Author: Carra, F.
Paper Title Page
MOPOR008 Beam Induced RF Heating in LHC in 2015 602
  • B. Salvant, O. Aberle, M. Albert, R. Alemany-Fernandez, G. Arduini, J. Baechler, M.J. Barnes, P. Baudrenghien, O.E. Berrig, N. Biancacci, G. Bregliozzi, J.V. Campelo, F. Carra, F. Caspers, P. Chiggiato, A. Danisi, H.A. Day, M. Deile, D. Druzhkin, J.F. Esteban Müller, S. Jakobsen, J. Kuczerowski, A. Lechner, R. Losito, A. Masi, N. Minafra, E. Métral, A.A. Nosych, A. Perillo Marcone, D. Perini, S. Redaelli, F. Roncarolo, G. Rumolo, E.N. Shaposhnikova, J.A. Uythoven, C. Vollinger, A.J. Välimaa, N. Wang, M. Wendt, J. Wenninger, C. Zannini
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Bozzo
    INFN Genova, Genova, Italy
  • J.F. Esteban Müller
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • N. Wang
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  Following the recurrent beam induced RF issues that perturbed LHC operation during LHC Run 1, a series of actions were put in place to minimize the risk that similar issues would occur in LHC Run 2: longitudinal impedance reduction campaign and/or improvement of cooling for equipment that were problematic or at the limit during Run 1, stringent constraints enforced on new equipment that would be installed in the machine, tests to control the bunch length and longitudinal distribution, additional monitoring of temperature, new monitoring tools and warning chains. This contribution reports the outcome of these actions, both successes as well as shortcomings, and details the lessons learnt for the future runs.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-MOPOR008  
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WEPMW031 Towards Optimum Material Choices for the HL-LHC Collimator Upgrade 2498
  • E. Quaranta, A. Bertarelli, N. Biancacci, R. Bruce, F. Carra, E. Métral, S. Redaelli, A. Rossi, B. Salvant
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • F. Carra
    Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
  The first years of operation at the LHC showed that collimator material-related concerns might limit the performance. In addition, the HL-LHC upgrade will bring the accelerator beyond the nominal performance through more intense and brighter proton beams. A new generation of collimators based on advanced materials is needed to match present and new requirements. After several years of R&D on collimator materials, studying the behaviour of novel composites with properties that address different limitations of the present collimation system, solutions have been found to fulfil various upgrade challenges. This paper describes the proposed staged approach to deploy new materials in the upgraded HL-LHC collimation system. Beam tests at the CERN HiRadMat facility were also performed to benchmark simulation methods and constitutive material models.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-WEPMW031  
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WEPMW032 Radiation-induced Effects on LHC Collimator Materials under Extreme Beam Conditions 2502
  • E. Quaranta, A. Bertarelli, F. Carra, P.D. Hermes, S. Redaelli, A. Rossi
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • K. Bunk
    Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • F. Carra
    Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
  • J. Guardia Valenzuela
    Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
  • P.D. Hermes
    Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universität Muenster, Muenster, Germany
  • C.L. Hubert, M. Tomut
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • P. Nocera
    Università di Roma I La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
  • C. Porth
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • N. Simos
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  Over the last years, several samples of present and novel LHC collimator materials were irradiated under various beam conditions (using protons, fast neutrons, light and heavy ions at different energies and fluences) in different facilities around the world. This was achieved through an international collaboration including many companies and laboratories over the world. The main goal of the beam tests and the post-irradiation campaign is the definition of a threshold for radiation damage above which LHC collimators need to be replaced. In this paper, highlights of the measurements performed will be presented. First conclusions from the available data are also discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-WEPMW032  
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