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Smithe, D. S.

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TUOAAB01 Self-Consistent Simulations of Multipacting in Superconducting Radio Frequencies 769
  • C. Nieter, P. J. Mullowney, S. Ovtchinnikov, D. S. Smithe, P. Stoltz
    Tech-X, Boulder, Colorado
  Multipacting continues to be an important issue in Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) cavities, particularly near waveguide couplers. Most modern simulations of multipacting are not self-consistent, using the fields from a purely electromagnetic simulation to drive the motion of multipacting electrons. This approach works well for the onset on multipacting but as the electron density increases in the cavity it can have an effect on the cavity mode. Recently VORPAL* has demonstrated its ability to mode the electrodynamics of SRF cavities using finite difference time domain (FDTD) algorithms coupled with the Dey-Mittra** method for modeling conformal boundaries. The FDTD approach allows us to easily incorporate multipacting electrons as PIC particles in the simulations. To allow multipacting simulations to be done with EM-PIC we have been developing particle boundaries for the cut-cells. Recently we have added particle removal boundaries at the particle sinks which will correct the unphysical build up of image charge at the boundaries. Work has begun on incorporating secondary electron emission into these boundaries so VORPAL can model multipacting trajectories self-consistently.

* C. Nieter, J. R. Cary, J. Comp. Phys. 196 (2004) 448.** S. Dey, R. Mittra, IEEE Microwave and Guided Wave Letters 7 (1997) 273.

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WEOCKI03 Status of the R&D Towards Electron Cooling of RHIC 1938
  • I. Ben-Zvi, J. Alduino, D. S. Barton, D. Beavis, M. Blaskiewicz, J. M. Brennan, A. Burrill, R. Calaga, P. Cameron, X. Chang, K. A. Drees, A. V. Fedotov, W. Fischer, G. Ganetis, D. M. Gassner, J. G. Grimes, H. Hahn, L. R. Hammons, A. Hershcovitch, H.-C. Hseuh, D. Kayran, J. Kewisch, R. F. Lambiase, D. L. Lederle, V. Litvinenko, C. Longo, W. W. MacKay, G. J. Mahler, G. T. McIntyre, W. Meng, B. Oerter, C. Pai, G. Parzen, D. Pate, D. Phillips, S. R. Plate, E. Pozdeyev, T. Rao, J. Reich, T. Roser, A. G. Ruggiero, T. Russo, C. Schultheiss, Z. Segalov, J. Smedley, K. Smith, T. Tallerico, S. Tepikian, R. Than, R. J. Todd, D. Trbojevic, J. E. Tuozzolo, P. Wanderer, G. Wang, D. Weiss, Q. Wu, K. Yip, A. Zaltsman
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • D. T. Abell, G. I. Bell, D. L. Bruhwiler, R. Busby, J. R. Cary, D. A. Dimitrov, P. Messmer, V. H. Ranjbar, D. S. Smithe, A. V. Sobol, P. Stoltz
    Tech-X, Boulder, Colorado
  • A. V. Aleksandrov, D. L. Douglas, Y. W. Kang
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • H. Bluem, M. D. Cole, A. J. Favale, D. Holmes, J. Rathke, T. Schultheiss, J. J. Sredniawski, A. M.M. Todd
    AES, Princeton, New Jersey
  • A. V. Burov, S. Nagaitsev, L. R. Prost
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  • Y. S. Derbenev, P. Kneisel, J. Mammosser, H. L. Phillips, J. P. Preble, C. E. Reece, R. A. Rimmer, J. Saunders, M. Stirbet, H. Wang
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  • V. V. Parkhomchuk, V. B. Reva
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk
  • A. O. Sidorin, A. V. Smirnov
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region
  Funding: Work done under the auspices of the US DOE with support from the US DOD.

The physics interest in a luminosity upgrade of RHIC requires the development of a cooling-frontier facility. Detailed cooling calculations have been made to determine the efficacy of electron cooling of the stored RHIC beams. This has been followed by beam dynamics simulations to establish the feasibility of creating the necessary electron beam. Electron cooling of RHIC at collisions requires electron beam energy up to about 54 MeV at an average current of between 50 to 100 mA and a particularly bright electron beam. The accelerator chosen to generate this electron beam is a superconducting Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) with a superconducting RF gun with a laser-photocathode. An intensive experimental R&D program engages the various elements of the accelerator: Photocathodes of novel design, superconducting RF electron gun of a particularly high current and low emittance, a very high-current ERL cavity and a demonstration ERL using these components.

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