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Li, Z.

Paper Title Page
MOP06 A Dedicated 70 MeV Proton Linac for the Antiproton Physics Program of the Future Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) at Darmstadt 42
  • L. Groening, W. Barth, L. Dahl, R. Hollinger, P. Spädtke, W. Vinzenz, S. Yaramishev
    GSI, Darmstadt
  • B. Hofmann, Z. Li, U. Ratzinger, A. Schempp, R. Tiede
    IAP, Frankfurt-am-Main
  The antiproton physics program of the future International Accelerator Facility at Darmstadt is based on a rate of 7·1010 cooled antiprotons per hour. To provide the primary proton intensities a proton linac is planned, which will be operated independently from the existing UNILAC for heavy ions. The proposed linac comprises a proton source, a RFQ, and a DTL. Its operation frequency of 352 MHz allows for an efficient acceleration to up to 70 MeV using normal conducting Crossed-bar H-cavities. These CH-cavities show high shunt impedances as known from IH-structures, but allow for much higher relative particle velocities of up to 40%. The beam pulses with a length of 25 μs, a current of 70 mA, and total transverse emittances of 7 μm will allow to fill the existing synchrotron SIS within one multi-turn-injection up to its space charge limit of 7·1012 protons. The maximum SIS ramping rate limits the applied proton linac repetition rate to 5 Hz. This paper gives an overview of the proposed proton linac. The status of the design including beam dynamic studies will be reported.  
MOP12 KONUS Beam Dynamics Design of a 70 mA, 70 MeV Proton CH-DTL for GSI-SIS12 60
  • R. Tiede, G. Clemente, H. Podlech, U. Ratzinger
    IAP, Frankfurt-am-Main
  • W. Barth, L. Groening
    GSI, Darmstadt
  • Z. Li
    IMP, Lanzhou
  • S. Minaev
    ITEP, Moscow
  The future scientific program at GSI needs a dedicated proton injector into the synchrotron SIS, in order to increase the proton intensity of the existing UNILAC/SIS12 combination by a factor of 70, resulting in 7· 1012 protons in the synchrotron. A compact and efficient 352 MHz RFQ - CH-DTL combination based on novel structure developments for RFQ and DTL was worked out. For DTLs operated in an H-mode like CH-cavities (H210-mode), the shunt impedance is optimized by use of the KONUS beam dynamics. Beam dynamics simulation results of the CH-DTL section, covering the energy range from 3 to 70 MeV, with emphasis on the low energy front end are presented. Optimization aims are the reduction of emittance growth, of beam losses and of capital costs, by making use of the high acceleration gradients and shunt impedance values provided by the Crossbar H-Type (CH) structure. In addition, the beam dynamics design of the overall DTL layout has to be matched to the power limits of the available 352 MHz power klystrons. The aim is to power each cavity by one klystron with a peak rf power of around 1 MW.  
MOP20 Design of the R.T. CH-Cavity and Perspectives for a New GSI Proton Linac 81
  • Z. Li
    IMP, Lanzhou
  • W. Barth, K. Dermati, L. Groening
    GSI, Darmstadt
  • G. Clemente, H. Podlech, U. Ratzinger, R. Tiede
    IAP, Frankfurt-am-Main
  The CH-Structure has been studied at the IAP Frankfurt and at GSI for several years. Compared with the IH structure (H110-mode), the CH structure (H210-mode) can work at higher frequency (700 MHz) and can accelerate ions to higher energy (up to 150 AMeV). Detailed Microwave Studio (MWS) simulations were performed for this structure. Since a multi-gap cavity can be approximated as a quasi-periodic structure, it is possible to analyze one βλ/2-cell at an energy corresponding to the cavity center. Additionally, a reduced copper conductivity of 85% was assumed. Geometry variations with respect to rf frequency and shunt impedance can be performed rapidly by that method in the first stage of optimization. Effective shunt impedances from 100 MΩ/m down to 25 MΩ/m were obtained for the energy range from 5 AMeV to 150 AMeV by this method. The rf frequency was 350 MHz up to 70 MeV and 700 MHz above. A systematic analysis of the influence of the cell number in long CH cavities on the effective shunt impedance is presented. The possibility to apply this structure to a 70 mA, 70 MeV, 352 MHz proton linac for GSI is discussed.  
