Author: Fawley, W.M.
Paper Title Page
MOB01 Three-Plus Decades of Tapered Undulator FEL Physics 5
  • W.M. Fawley
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
  • W.M. Fawley
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Beginning with the classic 1981 work of Kroll-Morton-Rosenbluth (*), multiple generations of FEL scientists have studied and used experimentally undulator tapering to improve and optimize the radiation output of both amplifier and oscillator FELs. Tapering has undergone a renaissance of interest, in part to make possible TW instantaneous power levels from x-ray FELs. In this talk, I will give a highly personalized (and undoubtedly strongly biased) historical survey of tapering studies beginning with the ELF 35-GHz experiments at Livermore in the mid-1980's and continuing up to quite recent studies at the LCLS at both soft and hard x-ray wavelengths.
(*) N.M. Kroll, P.L. Morton, and M.N. Rosenbluth, IEEE J. Quantum Elec., QE-17, 1436 (1981).
slides icon Slides MOB01 [2.106 MB]  
Export • reference for this paper to ※ LaTeX, ※ Text, ※ IS/RefMan, ※ EndNote (xml)  
MOP013 The Fermi Seeded FEL Facility: Operational Experience and Future Perspectives 57
  • L. Giannessi, E. Allaria, L. Badano, F. Bencivenga, C. Callegari, F. Capotondi, D. Castronovo, P. Cinquegrana, M. Coreno, R. Cucini, I. Cudin, G. D'Auria, M.B. Danailov, R. De Monte, G. De Ninno, P. Delgiusto, A.A. Demidovich, S. Di Mitri, B. Diviacco, A. Fabris, R. Fabris, W.M. Fawley, M. Ferianis, E. Ferrari, P. Finetti, P. Furlan Radivo, G. Gaio, D. Gauthier, F. Gelmetti, F. Iazzourene, M. Kiskinova, S. Krecic, M. Lonza, N. Mahne, M. Manfredda, C. Masciovecchio, M. Milloch, F. Parmigiani, E. Pedersoli, G. Penco, L. Pivetta, O. Plekan, M. Predonzani, K.C. Prince, E. Principi, L. Raimondi, P. Rebernik Ribič, F. Rossi, E. Roussel, L. Rumiz, C. Scafuri, C. Serpico, P. Sigalotti, M. Svandrlik, C. Svetina, M. Trovò, A. Vascotto, M. Veronese, R. Visintini, D. Zangrando, M. Zangrando
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
  FERMI is the seeded FEL user facility in Trieste, Italy, producing photons from the VUV to the soft X-rays with a high degree of coherence and spectral stability. Both FEL lines, FEL-1 and FEL-2, are available for users, down to the shortest wavelength of 4 nm. We report on the completion of the commissioning of the high energy FEL line, FEL-2, on the most recent progress obtained on FEL-1 and on the operational experience for users, in particular those requiring specific FEL configurations, such as two-colour experiments. We will also give a perspective on the improvements and upgrades which have been triggered based on our experience, aiming to maintain as well as to constantly improve the performance of the facility for our user community.  
Export • reference for this paper to ※ LaTeX, ※ Text, ※ IS/RefMan, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUP053 Real-World Considerations for Crossed-Polarized Undulator Radiation Conversion 486
  • W.M. Fawley, E. Allaria, E. Ferrari
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
  • E. Ferrari
    Università degli Studi di Trieste, Trieste, Italy
  Cross-polarized (X-POL) configurations are a means to produce circularly-polarized radiation output from purely planar-polarized undulators. Recent polarization results from both the FERMI FEL-1 [1] at XUV wavelengths and Shanghai DUV FEL [2] at visible wavelengths have confirmed that such configurations do work for single pass FELs. However, analysis of both FERMI and SINAP results indicate that the quantitative degree of planar to circular conversion can be significantly affected by several experimental details. Full conversion requires not only equal intensity of the two cross-polarized beams but also perfect overlap in space and time of their far-field amplitude and phase patterns. From both simple theoretical analysis and more detailed simulation modeling, we examine a number of possible factors that can degrade the net linear to circular conversion efficiency. In addition to the previous suggestions by Ferrari et al. of problems with unbalanced powers and transverse phase variation arising from different effective emission z locations for the two cross-polarized radiation pulses, we also consider separate degradation effects of imperfect downstream overlap of the two linearly-polarized beams arising from different emission tilt angles and mode sizes. We also discuss optimizing the conversion efficiency by aperturing the radiation pulses downstream of the undulators.
