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the NSF ERL Phase 1B Cooperative Agreement (DMR-0807731)
Wake fields arise from the discontinuities in a smooth vacuum chamber and will cause energy spread in the passing bunch. In an energy recovery linac (ERL), the spent bunches are decelerated before they are dumped to reuse the beam’s energy for the acceleration of new bunches. While the energy spread accumulated from wakes before deceleration is small compared to the beam’s energy after full acceleration, it becomes more important relatively as the beam’s energy decreases.* Thus, in an ERL wake fields can produce very significant energy spread in the beam as it is decelerated to the energy of the beam dump. We report on calculations of wake fields due to the roughness of the surface of the vacuum chamber walls as it affects the Cornell ERL design. These calculations include the effects from the measured roughness for real vacuum chamber wall surfaces.
* M. Billing, “Effect of Wake Fields in an Energy Recovery Linac”, PAC’09, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 4-8 May 2009.