Author: Losito, R.
Paper Title Page
MOPFI053 Upgrades of the SPS, Transfer Line and LHC Injection Protection Devices for the HL-LHC Era 401
  • Ö. Mete, O. Aberle, F. Cerutti, K. Cornelis, B. Goddard, V. Kain, R. Losito, F.L. Maciariello, M. Meddahi, A. Mereghetti, J.A. Uythoven, F.M. Velotti
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • E. Gianfelice-Wendt
    Fermilab, Batavia, USA
  The challenging High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) beam requirements will lead in the future to unprecedented beam parameters along the LHC injector chain. In the SPS accelerator these requests translate into about a factor two higher intensity and brightness than the present design performance. In addition to the challenge of producing and accelerating such beams, these parameters affect the resistance of the existing equipment against beam impact. Most of the protection devices in the SPS ring, its transfer lines and the LHC injection areas will be put under operational constraints which are beyond their design specification. The equipment concerned has been reviewed and their resistance to the HL-LHC beams checked. Theoretical and simulation studies have been performed for the SPS beam scraping system, the protection devices and the dump absorbers of the SPS-to-LHC transfer lines, as well as for the LHC injection protection devices. The first results of these studies are reported, together with the future prospects.  
TUPEA052 Design Study for a CERN Short Base-Line Neutrino Facility 1250
  • R. Steerenberg, M. Calviani, I. Efthymiopoulos, A. Ferrari, B. Goddard, R. Losito, M. Nessi, J.A. Osborne, L. Scibile, H. Vincke
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • P.R. Sala
    Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Milano, Italy
  A design study has been initiated at CERN for the conception and construction of a short base line neutrino facility, using a proton beam from the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) that will be transferred to a new secondary beam production facility, which will provide a neutrino beam for experiments and detector R&D. This paper resumes the general layout of the facility together with the main primary and secondary beam parameters and the choices favoured for the neutrino beam production.  
TUPWA042 Lessons Learned and Mitigation Measures for the CERN LHC Equipment with RF Fingers 1802
  • E. Métral, O. Aberle, R.W. Aßmann, V. Baglin, M.J. Barnes, O.E. Berrig, A. Bertarelli, G. Bregliozzi, S. Calatroni, F. Carra, F. Caspers, H.A. Day, M. Ferro-Luzzi, M.A. Gallilee, C. Garion, M. Garlaschè, A. Grudiev, J.M. Jimenez, O.R. Jones, O. Kononenko, R. Losito, J.L. Nougaret, V. Parma, S. Redaelli, B. Salvant, P.M. Strubin, R. Veness, C. Vollinger, W.J.M. Weterings
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Beam-induced RF heating has been observed in several LHC components when the bunch/beam intensity was increased and/or the bunch length reduced. In particular eight bellows, out of the ten double-bellows modules present in the machine in 2011, were found with the spring, which should keep the RF fingers in good electrical contact with the central insert, broken. Following these observations, the designs of all the components of the LHC equipped with RF fingers have been reviewed. The lessons learnt and mitigation measures are presented in this paper.  
WEPEA053 Progress with the Upgrade of the SPS for the HL-LHC Era 2624
  • B. Goddard, T. Argyropoulos, W. Bartmann, H. Bartosik, T. Bohl, F. Caspers, K. Cornelis, H. Damerau, L.N. Drøsdal, L. Ducimetière, J.F. Esteban Müller, R. Garoby, M. Gourber-Pace, W. Höfle, G. Iadarola, L.K. Jensen, V. Kain, R. Losito, M. Meddahi, A. Mereghetti, V. Mertens, Ö. Mete, E. Montesinos, Y. Papaphilippou, G. Rumolo, B. Salvant, E.N. Shaposhnikova, M. Taborelli, H. Timko, F.M. Velotti
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • E. Gianfelice-Wendt
    Fermilab, Batavia, USA
  The demanding beam performance requirements of the HL-LHC project translate into a set of requirements and upgrade paths for the LHC injector complex. In this paper the performance requirements for the SPS and the known limitations are reviewed in the light of the 2012 operational experience. The various SPS upgrades in progress and still under consideration are described, in addition to the machine studies and simulations performed in 2012. The expected machine performance reach is estimated on the basis of the present knowledge, and the remaining decisions that still need to be made concerning upgrade options are detailed.  
THPEA047 Diamond Particle Detector Properties during High Fluence Material Damage Tests and their Future Applications for Machine Protection in the LHC 3249
  • F. Burkart, J. Blanco, J. Borburgh, B. Dehning, M. Di Castro, E. Griesmayer, A. Lechner, J. Lendaro, F. Loprete, R. Losito, S. Montesano, R. Schmidt, D. Wollmann, M. Zerlauth
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • E. Griesmayer
    CIVIDEC Instrumentation, Wien, Austria
  Experience with LHC machine protection (MP) during the last three years of operation shows that the MP systems sufficiently protect the LHC against damage in case of failures leading to beam losses with a time constant exceeding 1ms. An unexpected fast beam loss mechanism, called UFOs, was observed, which could potentially quench superconducting magnets. For such fast losses, but also for better understanding of slower losses, an improved understanding of the loss distribution within a bunch train is required. Diamond particle detectors with bunch-by-bunch resolution and high dynamic range have been developed and successfully tested in the LHC and in experiments to quantify the damage limits of LHC components. This paper will focus on experience gained in use of diamond detectors. The properties of these detectors were measured during high-fluence material damage tests in CERN's HiRadMat facility. The results will be discussed and compared to the cross-calibration with FLUKA simulations. Future applications of these detectors in the LHC to understand beam losses and to improve the protection against fast particle losses will be discussed.  
THPFI059 Robustness Test of a Silicon Strip Crystal for Crystal-assisted Collimation Studies in the LHC 3427
  • A. Lechner, J. Blanco Sancho, F. Burkart, M. Calviani, M. Di Castro, Y. Gavrikov, J. Lendaro, F. Loprete, R. Losito, C. Maglioni, A. Masi, S. Montesano, A. Perillo-Marcone, P.S. Roguet, W. Scandale, D. Wollmann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • J. Blanco Sancho
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • F. Burkart
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • Y. Gavrikov
    PNPI, Gatchina, Leningrad District, Russia
  • V. Guidi, A. Mazzolari
    INFN-Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
  • V. Guidi, A. Mazzolari
    UNIFE, Ferrara, Italy
  • W. Scandale
    LAL, Orsay, France
  Over the past years, the UA9 experiment has successfully demonstrated the viability of enhancing the collimation efficiency of proton and ion beams in the SPS by means of bent crystals. An extension of UA9 to the LHC has been recently approved. The conditions imposed by the LHC operational environment, in particular the tremendous energy density of the beam, require a reliable understanding of the crystal integrity in view of potential accident scenarios such as an asynchronous beam dump. For this purpose, irradiation tests have been performed at the CERN-HiRadMat facility to examine the mechanical strength of a silicon strip crystal in case of direct beam impact. The tests were carried out using a 440 GeV proton beam of 0.5 mm transverse size. The crystal, 3 mm long in beam direction, was exposed to a total of 2*1014 protons, with individual pulse intensities reaching up to 3*1013. First visual inspections reveal no macroscopic damage to the crystal. Complementary post-irradiation tests are foreseen to assess microscopic lattice damage as well as the degradation of the channelling efficiency.
On behalf of the UA9 Collaboration.