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Novokhatski, A.

Paper Title Page
MOOAKI02 Overall HOM Measurement at High Beam Currents in the PEP-II SLAC B-Factory 45
  • A. Novokhatski
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by US DOE contract DE-AC02-76SF00515

We describe the method to measure total HOM losses and synchrotron losses in a storage ring based on a straightforward model of beam-cavity interaction and precise knowledge of RF power distribution. This method works well at higher currents. The comparison of the measured HOM losses and estimation for cavity and resistive wall losses is given for both LER and HER rings of the PEP-II B-factory.

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TUPAS068 A Transverse Beam Instability in the PEP-II HER Induced by Discharges in the Vacuum System 1811
  • U. Wienands, W. S. Colocho, S. DeBarger, F.-J. Decker, S. Ecklund, A. S. Fisher, J. D. Fox, A. Kulikov, A. Novokhatski, M. Stanek, M. K. Sullivan, W. Wittmer, D. Wright, G. Yocky
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by US Dept. of Energy

During Run 5, PEP-II has been plagued by beam instabilities causing beam aborts due to radiation in the BaBar detector or due to fast beam loss triggering the dI/dt interlock. The latest of such instabilities occurred in the High Energy Ring (HER), severely curtailing the maximum beam current achievable during physics running. Techniques used in tracking down this instability included fast monitoring of background radiation, temperatures and vacuum pressure. In this way, the origin of the instability was localized and inspection of the vacuum system revealed several damaged bellows shields. Replacing these units significantly reduced the incident rate but did not eliminate it fully. After the end of the run, a number of damaged rf seals were found, possibly having caused the remaining incidents of instability. In this paper we will outline the steps taken to diagnose and remedy the issue and also compare the different signatures of vacuum-induced instabilities we have seen in both rings of PEP-II during the run.

FRPMS061 Impedance and Single Bunch Instability Calculations for the ILC Damping Rings 4141
  • K. L.F. Bane, S. A. Heifets, Z. Li, C.-K. Ng, A. Novokhatski, G. V. Stupakov, R. L. Warnock
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  • M. Venturini
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: Work supported by US Department of Energy contract DE-AC02-76SF00515

One of the action items for the damping rings of the International Linear Collider (ILC) is to compute the broad-band impedance and, from it, the threshold to the microwave instability. For the ILC it is essential that the operating current be below threshold. Operating above threshold would mean that the longitudinal emittance of the beam would be increased. More seriously, above threshold there is the possibility of time dependent variation in beam properties (e.g. the "sawtooth" effect) that can greatly degrade collider performance. In this report, we present the status of our study including calculations of: an impedance budget, a pseudo-Green's function suitable for Haissinski equation and instability calculations, and instability calculations themselves.

FRPMS075 Modeling of the Sparks in Q2-bellows of the PEP-II SLAC B-factory 4213
  • A. Novokhatski, J. Seeman, M. K. Sullivan
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by USDOE contract DE-AC02-76SF00515

The PEP-II B-factory at SLAC has recently experienced unexpected aborts due to anomalously high radiation levels at the BaBar detector. Before the problem was finally traced we performed the wake field analysis of the Q-2 bellows, which is situated at a distance of 2.2 m from the interaction point. Analysis showed that electric field in a small gap between a ceramic tile and metal flange can be high enough to produce sparks or even breakdowns. Later the traces of sparks were found in this bellows.

FRPMS076 A New Q2-Bellows Absorber for the PEP-II SLAC B-Factory 4219
  • A. Novokhatski, S. DeBarger, S. Ecklund, N. Kurita, J. Seeman, M. K. Sullivan, S. P. Weathersby, U. Wienands
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by US DOE contract DE-AC02-76SF00515

A new Q2-bellows absorber will damp only transverse wake fields and will not produce additional beam losses due to Cherenkov radiation. The design is based on the results of the HOM analysis. Geometry of the slots and absorbing tiles was optimized to get maximum absorbing effect.

FRPMS077 High Current Effects in the PEP-II SLAC B-factory 4225
  • A. Novokhatski, S. A. Heifets, D. Teytelman
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by US DOE contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.

Wake fields defining beam stability affect also the beam optics and beam properties in high current machines. We present observations and analysis of the optical effects in the PEP-II SLAC B-factory, which has the record in achievement of high electron and positron currents. We study the synchronous phase and the bunch length variation along the train of bunches, overall bunch lengthening and effects of the wakes on the tune and on the Twiss parameters. This analysis is being used in upgrades of PEP II and may be applied to future B-factories and damping rings for Linear Colliders.

FRPMS078 Numerical Study of RF-Focusing Using Fokker-Plank Equation 4228
  • A. Novokhatski
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by US DOE contract DE-AC02-76SF00515

Based on numerical solution of the Fokker-Plank Equation we study the effect of longitudinal damping on the modulation of the bunch length in a storage ring with high RF voltage and momentum compaction