Author: Huang, Z.
Paper Title Page
MOP054 Harmonic Lasing Options for LCLS-II 148
  • G. Marcus, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, T.O. Raubenheimer
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • G. Penn
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  Harmonic lasing can be a cheap and relatively efficient way to extend the photon energy range of a particular FEL beamline. Furthermore, in comparison to nonlinear harmonics, harmonic lasing can provide a beam that is more intense, stable, and narrow-band. This paper explores the application of the harmonic lasing concept at LCLS-II using various combinations of phase shifters and attenuators. In addition, a scheme by which individual undulator modules are tuned to amplify either the third or fifth harmonic in different configurations is presented in detail.  
MOP090 Soft X-ray Self-seeding Simulation Methods and their Application for LCLS 264
  • S. Serkez
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • Y. Ding, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Self-seeding is a promising approach to significantly narrow the SASE bandwidth of XFELs to produce nearly transform-limited pulses. We study radiation propagation through the grating monochromator installed at LCLS. The monochromator design is based on a toroidal variable line spacing grating working at a fixed incidence angle mounting without an entrance slit. It covers the spectral range from 500eV to 1000eV. The optical system was studied using wave optics method to evaluate the performance of the self-seeding scheme. Our wave optics analysis takes into account the finite size of the coherent source, third-order aberrations and height error of the optical elements. Wave optics is the only method available, in combination with FEL simulations, to simulate performance of the monochromator without exit slit. Two approaches for time-dependent simulations are presented, compared and discussed. Also pulse-front tilt phenomenon effect is illustrated.  
TUB03 FEL Overcompression in the LCLS 337
  • J.L. Turner, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, R.H. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, A. Marinelli, T.J. Maxwell, H.-D. Nuhn, D.F. Ratner, T.J. Smith, J.J. Welch, F. Zhou
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Funding: This work was supported by U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract DE-AC02-76SF00515
Overcompression of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) x-ray Free Electron Laser (FEL) at the SLAC National Accelerator Center is studied. The studies and operational implications are summarized in this talk.
slides icon Slides TUB03 [4.493 MB]  
TUP026 Transverse Coherence Properties of a TGU-based FEL 429
  • P. Baxevanis, Z. Huang, R.D. Ruth
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • C.B. Schroeder
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  The use of a transverse gradient undulator (TGU) is considered an attractive option for FELs driven by electron beams with a relatively large energy spread. In this scheme, a dispersion is introduced in the beam while the undulator poles are inclined so that the undulator field acquires a linear dependence upon the transverse position in the direction of dispersion. By suitably selecting the dispersion and the field gradient, the energy spread effect can be significantly mitigated, thus avoiding a drastic reduction in the FEL gain. However, adding the dispersion typically leads to electron beams with large aspect ratios. As a result, the presence of higher-order modes in the output FEL radiation can become significant. To investigate this effect, we study the properties of the higher-order eigenmodes of a TGU-based, high-gain FEL, using both a simplified, analytically-solvable model and a variational technique. This formalism is then used to provide an estimate of the degree of transverse coherence for a representative soft X-ray, TGU FEL example.  
TUP032 FEL Simulation and Performance Studies for LCLS-II 456
  • G. Marcus, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Z. Huang, T.O. Raubenheimer, L. Wang, J. Wu
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  The design and performance of the LCLS-II free-electron laser beamlines are presented using start-to-end numerical particle simulations. The particular beamline geometries were chosen to cover a large photon energy tuning range with x-ray pulse length and bandwidth flexibility. Results for self-amplified spontaneous emission and self-seeded operational modes are described in detail for both hard and soft x-ray beamlines in the baseline design.  
TUP035 Investigation of Reverse Taper to Optimize the Degree of Polarization for the Delta Undulator at the LCLS 465
  • J.P. MacArthur
    Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
  • Z. Huang, A. Lutmann, A. Marinelli, T.J. Maxwell, H.-D. Nuhn, D.F. Ratner
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Funding: U.S. Department of Energy under contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515
A 3.2 m adjustable phase Delta undulator* will soon be installed on the last girder of the LCLS undulator line. The Delta undulator will act as an afterburner terminating the 33 undulator line, providing arbitrary polarization control to users. Two important figures of merit for users will be the degree of polarization and the x-ray yield. In anticipation of this installation, machine development time at the LCLS was devoted to maximizing the final undulator x-ray contrast and yield with a standard canted pole undulator acting as a stand in for the Delta undulator. Following the recent suggestion** that a reverse taper (dK/dz > 0) in the main undulator line could suppress linearly polarized light generated before an afterburner while still producing the requisite microbunching, we report on a reverse taper study at the LCLS wherein a yield contrast of 15 was measured along the afterburner. We also present 1D simulations comparing the reverse taper technique to other schemes.