MOP40 A Study Of Coupler-Trapped Modes In X-Band Linacs for the GLC/NLC 129
  • R.M. Jones, V.A. Dolgashev
    SLAC/ARDA, Menlo Park, California
  • Z. Li
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  • J. Wang
    SLAC/ARDB, Menlo Park, California
  Each of the X-band accelerating structures for the GLC/NLC consist of 55 cells which accelerate a train of charged particles. The cells are carefully designed to ensure that the transverse wakefield left behind each bunch does not disrupt the trailing bunches. However, unless attention is paid to the design of the fundamental mode coupler, then a dipole mode is trapped in the region of the coupler and cells. This mode can give rise to severe emittance dilution if care is not taken to avoid a region of resonant growth in the emittance. Here, we present results on HFSS simulations, cold test experimental measurements and beam dynamics simulations arising as a consequence of the mode trapped in the coupler. The region in which the trapped mode has little influence on the beam is delineated.  
THP74 Laser Produced Ions as an Injection Beam for Cancer Therapy Facility 782
  • A. Noda, M. Hashida, Y. Iwashita, S. Nakamura, S. Sakabe, S. Shimizu, T. Shirai, H. Tongu
    Kyoto ICR, Kyoto
  • H. Daido
    JAERI APRC, Ibaraki-ken
  • A. Fukumi, Z. Li, K. Matsukado
    NIRS, Chiba-shi
  • T. Hosokai, H. Iijima, K. Kinoshita, M. Uesaka, T. Watanabe, K. Yoshii
    UTNL, Ibaraki
  • T. Takeuchi
    DOP Nagoya, Nagoya
  Ion production from a solid target by a high-power short pulse laser has been investigated to replace the injector linac of the synchrotron dedicated for cancer therapy. As the high power laser, the laser with the peak power of 100 TW and minimum pulse duration of 20 fs which has been developed at JAERI Kansai Research Establishment, is assumed. Laser produced ions with 100% energy spread is energy selected within ±5% and then phase rotated with use of the RF electric field synchronized to the pulse laser, which further reduces the energy spread to ±1%. The scheme of the phase rotation is presented together with the experimental results of laser production from the thin foil target.  
THP33 Progress toward NLC/GLC Prototype Accelerator Structures 675
  • J. Wang, G. Bowden, V.A. Dolgashev, R.M. Jones, J. Lewandowski, C.D. Nantista, S.G. Tantawi
    SLAC/ARDA, Menlo Park, California
  • C. Adolphsen, D.L. Burke, J.Q. Chan, J. Cornuelle, S. Döbert
    SLAC/NLC, Menlo Park, California
  • T. Arkan, C. Boffo, H. Carter, N. Khabiboulline
    FNAL, Batavia, Illinois
  • N. Baboi
    DESY, Hamburg
  • D. Finley, I. Gonin, S. Mishra, G. Romanov, N. Solyak
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  • Y. Higashi, T. Higo, T. Kumi, Y. Morozumi, N. Toge, K. Ueno
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • Z. Li, R. Miller, C. Pearson, R.D. Ruth, P.B. Wilson, L. Xiao
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  The accelerator structure groups for NLC (Next Linear Collider) and GLC (Global Linear Colliders) have successfully collaborated on the research and development of a major series of advanced accelerator structures based on room-temperature technology at X-band frequency. The progress in design, simulation, microwave measurement and high gradient tests are summarized in this paper. The recent effort in design and fabrication of the accelerator structure prototype for the main linac is presented in detail including HOM (High Order Mode) suppression and couplers, fundamental mode couplers, optimized accelerator cavities as well as plans for future structures. We emphasize techniques to reduce the field on the surface of the copper structures (in order to achieve high accelerating gradients), limit the dipole wakefields (to relax alignment tolerance and prevent a beam break up instability) and improve shunt impedance (to reduce the RF power required).