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Wang, H.

Paper Title Page
THPMN091 Study on High Flux Accelerator Based Slow Positrons Source 2921
  • J. Long, S. Chemerisov, W. Gai, C. D. Jonah, W. Liu, H. Wang
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  This work represents a new direction in the development of linac-based high intense slow positron source. The approach is to use RF cavities to decelerate positrons (to ~100 keV) which are produced from a high-energy electron (~10 MeV) beam irradiating a heavy-metal target. In this paper, we present simulation works on the technique to decelerate the positrons to energies where techniques such as penning traps, DC deceleration or moderation can be done with high efficiency. Present techniques for decelerating positrons by thermalizing them in tungsten moderator have an efficiency of 10-3 to 10-5 slow positrons per high energy positron, so even modest success in decelerating and trapping positrons can lead to an increase in the production of low-energy positrons. The challenging aspect of this work is the broad energy and angular distribution of the positrons produced by pair-production in the heavy-metal target. We have explored the use of an adiabatic-matching device and a pillbox RF cavity and have obtained promising results.  
THPMN092 Design and Prototyping of the AMD for the ILC 2924
  • H. Wang, W. Gai, W. Liu
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois
  • A. Kanareykin
    Euclid TechLabs, LLC, Solon, Ohio
  • T. Wong
    Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois
  The Adiabatic Matching Device (AMD), a tapered magnetic field with initial on-axis magnetic field up to 5 Tesla, is required in ILC positron capturing optics. An option of using a pulsed normal conducting structure based on flux concentrator technique can be used to generate high magnetic field*. By choosing the AMD geometry appropriately, one can shape the on-axis magnetic field profile by varying the inner shape of a flux concentrator. In this paper, we present an equivalent circuit model of a pulsed flux concentrator based on frequency domain analysis. The analysis shows a very good agreement with the experiment results from reference*. We have also constructed a prototype flux concentrator based on the circuit model, and experimental results are presented to verify the effectiveness of the model. Using the equivalent circuit model, a flux concentrator based AMD is designed for ILC positron matching. The beam capturing simulation results using the designed AMD are presented in this paper.

* H. Brechna, D. A. Hill and B. M. Bally, "150 KOe Liquid Nitrogen Cooled Flux Concentrator Magnet", Rev. Sci. Instr., 36 1529,1965.

MOPAS075 RF-Thermal-Structural Analysis of a Waveguide Higher Order Mode Absorber 605
  • G. Cheng, E. Daly, R. A. Rimmer, M. Stirbet, L. Vogel, H. Wang, K. Wilson
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U. S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177, and by The Office of Naval Research under contract to the Dept. of Energy.

For an ongoing high current cryomodule project, a total of 5 higher order mode (HOM) absorbers are required per cavity. The load is designed to absorb RF heat induced by HOMs in a 748.5MHz cavity. Each load is targeted at a 4 kW dissipation capability. Embedded cooling channels are employed to remove the heat generated in ceramic tiles and by surface losses on the waveguide walls. A sequentially coupled RF-thermal-structural analysis was developed in ANSYS to optimize the HOM load design. Frequency dependent dielectric material properties measured from samples and RF power spectrum calculated by the beam-cavity interaction codes were considered. The coupled field analysis capability of ANSYS avoided mapping of results between separate RF and thermal/structural simulation codes. For verification purposes, RF results obtained from ANSYS were compared to those from MAFIA, HFSS, and Microwave Studio. Good agreement was reached and this confirms that multiple-field coupled analysis is a desirable choice in analysis of HOM loads. Similar analysis could be performed on other particle accelerator components where distributed RF heating and surface current induced losses are inevitable.

WEPMS070 Simulation and Measurements of a Heavily HOM-Damped Multi-cell SRF Cavity Prototype 2496
  • H. Wang, R. A. Rimmer
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  • F. Marhauser
    JLAB, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U. S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177, and by The Office of Naval Research under contract to the Dept. of Energy.

