Accelerator Technology

Safety Systems

Paper Title Page
RPPE015 Diagnostics and Protection Control for IREN Linac Test Facility
  • V.N. Zamriy
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region
  The diagnostic and protection control systems for the full-scale test facility of the linear electron accelerator are constructed according to the project on pulsed neutron source IREN. Combined control schemes of timed diagnostics of a duty cycle and real-time protection control are created for the linac test facility. Applicability of the diagnostics systems of cycle parameters and deviations of a status for control of the mode of protection is shown. Multichannel control modules of the protection system have been developed for logging and diagnostics of a status change, the alarms and control of a mode of operation. The applied multiway controllers for duty protection with fast locking of cycles of the IREN linac are presented.  
RPPE016 Protection Level During Extraction, Transfer and Injection into the LHC 1505
  • V. Kain, B. Goddard, R. Schmidt, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva
  Failures during the LHC transfer and injection process cannot be excluded and beam loss with the foreseen intensities and energies, which are an order of magnitude above the damage limit, could cause serious equipment damage. Consequences of equipment failures such as kicker erratics, power converter faults, etc. are investigated by means of a Monte Carlo based on MAD-X tracking with a full aperture model of the transfer line and the injection region. Geometrical and optical mismatch, orbit tolerances, mechanical tolerances for settings of protection elements, power converter ripples, misalignment of elements, etc. are all taken into account. The required performance of the protection system is discussed. The overall protection level for the LHC and the transfer lines during injection is presented.  
RPPE021 The SNS Machine Protection System: Early Commissioning Results and Future Plans 1727
  • C. Sibley III, D.J. Armstrong, A. Jones, T.A. Justice, D.H. Thompson
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  The Spallation Neutron Source under construction in Oak Ridge TN has commissioned low power beam up to 187 Mev. The number of MPS inputs is about 20% of the final number envisioned. Start-up problems, including noise and false trips, have largely been overcome by replacing copper with fiber and adding filters as required. Initial recovery time from Machine Protection System (MPS) trips was slow due to a hierarchy of latched inputs in the system: at the device level, at the MPS input layer, and at the operator interface level. By reprogramming the MPS FPGA such that all resets were at the input devices, MPS availability improved to acceptable levels. For early commissioning MPS inputs will be limited to beam line devices that will prohibit beam operation. For later operation, the number of MPS inputs will increase both software alarms and less intrusive MPS inputs such as steering magnets are implemented. Two upgrades to SNS are on the horizon: a 3 MW upgrade and a second target station. Although these are years away the MPS system as designed should easily accommodate the increase in power and pulse-to-pulse target switching at 120 Hz.

Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725.

RPPE022 Machine Protection System for Concurrent Operation of RHIC and BLIP 1754
  • M. Wilinski, S. Bellavia, J. Glenn, L.F. Mausner, K.L. Unger
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  Funding: Work performed under Contract Number DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy.

The Brookhaven 200 MeV linac is a multipurpose machine used to inject low intensity polarized protons ultimately ending up in RHIC as well as to inject high intensity protons to BLIP, a medical isotope production facility. If high intensity protons were injected to RHIC by mistake, administrative radiation limits could be exceeded or sensitive electronics could be damaged. In the past, the changeover from polarized proton to high intensity proton operation has been a lengthy process, thereby never allowing the two programs to run simultaneously. To remedy this situation and allow for concurrent operation of RHIC and BLIP, an active interlock system has been designed to monitor current levels in the AGS using two current transformers with fail safe circuitry and associated electronics to inhibit beam to RHIC if high intensity is detected.

RPPE065 Beam Loss Ion Chamber System Upgrade for Experimental Halls 3650
  • D.W. Dotson, D.J. Seidman
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: Work supported by: U.S. DOE Contract No DE-AC05-84ER4015.

The Beam loss Ion Chamber System (BLICS) was developed to protect Jefferson Labs transport lines, targets and beam dumps from a catastrophic "burn through." Range changes and testing was accomplished manually requiring the experiment to be shut down. The new upgraded system is based around an "off the shelf" Programmable Logic Controller located in a single controll box supporting up to ten individual detectors. All functions that formerly required an entry into the experimental hall and manual adjustment can be accomplished from the Machine Control Center (MCC). A further innovation was the addition of a High Voltage "Brick" at the detector location. A single cable supplies the required voltage for the Brick and a return line for the ion chamber signal. The read back screens display range, trip point, and accumulated dose for each location. The new system is very cost effective and significantly reduces the amount of lost experimental time.