* Nuhn, H.-D., Anderson, S., Bowden, G., Ding, Y., Gassner, G., et al., (2013).
** Schneidmiller, E. A. and Yurkov, M. V., Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 16, 110702 (2013).
Soft X-ray Self-seeding Setup and Results at LCLS  
  • D.F. Ratner, J.W. Amann, D.K. Bohler, M. Boyes, D. Cocco, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Fairley, Y. Feng, J.B. Hastings, P.A. Heimann, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, A.A. Lutman, G. Marcus, A. Marinelli, T.J. Maxwell, S.P. Moeller, P.A. Montanez, D.S. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D.R. Walz, J.J. Welch, J. Wu
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • K. Chow, L.N. Rodes
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  • U. Flechsig
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  • S. Serkez
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  The soft X-ray self seeding program was designed to provide near transform-limited pulses in the range of 500 eV to 1000 eV. The project was a three-way collaboration between SLAC, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, and the Paul Scherrer Institute in Switzerland. Installation finished in the Fall of 2013, and after the early stages of commissioning we have measured up to 0.5mJ pulse energy and resolving powers of up to 5000 across the design wavelength range, representing a several-fold increase in the brightness compared to the normal LCLS operating mode. Future work will aim to increase the total pulse energy and establish self-seeding as a robust user operation mode.  
slides icon Slides TUC02 [10.464 MB]  
Higher Harmonic XFELO with the Planned 4 GeV LCLS II SCRF Linac  
  • K.-J. Kim, B.W. Adams, R.R. Lindberg, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd'ko
    ANL, Argonne, Ilinois, USA
  • Z. Huang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357 (ANL) and DE-AC02-76SF00515 (SLAC)
An x-ray FEL oscillator (XFELO) will produce hard x-ray pulses of ultra-fine spectral resolution (~ meV) that combines FEL brightness with storage ring stability [1]. Thus, for example, the long-standing problem of high-TC superconductivity could be solved by inelastic x-ray scattering. In addition, an x-ray spectral comb can in principle be generated, vastly expanding the reach of experimental x-ray quantum optics. The accelerator for an XFELO should optimally be of the CW superconducting type. The linac for the European XFEL can be operated in CW mode without adding more cooling capacity if the energy is lowered from 14 to 7 GeV [2]. It is also possible to drive a hard x-ray XFELO at lower than 7 GeV, if a higher harmonic is chosen as the operating wavelength [3]. We have studied XFELO for 1 Å x-rays operating at the third or fifth harmonic using the 4 GeV SCRF linac planned for LCLS-II. Assuming bunch charge=50 pC, normalized rms emittance=0.2 mm-mrad, rms energy spread=500 keV, rms bunch length=190 fs, and undulator period length=2.6 cm, the gain at 1 Å as a 5th harmonic is found to be about 40%, sufficient for lasing allowing for the various losses.
[1] K.-J. Kim, Y. Shvyd’ko, and S. Reiche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,244802 (2008)
[2] J.K. Sekutowicz, et al., 2013 FEL Conf.(2013)
[3] J. Dai, H. Deng, and Z. Dai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108,034802(2012)
slides icon Slides WEA03 [2.703 MB]  
THA02 Experimental Characterization of FEL Polarization Control with Cross Polarized Undulators 644
  • E. Ferrari, E. Allaria, G. De Ninno, B. Diviacco, D. Gauthier, L. Giannessi, G. Penco, C. Spezzani
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
  • J. Buck, M. Ilchen
    XFEL. EU, Hamburg, Germany
  • G. De Ninno, D. Gauthier
    University of Nova Gorica, Nova Gorica, Slovenia
  • L. Giannessi
    ENEA C.R. Frascati, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • Z. Huang, A.A. Lutman
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • G. Lambert, B. Mahieu
    LOA, Palaiseau, France
  • J. Viefhaus
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  Polarization control of the coherent radiation is becoming an important feature of recent and future short wavelength free electron laser facilities. While polarization tuning can be achieved taking advantage of specially designed undulators, a scheme based on two consecutive undulators emitting orthogonally polarized fields has also been proposed. Developed initially in synchrotron radiation sources, crossed polarized undulator schemes could benefit from the coherent emission that characterize FELs. In this work we report the first detailed experimental characterization of the polarization properties of an FEL operated with crossed polarized undulators in the Soft-X-Rays. Aspects concerning the average degree of polarization and the shot to shot stability are investigated together with a comparison of the performance of various schemes to control and switch the polarization  
slides icon Slides THA02 [5.383 MB]  
THP025 Linear Accelerator Design for the LCLS-II FEL Facility 743
  • P. Emma, J.C. Frisch, Z. Huang, H. Loos, A. Marinelli, T.J. Maxwell, Y. Nosochkov, T.O. Raubenheimer, L. Wang, J.J. Welch, M. Woodley
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • J. Qiang, M. Venturini
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  • A. Saini, N. Solyak
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the Director, Office of Science, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515.