After initial cavity shape optimization* and cryomodule development** for an Ampere-class FEL, we have simulated the whole 5-cell high-current (HC) cavity structure with six waveguide couplers for HOM damping and fundamental power coupling. The time-domain wakefield method using MAFIA is primarily used for calculation of the broadband impedance. Microwave Studio and Omega-3P are also used for the calculation of external Q (Qext) of individual HOMs. A half scale (1497MHz) single-cell model and a 5-cell copper cavity including dummy HOM waveguide loads were fabricated. Details of measurement results on these prototypes including HOM Qext spectrum, bead-pull data, data analysis technique and comparison to the simulations will be presented.

* H. Wang et. al., "Elliptical Cavity Shape Optimization for Acceleration and HOM Damping," Proc. PAC 05, Knoxville TN, USA, 2005* R. A.Rimmer et al.; EPAC 2006, paper MOPCH182

WEOCKI03 Status of the R&D Towards Electron Cooling of RHIC 1938
  • I. Ben-Zvi, J. Alduino, D. S. Barton, D. Beavis, M. Blaskiewicz, J. M. Brennan, A. Burrill, R. Calaga, P. Cameron, X. Chang, K. A. Drees, A. V. Fedotov, W. Fischer, G. Ganetis, D. M. Gassner, J. G. Grimes, H. Hahn, L. R. Hammons, A. Hershcovitch, H.-C. Hseuh, D. Kayran, J. Kewisch, R. F. Lambiase, D. L. Lederle, V. Litvinenko, C. Longo, W. W. MacKay, G. J. Mahler, G. T. McIntyre, W. Meng, B. Oerter, C. Pai, G. Parzen, D. Pate, D. Phillips, S. R. Plate, E. Pozdeyev, T. Rao, J. Reich, T. Roser, A. G. Ruggiero, T. Russo, C. Schultheiss, Z. Segalov, J. Smedley, K. Smith, T. Tallerico, S. Tepikian, R. Than, R. J. Todd, D. Trbojevic, J. E. Tuozzolo, P. Wanderer, G. Wang, D. Weiss, Q. Wu, K. Yip, A. Zaltsman
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • D. T. Abell, G. I. Bell, D. L. Bruhwiler, R. Busby, J. R. Cary, D. A. Dimitrov, P. Messmer, V. H. Ranjbar, D. S. Smithe, A. V. Sobol, P. Stoltz
    Tech-X, Boulder, Colorado
  • A. V. Aleksandrov, D. L. Douglas, Y. W. Kang
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • H. Bluem, M. D. Cole, A. J. Favale, D. Holmes, J. Rathke, T. Schultheiss, J. J. Sredniawski, A. M.M. Todd
    AES, Princeton, New Jersey
  • A. V. Burov, S. Nagaitsev, L. R. Prost
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  • Y. S. Derbenev, P. Kneisel, J. Mammosser, H. L. Phillips, J. P. Preble, C. E. Reece, R. A. Rimmer, J. Saunders, M. Stirbet, H. Wang
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  • V. V. Parkhomchuk, V. B. Reva
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk
  • A. O. Sidorin, A. V. Smirnov
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region
  Funding: Work done under the auspices of the US DOE with support from the US DOD.

The physics interest in a luminosity upgrade of RHIC requires the development of a cooling-frontier facility. Detailed cooling calculations have been made to determine the efficacy of electron cooling of the stored RHIC beams. This has been followed by beam dynamics simulations to establish the feasibility of creating the necessary electron beam. Electron cooling of RHIC at collisions requires electron beam energy up to about 54 MeV at an average current of between 50 to 100 mA and a particularly bright electron beam. The accelerator chosen to generate this electron beam is a superconducting Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) with a superconducting RF gun with a laser-photocathode. An intensive experimental R&D program engages the various elements of the accelerator: Photocathodes of novel design, superconducting RF electron gun of a particularly high current and low emittance, a very high-current ERL cavity and a demonstration ERL using these components.

slides icon Slides  
WEPMS059 Performance of the First Refurbished CEBAF Cryomodule 2478
  • M. A. Drury, E. Daly, G. K. Davis, J. F. Fischer, C. Grenoble, W. R. Hicks, J. Hogan, K. King, R. Nichols, T. E. Plawski, J. P. Preble, T. M. Rothgeb, H. Wang
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: U. S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177. This manuscript has been authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U. S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177.

