|WEOCC01||Experimental Approach to Ultra-Cold Ion Beam at S-LSR||2035|
Funding: The present work was supported from Advanced Compact Accelerator project by MEXT, Japan. Support from the 21COE at Kyoto University-Diversity and Universality in Physics- is also greatly appreciated.
S-LSR is a storage and cooler ring with the circumference of 22.56 m applied for an electron beam cooling of 7 MeV proton beam and laser cooling of 24Mg+ beam with 35 keV. From the measurement with the use of Schottky pich-up of the momentum spread of 7 MeV proton beam reducing the particle number to suppress the effect of intra-beam scattering,abrupt jump in fractional momentum spread and Schottky power has been observed, which is considered the 1 dimensional phase transition to the ordered state*. The situation has also been expected from numerical simulation**. Laser cooling with much stronger cooling force is expected to realize 2Dand 3D crystalline states if the maintenance condition can be satisfied. Experimental approaches to realize such a condition at S-LSR as dispersion free lattice and "tapered cooling" are also decribed in the present paper.
* A Noda, et al., , New Journal of Physics, 8 (2006)288.** A. Smirnov et al., Beam Science and Technology, 10 (2006) 6*** J. Wei, X-P, Li and A. M. Sessler, , Phys. Rev. Lett. 73 (1994) 3089.