Author: Alemany-Fernandez, R.
Paper Title Page
MOPOR008 Beam Induced RF Heating in LHC in 2015 602
  • B. Salvant, O. Aberle, M. Albert, R. Alemany-Fernandez, G. Arduini, J. Baechler, M.J. Barnes, P. Baudrenghien, O.E. Berrig, N. Biancacci, G. Bregliozzi, J.V. Campelo, F. Carra, F. Caspers, P. Chiggiato, A. Danisi, H.A. Day, M. Deile, D. Druzhkin, J.F. Esteban Müller, S. Jakobsen, J. Kuczerowski, A. Lechner, R. Losito, A. Masi, N. Minafra, E. Métral, A.A. Nosych, A. Perillo Marcone, D. Perini, S. Redaelli, F. Roncarolo, G. Rumolo, E.N. Shaposhnikova, J.A. Uythoven, C. Vollinger, A.J. Välimaa, N. Wang, M. Wendt, J. Wenninger, C. Zannini
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Bozzo
    INFN Genova, Genova, Italy
  • J.F. Esteban Müller
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • N. Wang
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  Following the recurrent beam induced RF issues that perturbed LHC operation during LHC Run 1, a series of actions were put in place to minimize the risk that similar issues would occur in LHC Run 2: longitudinal impedance reduction campaign and/or improvement of cooling for equipment that were problematic or at the limit during Run 1, stringent constraints enforced on new equipment that would be installed in the machine, tests to control the bunch length and longitudinal distribution, additional monitoring of temperature, new monitoring tools and warning chains. This contribution reports the outcome of these actions, both successes as well as shortcomings, and details the lessons learnt for the future runs.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-MOPOR008  
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TUPMW027 The 2015 Heavy-Ion Run of the LHC 1493
  • J.M. Jowett, R. Alemany-Fernandez, R. Bruce, M. Giovannozzi, P.D. Hermes, W. Höfle, M. Lamont, T. Mertens, S. Redaelli, M. Schaumann, J.A. Uythoven, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  In late 2015 the LHC collided lead nuclei at a beam energy of 6.37 Z TeV, chosen to match the 5.02 TeV per colliding nucleon pair of the p-Pb collision run in 2013. In so doing, it surpassed its design luminosity by a factor of 2. Besides the higher energy, the operational configuration had a number of new features with respect to the previous Pb-Pb run at 3.5 Z TeV in 2011; unusual bunch patterns providing collisions in the LHCb experiment for the first time, luminosity levelling and sharing requirements, a vertical displacement of the interaction point in the ALICE experiment, and operation closer to magnet quench limits with mitigation measures. We present a summary of the commissioning and operation and what has been learned in view of future heavy-ion operation at higher luminosity.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-TUPMW027  
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WEOCA01 Operation of the LHC with Protons at High Luminosity and High Energy 2066
  • G. Papotti, M. Albert, R. Alemany-Fernandez, G.E. Crockford, K. Fuchsberger, R. Giachino, M. Giovannozzi, G.H. Hemelsoet, W. Höfle, D. Jacquet, M. Lamont, D. Nisbet, L. Normann, M. Pojer, L. Ponce, S. Redaelli, B. Salvachua, M. Solfaroli Camillocci, R. Suykerbuyk, J.A. Uythoven, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  In 2015 the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) entered the first year in its second long Run, after a 2-year shutdown that prepared it for high energy. The first two months of beam operation were dedicated to setting up the nominal cycle for proton-proton operation at 6.5 TeV/beam, and culminated with the first physics with 3 nominal bunches/ring at 13 TeV CoM on 3 June. The year continued with a stepwise intensity ramp up that allowed reaching 2244 bunches/ring for a peak luminosity of ~5·1033 cm-2s−1 and a total of just above 4 fb-1 delivered to the high luminosity experiments. Beam operation was shaped by the high intensity effects, e.g. electron cloud and macroparticle-induced fast losses (UFOs), which on a few occasions caused the first beam induced quenches at high energy. This paper describes the operational experience with high intensity and high energy at the LHC, together with the issues that had to be tackled along the way.  
slides icon Slides WEOCA01 [4.013 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-WEOCA01  
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