Author: Yurkov, M.V.
Paper Title Page
MOP055 Start-to-End Simulations for IR/THz Undulator Radiation at PITZ 153
  • P. Boonpornprasert, M. Khojoyan, M. Krasilnikov, F. Stephan
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
  • B. Marchetti, E. Schneidmiller, M.V. Yurkov
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • S. Rimjaem
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  High brightness electron sources for modern linac-based Free-Electron Lasers (FELs) have been characterized and optimized at the Photo Injector Test facility at DESY, Zeuthen site (PITZ). Since the time structure of the electron bunches at PITZ is identical to those at the European XFEL, the PITZ accelerator is being considered as a proper machine for the development of an IR/THz source prototype for pump and probe experiments planned at the European XFEL. Tunable IR/THz radiation sources using synchrotron radiation from a dipole magnet, transition radiation, high gain FELs and coherent radiation of tailored or premodulated beams are currently under consideration. This work describes start-to-end simulations for generating the FEL radiation using an APPLE-II undulator with electron beams produced by the PITZ accelerator. Analysis of the physical parameter space has been performed with tools of the FAST program code package. Electron Beam dynamics simulations were performed by using the ASTRA code, while the GENESIS 1.3 code was used to study the SASE process. The results of these studies are presented and discussed in this paper.  
MOP060 Demonstration of SASE Suppression Through a Seeded Microbunching Instability 177
  • C. Lechner, A. Azima, M. Drescher, L.L. Lazzarino, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, T. Plath, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Roßbach
    Uni HH, Hamburg, Germany
  • S. Ackermann, J. Bödewadt, G. Brenner, M. Dohlus, N. Ekanayake, T. Golz, E. Hass, K. Honkavaara, T. Laarmann, T. Limberg, E. Schneidmiller, N. Stojanovic, M.V. Yurkov
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • K.E. Hacker, S. Khan, R. Molo
    DELTA, Dortmund, Germany
  Funding: Supported by Federal Ministry of Education and Research of Germany under contract No. 05K10PE1, 05K10PE3, 05K13GU4, and 05K13PE3 and the German Research Foundation programme graduate school 1355.
Collective effects and instabilities due to longitudinal space charge and coherent synchrotron radiation can degrade the quality of the ultra-relativistic, high-brilliance electron bunches needed for the operation of free-electron lasers. In this contribution, we demonstrate the application of a laser-induced microbunching instability to selectively suppress the SASE process. A significant decrease of photon pulse energies was observed at the free-electron laser FLASH in coincidence with overlap of 800 nm laser pulses and electron bunches within a modulator located approximately 40 meters upstream of the undulators. We discuss the underlying mechanisms based on longitudinal space charge amplification [E.A. Schneidmiller and M.V. Yurkov, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 13, 110701 (2010)] and present measurements.
MOP064 Statistical Properties of the Radiation from SASE FEL Operating in a Post-saturation Regime with and without Undulator Tapering 194
  • E. Schneidmiller, M.V. Yurkov
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  We describe statistical and coherence properties of the radiation from x-ray free electron lasers (XFEL) operating in the post-saturation regime. We consider practical case of the SASE3 FEL at European XFEL. We perform comparison of the main characteristics of X-ray FEL operating in the post-saturation regime with and without undulator tapering: efficiency, coherence time and degree of transverse coherence.  
MOP065 Optimization of a High Efficiency FEL Amplifier 199
  • E. Schneidmiller, M.V. Yurkov
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  The problem of an efficiency increase of an FEL amplifier is now of great practical importance. Technique of undulator tapering in the post-saturation regime is used at the existing x-ray FELs LCLS and SACLA, and is planned for use at the European XFEL, Swiss FEL, and PAL XFEL. There are also discussions on the future of high peak and average power FELs for scientific and industrial applications. In this paper we perform detailed analysis of the tapering strategies for high power seeded FEL amplifiers. Application of similarity techniques allows us to derive universal law of the undulator tapering.  
MOP066 An Overview of the Radiation Properties of the European XFEL 204
  • E. Schneidmiller, M.V. Yurkov
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  We present an overview of the radiation properties of the European XFEL based on recently accepted strategy of operation at the fixed set of electron energies (8.5 GeV, 12 GeV, 14 GeV, and 17.5 GeV), baseline parameters if the electron beam, and new set undulator parameters. We also discuss potential extension of the parameter space which does not require new hardware and can be realized at a very early stage of the European XFEL operation.  
MOP067 Prospects for CW Operation of the European XFEL in Hard X-ray Regime 210
  • R. Brinkmann, E. Schneidmiller, J.K. Sekutowicz, M.V. Yurkov
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  The European XFEL will operate nominally at 17.5 GeV in SP (short pulse) mode with 0.65 ms long bunch train and 10 Hz repetition rate. A possible upgrade of the linac to CW (continuous wave) or LP (long pulse) modes with a corresponding reduction of electron beam energy is under discussion since many years. Recent successes in the dedicated R&D program allow to forecast a technical feasibility of such an upgrade in the foreseeable future. One of the challenges is to provide sub-Angstroem FEL operation in CW and LP modes. In this paper we perform a preliminary analysis of a possible operation of the European XFEL in the hard X-ray regime in CW and LP modes with the energies of 7 GeV and 10 GeV, respectively. We consider lasing in the baseline XFEL undulator as well as in a new undulator with a reduced period. We show that, with reasonable requirements on electron beam quality, lasing on the fundamental will be possible in sub-Angstroem regime. As an option for generation of brilliant photon beams at short wavelengths we also consider harmonic lasing that has recently attracted a significant attention.  
