Author: Lanza, G.
Paper Title Page
TUPME032 Update on Beam Induced RF Heating in the LHC 1646
  • B. Salvant, O. Aberle, G. Arduini, R.W. Aßmann, V. Baglin, M.J. Barnes, W. Bartmann, P. Baudrenghien, O.E. Berrig, A. Bertarelli, C. Bracco, E. Bravin, G. Bregliozzi, R. Bruce, F. Carra, F. Caspers, G. Cattenoz, S.D. Claudet, H.A. Day, M. Deile, J.F. Esteban Müller, P. Fassnacht, M. Garlaschè, L. Gentini, B. Goddard, A. Grudiev, B. Henrist, S. Jakobsen, O.R. Jones, O. Kononenko, G. Lanza, L. Lari, T. Mastoridis, V. Mertens, N. Mounet, E. Métral, A.A. Nosych, J.L. Nougaret, S. Persichelli, A.M. Piguiet, S. Redaelli, F. Roncarolo, G. Rumolo, B. Salvachua, M. Sapinski, R. Schmidt, E.N. Shaposhnikova, L.J. Tavian, M.A. Timmins, J.A. Uythoven, A. Vidal, J. Wenninger, D. Wollmann, M. Zerlauth
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • H.A. Day
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • L. Lari
    IFIC, Valencia, Spain
  Since June 2011, the rapid increase of the luminosity performance of the LHC has come at the expense of increased temperature and pressure readings on specific near-beam LHC equipment. In some cases, this beam induced heating has caused delays whilie equipment cools down, beam dumps and even degradation of these devices. This contribution gathers the observations of beam induced heating attributable to beam coupling impedance, their current level of understanding and possible actions that are planned to be implemented during the long shutdown in 2013-2014.  
THPFI049 Evaluation of the NEG Coating Saturation Level after 3 Years of LHC Beam Operation 3397
  • G. Bregliozzi, V. Baglin, J.M. Jimenez, G. Lanza, T. Porcelli
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  The room temperature vacuum system of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN system has been designed to ensure vacuum stability and beam lifetime of 100 h with nominal current of 0.56 A per beam at 7 TeV of energy. During last two years the LHC operated with proton beams at a maximum energy of 4 TeV, coasting for several hours each time, inducing high pressure due to different effects: synchrotron radiation, electron cloud and localized temperature increase. All these phenomena generated an important gas load from the vacuum chamber walls, which led in some cases to a partial or a total saturation of the NEG coating. To keep the design vacuum performances and to schedule technical interventions for NEG vacuum reactivation, it is necessary to take into account all these aspects and to regularly evaluate the saturation level of the NEG coating. This study analyses the saturation level of the NEG coated beam pipes in the LHC accelerator. Pressure reading variation without proton beams circulating are analysed and combined with laboratory studies of the NEG saturation behaviour and with Vacuum Stability Code (VASCO) simulations.