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Yocky, G.

Paper Title Page
TUPAS070 Optimization of Chromatic Optics Near the Half Integer in PEP-II 1814
  • G. Yocky, Y. Cai, F.-J. Decker, Y. Nosochkov, U. Wienands
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  • P. Raimondi
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma)
  Measurements of the W-function in PEP-II during Run 5 revealed that the chromatic beta functions in both the HER and LER were not optimized. Through a process of measurement, offline analysis and modelling, and high-current run implementation the PEP-II collider luminosity performance was increased by at least 10% by reconfiguring the strengths of sextupoles near the IP to take advantage of a minimized W and increased IP bandwidth.  
TUPAS068 A Transverse Beam Instability in the PEP-II HER Induced by Discharges in the Vacuum System 1811
  • U. Wienands, W. S. Colocho, S. DeBarger, F.-J. Decker, S. Ecklund, A. S. Fisher, J. D. Fox, A. Kulikov, A. Novokhatski, M. Stanek, M. K. Sullivan, W. Wittmer, D. Wright, G. Yocky
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by US Dept. of Energy

During Run 5, PEP-II has been plagued by beam instabilities causing beam aborts due to radiation in the BaBar detector or due to fast beam loss triggering the dI/dt interlock. The latest of such instabilities occurred in the High Energy Ring (HER), severely curtailing the maximum beam current achievable during physics running. Techniques used in tracking down this instability included fast monitoring of background radiation, temperatures and vacuum pressure. In this way, the origin of the instability was localized and inspection of the vacuum system revealed several damaged bellows shields. Replacing these units significantly reduced the incident rate but did not eliminate it fully. After the end of the run, a number of damaged rf seals were found, possibly having caused the remaining incidents of instability. In this paper we will outline the steps taken to diagnose and remedy the issue and also compare the different signatures of vacuum-induced instabilities we have seen in both rings of PEP-II during the run.

THPAS057 Significant Lifetime and Background Improvements in PEP-II by Reducing the 3rd Order Chromaticity in LER with Orbit Bumps 3618
  • F.-J. Decker, Y. Nosochkov, M. K. Sullivan, G. Yocky
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: *Work supported by Department of Energy contract DE-AC03-76SF00515.

Orbit bumps in sextupoles are routinely used for tuning the luminosity in the PEP-II B-Factory. Anti-symmetric bumps in a sextupole pair generate dispersion, while symmetric bumps induce a tune shift and beta beat. By coming two of these symmetric bumps with opposite signs where the second pair is 90 degree away, the tune shift cancels and the beta beat doubles. In the low energy ring (LER) we have four sextupole pairs per arc, where pair 1 and 3 are at the same betatron phase and pair 2 and 4are 90 degree away. By making two symmetric bumps with opposite sign in pair 1 and 3 the tune shift and the beta beat outside this region cancel, BUT the LER lifetime improved by a factor of three, losses by a factor of five, and the beam-beam background in the drift chamber of the BaBar detector by 20%. Simulations showed that the phase change at the second sextupole pair introduced by the beta beat can completely cancel the third order chromaticity.

THPAS058 Lowering the Vertical Emittance in the LER Ring of PEP-II 3621
  • F.-J. Decker, Y. Cai, Y. Nosochkov, Y. T. Yan, G. Yocky
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: *Work supported by Department of Energy contract DE-AC03-76SF00515.

The low energy ring (LER) in PEP-II has a design emittance of 0.5 nm-rad in the vertical, compared to nearly 0.1 nm-rad for the HER ring. This was thought to come from the "vertical step" of about 1 m in the interaction straight, where the LER beam after horizontal separation gets bend vertical so it sits on top of the HER in the rest of the ring. Since the program MAD does not easily reveal the location of the major emittance contribution, a program was written to calculate the coupled "curly H" parameter of mode 2 (mainly vertical) along z. Weighting it with the magnet bending revealed that the weak long bends inside the "vertical step" did less than 20% of the emittance growth. More than 80% comes from the ends of the adjacent arcs with strong bends. This is caused by the coupling cancellation of the solenoid starting already there with the skew quadrupoles SK5 and 6. By introducing additional skews in the straight instead of SK5 and 6 the emittance could be reduced by a factor of ten in simulations, but with very strong skews. Reasonable strong magnets might generate a workable compromise, since a factor of two in emittance promises 50% more luminosity in beam-beam simulations.