Author: Kain, V.
Paper Title Page
MOPPC017 Causes and Solutions for Emittance Blow-Up During the LHC Cycle 160
  • M. Kuhn
    Uni HH, Hamburg, Germany
  • G. Arduini, B.J. Holzer, J.M. Jowett, V. Kain, F. Roncarolo, M. Schaumann, R. Versteegen, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Emittance measurements during the run 2011 indicated a blow-up of 20 % to 30 % from LHC injection to collisions. At the LHC design stage the total allowed emittance increase through the cycle was set to 7 %. One of the goals of the 2012 LHC run is therefore to understand and counteract the blow-up. Emittance growth measurements through the LHC cycle along with correlations with possible sources are presented in this paper. Solutions are proposed where possible. The emittance determination accuracy relies on the knowledge of the beam optics and on the present performance of the transverse profile monitors. Possible improvements of the diagnostics and of the related data analysis are also discussed.  
MOPPD058 LHC Abort Gap Cleaning Studies during Luminosity Operation 496
  • E. Gianfelice-Wendt
    Fermilab, Batavia, USA
  • W. Bartmann, A. Boccardi, C. Bracco, E. Bravin, B. Goddard, W. Höfle, D. Jacquet, A. Jeff, V. Kain, M. Meddahi, F. Roncarolo, J.A. Uythoven, D. Valuch
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  The presence of significant intensities of un-bunched beam is a potentially serious issue in the LHC. Procedures using damper kickers for cleaning both Abort Gap (AG) and buckets targeted for injection, are currently in operation at flat bottom. Recent observations of relatively high population of the AG during physics runs brought up the need for AG cleaning during luminosity operation as well. In this paper the results of experimental studies performed in October 2011 are presented.  
TUPPR093 Sources and Solutions for LHC Transfer Line Stability Issues 2047
  • L.N. Drosdal, W. Bartmann, C. Bracco, B. Goddard, V. Kain, G. Le Godec, M. Meddahi, J.A. Uythoven
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  The LHC is filled through two 3km transfer lines from the last pre-injector, the SPS. Safe injection into the LHC requires stable trajectories in the transfer lines. During the LHC proton operations 2011 instabilities were observed. In particular shot-by-shot and bunch-by-bunch variations cause difficulties for steering of the beam and can potentially cause high beam losses at injection. The causes of these instabilities have been studied and will be presented in this paper. Based on the studies solutions will be proposed and finally the effects of the solutions will be studied.  
TUPPR094 SPS Transverse Beam Scraping and LHC Injection Losses 2050
  • L.N. Drosdal, W. Bartmann, C. Bracco, K. Cornelis, B. Goddard, V. Kain, M. Meddahi, E. Veyrunes
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Machine protection sets strict requirements for the quality of the injected beam, in particular in the transverse plane. Losses at aperture restrictions and protection elements have to be kept at a minimum. Particles in the beam tails are lost at the tight transfer line collimators and can trigger the LHC beam abort system. These particles have to be removed by scrapers in the vertical and horizontal plane in the SPS. Scraping has become vital for high intensity LHC operation. This paper shows the dependence of injection quality on the SPS scraping and discusses an improved scraper setting up strategy for better reproducibility with the current scraper system.  
TUPPR096 Angular Alignment of the LHC Injection Protection Stopper 2056
  • C. Bracco, R.W. Assmann, W. Bartmann, B. Goddard, V. Kain, J.A. Uythoven
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Machine safety depends critically on the correct setup of the protection elements. One of the injection protection collimators is constituted by exceptionally long jaws (4 m). For this element, an angular offset of the jaws could affect significantly the measured beam size and, as a consequence, the correct setup with respect to the beam. Dedicated studies and cross-calibrations have been performed to quantify the effect of tilts and offsets on the setup of this collimator and to check the provided passive protection.  
WEPPR069 Measurements and Simulations of Transverse Coupled-Bunch Instability Rise Times in the LHC 3087
  • N. Mounet, R. Alemany-Fernandez, W. Höfle, D. Jacquet, V. Kain, E. Métral, L. Ponce, S. Redaelli, G. Rumolo, R. Suykerbuyk, D. Valuch
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  In the current configuration of the LHC, multibunch instabilities due to the beam-coupling impedance would be in principle a critical limitation if they were not damped by the transverse feedback. For the future operation of the machine, in particular at higher bunch intensities and/or higher number of bunches, one needs to make sure the coupled-bunch instability rise times are still manageable by the feedback system. Therefore, in May 2011 experiments were performed to measure those rise times and compare them with the results obtained from the LHC impedance model and the HEADTAIL wake fields simulation code. At injection energy, agreement turns out to be very good, while a larger discrepancy appears at top energy.  
THPPP018 Operation of the LHC at High Luminosity and High Stored Energy 3767
  • J. Wenninger, R. Alemany-Fernandez, G. Arduini, R.W. Assmann, B.J. Holzer, E.B. Holzer, V. Kain, M. Lamont, A. Macpherson, G. Papotti, M. Pojer, L. Ponce, S. Redaelli, M. Solfaroli Camillocci, J.A. Uythoven, W. Venturini Delsolaro
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  In 2011 the operation of the Large Hadron Collider LHC entered its first year of high luminosity production at a beam energy of 3.5 TeV. In the first months of 2011 the number of bunches was progressively increased to 1380, followed by a reduction of the transverse emittance, an increase of the bunch population and a reduction of the betatron function at the collision points. The performance improvements steps that were accumulated in 2011 eventually brought the peak luminosity to 3.6·1033 cm-2s−1. The integrated luminosity delivered to each of the high luminosity experiments amounted to 5.6 fb-1, a factor of 5 above the initial target defined in 2010. The operational experience with high intensity and high luminosity at the LHC will be presented here, together with the issues that had to be tackled on the road to high intensity and luminosity.