[1] E. Ferrari et al., Paper THA02, Proc. FEL2013 (2013).
[2] H. Deng et al., Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 17, 020704 (2014).
Export • reference for this paper to ※ LaTeX, ※ Text, ※ IS/RefMan, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUP030 Time Dependent Study for an X-ray FEL Oscillator at LCLS-II 433
  • J. Zemella
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • W.M. Fawley, T.J. Maxwell
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • R.R. Lindberg
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  The LCLS-II with its high repetition rate and high quality beam will be capable of driving an X-ray free electron laser oscillator at higher harmonics in the hard X-ray regime (0.1 nm). The oscillator consists of a low loss X-ray crystal cavity using diamond Bragg crystals with meV bandwidth. The expected average spectral flux has been estimated to be at least two orders of magnitude greater than present synchrotron-based sources with highly stable, coherent pulses of duration 1 ps or less for applications in Mössbauer spectroscopy and inelastic x-ray scattering. A more detailed study of the start up of a fifth-harmonic X-ray FEL oscillator at LCLS-II will be presented with full, time-dependent simulations.  
poster icon Poster TUP030 [0.619 MB]  
Export • reference for this paper to ※ LaTeX, ※ Text, ※ IS/RefMan, ※ EndNote (xml)  
Progress Towards an X-ray FEL Oscillator  
  • K.-J. Kim, T. Kolodziej, R.R. Lindberg, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd'ko, S. Stoupin
    ANL, Argonne, Ilinois, USA
  • J. Arthur, Y. Ding, W.M. Fawley, J.C. Frisch, J.B. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, G. Marcus, T.J. Maxwell
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Funding: Work at ANL supported under US Department of Energy contract DE-AC02-76SF00515 and at SLAC by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, under Contract No. DE-ACO2-O6CH11357
Issues and progress in R&D toward realizing an X-ray FEL oscillator will be discussed, including electron injector optimization, X-ray power density evolution on Bragg crystals throughout the lasing process, experimental efforts for testing radiation damage, evaluating the performance of compound refractive lenses (CRLs) as the focusing elements, and the basic considerations for mechanical layout. These will be discussed in the context of a concrete implementation scheme [*] using the 4 GeV superconducting linac to be constructed at the LCLS-II. Time-dependent simulations of harmonic XFELO performance is discussed in another contribution to this conference by Zemella, et al.
[*] T. J. Maxwell et al., Feasibility study for an X-ray free electron laser oscillator, IPAC 2015, Richmond, Virginia, USA
slides icon Slides WEB03 [6.452 MB]  
Export • reference for this paper to ※ LaTeX, ※ Text, ※ IS/RefMan, ※ EndNote (xml)  
WEP084 Microbunching-Instability-Induced Sidebands in a Seeded Free-Electron Laser 741
  • Z. Zhang
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • Y. Ding, W.M. Fawley, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, A.A. Lutman, G. Marcus, A. Marinelli, D.F. Ratner
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  The measured, self-seeded soft X-ray radiation spectrum corresponding to multiple effective undulator lengths of the LCLS exhibits a pedestal-like distribution around the seeded frequency. In the absence of a post-undulator monochromator, this contamination limits the spectral purity and may seriously degrade certain user applications. In general for either externally- or self-seeded FELs, such pedestals may originate with any time-varying property of the electron beam that can modulate the complex gain function. In this paper we specifically focus on the contributions of electron beam microbunching prior to the undulator. We show that both energy and density modulations can induce sidebands in a seeded FEL configuration. Analytic FEL theory and numerical simulations are used to analyze the sideband content relative to the amplified seeded signal, and to compare with experimental results.  
poster icon Poster WEP084 [1.263 MB]  
Export • reference for this paper to ※ LaTeX, ※ Text, ※ IS/RefMan, ※ EndNote (xml)