MOP068 Suppression of the Fundamental Frequency for a Successful Harmonic Lasing in SASE FELs 215
  • E. Schneidmiller, M.V. Yurkov
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  Harmonic lasing in X-ray FELs has recently attracted a significant attention and is now seriously considered as a potential method for generation of brilliant photon beams at short wavelengths. It is clear, however, that for a successful harmonic lasing one has to suppress the fundamental. In this paper we discuss different methods for such a suppression: phase shifters, intraundulator spectral filtering, switching between the 3rd and the 5th harmonics etc.  
MOC01 Circular Polarization Control by Reverse Undulator Tapering 297
  • E. Schneidmiller, M.V. Yurkov
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  In order to produce circularly polarized light at X-ray FEL facilities one can consider an installation of a short helical (or cross-planar) afterburner, but then one should have an efficient method to suppress powerful linearly polarized background from the main undulator. We propose a new method for such a suppression: an application of the reverse taper in the main undulator. We discover that in a certain range of the taper strength, the density modulation (bunching) at saturation is practically the same as in the case of non-tapered undulator while the power of linearly polarized radiation is suppressed by orders of magnitude. Then strongly modulated electron beam radiates at full power in the afterburner. Considering SASE3 undulator of the European XFEL as a practical example, we demonstrate that soft X-ray radiation pulses with peak power in excess of 100 GW and an ultimately high degree of circular polarization can be produced. The method can be used at different X-ray FEL facilities, in particular at LCLS after installation of the helical afterburner in the near future.  
slides icon Slides MOC01 [1.545 MB]  
TUB04 Operation of FLASH with Short SASE-FEL Radiation Pulses 342
  • J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, E. Hass, N.M. Lockmann, T. Plath, M. Rehders, J. Roßbach
    Uni HH, Hamburg, Germany
  • G. Brenner, S. Dziarzhytski, T. Golz, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, E. Schneidmiller, S. Schreiber, B. Steffen, N. Stojanovic, S. Wunderlich, M.V. Yurkov
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  Funding: The project has been supported by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research of Germany (BMBF) under contract No. 05K10GU2 and FSP301
This paper describes the experimental activity on the generation of very short FEL pulses in the soft x-ray range in the SASE-mode at the high-gain free-electron laser FLASH [1, 2]. The key element, a photo-injector laser which is able to generate laser pulses of about 2 ps FWHM has been optimized and commissioned. It allows the generation of shorter bunches with low bunch charge (of up to 200 pC) directly at the photo-cathode. Initially shorter injector laser pulses and thus shorter bunches eases the required bunch compression factor for short pulses below 10 fs duration which makes operation of the electron beam formation system to be more robust with respect to jitters and collective effects. As a result, overall stability of SASE FEL performance is improved. In the optimal case single-spike operation can be achieved. In this paper the experimental results on production of short electron bunches and the SASE performance using the new injector laser will be shown and the measured electron bunch and FEL radiation properties are discussed. In addition, optimizations of bunch diagnostics for low charge and short bunches are discussed.
slides icon Slides TUB04 [1.201 MB]  
TUP031 FEL Code Comparison for the Production of Harmonics via Harmonic Lasing 451
  • G. Marcus, W.M. Fawley
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • S. Reiche
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  • E. Schneidmiller, M.V. Yurkov
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  Harmonic lasing offers an attractive option to significantly extend the photon energy range of FEL beamlines. Here, the fundamental FEL radiation is suppressed by various combinations of phase shifters, attenuators, and detuned undulators while the radiation at a desired harmonic is allowed to grow linearly. The support of numerical simulations is extensively used in evaluating the performance of this scheme. This paper compares the results of harmonic growth in the harmonic lasing scheme using three FEL codes: FAST, GENESIS, and GINGER.  
Optical Afterburner for Naturaly Synchronized Pump-probe Experiments at FLASH  
  • N. Stojanovic, A. Al-Shemmary, D. Espeloer, T. Golz, R. Riedel, E. Schneidmiller, M.V. Yurkov
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • M. Foerst
    CFEL, Hamburg, Germany
  • M. Gensch
    HZDR, Dresden, Germany
  • F. Tavella
    HIJ, Jena, Germany
  Funding: German Federal Ministry for Education and Research, project 05K10CHC and 05K12CH4
We employ so- called Optical Afterburner [*,**] principle to generate optical replica pulses of X-ray pulse at FLASH (Free Electron LASer in Hamburg). These pulses are naturally synchronized to the FEL pulses and share the same envelope and arrival time, with accuracy down to few femtoseconds. Because of this, Optical Afterburner pulses can be used for complete temporal diagnostics for FEL pulses. Because we shift diagnostics challenge from X-ray to visible range, this significantly simplifies detection. During pulse- duration measurement campaigns at FLASH, Optical Afterburner has been demonstrated as versatile and accurate tool to measure pulse duration of X-ray FEL pulses. In the most recent development we have amplified, Optical Afterburner pulses by three orders of magnitude and will used it in the X-ray/Visible pump-probe experiments for ultimate temporal resolution. We have demonstrated amplification concept at FLASH, where we reach pulse energies above 1uJ at 1MHz repetition rate.
* E.L. Saldin, E.A. Schneidmiller and M.V. Yurkov, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 13, 030701 (2010)
* Proceedings of IPAC2011, San Sebastián, Spain. THPC084