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Mess, K. H.

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FROAKI01 Magnet Acceptance and Allocation at the LHC Magnet Evaluation Board 3739
  • L. Bottura, P. Bestmann, N. Catalan-Lasheras, S. D. Fartoukh, S. S. Gilardoni, M. Giovannozzi, J. B. Jeanneret, M. Karppinen, A. M. Lombardi, K. H. Mess, D. P. Missiaen, M. Modena, R. Ostojic, Y. Papaphilippou, P. Pugnat, S. Ramberger, S. Sanfilippo, W. Scandale, F. Schmidt, N. Siegel, A. P. Siemko, D. Tommasini, T. Tortschanoff, E. Y. Wildner
    CERN, Geneva
  The normal- and superconducting magnets for the LHC ring have been carefully examined to insure that each of the more than 1800 assemblies is suitable for the operation in the accelerator. Magnet coordinators, hardware experts and accelerator physicists, joined in the LHC Magnet Evaluation Board, have contributed to this work that consists in the magnet acceptance, and the optimisation achieved by sorting magnets according to their geometry, field quality and quench level. This paper gives a description of the magnet approval mechanism that has been running since four years, reporting in a concise summary on the main results achieved. We take as specific indicators the computed mechanical aperture, the sorting efficiency with respect to systematic and random field errors in the magnets, and the case-by-case analysis necessary to accommodate hardware limitations such as quench limits and training.  
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FROAC03 The Commissioning of the LHC Technical Systems 3801
  • R. I. Saban, R. Alemany-Fernandez, V. Baggiolini, A. Ballarino, E. Barbero-Soto, B. Bellesia, F. Bordry, D. Bozzini, M. P. Casas Lino, V. Chareyre, S. D. Claudet, G.-J. Coelingh, K. Dahlerup-Petersen, R. Denz, M. Gruwe, V. Kain, G. Kirby, M. Koratzinos, R. J. Lauckner, S. L.N. Le Naour, K. H. Mess, F. Millet, V. Montabonnet, D. Nisbet, B. Perea-Solano, M. Pojer, R. Principe, S. Redaelli, A. Rijllart, F. Rodriguez-Mateos, R. Schmidt, L. Serio, A. P. Siemko, M. Solfaroli Camillocci, H. Thiesen, W. Venturini Delsolaro, A. Vergara-Fernandez, A. P. Verweij, M. Zerlauth
    CERN, Geneva
  • SF. Feher, R. H. Flora, R. Rabehl
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  The LHC is an accelerator with unprecedented complexity; in addition, the energy stored in magnets and the beams exceeds other accelerators by one to two orders of magnitude. To avoid a plague of technical problems and ensure a safe machine start-up, the hardware commissioning phase was emphasized: the thorough commissioning of technical systems (vacuum, cryogenics, quench protection, power converters, electrical circuits, AC distribution, ventilation, demineralised water, injection system, beam dumping system, beam instrumentation, etc) is carried-out without beam. Activity started in June 2005 with the commissioning of individual systems, followed by operating a full sector of the machine as a whole. LHC architecture allows the commissioning of each of the eight sectors independently from the others, before the installation of other sectors is complete. Important effort went into the definition of the programme and the organization of the coordination in the field, as well as in the tools to record and analyze test results. This paper presents the experience with this approach, results from the commissioning of the first LHC sectors and gives an outlook for future activities.  
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