Author: Pivi, M.T.F.
Paper Title Page
MOEPPB015 Excitation of Intra-bunch Vertical Motion in the SPS - Implications for Feedback Control of Ecloud and TMCI Instabilities 112
  • J.D. Fox, J.M. Cesaratto, M.T.F. Pivi, C.H. Rivetta, O. Turgut, S. Uemura
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • W. Höfle, U. Wehrle
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515 and the US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP).
Electron cloud and transverse mode coupled-bunch instabilities (TMCI) limit the bunch intensity in the CERN SPS. Intra-bunch fast feedback systems are a possible method to control these effects. This paper presents experimental measurements of single-bunch motion in the SPS driven by a GHz bandwidth vertical excitation system*. The primary goal is to quantify the change in internal bunch dynamics as instability thresholds are approached, and quantify the frequencies of internal modes as Ecloud effects become significant. The beam response is sampled at 20 GS/sec. in response to arbitrary excitation patterns, with data in 2011 taken at 3 bunch intensities. We show the excitation of barycentric, head-tail and higher vertical modes. The beam motion is analyzed in the time domain, via animated presentations of the sampled vertical signals, and in the frequency domain, via spectrograms showing the modal frequencies vs. time. The demonstration of the excitation of selected internal modes is a significant step in development of the feedback control techniques.
* "A 4 GS/Sec. Synchronized Vertical Excitation System for SPS Studies - Steps Towards Wideband Feedback," these proceedings.
MOPPC019 Secondary Electron Yield Measurements of Fermilab’s Main Injector Vacuum Vessel 166
  • D.J. Scott, D. Capista, K.L. Duel, R.M. Zwaska
    Fermilab, Batavia, USA
  • S. Greenwald, W. Hartung, Y. Li, T.P. Moore, M.A. Palmer
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • R.E. Kirby, M.T.F. Pivi, L. Wang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  We discuss the progress made on a new installation in Fermilab’s Main Injector that will help investigate the electron cloud phenomenon by making direct measurements of the secondary electron yield (SEY) of samples irradiated in the accelerator. In the Project X upgrade the Main Injector will have its beam intensity increased by a factor of three compared to current operations. This may result in the beam being subject to instabilities from the electron cloud. Measured SEY values can be used to further constrain simulations and aid our extrapolation to Project X intensities. The SEY test-stand, developed in conjunction with Cornell and SLAC, is capable of measuring the SEY from samples using an incident electron beam when the samples are biased at different voltages. We present the design and manufacture of the test-stand and the results of initial laboratory tests on samples prior to installation.  
TUPPR063 Investigation into Electron Cloud Effects in the ILC Damping Ring Design 1963
  • J.A. Crittenden, J.V. Conway, G. Dugan, M.A. Palmer, D. L. Rubin
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • L.E. Boon, K.C. Harkay
    ANL, Argonne, USA
  • M.A. Furman
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  • S. Guiducci
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • M.T.F. Pivi, L. Wang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy DE-SC0006506
We report modeling results for electron cloud buildup in the ILC damping ring lattice design. Updated optics, wiggler magnet, and vacuum chamber designs have recently been developed for the 5-GeV, 3.2-km racetrack layout. An analysis of the synchrotron radiation profile around the ring has been performed, including the effect of photon scattering on the interior of the vacuum chamber. Operational implications of the resulting electron cloud buildup will be discussed.
TUPPR072 Status of ESTB: A Novel Beam Test Facility at SLAC 1990
  • M.T.F. Pivi, M.P. Dunning, H. Fieguth, C. Hast, R.H. Iverson, J. Jaros, R.K. Jobe, L. Keller, T.V.M. Maruyama, D.R. Walz, M. Woods
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515
End Station A Test Beam (ESTB) is a test beam line at SLAC in the large End Station A (ESA) experimental hall. It uses a fraction of the bunches of the 14.7 GeV electron beam from the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). ESTB provides a unique test beam for particle and particle astrophysics detector research, accelerator instrumentation and accelerator R&D, development of radiation-hard detectors, and material damage studies. It has exceptionally clean and well-defined secondary electron beams, a huge experimental area and good existing conventional facilities. Recently, a new kicker magnet has been installed to divert 5 Hz of the LCLS low energy beam into the A-line. The full installation will include 4 kicker magnets to allow diversion of high energy beams. A new beam dump and a new Personnel Protection System (PPS) have been built in ESA. In stage II, a secondary hadron target will be able to produce pions up to about 12 GeV/c at 1 particle/pulse. This paper reports the progress on ESTB construction and commissioning.
