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Mastorides, T.

Paper Title Page
MOPAS062 Analysis of the Longitudinal Low-order Mode Beam Dynamics in PEP-II Rings at High Current Beams 575
  • T. Mastorides, J. D. Fox, C. H. Rivetta, D. Teytelman, D. Van Winkle
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by Department of Energy (USA) under contract # DE-AC02-76SF00515

PEP-II operations will increase the beam currents to 4A for LER and 2.2A for HER to achieve the final goal in luminosity. These magnitudes are challenging in part because they will push toward the limit the longitudinal low-order mode (LOM) beam stability due to beam loading. To analyze the behavior of both rings at high currents and understand the limits in the longitudinal feedback systems a simulation tool has been developed at SLAC. This tool is based on a reduced model of the longitudinal LOM dynamics of the beam interacting with the effective impedance presented by RF station. Simulations and measurements of the longitudinal beam behavior in both rings have been performed to understand the ultimate limit of the system. These studies have defined the impact of control loop parameters in the longitudinal beam dynamics, identified the poor performance of RF devices affecting the optimal performance of the RF stations and quantified the behavior of the longitudinal LOM beam dynamics. Results of sensitivity to parameter variations in the beam dynamics and limits in the maximum current that LER/HER can achieve based on the longitudinal beam stability are reported in this paper.

WEPMS047 Selecting RF Amplifiers for Impedance Controlled LLRF Systems - Nonlinear Effects and System Implications 2451
  • J. D. Fox, T. Mastorides, C. H. Rivetta, D. Van Winkle
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  Funding: Work supported by the U. S. Department of Energy under contract #DE-AC02-76SF00515

Several high-current accelerators use feedback techniques in the accelerating RF systems to control the impedances seen by the circulating beam. These Direct and Comb Loop architectures put the high power klystron and LLRF signal processing components inside feedback loops, and the ultimate behavior of the systems depends on the individual sub-component properties. Imperfections and non-idealities in the signal processing leads to reduced effectiveness in the impedance controlled loops. In the PEP-II LLRF systems non-linear effects have been shown to reduce the achievable beam currents, increase low-mode longitudinal growth rates and reduce the margins and stability of the LLRF control loops. We present measurements of the driver amplifiers used in the PEP-II systems, and present measurement techniques needed to quantify the small-signal gain, linearity, transient response and image frequency generation of these amplifiers. Results are presented from measurements of 5 different types of amplifiers, and the trade-offs in selecting between them highlighted.