Author: Chiggiato, P.
Paper Title Page
MOPOR008 Beam Induced RF Heating in LHC in 2015 602
  • B. Salvant, O. Aberle, M. Albert, R. Alemany-Fernandez, G. Arduini, J. Baechler, M.J. Barnes, P. Baudrenghien, O.E. Berrig, N. Biancacci, G. Bregliozzi, J.V. Campelo, F. Carra, F. Caspers, P. Chiggiato, A. Danisi, H.A. Day, M. Deile, D. Druzhkin, J.F. Esteban Müller, S. Jakobsen, J. Kuczerowski, A. Lechner, R. Losito, A. Masi, N. Minafra, E. Métral, A.A. Nosych, A. Perillo Marcone, D. Perini, S. Redaelli, F. Roncarolo, G. Rumolo, E.N. Shaposhnikova, J.A. Uythoven, C. Vollinger, A.J. Välimaa, N. Wang, M. Wendt, J. Wenninger, C. Zannini
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Bozzo
    INFN Genova, Genova, Italy
  • J.F. Esteban Müller
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • N. Wang
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  Following the recurrent beam induced RF issues that perturbed LHC operation during LHC Run 1, a series of actions were put in place to minimize the risk that similar issues would occur in LHC Run 2: longitudinal impedance reduction campaign and/or improvement of cooling for equipment that were problematic or at the limit during Run 1, stringent constraints enforced on new equipment that would be installed in the machine, tests to control the bunch length and longitudinal distribution, additional monitoring of temperature, new monitoring tools and warning chains. This contribution reports the outcome of these actions, both successes as well as shortcomings, and details the lessons learnt for the future runs.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-MOPOR008  
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THPMY007 Vacuum Performance of Amorphous Carbon Coating at Cryogenic Temperature with Presence of Proton Beams 3663
  • R. Salemme, V. Baglin, G. Bregliozzi, P. Chiggiato
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Amorphous carbon (a-C) coating is the baseline electron multipacting mitigation strategy proposed for the Inner Triplets (IT) in the High Luminosity upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC). As of 2014, the COLD bore EXperiment (COLDEX) is qualifying the performance of a-C coating at cryogenic temperature in a LHC type cryogenic vacuum system. In this paper, the experimental results following a cryogenic vacuum characterization of a-C coating in the 5 to 150 K temperature range are reviewed. We discuss the dynamic pressure rise, gas composition, dissipated heat load and electron activity observed within an accumulated beam time of 9 Ah. The results of dedicated experiments including pre-adsorption of different gas species (H2, CO) on the a-C coating are discussed. Based of phenomenological modeling, up-to-date secondary emission input parameters for a-C coatings are retrieved for electron cloud build-up simulations. Finally, first implications for the HL-LHC ITs design are drawn.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-THPMY007  
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THPMY008 Mechanical and Vacuum Stability Studies for the LHC Experiments Upgrade 3667
  • J. Sestak, G. Bregliozzi, P. Chiggiato
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  In April 2015, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has entered its second operational period that will last for 3 years with expected end of the operations at the beginning of 2019. Afterward, the LHC will undergo a long shutdown (LS2) for upgrade and maintenance. The four LHC experiments, ATLAS, ALICE, CMS and LHCb, will experience an important upgrade too. From the design point of view, the LS2 experimental beam vacuum upgrade requires multi-disciplinary approach: based on the geometrical envelope defined by experiment, the vacuum chambers size and shape must be optimized. This included Monte Carlo pressure profile simulations and vacuum stability studies in order to meet the specific pressure requests in the interaction region. Together with vacuum studies the structural analysis are performed in order to optimise chambers thickness and position of the operational and maintenance supports. The material selection for vacuum chambers in the experimental area follows the CERN ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle. This paper gives an overview of the LS2 experimental vacuum sectors upgrades. The most extensive design studies, done for the two experiments CMS and ALICE are discussed in detail.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-THPMY008  
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THPMY010 LHC Beam Vacuum Evolution During 2015 Machine Operation 3673
  • C. Yin Vallgren, G. Bregliozzi, P. Chiggiato
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  The LHC successfully returned to operation in April, 2015 after almost 2 years of Long Shutdown 1 (LS1) for various upgrade and consolidation programs. During 2015 operation, the LHC operated for more than 1000 fills. The 2015 LHC proton physics ended with 2244 bunches per beam circulating with 25 ns bunch spacing at top energy of 6.5 TeV. This paper summarizes the dynamic vacuum observations in different locations along the LHC during dedicated fills as well as during physics runs with both 50 ns and 25 ns bunch spacing. The causes for the dynamic pressure rises are investigated and are presented. A clear beam conditioning effect is observed, as well as a so-called de-conditioning effect. Furthermore, for the experimental areas, the dynamic pressure evolution is also presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-THPMY010  
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