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Wada, M.

Paper Title Page
THPAS040 The Cyclotron Gas Stopper Project at the NSCL 3588
  • G. K. Pang, G. Bollen, S. Chouhan, C. Guenaut, D. Lawton, F. Marti, D. J. Morrissey, J. Ottarson, S. Schwarz, A. Zeller
    NSCL, East Lansing, Michigan
  • M. Wada
    RIKEN, Saitama
  Funding: Work supported by DOE Grant # DE-FG02-06ER41413

Gas stopping is the method of choice to convert high-energy beams of rare isotopes produced by projectile fragmentation into low-energy beams. Fast ions are slowed down in solid degraders and stopped in a buffer gas in a stopping cell, presently linear. They have been successfully used for first precision experiments with rare isotopes*,** but they have beam-rate limitations due to space charge effects. Their extraction time is about 100 ms inducing decay losses for short-lived isotopes. At the NSCL a new gas stopper concept*** is under development, which avoids these limitations and fulfills the needs of next-generation rare isotope beam facilities. It uses a gas-filled cyclotron magnet. The large volume, and a separation of the regions where the ions stop and where the maximum ionization is observed are the key to a higher beam-rate capability. The longer stopping path due to the magnetic field allows a lower pressure to be used, which decreases the extraction times. The concepts of the cyclotron gas stopper will be discussed and the results from detailed simulation and design work towards the realization of such a device at the NSCL will be summarized.

* G. Bollen et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 (2006) 152501 ** R. Ringle Phys. Rev. C Submitted*** G. Bollen et al., Nucl. Instr. Meth. A550 (2005) 27