Author: Vecchione, T.
Paper Title Page
MOPPP041 Effect of Roughness on Emittance of Potassium Cesium Antimonide Photocathodes 655
  • T. Vecchione, J. Feng, H.A. Padmore, W. Wan
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  • I. Ben-Zvi, M. Ruiz-Osés, L. Xue
    Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, USA
  • D. Dowell
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • T. Rao, J. Smedley
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  Funding: This work was supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the U. S. Department of Energy, under Contract DE-AC02-05CH11231, KC0407-ALSJNT-I0013, and DE-SC0005713
Here we present first measurements of the effect of roughness on the emittance of K2CsSb photocathodes under high fields. We show that for very thin cathodes the effect is negligible at up to 3 MV/m but for thicker and more efficient cathodes the effect becomes significant. We discuss ways to modify the deposition to circumvent this problem.
MOPPP049 Deposition and In-Situ Characterization of Alkali Antimonide Photocathodes 670
  • X. Liang
    SBU, Stony Brook, New York, USA
  • K. Attenkofer
    ANL, Argonne, USA
  • I. Ben-Zvi, M. Ruiz-Osés
    Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, USA
  • H.A. Padmore, T. Vecchione
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  • S.G. Schubert
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • J. Smedley
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  Funding: This work was supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the U. S. Department of Energy, under Contract No. KC0407-ALSJNT-I0013, and DE-SC0005713.
Alkali antimonide cathodes have the potential to provide high quantum efficiency for visible light, and are significantly more tolerant of vacuum contaminants than GaAs, so they are attractive for high-average-current photoinjectors to generate high quality electron beams. These cathodes are crystalline; however, standard growth recipes used today do not produce large crystals. We have grown multi-alkali cathodes on silicon and molybdenum substrates with in-situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray reflection (XRR) analysis. The correlation of the cathode structure to the growth parameters and quantum efficiency was explored. During the deposition and evaporation of Sb and K layers, the possibility of selective growth of specific crystalline orientation was observed via X-ray diffraction.
TUPPP070 Next Generation Light Source R&D and Design Studies at LBNL 1762
  • J.N. Corlett, B. Austin, K.M. Baptiste, D.L. Bowring, J.M. Byrd, S. De Santis, P. Denes, R.J. Donahue, L.R. Doolittle, P. Emma, D. Filippetto, G. Huang, T. Koettig, S. Kwiatkowski, D. Li, T.P. Lou, H. Nishimura, H.A. Padmore, C. F. Papadopoulos, G.C. Pappas, G. Penn, M. Placidi, S. Prestemon, D. Prosnitz, J. Qiang, A. Ratti, M.W. Reinsch, D. Robin, F. Sannibale, D. Schlueter, R.W. Schoenlein, J.W. Staples, C. Steier, C. Sun, T. Vecchione, M. Venturini, W. Wan, R.P. Wells, R.B. Wilcox, J.S. Wurtele
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the Director, Office of Science, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.
LBNL is developing design concepts for a multi-beamline soft x-ray FEL array powered by a superconducting linear accelerator, operating with a high bunch repetition rate of approximately one MHz. The cw superconducting linear accelerator is supplied by an injector based on a high-brightness, high-repetition-rate photocathode electron gun. Electron bunches are distributed from the linac to the array of independently configurable FEL beamlines with nominal bunch rates up to 100 kHz in each FEL, and with even pulse spacing. Individual FELs may be configured for different modes of operation, and each may produce high peak and average brightness x-rays with a flexible pulse format, and with pulse durations ranging from sub-femtoseconds to hundreds of femtoseconds. In this paper we describe conceptual design studies and optimizations. We describe recent developments in the design and performance parameters, and progress in R&D activities.
WEEPPB004 Status of the APEX Project at LBNL 2173
  • F. Sannibale, B.J. Bailey, K.M. Baptiste, J.M. Byrd, C.W. Cork, J.N. Corlett, S. De Santis, L.R. Doolittle, J.A. Doyle, P. Emma, J. Feng, D. Filippetto, G. Huang, H. Huang, T.D. Kramasz, S. Kwiatkowski, W.E. Norum, H.A. Padmore, C. F. Papadopoulos, G.C. Pappas, G.J. Portmann, J. Qiang, D.G. Quintas, J.W. Staples, T. Vecchione, M. Venturini, M. Vinco, W. Wan, R.P. Wells, M.S. Zolotorev, F.A. Zucca
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  • M. J. Messerly, M.A. Prantil
    LLNL, Livermore, California, USA
  • C.M. Pogue
    NPS, Monterey, California, USA
  Funding: This work was supported by the Director of the Office of Science of the US Department of Energy under Contract no. DEAC02-05CH11231.
The Advanced Photo-injector Experiment (APEX) at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is focused on the development of a high-brightness high-repetition rate (MHz-class) electron injector for X-ray FEL applications. The injector is based on a new concept gun, utilizing a normal conducting 186 MHz RF cavity operating in cw mode in conjunction with high quantum efficiency photocathodes capable of delivering the required repetition rates with available laser technology. The APEX activities are staged in 3 main phases. In Phases 0 and I, the gun will be tested at its nominal energy of 750 keV and several different photocathodes are tested at full repetition rate. In Phase II, a pulsed linac will be added for accelerating the beam at several tens of MeV to reduce space charge effects and measure the high-brightness performance of the gun when integrated in an injector scheme. At Phase II energies, the radiation shielding configuration of APEX limits the repetition rate to a maximum of several Hz. Phase 0 is under commissioning, Phase I under installation, and initial activities for Phase II are underway. This paper presents an update on the status of these activities.