The LCLS-II is an FEL facility proposed in response to the July 2013 BESAC advisory committee, which recommended the construction of a new FEL light source with a high-repetition rate and a broad photon energy range from 0.2 keV to at least 5 keV. A new CW 4-GeV electron linac is being designed to meet this need, using a superconducting (SC) L-band (1.3 GHz) linear accelerator capable of operating with a continuous bunch repetition rate up to 1 MHz at ~16 MV/m. This new 700-m linac is to be built at SLAC in the existing tunnel, making use of existing facilities and providing two separate FELs, preserving the operation of the existing FEL, which can be fed from either the existing copper or the new SC linac. We briefly describe the acceleration, bunch compression, beam transport, beam switching, and electron beam diagnostics. The high-power and low-level RF, and cryogenic systems are described elsewhere.
poster icon Poster THP025 [0.627 MB]  
THP026 Design Study of LCLS Chirp-Control with a Corrugated Structure 748
  • Z. Zhang, K.L.F. Bane, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, R.H. Iverson, T.J. Maxwell, G.V. Stupakov, L. Wang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • P. Frigola, M.A. Harrison, M. Ruelas
    RadiaBeam, Marina del Rey, California, USA
  The purpose of this paper is to investigate the use of flat metallic plates with small corrugations as a passive dechirper, studying its effects on beam dynamics. Similar systems have been tested in Pohang and Brookhaven at relatively low energies (~100 MeV) and with relatively long bunches (>1ps) [*,**]. Four meters of such a structure are being machined by Radiabeam Systems for use in the LCLS with a high energy and femtosecond electron beam. In this paper we use a field matching program to obtain the longitudinal and transverse wakes for the purpose of the LCLS dechirper design. In addition, we fit the longitudinal wake to simple functions, so that one can obtain the wake without resorting to the field matching program. Since the transverse wakes–both dipole and quadrupole wakes–are strong, we include beam dynamics simulations to find the tolerances for injection jitter and misalignment in the LCLS.
* P. Emma, et al. PRL 112, 034801
** M. Harrison, et al., NaPAc 2013, Pasadena, USA
THP031 Further Understanding the LCLS Injector Emittance 774
  • F. Zhou, K.L.F. Bane, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, H. Loos
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Funding: US DOE under contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515
Notable COTR effect from the LCLS laser heater chicane is recently observed at the LCLS injector OTR screen, used for routine emittance measurements. The emittance with the OTR screen is under-estimated by about 30% compared to the values with the wire scanner located next to the OTR screen. The emittance with the OTR and wire scanner is compared and relevant analyses are presented. Slice emittance upstream of the LCLS BC1 is measured using a traditional transverse cavity. Recently, slice emittance downstream of the BC1 is able to be measured with a newly developed technique, using a collimator located in the middle of the BC1. The parasitic effects of using the collimator for slice emittance measurement are evaluated. The slice emittance before and after the BC1 is compared. The dependence of the slice emittance on the linearizer’s transverse offset and CSR effect from the BC1 is discussed.
THP033 Mechanical Design for a Corrugated Plate Dechirper System for LCLS 785
  • M.A. Harrison, P. Frigola, D.W. Martin, A.Y. Murokh, M. Ruelas
    RadiaBeam Systems, Santa Monica, California, USA
  • Z. Huang, R.H. Iverson, T.J. Maxwell, Z. Zhang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Funding: This work is supported by Department of Energy grant number DE-SC0009550.
RadiaBeam Systems is developing a novel passive chirp removal system using corrugated plates as studied by Bane and Stupakov.* Following on from low-energy experiments at BNL-ATF,** RBS will install a much larger and powerful system for removing the chirp from the 3-GeV beams in the LTU section at LCLS. The larger plates will present new challenges in the areas of manufacturing and mechanical control. In this paper we review the requirements for the dimensions of the corrugated plates for proper operation and the infrastructure necessary for precisely placing the plates so as not to adversely disrupt the beam.
* K. Bane, et al "Corrugated Pipe as a Beam Dechirper," SLAC-PUB-14925, 2012
** Harrison, M., et al "Removal of Residual Chirp in Compressed Beams Using a Passive Wakefield Technique." NaPAC13, 2013