|WEOCKI04||Longitudinal Momentum Mining of Antiprotons at the Fermilab Recycler: Past, Present, and Future||1941|
Funding: Operated by Universities Research Association, Inc. for the U. S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC02-76CH03000.
The Recycler is the primary antiproton repository for the Tevatron collider at Fermilab. Stored antiproton beam intensity has been steadily increased to about 450·1010 over the last three years. We have used the technique of longitudinal momentum mining* in the Recycler to extract constant intensity and constant longitudinal emittance antiproton bunches for collider operation since early 2005. Since then, the Recycler has played a critical role in the luminosity performance of the Tevatron; the peak proton-antiproton luminosity has been raised by a factor of about three and a world record luminosity of 2.31·1032cm-2s-1 has been achieved. Recently, many improvements have been implemented in the antiproton mining and stacking schemes used in the Recycler to handle higher intensity beam. In this paper we discuss morphing during antiproton stacking, reducing longitudinal emittance dilution, and use of soft mining buckets to maintain low peak density and control the beam instability during mining. In addition we present past and current performance of mining and beam stacking RF manipulations.
* C. M. Bhat, Phys. Letts. A Vol. 330 (2004), p 481