Author: Anderson, D.E.
Paper Title Page
THPPD081 Droop Compensation for the High Voltage Converter Modulators at the Spallation Neutron Source 3704
  • G. Patel, D.E. Anderson, D.J. Solley, M. Wezensky
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
  Funding: ORNL/SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725
The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) has been in operation since 2006 and has demonstrated up to 1 MW of beam power. At 1MW, the High Voltage Converter Modulators (HVCMs) are delivering 11MW pulsed power to the Klystrons for 1185us at 60 Hz. The pulsed output of the modulator has a substantial voltage droop. The future operational goals of the accelerator involve delivering 1.4 MW to the target. This implies an increase in the output pulse width of the HVCM, resulting in loss of RF control from inadequate control margin for LLRF systems due to modulator voltage reduction at the end of pulse. Initially, the HVCM was designed with a pulse width modulation scheme for droop compensation but early operations revealed this technique unreliable for full power operation. Increasing the output voltage of the modulator would likely compromise system reliability. This paper proposes the use of alternate modulation schemes to address the voltage droop. The effect of frequency modulation and phase shift modulation on output pulse is studied and concludes by selecting an optimum modulation algorithm to be implemented. Experimental results will also be presented.