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility has begun a cryomodule refurbishment project. The goal of this project is robust 6 GeV, 5 pass operation of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF). The scope of the project includes removing, refurbishing and replacing 10 CEBAF cryomodules at a rate of three per year. Refurbishment includes reprocessing of SRF cavities to eliminate field emission and increase the nominal gradient from the original 5 MV/m to 12.5 MV/m. New "dogleg" couplers between the cavity and helium vessel flanges will intercept secondary electrons that produce arcing on the 2 K ceramic window in the Fundamental Power Coupler (FPC). Modification of the Qext of the FPC will allow higher gradient operations. Other changes include new ceramic RF windows for the air to vacuum interface of the FPC and improvements to the mechanical tuners. Any damaged or worn components will be replaced as well. Currently, the first of the refurbished cryomodules has been installed and tested both in the Cryomodule Test Facility and in place in the North Linac of CEBAF. This paper will summarize the results of these tests.

WEPMS063 Preliminary Results from Prototype Niobium Cavities for the JLab Ampere-Class FEL 2487
  • P. Kneisel, R. Bundy, G. Ciovati, W. Clemens, D. Forehand, B. Golden, S. Manning, R. Manus, R. B. Overton, R. A. Rimmer, G. Slack, L. Turlington, H. Wang
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  • F. Marhauser
    JLAB, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U. S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177, and by the office of Naval Research under contract to the Department of Energy.

In a previous paper the cavity* design for an Ampere-class cryomodule was introduced. We have since fabricated a 1500 MHz version of a single cell cavity with waveguide couplers for HOM and fundamental power, attached to one end of the cavity, a 5-cell cavity made from large grain niobium without couplers and a complete 5-cell cavity from polycrystalline niobium featuring waveguide couplers on both ends. A 750 MHz single cell cavity without endgroups has also been manufactured to get some information about obtainable Q-values, gradients and multipacting behavior at lower frequency. This contribution reports on the various tests of these cavities.

* R. A.Rimmer et al.; EPAC 2006, paper MOPCH182

WEPMS068 JLab High-Current CW Cryomodules for ERL and FEL Applications 2493
  • R. A. Rimmer, R. Bundy, G. Cheng, G. Ciovati, E. Daly, R. Getz, J. Henry, W. R. Hicks, P. Kneisel, S. Manning, R. Manus, K. Smith, M. Stirbet, L. Turlington, L. Vogel, H. Wang, K. Wilson
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  • F. Marhauser
    JLAB, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U. S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177, and by The Office of Naval Research under contract to the Dept. of Energy.

We describe the developments underway at JLab to develop new CW cryomodules capable of transporting up to Ampere-levels of beam currents for use in ERLs and FELs. Goals include an efficient cell shape, high packing factor for efficient real-estate gradient and very strong HOM damping to push BBU thresholds up by two or more orders of magnitude compared to existing designs. Cavity shape, HOM damping and ancillary components are optimized for this application. Designs are being developed for low-frequency (750 MHz), Ampere-class compact FELs and for high-frequency (1.5 GHz), 100 mA configurations. These designs and concepts can easily be scaled to other frequencies. We present the results of conceptual design studies, simulations and prototype measurements. These modules are being developed for the next generation ERL based high power FELs but may be useful for other applications such as high energy light sources, electron cooling, electron-ion colliders, industrial processing etc.