Author: Meng, W.
Paper Title Page
TUPF01 Proton Emittance Measurements in the Brookhaven AGS 492
  • H. Huang, R. Connolly, C.W. Dawson, D.M. Gassner, C.E. Harper, S.E. Jao, W. Meng, F. Méot, R.J. Michnoff, M.G. Minty, V. Schoefer, T. Summers, S. Tepikian, K. Yip, K. Zeno
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
High luminosity and high polarization in RHIC require good control and measurement of emittance in its injector, the Brookhaven AGS. In the past, the AGS emittance has been measured by using an ion collecting IPM during the whole cycle and a multi-wire at injection. The beam profiles from this IPM are distorted by space charge forces at higher energy, which makes the emittance determination very hard. In addition, helical superconducting snake magnets and near integer vertical tune for polarized proton operation distort the lattice in the AGS and introduce large beta beating. For more precise measurements of the emittance, we need TBT measurements near injection and beta function measurements at the location of devices used to measure the emittance. A Polarimeter target has been used as flying wire for proton emittance measurement. A new type electron collecting IPM has been installed and tested in the AGS with proton beam. The Beta functions at the IPM locations have been measured with Orbit Response Matrix (ORM) methods and with a local corrector at IPM. This paper summarizes our current understanding of AGS emittances and plans for further improvements.