Author: Madsen, A.
Paper Title Page
MOP086 Novel Opportunities for Sub-meV Inelastic X-Ray Scattering Experiments at High-Repetition Rate Self-seeded XFELs 257
  • O.V. Chubar
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • G. Geloni, A. Madsen
    XFEL. EU, Hamburg, Germany
  • V. Kocharyan, E. Saldin, S. Serkez
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • Yu. Shvyd'ko
    ANL, Argonne, Ilinois, USA
  • J. Sutter
    DLS, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
  Inelastic x-ray scattering (IXS) is an important tool for studies of equilibrium dynamics in condensed matter. A new spectrometer recently proposed for ultra-high-resolution IXS (UHRIX) has achieved 0.6 meV and 0.25/nm spectral and momentum Transfer resolutions, respectively*. However, further improvements down to 0.1 meV and 0.02/nm are required to close the gap in energy-momentum space between high and low frequency probes. We Show that this goal can be achieved by further improvements in x-ray optics and by increasing the spectral flux of the incident x-ray pulses. UHRIX performs best at energies from 5 to 10 keV, where a combination of self-seeding and undulator tapering at the SASE2 beamline of the European XFEL promises up to a hundred-fold increase in average spectral flux compared to nominal SASE pulses at saturation, or three orders of magnitude more than possible with storage-ring based radiation sources. Wave-optics propagation shows that about 7·1012 ph/s in a 90-microeV bandwidth can be achieved on the sample. This will provide unique new possibilities for IXS. Extended information about our work can be found in**.
* Y. Shvyd'ko et al., Nature Communications 5:4219 (2014).
** O. Chubar et al., ‘Novel opportunities for sub-meV inelastic X-ray scattering at high-repetition rate self-seeded X-ray free-electron lasers',, DESY 15-140, (2015).
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