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Sinclair, C. K.

Paper Title Page
MOOBAB02 Progress Toward an ERL Extension to CESR 107
  • G. Hoffstaetter, I. V. Bazarov, G. W. Codner, M. Forster, S. Greenwald, Y. Li, M. Liepe, C. E. Mayes, C. K. Sinclair, C. Song, A. Temnykh, M. Tigner, Y. Xie
    CLASSE, Ithaca
  • D. H. Bilderback, D. S. Dale, K. Finkelstein, S. M. Gruner
    CHESS, Ithaca, New York
  • B. M. Dunham
    Cornell University, Laboratory for Elementary-Particle Physics, Ithaca, New York
  • D. Sagan
    Cornell University, Department of Physics, Ithaca, New York
  Funding: Supported by Cornell University and NSF grant PHY 0131508

The status of plans for an Energy-Recovery Linac (ERL) X-ray facility at Cornell University is described. Currently, Cornell operates the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS) at the CESR ring and the ERL is planned to be an extension to the CESR ring with the addition of a 5-GeV superconducting c.w. linac. Topics covered in this paper include the full layout on the Cornell campus, the different operation modes of the accelerator, methods to limit emittance growth, control of beam-ion effects and ways to limit transverse instabilities. As an upgrade of the CESR ring, special attention is given to reuse of many of the existing components. The very small electron-beam emittances would produce an x-ray source that is highly superior than any existing storage-ring light source. The ERL includes 18 X-ray beamlines optimized for specific areas of research that are currently being defined by an international group of scientists. This planned upgrade illustrates how other existing storage rings could be upgraded to work as ERL light sources with vastly improved beam qualities and with limited dark time for x-ray users.

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MOPAS044 The Laser System for the ERL Electron Source at Cornell University 530
  • D. G. Ouzounov, I. V. Bazarov, B. M. Dunham, C. K. Sinclair
    Cornell University, Department of Physics, Ithaca, New York
  • F. W. Wise, S. Zhou
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
  Funding: Work Supported by the National Science Foundation under contract PHY 0131508

Cornell University is developing a high brightness, high average current electron source for the injector of an ERL based synchrotron radiation source. The source is a DC electron gun with a negative electron affinity photoemission cathode. The photocathode is illuminated by a 1300 MHz CW train of optical pulses to produce a 100 mA average current beam. The optical pulse train is generated by frequency doubling the output of a diode-pumped, mode-locked Yb-fiber oscillator-amplifier system. The 50 MHz fundamental frequency oscillator is locked on its 26th harmonic to produce the 1300 MHz train. The oscillator output is amplified in three stages and doubled to give 26 W in the green. The doubled beam is diffraction limited (M2 = 1.08) with a pulse width of 2.5 ps. This pulse is split and differentially delayed in a series of birefringent crystals to produce a flat top temporal profile with fast rise and fall times. The final pulse shape is measured by cross-correlation. The pulses are spatially shaped by a commercial aspheric lens system. A full power system operating at 50 MHz is in routine use for electron beam measurements. Detailed laser performance information will be presented.

TUPMS020 Thermal Emittance Measurements from Negative Electron Affinity Photocathodes 1221
  • C. K. Sinclair, I. V. Bazarov, B. M. Dunham, Y. Li, X. G. Liu, D. G. Ouzounov
    Cornell University, Department of Physics, Ithaca, New York
  • F. E. Hannon
    Cockcroft Institute, Lancaster University, Lancaster
  • T. Miyajima
    KEK, Ibaraki
  Funding: Work supported by the National Science Foundation under contract PHY 0131508

Recent computational optimizations have demonstrated that it should be possible to construct electron injectors based on photoemission cathodes in very high voltage DC electron guns in which the beam emittance is dominated by the thermal emittance from the cathode. Negative electron affinity photocathodes have been shown to have a naturally low thermal emittance. However, the thermal emittance depends on the illuminating wavelength; the degree of negative affinity; and the band structure of the photocathode material. As part of the development of a high brightness, high average current photoemission electron gun for the injector of an ERL light source, we have measured the thermal emittance from negative affinity GaAs and GaAsP photocathodes. The measurements were made by measuring the electron beam spot size downstream of a counter-wound solenoid lens as a function of the lens strength. Electron beam spot sizes were measured by two techniques - a 20 micron wire scanner, and a CVD diamond screen. Both Gaussian and 'tophat' spatial profiles were used, and measurements were made at several wavelengths. Results will be presented for both cathode types.

TUPMS021 Performance of a Very High Voltage Photoemission Electron Gun for a High Brightness, High Average Current ERL Injector 1224
  • C. K. Sinclair, I. V. Bazarov, B. M. Dunham, Y. Li, X. G. Liu
    Cornell University, Department of Physics, Ithaca, New York
  • K. W. Smolenski
    CLASSE, Ithaca
  Funding: Work supported by the National Science Foundation under contract PHY 0131508

We have constructed a very high voltage photoemission electron gun as the electron source of a high brightness, high average current injector for an energy recovery linac (ERL) synchrotron radiation light source. The source is designed to deliver 100 mA average current in a CW 1300 MHz pulse train (77 pC/bunch). The cathode voltage may be as high as 750 kV. Negative electron affinity photocathodes are employed to obtain small thermal emittances. The electrode structure is assembled without touching any electrode surface. A load-lock system allows cleaning and activation of cathode samples prior to installation in the electron gun. Cathodes are cleaned by heating and exposure to atomic hydrogen, and activated with cesium and nitrogen trifluoride. Two cathode electrode sets, of 316LN stainless steel and Ti4V6Al alloy, have been used. The anode is beryllium. The internal surface of the ceramic insulator of the gun has a high resistivity fired coating, providing a path to drain away charge from field emission. Non-evaporable getters provide a very high pumping speed for hydrogen. Operating experience with this gun will be presented.