Author: Qian, H.J.
Paper Title Page
APEX: A Photo-injector for High Average Power Light Sources and Beyond  
  • D. Filippetto, C.W. Cork, S. De Santis, L.R. Doolittle, G. Huang, R. Huang, W.E. Norum, C. F. Papadopoulos, G.J. Portmann, H.J. Qian, F. Sannibale, J.W. Staples, R.P. Wells
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the Director of the Office of Science of the US Department of Energy under Contract no. DEAC02-05CH11231
Direct observation of structural dynamics in complex systems calls for a new generation of ultrafast instruments with enhanced average brightness and increased stability. The APEX electron source at LBNL was conceived and built for answering that demand. It combines ultra-short bunches and high accelerating fields of rf guns, with high-repetition-rate, stability and reliability typical of CW sources. The successful demonstration of the source key performances, such as accelerating field, emittance and beam current, would enable high repetition rate operations for applications such as X-Ray FELs, and ultrafast electron diffraction. We present the latest results, including cathode tests, photo-beam and dark current characterization, laser and beam jitter results, and future plans.
slides icon Slides TUA01 [18.646 MB]  
THP019 Higher-Order Moment Models of Longitudinal Pulse Shape Evolution in Photoinjectors 722
  • C.E. Mitchell, D. Filippetto, R. Huang, C. F. Papadopoulos, H.J. Qian, J. Qiang, F. Sannibale, M. Venturini
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  The presence of longitudinal asymmetry, sometimes in the form of a one-sided tail, in the current profile emerging from low-energy photoinjectors can strongly impact the beam quality downstream of the compression system of the FEL beam delivery system. To understand the origin of this feature, an approximate model for the evolution of higher-order beam moments is developed in the presence of nonlinear kinematic effects and longitudinal space-charge. This model is applied to investigate the evolution of beam skewness for injector systems with parameters similar to the APEX Injector under investigation at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.  
THP057 Longitudinal and Transverse Optimization for a High Repetition Rate Injector 864
  • C. F. Papadopoulos, D. Filippetto, R. Huang, G.J. Portmann, H.J. Qian, F. Sannibale, S.P. Virostek, R.P. Wells
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  • A.C. Bartnik, I.V. Bazarov, B.M. Dunham, C.M. Gulliford, C.E. Mayes
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • A. Brachmann, D. Dowell, P. Emma, Z. Li, T.O. Raubenheimer, J.F. Schmerge, T. Vecchione, F. Zhou
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • A. Vivoli
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the Director of the Office of Science of the US Department of Energy under Contract no. DEAC02-05CH11231
The injector is the low energy part of a linac, where space charge and kinematic effects may affect the electron beam quality significantly, and in the case of single pass systems determines the brightness in the downstream components. Following the increasing demand for high repetition rate user facilities, the VHF-gun, a normal conducting, high repetition rate (1 MHz) RF gun operating at 186 MHz has been constructed at LBNL within the APEX project and is under operation. In the current paper, we report on the status of the beam dynamics studies. For this, a multi-objected approach is used, where both the transverse and the longitudinal phase space quality is optimized, as quantified by the transverse emittance and the bunch length and energy spread respectively. We also report on different bunch charge operating modes.