TUPPC086 Conceptual Design of the CLIC damping rings 1368
  • Y. Papaphilippou, F. Antoniou, M.J. Barnes, S. Calatroni, P. Chiggiato, R. Corsini, A. Grudiev, J. Holma, T. Lefèvre, M. Martini, M. Modena, N. Mounet, A. Perin, Y. Renier, G. Rumolo, S. Russenschuck, H. Schmickler, D. Schoerling, D. Schulte, M. Taborelli, G. Vandoni, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • C. Belver-Aguilar, A. Faus-Golfe
    IFIC, Valencia, Spain
  • A. Bernhard
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • M.J. Boland
    ASCo, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
  • A.V. Bragin, E.B. Levichev, S.V. Sinyatkin, P. Vobly, K. Zolotarev
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • M. Korostelev
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • E. Koukovini
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • M.A. Palmer
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • M.T.F. Pivi, S.R. Smith
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • R.P. Rassool, K.P. Wootton
    The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
  • L. Rinolfi
    JUAS, Archamps, France
  • A. Vivoli
    Fermilab, Batavia, USA
  The CLIC damping rings are designed to produce unprecedentedly low-emittances of 500 nm and 5 nm normalized at 2.86 GeV, in all beam dimensions with high bunch charge, necessary for the performance of the collider. The large beam brightness triggers a number of beam dynamics and technical challenges. Ring parameters such as energy, circumference, lattice, momentum compaction, bending and super-conducting wiggler fields are carefully chosen in order to provide the target emittances under the influence of intrabeam scattering but also reduce the impact of collective effects such as space-charge and coherent synchrotron radiation. Mitigation techniques for two stream instabilities have been identified and tested. The low vertical emittance is achieved by modern orbit and coupling correction techniques. Design considerations and plans for technical system, such as damping wigglers, transfer systems, vacuum, RF cavities, instrumentation and feedback are finally reviewed.  
WEYA02 Studies at CesrTA of Electron-Cloud-Induced Beam Dynamics for Future Damping Rings 2081
  • G. Dugan, M.G. Billing, K.R. Butler, J.A. Crittenden, M.J. Forster, D.L. Kreinick, R.E. Meller, M.A. Palmer, G. Ramirez, M.C. Rendina, N.T. Rider, K.G. Sonnad, H.A. Williams
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • R.F. Campbell, R. Holtzapple, M. Randazzo
    CalPoly, San Luis Obispo, California, USA
  • J.Y. Chu
    CMU, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
  • J.W. Flanagan, K. Ohmi
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • M.A. Furman, M. Venturini
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  • M.T.F. Pivi
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Funding: US National Science Foundation PHY-0734867, PHY-1002467, and PHY-1068662; US Dept. of Energy DE-FC02-08ER41538; and the Japan/US Cooperation Program.
Electron clouds can adversely affect the performance of accelerators, and are of particular concern for the design of future low emittance damping rings. Studies of the impact of electron clouds on the dynamics of bunch trains in CESR have been a major focus of the CESR Test Accelerator program. In this paper, we report measurements of coherent tune shifts, emittance growth, and coherent instabilities carried out using a variety of bunch currents, train configurations, beam energies, and transverse emittances, similar to the design values for the ILC damping rings. We also compare the measurements with simulations which model the effects of electron clouds on beam dynamics, to extract simulation model parameters and to quantify the validity of the simulation codes.
slides icon Slides WEYA02 [2.033 MB]  
WEPPR091 Multi-Particle Simulation Codes Implementation to Include Models of a Novel Single-bunch Feedback System and Intra-beam Scattering 3147
  • M.T.F. Pivi, A. Chao, C.H. Rivetta
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • F. Antoniou, K.S.B. Li, Y. Papaphilippou
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Boscolo, T. Demma
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • K.G. Sonnad
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515 and the US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP).
The beam tracking codes C-MAD and HEAD-TAIL have been enhanced to include a detailed model of a single-bunch feedback system. Such a system is under development to mitigate the electron cloud and the transverse mode coupling instability (TMCI) in the SPS and LHC at CERN. This paper presents the model of the feedback sub-systems: receiver, processing channel, filter, amplifier and kicker, which takes into account the frequency response, noise, mismatching and technological limits. With a realistic model of the hardware, it is possible to study the prototypes installed in the SPS and design a novel feedback system. The C-MAD code, which is parallel and optimized for speed, now also includes radiation damping and quantum excitation and a detailed model of Intra-Beam Scattering (IBS) based on the Zenkevich-Bolshakov algorithm, to investigate the IBS during damping and its effect on the beam distribution, especially the beam tails, that analytical methods cannot investigate. Intra-beam scattering is a limiting factor for ultra-low emittance rings such as CLIC and Super-B.
WEPPR092 Beam Ion Instability in ILC Damping Ring with Multi-gas Species 3150
  • L. Wang, M.T.F. Pivi
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Ion induced beam instability is one critical issue for the electron damping ring of the International Linear Collider (ILC) due to its ultra small emittance of 2 pm. The beam ion instability with various beam filling patterns for the latest lattice DTC02 is studied using code IONCLOUD. The code has been benchmarked with SPEAR3 experimental data and there is a good agreement between the simulation and observations. It uses the optics from MAD and can handle arbitrary beam filling pattern and vacuum. Different from previous studies, multi-gas species have been used simultaneously in the simulation. This feature makes it more accurate.